Articles

EFFECTS OF SOYBEAN MEALSUBSTITUTION WITHFERMENTED LEUCENA(LEUCAENA LEUCOCEPHALA)LEAVES MEAL IN THE DIETS ON THE GROWTH ANDFEED EFFICIENCY OF GOURAMY(OSPHRONEMUSGOURAMY LAC.) Siregar, Mahdi Arif; Suharman, Indra; Adelina, Adelina
Berkala Perikanan Terubuk Vol 44, No 2 (2016): Juli 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Perikanan dan Kelautan, Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (122.663 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/terubuk.44.2.109 - 118

Abstract

The purpose of this research was to know efects of soybean meal subtitution with leucena leaves fermented trial in the diets on the growth, feed efficiency , feed digestibility and protein retention of gouramy.Five experimental diets was formulated to contain 0,10,20,30, and 40% fermented leucena leaves meal and 100,90,80,70, and 60% soybean meal (P0,P1,P2,P3,P4, respectively). Completely randomized design (CRD) was used in this experiment.The result of this research showed that a diet containing 30% fermented leucena leaves meal and 70% soybean meal (P3) support a good specific growth rate (2,13%), feed efficiency (34,82%), feed digestibility (64,91%), and protein retention (30,37%). It is concluded that 30% soybean meal can be substituted with fermented leucena leaves meal in the diets for gouramy.
Detoxification of Hydrogen Cyanide Acids (HCN) From Rubber seed (Hevea brasiliensis Mull. Arg) through some Physical Treatment As Fish Feed Ingredients Daulay, Sofwan Said; Suharman, Indra
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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Abstract

The research was carried out on July until August 2013 in the Fish Nutrition Laboratory, Faculty of fisheries and Marine Science University of Riau, Pekanbaru. The purpose of this study was to remove HCN from rubber seed and See influence treatment of nutrients. so the rubber seeds can serve as fish feed constituents. This study used a Randomized Complete Design (RAL) with nine treatment three times in rreplication. R0 = Without treatment, R1 = Boiling rubber seeds open for 30 minutes, R2 = steaming open rubber seeds for 30 minutes, R3 = rubber seeds drying out under sunlight for 12 hours, R4 = rubber seed soaking in running water for 36 hours, R5 = combination of steaming open rubber seeds for 30 minutes and drying out for 12 hours, R6 = combination of soaking for 36 hours with steaming open for 30 minutes, R7 = combination of soaking rubber seed soaking in running water for 36 hours with an open boiling for 30 minutes, R8 = combination of Boiling rubber seeds open for 30 minutes and drying out for 12 hours with sun light. The result showed that combination of Boiling rubber seeds open for 30 minutes and drying out for 12 hours with sun light (R8) was the most effective way to decrease HCN content, and gave better quality of rubber seed meal for ruminant feed.Key words: Detoxification, HCN, Rubber Seed.Nutrients.
Utilization Sago Lees Fermentation of Different Levels For Growth of Baung (Mystus nemurus C.V) Sibarani, David; Suharman, Indra
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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Abstract

The research was conducted at experimental pond, Fisheries and MarineScience Faculty Riau University from February to April 2014. The aim of theresearch was to determine of utilization sago lees fermentation of different levelsthat provide the best growth of baung (mystus nemurus C.V). the experiment wastdesign by completely random design and student neuman keuls to differentiateamong treatments. The treatments were applied namely ( 0, 25, 50, 75, and100%). The result indicated that different levels of utilization sago leesfermentation doesn’t have significantly effect on growth of baung (Mystusnemurus C.V). The best result was achieved by treatment A ( Non – Sago leesfermentation). Total absolute body weight of 20,62 g, Spesific Growth Rate of1,82 % /day, food efficiency of 36,09 %, while the best protein retention andsurvival rate on treatment D ( 75 % of sago lees fermentation) of 11,34 % and 95% respectively. Water quality during the research are temperature of 27 – 31 0 C,pH of 5 – 6, and disolved oxygen of 4,5 - 5,4 ppm.Keyword : Fermentation, sago lees, growth, Mystus nemurus C.V
Effect of Different Substituted Fish Meal with Maggot Meal for Growth of Jambal Siam (Pangasius hypopthalmus) Panjaitan, James; Suharman, Indra
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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Abstract

The research was conducted from March to April 2014 in experimental pond Fishery and Science Faculty of Riau University. The purposed of the research was to knowed the effect of different substituted fish meal with maggot meal that provide the best growth of Jambal siam (Pangasius hypopthalmus). The experiment was designed by Completely Random design with 5 substitution and 3 replication. The result indicated that differnt substitution fish meal with maggot meal doesn’t have significantely effect on growth of Jambal siam (Pangasius hypopthalmus). The best result was achived by treatment E with 100% Maggot meal level. Total absolute body weight, spesific growth rate and feet efficiency was 30,16 grams, 4,76%/ day, and 69,3% respectively, while the best protein retention and survival rate on treatment C ( 50 % of maggot meal) of 44,52 % and 70 % respectively. Water quality during the research are temperature of 29 – 30 0 C, pH of 5 – 6, and disolved oxygen of 4,5 - 5,4 ppm.Key word :Maggot meal, Fish meal,Jambal siam (Pangasius hypopthalmus)
Utilization Of Rubber Seed FlourFor Growth of Gurami (Osphronemus gouramy Lac) P.U, Fx. Jodhi; Suharman, Indra
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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Abstract

The research was conducted at experimental pond, Fisheries and MarineScience Faculty Riau University from May to July 2014. The aim of the researchwas to determine the benefits of the provision of rubber seed flour as a substitutesoybean meal of Gurami (Osphronemus gouramy Lac). The experiment wasdesign by completely random design and student neuman keuls to differentiateamong treatments. The treatments were applied namely ( 60, 70, 80, 90, and100%). The result indicated that utilization of rubber seed flour does havesignificantly effect on growth of Gurami (Osphronemus gouramy Lac). The bestresult was achieved by treatment C ( 80 % rubber seed flour and 20% soybeanmeal). Total absolute body weight of 25,66 g, Spesific Growth Rate of 3,83 %/day, food efficiency of 42,08 %, while the best protein retention of 30,62 % andsurvival rate of 86,67 % respectively. Water quality during the research aretemperature of 28 – 300 C, pH of 5 – 6, and disolved oxygen of 4,1 - 5 ppm.Keyword : Osphronemus gouramy Lac, rubber seed flour
Utilization Of Rubber Seed (Havea bransiliesis) Fermentation As Fish meal of Cyprinus carpio L Fingerling Lubis, Abdul Rasyid; Suharman, Indra
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 1, No 1 (2014): Wisuda Februari Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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Abstract

The research was conducted for 56 days from June to August 2013. The aimof this research was to find out respons of mas (Cyprinus carpio L) fingerling onrubber seed fermentations. The methods used in this study was an experimentalmethod and RAL one factor with stocking density 0f 5 treatments. The fish used inthis research with size of 3-4 cm in length and 2,35 - 2,37 g in weight. Fish werereared in 60x30x35 cm in aquarium with stocking density of 15/aquarium. Feedingtrials were replacing with soybean meal with rubber seed fermentation applied to 25,50, 75 and 100% for 32% protein content.Result showed that fermentation of rubber seed gave significant effect(P<0,05) on growth, feed efficiency, and protein retentions. Replacement 100% ofrubber seed fermentation is the best respons, produce the highest growth 2.75%, feedefficiency 34.53%, protein retention 59.05%, and 65,28 feed digestion respectively.Key word: Cyprinus carpio, Rubber seed,Fermentation
PENGARUH SUBLEMENTASI PROBIOTIK TERHADAP PAKAN UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PERTUMBUHAN DAN EFISIENSI PAKAN IKAN GURAMI (OSPHRONEMUS GOURAMY) Rinaldi, Rizky; Suharman, Indra; Adelina, Adelina
Berkala Perikanan Terubuk Vol 45, No 1 (2017): Februari (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Perikanan dan Kelautan, Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (301.897 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/terubuk.45.1.13 - 23

Abstract

This research was conducted  on 1 November to 27 December 2015 in the Fish Nutrition Laboratory, Fisheries and Marine Sciences Faculty, Riau University. This research aimed to determine the effect of probiotic supplementation in artificial diets on feed digestibility, feed efficiency, protein retention and growth of Osphronemus gouramy. Complete Randomized Design (CRD), was used with five treatments and three replications. The treatments were probiotic supplementation in diets with different concentration i.e : P0 (without  probiotic supplementation in diets), P1 (probiotic supplementation of 5 mL/kg diets), P2 (probiotic supplementation of 10 mL/kg diets), P3 (probiotic supplementation of 15 mL/kg diets) dan P4 (probiotic supplementation of 20 mL/kg diets). Probiotic given through artificial diets with 30% of crude protein content. The results showed P3  (probiotic supplementation of 15 mL/kg diets) were the best treatment with feed digestibility of  73 %, feed efficiency of 27,45%, protein retention of 24,70%, and specific growth rate of 2,44% for Osphronemus gouramy.
THE EFFECT OF PROBIOTIC ISOLATED FROM BLACK TIGER SHRIMP (PENAEUS MONODON FAB) IN ARTIFICIAL FEED ON GROWTH AND FEED EFFICIENCY OF BAUNG (HEMIBAGRUS NEMURUS) Silvia, Erica; Suharman, Indra; adelina, adelina
Berkala Perikanan Terubuk Vol 44, No 3 (2016): November 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Perikanan dan Kelautan, Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (59.108 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/terubuk.44.3.13 - 23

Abstract

 This research aimed to determine the effect of addition probiotic isolated from Black Tiger Shrimp (Penaeus monodon Fab.) in artificial feed on feed digestibility, feed efficiency, protein retention and growth of baung (Hemibagrus nemurus). The research used a Complete Randomized Design (RAL), it was used with one factor, four treatments and three replications. The treatments are : P0 (no addition of probiotic), P1 (5 ml/kg feed), P2 (10 ml/kg feed), P3 (15 ml/kg feed). The result showed that the effects of probiotic that isolated from Black Tiger Shrimp into the artificial feed was  affected of the growth rate and feed efficiency of baung. the best treatment contained in P2 (10 ml/kg feed) that showed Feed digestibility at 64,92 %, feed efficiency at 38,12%, protein retention at 67,52%, and specific growth rate 3,40%.
Effect Substitution Levell Fish Powder With Maggot Powder On Growth of Baung (Mystus nemurus CV) Hulu, Operiman; Suharman, Indra
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 1, No 1 (2014): Wisuda Februari Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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Abstract

This research was conducted in Experimental Pond of Fisheries and Marine Science Faculty of Riau University Pekanbaru, from May 2013 until June 2013. This study was performed to know the effect substitution level fish powder with maggot powder on growth of Baung (Mystus nemurus CV). Method used in this research was experimental method. Design used in this research was Complete Random Device (CRD) with five treatments and three replications. The treatment was: A) fish powder 100%, maggot powder 0%, B) fish powder 75%, maggot powder 25%, C) fish powder 50%, maggot powder 50%, D) fish powder 25%, maggot powder 75%, E) fish powder 0%, maggot powder 100%. The result showed that effect substitution levell fish powder with maggot powder on growth of Baung (Mystus nemurus CV) not significantly P > 0,05 to daily growth rate and efficiency food. Treatment with fish powder 100%, maggot powder 0% yield, the best daily growth rate 4,88% and efficiency food 12,98%.Keywords: Maggot powder, Fish powder, Baung (Mystus nemurus CV).
UTILIZATION OF LEUCAENA LEAVES MEAL GUNG (LEUCAENA LEUCOCEPHALA) FERMENTED BY ASPERGILLUS NIGER AS SUBTITUTION OF SOYBEAN MEAL IN THE DIETS ON THE GROWTH OF THAI CAT FISH (PANGASIUS HYPOPHTHALMUS) Raudah, Peggi; Suharman, Indra; Alawi, Hamdan
Jurnal Perikanan dan Kelautan Vol 23, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Riau

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Abstract