Articles

PERILAKU HIDUP BERSIH DAN SEHAT (PHBS) SERTA PERILAKU GIZI SEIMBANG IBU KAITANNYA DENGAN STATUS GIZI DAN KESEHATAN BALITA DI KABUPATEN BOJONEGORO, JAWA TIMUR Jayanti, Linda Dwi; Effendi, Yekti Hartati; Sukandar, Dadang
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 6 No. 3 (2011)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (105.596 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2011.6.3.192-199

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine nutritional knowledge, clean and healthy lifestyle behavior, and balanced diet on maternal behavior, as well as its relationship with nutritional and health status and children under 5 years health. The cros sectional study was conducted during March-April 2011. The population in this study consist of all the children under five living in Campurejo village, Bojonegoro districts East Java Province. The respondents were mothers of toddlers who were selected as samples. Total samples in this study were 55 toddlers. The results showed that maternal nutrition knowledge is positively correlated with clean and healthy lifestyle behavior (pKey words: e.
PENINGKATAN STATUS BESI DAN KEBUGARAN FISIK PEKERJA WANITA USIA SUBUR Indriani, Yaktiworo; Khomsan, Ali; Sukandar, Dadang; Riyadi, Hadi; Zuraida, Reni
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 6 No. 3 (2011)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (109.291 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2011.6.3.178-185

Abstract

The study aims were to (1) assess the nutritional status, adequacy level, and physical fitness of the nonpregnant reproductive female workers, and (2) analyze the effect of micronutrients supplementation on their iron status and physical fitness. This research employed experimental design of double blind, completely randomized design by involving 338 households of female workers. The experimental unit consists of 39 female workers whose hemoglobin level were 80-125 g/L. However, five of them were drop out due to pregnancy or sickness. The treatments applied in the study were three capsules containing: (1) iron and folic acid (BF), (2) multi-vitamin and mineral (MVM), which contains of 15 different vitamins and minerals, and (3) placebo (P). The body mass index of the female workers were thin 12 percent, normal 70 percent and overweight 18 percent. Most of their nutritional intake of vitamin C, calcium and iron were deficient but they had a good to superior of physical fitness. After 10 weeks of three days per week supplementation, BF significantly increased the hemoglobin (p
NUTRIENTS INTAKE AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF STREET CHILDREN IN BANDUNG Patriasih, Rita; Widiaty, Isma; Dewi, Mira; Sukandar, Dadang
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 5 No. 3 (2010)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (150.465 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2010.5.3.178-184

Abstract

The objectives of this research were to analyze food habits and nutrients intake, and health and nutritional status of street children. The research was carried out in the City of Bandung, West Java; Indonesia. A sample of 324 street children was selected randomly. The sample consisted of 232 boys and 92 girls. The data obtained from questionnaires. Means, standard deviation, frequency and proportion were calculated with a combination of software applications:  Microsoft Excel and Statistical Analysis System. The result showed the level of consumption adequacy did not meet the recommended dietary allowances i.e. with the shortage of 10-15%, this is an indication that the street children should be aware of their daily food consumption. The most common diseases suffered by the respondents were acute respiratory infections (ARI) (47%). In addition, 22.7 % and 18.4 % of them suffered from diarrhoea and skin diseases, respectively. Blood haemoglobin status of street children shows that the incidence of anemia was 29.3%. Based on the classification of nutritional status, 42.7% and 80.4 % of street children were underweight and stunted, respectively.
HEALTH AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF CHILDREN UNDER FIVE YEARS IN POSYANDU NUTRITION PROGRAM Sukandar, Dadang; Khomsan, Ali; Anwar, Faisal; Riyadi, Hadi; Mudjajanto, Eddy Setyo
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 5 No. 3 (2010)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (122.567 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2010.5.3.171-177

Abstract

The objectives of this research were to analyze health, nutritional status of children under five years and its influential factors. This research was carried out in two sub-districts of Bogor: Sub-District of Ciomas and Sub-District of Darmaga. As many as 16 posyandu nutrition program were obtained. A total number of 240 mothers had been divided into control and intervention groups. Baseline data were collected during the pre-study, while endline data were collected after conducting intervention (experiment). The experiment had been conducted for five months in the form of providing nutrition education once in two weeks and implementing home gardening. The data analysis included estimation of mean, standard deviation, minimum value, maximum value and proportion. Based on the General Linear Model (GLM) analysis, it was found that intervention had significant impact on the nutritional status (WAZ) of children under five years. Intervention did not have significant effects on the nutritional status according to HAZ and WHZ. Key words: .
FOOD CONSUMPTION, NUTRITIONAL AND HEALTH STATUS AMONG FARMER HOUSEHOLDS IN SUBANG, WEST JAVA, INDONESIA Suhanda, Nani Sufiani; Amalia, Leily; Khairunisa, Khairunisa; Sukandar, Dadang
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 5 No. 3 (2010)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (196.871 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2010.5.3.185-196

Abstract

The objectives of this study were : 1) to analyze the consumption of various types of foods (meat, milk, fish, fruit, and others) and the methods of getting the foods among farmer households, 2) To analyze the nutritional status (fathers, mothers and children) among farmer households, and 3) To analyze the health status (fathers, mothers and children) among farmer households. This research was of a retrospective and cross sectional design.This research was conducted in Subang Farming Regency, West Java. There are two types of population (farmer households), namely, those of horticultural region and those of rice field region. The sample size at each location was 261 households, so the total sample was 522 households.  The results of this research show that in general the frequency and quantity of food consumed by the non poor households are relatively better than those of the poor households. Further, as the centers of agricultural production, both regions (rice and horticulture) will produce certain foods in abundance and will affect the patterns of food consumption among the local community and households.  Children?s nutritional status is in general of good category (based on W/A and H/A). Husband?s and wives? nutritional status is normal. The length of upper respiratory tract infection on wives and children is quite low (<4 days), but among the husbands (non poor households) is quite high (8 days) in the last two weeks. The duration of diarrhea is also low, i.e. only 0-0.2 days in the last two weeks.
GAP ANALYSIS PROGRAM GIZI DAN KESEHATAN DI POSYANDU KABUPATEN BOGOR Nikmawati, Ellis Endang; Kusharto, Clara Meliyanti; Khomsan, Ali; sukandar, Dadang; Atmawikarta, Arum
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 4 No. 3 (2009)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (374.405 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2009.4.3.140-150

Abstract

Revitalization of Integrated Service Center Post (Posyandu) is successful when  focused to its main function as community institution services. Determine gap analysis program based on tangibles, reliability, responsiveness, assurance, empathy dimension. Exploratory and experimental designs was applied in this study, which was conducted at Darmaga and Ciomas district, Bogor Regency from March to August 2008. The data included primary and secondary data. The respondent in the experiment was 240 mothers of children under five years and 80 cadres. Gap analysis was used to know the expected and the real nutrition and health program of respondent. Totally 96 balita?s mother, pregnancy and reproductive women and 16 cadres were involved in this study. The average of gap realization with standard tool -0,75; Tangibles dimension -0,35; Reliability -0,10; Responsiveness -0,37; Assurance  -0,44, and Empathy -0,47, its mean that a tools accomplisment only 25% (less); tangible dimension 65% (enough); reliability 90% (good); responsiveness dimension 63% (enough); assurance dimension  56% (less) and emphaty 53%  (less), respectively.
ASUPAN GIZI ANAK BALITA PESERTA POSYANDU Riyadi, Hadi; Sukandar, Dadang
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 4 No. 1 (2009)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (112.944 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2009.4.1.42-51

Abstract

The objectives of this action research were: (1) to assess nutritional status of children under five years under five years under five yaers, and (2) to evaluate the effects of nutrition education and home gardening to nutritional status of children under five years under five years. The research was carried out in two sub-districts of Bogor: Sub-District of Ciomas and Sub-District of Darmaga. This research started with a preliminary study as the first step and experimental design as the second step.  As many as 16 posyandu  that met research requirements were obtained. A total number of 240 mothers had been divided into kontrol and intervention groups.Collected data included the data of household, children under five years under five years and mothers. Baseline data were collected during the pre-study, while endline data were collected after conducting intervention (experiment). The experiment had been conducted for five months in the form of providing  nutrition education once intwo weeks and implementing home gardening. The data analysis included estimation of mean, standard deviation, minimum value, maximum value and proportion. The estimation results were then presented in tables and diagrams.Based on the analysis of nutrition intake data, it appears that intervention of nutrition education and home gardening has given great impacts on macronutrient and micronutrient improvement. The impacts of this nutrition intake improvement are not only because of the availability of vegetable garden in their home, but also because of the allocation of the family resources that is aimed at buying nutritious food. This has proved that knowledge about giving appropriate food is a prerequisite to improve access and sufficient and nutritious food, which has become a basis to reduce any kind of malnutrition.
KEBIASAAN DAN KONSUMSI PANGAN SUKU BADUY Sukandar, Dadang; Mudjajanto, Eddy Setyo
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 4 No. 2 (2009)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (91.374 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2009.4.2.51-62

Abstract

The objectives of the study were: (1) to analyze the socio-economic and demographic characteristics of Baduy people; (2) to understand food habits and food consumption of Baduy people. This research  is an explorative and descriptive study on the socio-cultural aspects of nutrition and food system. The data required to meet the research objectives (social, economy, ecology, food habits, food consumption, health and nutritional status) were collected through a direct interview and discussion with respondents as well as a direct observation at the location of respondents. A sample size of 338 households was drawn from the population. The allocation of sample was 303 for Outer Baduy, 10 for Inner Baduy and 25 for Moslem Baduy. To obtain the data on the cultural aspects, history and  socio aspect of food, in-depth interviews was conducted with 19 key persons. The household energy and nutrient intake of Outer Baduy shows that the household energy and protein intake is 3,198 kcal and 95 g per capita. This energy and protein intake has surpassed the energy and protein sufficiency level (Recommended Dietary Allowances, RDA).  The energy and nutrient intake in Inner Baduy households shows that the household energy and protein daily intake per capita is 952 kcal and 17 g. This is far below the energy and protein sufficiency (Recommended Dietary Allowances, RDA).
DEVELOPING THE MODEL OF NATIONAL QUALIFICATION FRAMEWORK: A CASE STUDY FOR FIFTH LEVEL IN TOURS AND TRAVEL DIPLOMA Silitonga, Parlagutan; Eriyatno, Eriyatno; Sukandar, Dadang; Panjaitan, Nurmala
Jurnal Manajemen Teknologi Vol 12, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : SBM ITB

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Abstract

The main goal of this paper is to obtain the model of fifth level of national qualification framework (NQF) in tours and travel diploma. The soft system methodology  is applied by using some methods. They are analytic network process (ANP), root definition, rich picture, elements and their interrelationships. The experts confirmed the model of fifth level qualification can be obtained, provided that Ministry of Tourism develop the scheme together with National Certification Authority. The approved scheme endorsed by Ministry of Education to be implemented in tourism college. Meanwhile, Education National Standard Body shall issue the guidelines for the scheme. The Higher Education Accreditation Body refers to this scheme during accreditation     process. The college conducts the planning, execution on the scheme based on competence training and assessment. On the other hand student shall proactive  to practice and prove their ability and competencies. The Ministry of labour issuing the recruitment and remuneration guidelines for qualification, while tours and travel companies inform student about the job vacancy.Key words: Assessment, diploma, Level of qualification,scheme,Tours and  Travel
INTERVENSI ISOFLAVON KEDELAI TIDAK BERPENGARUH TERHADAP STATUS INFLAMASI DAN IMUNITAS PADA REMAJA DENGAN KEGEMUKAN Dewi, Mira; Khomsan, Ali; Sukandar, Dadang
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 5 No. 1 (2010)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (161.396 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2010.5.1.1-5

Abstract

Overweight/obesity is a condition that has been proven to be interrelated with chronic inflammation and compromised immune system due to disregulation of adipocytokine. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of soy isoflavone on the markers of inflammation and immunity of overweight or obese teenagers. Eighteen overweight or obese teenagers, 9 boys and 9 girls each sex were randomized to one of three  intervention groups; 0 ml, 150 ml and 300 ml soy milk, equal to 0 g, 25 g and 50 mg isoflavone everyday for 30 days. The data collected were food consumption, plasma isoflavone concentration, plasma IL6 as indicator of inflammation, and lymphocyte and NK cell count as indicator of immunity. The study showed that nutrient intake of samples were still relatively low. The soy milk intervention significantly increased plasma isoflavone concentration, but not significantly had contribution to the plasma IL6 concentration and lymphocyte and NK cell count. Several kind of food consumed by samples had contribution to the plasma isoflavone concentration, and lymphocyte count. Based on the results, it was suggested that soy isoflavone intervention does not affect the inflammation status and immunity of overweight/obese teenagers.