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BALISEERING GENEALOGY: DECONSTRUCTING THE DUCTH COLONIAL EDUCATION IN NORTH BALI AND ITS IMPLICATION IN GLOBALIZATION ERA Pageh, I Made; Kumbara, A.A Ngurah Anom; Wirawan, A.A. Bagus; Sukardja, Putu
E-Journal of Cultural Studies Vol 8 No 4 (2015): Volume 8, Number 4, November 2015
Publisher : Cultural Studies Doctorate Program, Postgraduate Program of Udayana University

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Abstract

Baliseering in education hides the motives of the colonial ideological interest which are inserted in various colonial policies; it is hegemonic in regard to its structure and culture and has widely affected North Bali. In this present study, the qualitative method was used. In other words, the data were collected through interview, observation, and library research. The data were analyzed using the genealogic concepts of knowledge, domination, and hegemony (Foucault, Gramsci, and Giddens). However, the data which were related to education were eclectically analyzed using the concepts proposed by Bourdieu, Paulo Freire, and Ivan Ilich. The result of the study shows that genealogically Baliseering in education hide the colonial ideology and interest which was inserted in various discourses of colonization and hegemony in the society?s structure and culture with its wide impact. The motivation of Baliseering was obtaining cheap human resources in the bureaucratic modernization and making Bali an exotic tourist destination. The structure and culture of the Balinese people were created in a dominative and hegemonic way through hegemonic and colonial concepts in the traditional villages ?Desa Pakraman? in Bali. Its implication was highly wide; the political structure had been made to be hegemonic. In addition, ethnocentrism, primordialism, and colonization had been made to appear in both formal and informal education, causing liberalism and internationalism to appear. Apart from that, education had been made to be marginalized for the poor.
EKSISTENSI DAN FUNGSI KULKUL PADA MASYARAKAT DESA BAYUNG GEDE, KECAMATAN KINTAMANI, BANGLI, BALI Udayana, I Kadek Mustika; Sukardja, Putu
Humanis Vol 19 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Udayana University

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Abstract

Kulkul is known as one of the traditional means of communication. Despite a fairly rapid development of technology, but kulkul a traditional means of communication can still survive to this day, especially in rural areas. Bayung Gede village has various types kulkul or the gong believed the community to help conduct activities within an organization in the village. The kulkul in the village Bayung Gede, namely: Kulkul pajenengan or Bulus, Kulkul Seka Gong and Baris, Kulkul Pengayah Istri, Kulkul Ida Ratu Gede Kanginang, Kulkul Krama Desa, and Kulkul Krama Pengayah. Each kulkul composed of various functions which are trusted and obeyed by people Bayung Gede. In this research, the end result of two existing problems: firstly the existence of kulkul at communities in Bayung Gede, in this case contains the definition of the existence of kulkul which still exist. Secondly, the funcyion of kulkul in society of Bayung Gede village in which describes the rules and the right procedures for the use of kulkul and restrictions for the public related to the use in any activities that will be implemented, in this case using functional theory of B. Malinowski. Malinnowski state that the function from the element culture is an ability to full fill some basic needs or some basic needs that appear from the basic needs, with the expected presence the kulkul at Bayung Gede village could survive and still exist even though the technology is now increasingly advanced.
GENEALOGY OF TABUT RITUAL CULTURAL AESTHETICS OF THE SUMATRAN WEST COASTAL COMMUNITY KHANIZAR, KHANIZAR; Wirawan, AA Bagus; Sulistyawati, Sulistyawati; Sukardja, Putu
E-Journal of Cultural Studies Vol 9, No 3 (2016): August 2016
Publisher : Cultural Studies Doctorate Program, Postgraduate Program of Udayana University

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Abstract

The tabut ritual is performed in the West Coastal area of Sumatera to commemorate Imam Husein Bin Ali Abi Thalib when he was captured by the soldiers of Yazid Muawiyah in Padang Karbala. It is performed once a year, from the first to the tenth of Muharam, which is counted based on the Hijirah year. This present study is intended to investigate the form, function, and meaning of the genealogy of the tabut ritual which is performed in and as the identity of the West Coastal Area of Sumatera. It tries to (1) discuss and deconstruct the values of such a ritual as the community?s identity which tightens the cultural value of the Sumatran West Coastal community; (2) exploits the tabut ritual as the form of the Sumatran West Coastal community?s identity; (3) apply the function of the ethnical aesthetics; (4) explain the aesthetic meaning in its relation to religion and customs and traditions. Three theories were used to answer the problems of the study; they are the theory of genealogy proposed by Michel Foucault and the postcolonial theory. What could be concluded from the present study are as follows. The genealogical forms of the tabut ritual which is performed in the  West Coastal are of Sumatera reflects the community?s cultural aesthetics and functions to purify the soul; it also reflects religiosity, mystical and aesthetic experience  and the hegemony which exceeds the postcolonial patronage, meaning that such a ritual has the purification function. It also reflects the cosmological aesthetics of the supporting community. It has deconstruction and aesthetical genealogical meaning.
THE PRACTICE OF FUNCTIONALLY CONVERTING THE IRRIGATED RICE FIELDS IN SOUTH DENPASAR DISTRICT Wirata, Gede; Merta, I Made; Kumbara, Anak Agung Ngurah Anom; Sukardja, Putu
E-Journal of Cultural Studies Volume 10, Number 1, February 2017
Publisher : Cultural Studies Doctorate Program, Postgraduate Program of Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/cs.2017.v10.i01.p05

Abstract

This present study is intended to explore the phenomenon of the practice of functionally converting the irrigated rice fields in South Denpasar District. The present study focuses on the process of functionally converting the irrigated rice fields, the ideology leading to the phenomenon, and its implication on the local people. The data were collected through observation, in-depth interview and documentary analysis. The data were analyzed using the theory of hegemony, the theory of social practice and some other theories which were used eclectically based on the problems analyzed. The result of the study shows that the functional conversion of the irrigated rice fields resulted from the farmers? marginalized socio-cultural structure. The process started from the government?s hegemony. The government treated the farmers as the subaltern. Then the dominated farmers got trapped by fatalism and pragmatism. The entrepreneur and government strengthen their hegemony. Then they negotiated with the local government such as the traditional village ?desa pakraman? and the administrative village ?desa dinas? and the land owners as individuals. The farmers were too weak to resist; they failed as they did not have the capital needed for that. Such a condition could not be separated from the capitalistic ideology as the government and entrepreneur collaborated to legitimate the converting process. In addition, the local people were also trapped by the consumptive way of life. As a result, they considered that functionally converting their irrigated rice fields was a proper solution. That affected the infrastructural order. Their infrastructural order changed. Their social structure also shifted from communalism into individualism. Their ideological, legal, governmental, family and religious superstructures changed as well, causing the South Denpasar community to be getting far from the agrarian cultural root which used to be their initial characteristic.
TENUN IKAT MASYARAKAT KAMPUNG NDAO DI KECAMATAN LOBALAIN KABUPATEN ROTE NDAO PROVINSI NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR S.Blanc, Winaldhy; ., Purwadi; Sukardja, Putu
Humanis Volume 16. No. 2. Agustus 2016
Publisher : Udayana University

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Abstract

The technique of ?ikat? (tied dyed) weaving on Rote island is the source of a traditional handicraft production done exclusively by women in the Ba?a society.That craft industry is of major significance in their community. It stores a variety of important things pertaining to the survival of the Rotinese society, especially for the people of Ba?a. The important thing is the meaning contained in the ikat weaving, such as historical and cultural significances as well as maintaining social economy. In addition to that, this craft production has a greater function in keeping the roots of society together.This article discusses some of the main questions such as: (1) What are the type and the process of ikat weaving in the Ba?a community, district of Lobalian? (2) What is the function of ikat weaving in the survival of the Ba?a society? Those two issues are guided by a frame work of in situ research on the function and the symbolism. The system used to research the ikat function was done with interviews on location with observations and documentation. This article discusses two issues mentioned previously. First is the technique then the type of weaving made for the community of Ba?a. The process of weaving is still very traditional. Ikat weaving is done in a noble way as an inheritance from their ancestors. There are three types of clothes such as scarves, tubular sarongs and man mantels. Ikat weaving has four functions which are cultural, social, economic and environmental.
SEETAN : SISTEM PENGENDALIAN SOSIAL MASYARAKAT DESA PAKRAMAN SUSUT KELOD, BANGLI Hadiputra Evaganna, Made Andika; Sukardja, Putu; Darmana, Ketut
Humanis Vol 20 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Udayana University

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Abstract

Social control is needed to overcome the deviant behavior of an individual or group in society. Susut Kelod village has uniqueness to overcome the problem with seetan as a tool of absenteeism in social activities , it perceived that it could create a social order. The implications of a tool of absence its covering a various aspects of the community life. It cause sanctions of shame , fear and also faith in the ancestors , even the establishment of awig - awig is an implied goal that achieved through out the tool itself.
ENCULTURATION AND GENDER IN WOVEN FABRICT INDUSTRY AT SUBDISTRICT OF SANGKARAGUNG, DISTRICT OF NEGARA, JEMBRANA Sukardja, Putu; Parimartha, I Gde; Ardika, I Wayan; Suastika, I Made
E-Journal of Cultural Studies Vol. 3, No. 1 Januari 2009
Publisher : Cultural Studies Doctorate Program, Postgraduate Program of Udayana University

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Abstract

This research reveals the process of enculturation and gender in the woven fabricindustry at Sangkaragung, district of Negara, Jembrana. The weaving tradition andenculturation process give the women at Sangkaragung a hope to change their ideology ingender and socio cultural construction. This study aims at discussing the factors makingthe women at Sangkaragung do weaving activities, the process of weaving enculturationand the development of gender taking place there, and the impacts and meaning of theweaving enculturation on their socio-cultural life.In analyzing the problems above, the theory of post-structuralism, the theory ofpractice, and the theory of social change were used. To find out the relevant data, aqualitative method was applied in which the data were collected by deep interviews,observation, and documentation.The result shows that the factors making the women do such activities are: mythson women and weaving activities; globalization and socio-cultural changes, and fulfillmentof daily needs. The process of weaving enculturation done through cultural transmissionand socialization in weaving results in acculturation and enculturation which then give adeeper understanding to the society of the pattern and system related to the weavingactivities. The weaving enculturation also causes some forms of changes at Sangkaragungsuch as work division between men and women. The weaving enculturation and thedevelopment of gender have affected the ways in which decisions are made in someaspects of life such as in the context of traditional and religious rituals, the expenditures forprimary family needs, health care, and children?s education. Although the women areacknowledged and appreciated that they have economically contributed to their families,full emancipation has not been given to them due to patriarchal, social and cultural systemswhich are still attached to the society.
MAKNA DAN FUNGSI SAWAH LODOK DI KAMPUNG MELER DESA MELER KECAMATAN RUTENG KABUPATEN MANGGARAI NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR Sumardi, Fransiskus; Sukardja, Putu
Humanis Vol 18 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Udayana University

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Abstract

Meler is the name of a village located in the Meler village, district of Ruteng, regency of Manggarai, Flores, East Nusa Tenggara are still maintaining the fields of lodok. There are formulations of the problem in researching, namely: the first one, what types or forms of lodok fields .The second, how the function of lodok fields. The third, what meaning of symbolic of lodok fields in the Meler village. The porpose of this researching are: the first, to know the fields of lodok. The second, to understand the function of lodok fields.And the third, to explain the meaning of symbolic the lodok fields. This searching uses three of theories to peel the problems which studied, namely, the first: theory of meaning denotation and connotation of Roland Barthes, the second, functional theory of Malinowki, and the second, functional theory of Robert K. Marton. The concept used in this researching are the concept of field, symbol, and lingko. The researched method used areetnography research model that include into the qualitative searching, observation, detailed interview, and literature studies. The analysis of data used were descriptive and qualitative analysis. The last result of this researching are function of the lodok fields are social, economy, religion, manifest, and latent. The meaning of lodok fields, are connotation, and denotation. A long with era development, the meaning of the fields experiencing dynamics which influenced by two factors: internal factors and external factors
Commodification Education at Darussolah Senior High School on Singojuruh, Banyuwangi- East Java Province Mursidi, Agus; Salain, Putu Rumawan; Kumbara, AA. Ngr. Anom; Sukardja, Putu
International Journal for Educational and Vocational Studies Vol 1, No 5 (2019): September 2019
Publisher : Universitas Malikussaleh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29103/ijevs.v1i5.1449

Abstract

Education in Indonesia has two gates for implementing education, namely under the auspices of the Ministry of National Education and Education under the auspices of the Ministry of Religion. In 2003 the existence of a law on regional autonomy opened up opportunities to establish public schools in Islamic boarding schools. This research was designed using qualitative research with emancipatory approaches, with the commodification theory. Data collection is done through observation, in-depth interviews, and documentation studies and literature studies. The analytical method used is qualitative descriptive. The results of the study show that commodification of education in Darussholah High School is very premature because (1) the facilities and infrastructures provided by Islamic boarding schools are very inadequate (2) School facilities and infrastructure Still need additional (3) curriculum still needs improvement and improvement because the school compiling education programs is closely related to the development of Islamic boarding schools with brilliant class programs that have the aim of improving the character of students through deepening religion and technology through general education.