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STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN WISATA HUTAN MANGROVE BERBASIS KEGIATAN KONSERVASI DI DESA KARTIKA JAYA KABUPATEN KENDAL MANGROVE FOREST DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY BASED ON CONSERVATION ACTIVITIES IN KARTIKA JAYA VILLAGE, KENDAL DISTRICT Sulaiman, Muhammad; Sulardiono, Bambang; Ain, Churun
Journal of Management of Aquatic Resources Vol 8, No 2 (2019): MAQUARES
Publisher : Departemen Sumberdaya Akuatik,Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Universitas Diponegoro

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ABSTRAK Kawasan konservasi mangrove di Desa Kartika Jaya merupakan kawasan yang pengelolaan dan pemanfaatan dilindungi. Kegiatan konservasi mangrove yang dilakukan Kelompok Mangrove Desa Kartika Jaya sebatas melakukan penanaman mangrove, dan menjaga ekosistem mangrove. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor mempengaruhi kegiatan konservasi mangrove dan memperoleh alternatif strategi yang tepat untuk mengembangkan wisata hutan mangrove yang berbasis kegiatan konservasi di Desa Kartika Jaya. Penelitian ini dilakukan bulan agustus 2018 di Desa Kartika Jaya, Kabupaten Kendal dengan menggunakan metode deskriptif dengan studi kasus. Pengambilan data dilakukan melalui wawancara, dan observasi. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis menggunakan analisis SWOT (Strenght Weakness Opportunity Threat). Hasil analisis menunjukkan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi pengembangan kegiatan konservasi mangrove di Desa Kartika Jaya adalah faktor internal meliputi status hutan mangrove, luas kawasan, pengalaman bekerjasama dengan instansi pemerintah dan swasta, partisispasi masyarakat, kekompakan anggota, legalitas, fasilitas, mobilitas, status lahan, dan pengawasan. Faktor eksternal meliputi, potensi ekowisata, potensi pembuatan produk olahan mangrove, potensi sebagai objek penelitian, dan partisipasi perguruan tinggi. Prioritas alternatif strategi yang terpilih adalah meningkatkan kerjasama dengan instansi pemerintah dan swasta untuk menguatkan sumber pendanaan setiap kegiatan, memperluas lahan mangrove, meningkatkan fasilitas pendukung operasional setiap kegiatan, dan melibatkan masyarakat dalam setiap kegiatan.ABSTRACT The mangrove conservation area in Kartika Jaya Village is a protected and managed area. Mangrove conservation activities carried out by Mangrove Group in Kartika Jaya Village are limited to planting mangroves, and maintaining mangrove ecosystems. This study aims to determine the factors that influence mangrove conservation activities and obtain appropriate alternative strategies for developing mangrove forest tourism based on conservation activities in Kartika Jaya Village. This research was conducted in August 2018 in Kartika Jaya Village, Kendal Regency using descriptive methods with case studies. Data collection done through interviews, and observations. The data obtained were analyzed using SWOT analysis (Strenght Weakness Opportunity Threat). The results of the analysis the factors that influence the development of mangrove conservation activities in Kartika Jaya Village are internal factors including the status of mangrove forests, area size, experience of working with government and private institutions, community participation, member cohesiveness, legality, facilities, mobility, land status, and supervision. External factors include the potential of ecotourism, the potential for making mangrove processed products, the potential as an object of research, and college participation. The chosen alternative strategic priority is to increase collaboration with government and private institutions to strengthen funding sources for each activity, expand mangrove land, improve operational support facilities for each activity, and involve the community in every activity. 
MAKNA AGAMA MENURUT K.H. AHMAD DAHLAN Sulaiman, Muhammad
Tajdida: Jurnal Pemikiran dan Gerakan Muhammadiyah Vol 17, No 1 (2019): Juni
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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Agama dalam bahasa latin disebut sebagai religio merujuk pada salah satu maknanya adalah religare: to recover yang artinya membebaskan. Agama dalampengertianringkasadalahsistemtentang tatacara menjalani kehidupan. Adapunmakna agama dalam pandangan KH. Ahmad Dahlan apabila coba merujuk beberapa kitab yang ditulis oleh dirinya sendiri ataupun catatan yang ada pada murid-muridnya bisa dikatakan bahwa KH. Ahmad Dahlan tidak berbeda jauh dengan ulama lainnya yang ingin menyampaikan sesuatu secara sederhana sebagaimana yang dibutuhkan masyarakat pada zaman itu.Agama bagi KH A Dahlan adalah pedoman bagi manusia untuk mengatur bagaimana seorang manusia hidup, bergaul dengan sesama, mengatur alam, yang telah disyariatkan Allah dengan perantaraan nabi-Nya dan serta petunjuk menjadi orang yang berbahagia di dunia dan menyiapkan kebahagiaan dia akhirat. 
STUDI TINGKAH LAKU IKAN PADA PROSES PENANGKAPAN DENGAN ALAT BANTU CAHAYA : SUATU PENDEKATAN AKUSTIK Sulaiman, Muhammad; Jaya, Indra; Baskoro, Mulyono S
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 11, No 1 (2006): Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (345.426 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.11.1.31-36

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Makalah ini menguraikan tentang hasil penelitian tingkah laku ikan di sekitar daerah pencahayaan selama proses penangkapan melalui pendekatan akustik. Tujuan studi adalah mengidentifikasi pola tingkah laku ikan yang berhubungan dengan operasi penangkapan ikan yang menggunakan cahaya. Secara khusus akan dianalisis pola sebaran ikan sebelum dan setelah proses penangkapan, pola kedatangan ikan dan pola tingkah laku ini di sekitar sumber pencahayaan. Penelitian dilakukan di perairan Kabupaten Barru, Selat Makassar (4° 19? 19,9" Lintang Selatan ? 119° 16? 201" Bujur Timur) dengan menggunakan instrumen side scan sonar. Analisis deskriptif dilakukan untuk menjelaskan pola tingkah laku ikan pada daerah yang disinari. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan kawanan ikan akan ada yang langsung menuju ke sumber cahaya dan ada yang tidak, dan datang pada berbagai kedalaman tergantung pada kedalaman renangnya masing-masing. Kecepatan gerak kawanan ikan mendekati bagan  berkisar 0,57 m/detik dan di sekitar pencahayaan sebesar 0,21 m/detik. Kawanan ikan cenderung bergerak dalam pola yang teratur mengelilingi sumber cahaya, dan akan semakin terkonsentrasi di sekitar daerah tangkapan  pada saat lampu yang berada di bawah bingkai bagan dipadamkan. Di dalam daerah pencahayaan, pola distribusi ikan cenderung berbentuk bola (spherical) dan berbentuk pita (ribbon) secara vertikal di luar daerah pencahayaan Kata kunci: pendekatan akustik, tingkah laku ikan This paper describes the results of fish behavior study  around illuminated area during capture process through acoustic approach. The objective of this study is to identify the pattern of fish behavior related to the operation of fishing gear using light. This research specifically aims to analyze the pattern of fish distribution before and after the capture process, to analyze the arrival pattern and to analyze fish behavior around the light source. This research was conducted in Barru Regency waters, Makassar Strait (4° 19? 19,9" S. Lat. ? 119° 16? 201" E. Lon.) using Side Scan Sonar Instrument. Descriptive analysis was employed to examine the behavioral pattern around the given illumination area. The result shows that there are some fish came directly to the light source and  stay in the vicinity of the illuminated area while others are outside of that area. The fish school  approaching the illuminated area was found at the depth of 5-10 meters and 20-30 meters. The fish school movement speed approaching the Bagan Rambo reached 0.57 m/s and 0.21 m/s when fish school was around the illuminated area. The fish school tends to move in regular pattern encircling the light source and became concentrated once the light is turned off. In the illuminated area the shape of the fish school tend to be spherical, while outside of the area is tend to be in the shape of ribbon. Key words: acoustic approach, fish behaviour
Motivasi Ibu Hamil Untuk Melakukan Pemeriksaan Kehamilan Prasojo, Sigit; Fadilah, Umi; Sulaiman, Muhammad
Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan (JIK) Vol 8, No 2 (2015): JURNAL ILMIAH KESEHATAN
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan (JIK)

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Abstrak.Motif atau motivasi berasal dari kata latin moreve yang berarti dorongan dari dalam diri manusia untuk bertindak atau berperilaku. Pemeriksaan kehamilan adalah pelayanan yang diberikan kepada ibu hamil secara berkala untuk menjaga kesehatan ibu dan janin. Perawatan  antenatal meliputi koreksi terhadap gangguan dan intervensi dasar. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui gambaran motivasi ibu hamil untuk melakukan pemeriksaan kehamilan di Wilayah Kerja UPT Puskesmas Wiradesa Kabupaten Pekalongan. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian Desain penelitian ini menggunakan descriptive cross-sectional study yaitu penelitian yang dilakukan secara cross-sectional (satu titik waktu tertentu) pada populasi atau penelitian pada sampel yang merupakan bagian dari populasi dengan jumlah sample 93 responden dan menggunakan teknik sampel jenuh. Pada hasil penelitian ini adalah sebagian besar ibu hamil yang memperoleh motivasi tinggi untuk melakukan pemeriksaan kehamilan sebanyak 53% responden dan sebagian kecil ibu hamil yang memperoleh motivasi rendah untuk melakukan pemeriksaan kehamilan 47% responden. Kata Kunci : Motivasi Ibu Hamil, Pemeriksaan Kehamilan Motivation Of  Pregnant Women For Antenatal Care Abstract. Motive or motivation comes from the Latin word meaning moreve impetus from within human beings to act or behave. Prenatal care is care given to pregnant women on a regular basis to maintain the health of the mother and fetus. Antenatal care includes the correction of disorders and basic interventions. The aim of this study is to describe the motivation of pregnant women for antenatal care at the health center Wiradesa UPT Work Area Pekalongan. This research is a descriptive study design using cross-sectional study is research done by cross-sectional (one point in time) on the population or on a sample study, which is part of the population with the number of respondents and 93 samples using sampling techniques saturated. On the results of this study are mostly pregnant women who obtain high motivation to perform prenatal care as much as 53% of respondents and a small percentage of pregnant women who earn low motivation for antenatal 47% of respondents. Keywords : Pregnancy Motivation, Examination  Pregnancy.
KUANTIFIKASI NILAI EKONOMI EROSI DI SUB DAS JENEBERANG SULAWESI SELATAN Salim, Andi Gustiani; Tira, Laode Asir; Sulaiman, Muhammad
Jurnal Penelitian Hutan dan Konservasi Alam Vol 3, No 4 (2006): Jurnal Penelitian Hutan dan Konservasi Alam
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hutan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20886/jphka.2006.3.4.343-356

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Pada penelitian ini, unsur hara yang terbawa erosi diasumsikan sebagai nilar ekonomi erosi atau nilai kerugian lingkungan. Nilai erosi ini dihitung dengan pendekatan biaya ganti (replacement cost), yaitu nilai erosi didekati dengan biaya ganti tanah dan unsur hara yang hilang terbawa erosi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui nilai kerugian ekonomi lingkungan akibat erosi secara kuantitatif. Penelitian dilakukan rnelalui pendekatan volume sedimen yang tertampung dalam Sabo Dam (Sabo Dam diasumsikan sebagai penampung sedimen). Sedimen yang terdapat pada Sabo Dam diukur volurnenya, kemudian diambil sampelnya untuk dianalisis kandungan unsur haranya Dernikian pula air yang ada pada Sabo Darn dianalisis kandungan unsur haranya. Untuk mengetahui sumber-sumber erosi, diketahui melalui pemodelan AGNPS (Agriculture Non Point Source Pollution Model), sehingga bisa diketahui besamya konrnbusi erosi masing-rnasing penggunaan lahan. Pendekatan biaya ganti yang digunakan dirnaksudkan untuk memberikan gambaran mulai kerugian secara kuantitatif yang dialami oleh suatu wilayah akibat erosi. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, diketahui bahwa luas catchment Sabo Dam 6 adalah 74.250.000 m2 dan volume Sabo Dam I 02.193,75 m3 dan pada Sabo Dam R volumenya sebesar 21.362,5 m3 dengan luas catchment  47 075 000 m2. Tegalan merupakan penggunaan lahan yang paling besar menyurnbangkan erosi pada Sabo Dam 6 dan Sabo Dam 8. Kerugian akibat erosi yang dihitung dengan pendekatan biaya ganti angkut sebesar Rp 3.678.430.307,-/thn untuk Sabo Dam 6 dan Rp 274.083.333,-/thn untuk Sabo Dam 8 dan biaya ganti unsur hara sebesar Rp 7.191.576,-/thn untuk Sabo Darn 6 dan Rp 1.545.202,-/thn untuk Sabo Dam 8
DEVELOPING A MODEL OF A SUSTAINABLE MICRO HYDROPOWER PLANT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (A CASE STUDY KEDUNGRONG MHP PURWOHARJO VILLAGE SAMIGALUH DISTRICT KULON PROGO REGENCY YOGYAKARTA PROVINCE) Fajarsari, Aspita Dyah; Sulaiman, Muhammad; Setiawan, Bakti
ASEAN Journal of Systems Engineering Vol 3, No 1 (2015): ASEAN Journal of Systems Engineering
Publisher : Master Program of Systems Engineering

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Yogyakarta Province until 2014 has built a total of 10 (ten) micro hydropower plants (MHP). However, from these ten MHPs, there is only 1 (one) which is still in operation, namely Kedungrong MHP. This Kedungrong MHP was selected as the research area due to its success in managing the MHP so that the electricity generated can be used by its local residents until now. Based on this best practice, the other MHPs which are still under construction or that have ?stalled? should learn from Kedungrong MHP to be able to reoperate so that they will be sustainable.This research employed mixed methods, between the quantitative research method and the qualitative research method. First, the data were collected using surveys, interviews and observation and then the model of the management system that Kedungrong MHP applies was described and evaluated.The findings of the research suggest that a sustainable MHP integrates three aspects, namely technical and environmental, social as well as economic aspects. The technical aspects deals with civil, mechanical and electrical components at the stages of planning, developing to operation and maintenance. The social aspects look carefully at community participation at the stages of planning, developing to operation and maintenance. Finally, the economic aspects pay attention to sources and forms of financing at the investment stage, the operation stage and the maintenance stage. In relation to the MHP scale, of those three aspects, the one that has the most significant impact on the sustainability of the MHP is the social aspects.
STUDY OF THE USE OF BIOFILTER REACTOR FOR GREYWATER PROCESSING IN THE AREA OF FLOATING SETTLEMENT KELURAHAN MARGASARI KOTA BALIKPAPAN TOWARD THE CONCEPT OF ZERO WASTE Supriyanto, Jen; -, Sarto; Sulaiman, Muhammad
ASEAN Journal of Systems Engineering Vol 3, No 2 (2015): ASEAN Journal of Systems Engineering
Publisher : Master Program of Systems Engineering

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The floating settlement in Margasari is one of the settlements in Kota Balikpapan which is known as a Beach City. PDAM (State Water Company) as the main resource of clean water fulfillment in Balikpapans, needs to needs to be used efficiently. One of the ways is by processing the Greywater which can be reused for toilet flushing in order to support the concept of Zero Waste.The purpose of this research is to obtain the composition and the potential data of Greywater which is appeared from the data and reusable for the citizens, to find out the effectiveness of the use of Biofilter Reactor as an alternative processing unit of Greywater towards the parameters of pH, BOD, COD, TSS, and NH3-N, and also to identify the citizens? role potential in processing the Greywater towards the concept of Zero Waste in terms of processing domestic liquid waste.The Greywater level in Margasari Floating Settlement of Balikpapan with the parameters of BOD of 520,1?840,1 mg/l, COD of 1.562,5?2.450,0 mg/l, TSS of 297,0?1.047,0 mg/l, and NH3-N of 0,0002-16,257 mg/l is still very high. Margasari Floating Settlement of Balikpapan consists of 6.546 people and 1.198 buldings with an average of Greywater potential of each house of 393,42 l/day or 14.139.360 l/month for the whole area, while the average need for toilet flushing in each house is about 264,03 l/day atau sebesar 9.489.081,60 l/month for the whole area. The Biofilter Reactor can be used to process the Greywater for the whole area. The Biofilter Reactor which has an effective volume of 247 liter, has a diameter of the gravel media of 2,5?4 cm with an optimum effectiveness towards the BOD parameter of 86,54%, COD of 82,27%, TSS of 84,60%, and  NH3-N of 19,99%. It can be used to process the greywater from a house consisted of 5 people with a Greywater debt of 0,36 m3/day, average BOD debt of 686,77 mg/l and average TSS of on Margasari Floating Settlement.
PEMANFAATAN LIMBAH CAIR INDUSTRI AREN DI DUKUH BENDO, DESA DALEMAN, KEC. TULUNG, KAB. KLATEN SEBAGAI PUPUK ORGANIK CAIR (POC) DENGAN METODE PENGOLAHAN AEROBIK Pongoh, Jovita Irene; -, Sarto; Sulaiman, Muhammad
ASEAN Journal of Systems Engineering Vol 2, No 1 (2014): ASEAN Journal of Systems Engineering
Publisher : Master Program of Systems Engineering

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These days, a lot of solid and liquid waste produced from aren powder indutry, and one of the area for this industry located in Bendo Subvillage, Klaten District, Central Java. The liquid waste is the unwanted product from of the aren powder during the screening and precipitation process.. The liquid waste produced by the industry at Dukuh Bendo is containing  high of BOD and COD and this is became an environmental disaster as most of the liquid waste did not through the waste treatment process, and sent directly to water stream so there is a need to overcome or minimize this whole problem, and the making of liquid organic fertilizer from the liquid waste of this industry is one of the solution. The usage of liquid organic fertilizer also can reduce the usage of chemical fertilizer and also can help repair the soil condition and minimize the environmental destruction caused by liquid waste from this industry.During the research, for the liquid waste treatment aerobic proces in the aeration pond is used with the addition of bacteria and varoius dilution composition; VAR1 the composition between liquid waste and water 50:50 with bacteria added, VAR2 the composition between liquid waste and water 80:20 with bacteria added, VAR3 the composition 100% liquid waste with bacteria added, VAR4 100% liquid waste with no bacteria added. From the laboratory test found that the liquid waste from aren industry contains 686 mg/l BOD and 5800 mg/l COD. The research was done in some stages; preliminary test to understand the characteristic of the liquid waste from aren powder industry, specially the BOD and COD levels,treatment in the aeration pond, and the result from the process ( liquid organic fertilizer) and it tested to cornstalk in this research and the height and the leaves growth are recordedThe result from aeration process with bacteria added are : the BOD with the efeective retention time for VAR2 is in day 4, with BOD level at 3.2 mg/l which is 98.8% reduced from the original level ( 686 mg/l). The COD with effective retention time for VAR2 is in day 4 with COD  level at 120 mg/l which is 96.98% reduced from the original level ( 5800 mg/l. The maximum nitrogen level is in day 5 at 0.07629%, phospor level at 0.0199% and potassium level at 0.0169%the positif growth of the cornstalk recorded during the period of the time showing that the nutrient absorbed properly.
CAPTURE PROCESS AND FISH BEHAVIOR ON BOAT LIFT NET USING LED LIGHTS Salman, Salman; Sulaiman, Muhammad; Alam, Sultan; Anwar, Anwar; Syarifuddin, Syarifuddin
Jurnal Teknologi Perikanan dan Kelautan Vol 6 No 2 (2015): NOVEMBER 2015
Publisher : Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3662.789 KB) | DOI: 10.24319/jtpk.6.169-178

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Konsep aktivitas penelitian dan pengembangan teknologi penangkapan ikan pada masa yang akan datang tidak hanya ditujukan meningkatkan hasil tangkapan tetapi juga ditujukan untuk memperbaiki proses penangkapan (capture process), mengurangi fishing impact terhadap lingkungan dan bio-diversity. Penelitian dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk menganalisis tahapan pengoperasian dan permasalahan dalam mengoperasikan liftnet (bagan petepete) khas masyarakat Sulawesi Selatan khususnya Kabupaten Barru dan masukan terhadap taktik dan metode penangkapan ikan, melalui: analisis tahap proses pengoperasian dan analisis tingkah laku ikan di sekitar pencahayaan pada bagan petepete (boat lift net) yang menggunakan lampu LED. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di perairan Kabupaten Barru-Selat Makassar, Sulawesi Selatan. Pengamatan lapang dilakukan dari bulan Juni sampai Agustus 2014 (20 trip). Analisis deskriptif dilakukan untuk melihat tahapan operasi penangkapan, sedangkan pengamatan tingkah laku ikan diamati dengan menggunakan fish finder. Tahapan pengoperasian bagan petepete adalah: persiapan operasi, menuju fishing ground, proses penyalaan lampu, proses penurunan waring (setting), proses menunggu kawanan ikan (soaking), proses pemadaman lampu, proses pengangkatan waring (hauling), pengambilan hasil tangkapan, dan proses pengangkatan waring ke atas bagan. Analisis tingkah laku ikan memperlihatkan pola pergerakan kawanan ikan mendatangi pencahayaan berada pada kedalaman 5-10 m dan 20-40 m dari segala arah pada saat semua lampu dinyalakan. Pola Kawanan ikan terkonsentrasi di sekitar catchable area pada saat hanya satu lampu yang dinyalakan disetiap sisi dengan jumlah kawanan semakin sedikit tetapi kepadatan kawanan yang besar disebabkan bergabungnya beberapa kawanan ikan sehingga kawanan ikan semakin membesar.
PENGAWASAN PENCEMARAN LINGKUNGAN (STUDI KASUS LIMBAH INDUSTRI KELAPA SAWIT DI KABUPATEN INDRAGIRI HULU) Sulaiman, Muhammad; Rusli SD, Zaili
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol. 6: Edisi I Januari - Juni 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Riau

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Industrial development is now increasingly rapid which is followed by the advancement of science and technology. developments in the industrial sector also have a negative impact, namely in the form of industrial waste which if not managed properly in accordance with the SOP that has been determined will have an impact on environmental balance. Can be seen from the occurrence of problems of air pollution, water pollution, and land pollution. Considering the high potential of pollution caused by the waste of the oil palm industry, which if not properly managed by the waste, supervision is needed on the management of this industrial waste. Monitoring of industrial waste is carried out so that there are no deviations that can cause environmental pollution. The supervision at the Environmental Agency in Indragiri Hulu Regency is still not optimal. The purpose of this study is to see how the environmental pollution is monitored (a case study of palm oil industry waste in Indragiri Hulu Regency) and what are the factors that become obstacles to supervision in the Indragiri Hulu Regency Environmental Agency. This research was conducted in Indragiri Hulu Regency. The theory used in this study is the Manullang theory which has three supervisory indicators, namely setting standards, taking assessment actions, and carrying out corrective actions. The results of this study indicate that the supervision of the Department of Environment is still not optimal, the lack of socialization and the standard time in conducting direct supervision of the field which is still considered ineffective and also the factors that inhibit supervision by the Environmental Agency of Indragiri Hulu Regency are human resources, funds or costs and community participation.Keywords : Supervision, Environmental Agency