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Adaptation Strategies of Sitiarjo Villagers in Water Supply and Sanitation to Face The Health Impacts of Floods Suliono, Suliono
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN Vol 10, No 4 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (469.427 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/jkl.v10i4.2018.351-359

Abstract

One of the impacts of climate change is the increasing frequency of flood disaster in Sitiarjo Village, Malang Regency. In recent years, the impact of floods in the form of emerging and rising infectious diseases has been suppressed.. Adaptation strategies implemented in disaster management are thought to be influential factors in the success of disaster risk reduction.This study aims to examine in depth the pattern of adaptation applied in the cycle of disaster management in Sitiarjo Village. This study aims to examine in depth the adaptation strategy adopted in the cycle of disaster management in Sitiarjo Village. The research method is qualitative with case study approach. The subjects of research are the elements directly involved in disaster management consisting of Puskesmas Health Workforce, Village Government Officer, Disaster Volunteer, and Community.The results show that the community adaptation strategy has been running well in the context of disaster preparedness which includes: modification of house design, supply of drinking water and clean water, closet closure and air pit in latrines. While in the context of emergency response, each sector has taken the necessary tasks such as medical action and quality recovery of dug wells.The duties of disaster volunteers such as SIBAT and SBH are very important in empowering the community to create a resilient community.There is still a gap in access to information and tools for the recovery of dug wells in some areas.The conclusion that can be drawn is that most people have adopted a good adaptation strategy in the field of water supply and sanitation to face the health impact of flood disaster. To improve the quality of disaster management still needed additional materials and supporting equipment for Puskesmas and community, and capacity building for disaster volunteers.
Analisis Perbedaan Tekanan Fluida pada Ball Valve Kondisi Full Closed dan Full Open dengan Computational Fluid Dynamics Rahmi, Meri; Canra, Delffika; Suliono, Suliono
Jurnal Teknologi Terapan Vol 4, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Teknologi Terapan
Publisher : P3M Politeknik Negeri Indramayu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (625.011 KB) | DOI: 10.31884/jtt.v4i1.83

Abstract

Ball valve is one type of rotary motion valve. Ball valve functions as a round disc-shaped ball-like controller. Ball valve is widely used because it is easy to repair and the ability in high pressure and high temperature. The fluid flow in the ball valve does not always flow, sometimes the flow is closed. This will affect the fluid pressure in the valve. Fluid pressure is also affected due to valve open condition. This study aims to analyze the difference of the fluid pressure in ball valve -4 inch ANSI during closed condition and open condition. The method used is Computational Fluid Dynamics with f Flow Simulation Solidworks software. The analysis was performed for two valve conditions with a temperature of 425 °C. Decrease in pressure does not significantly affect the condition of the ball valve, even when the temperature of the fluid is high. The difference of fluid pressure between full closed condition and full open is only 0.01 psi.
STUDI KARAKTERISTIK REAKTOR GASIFIKASI TYPE DOWNDRAFT SERBUK KAYU DENGAN VARIASI EQUIVALENSI RATIO Suliono, Suliono; Sudarmanta, Bambang; Dionisius, Felix; Maolana, Imam
Jurnal Teknologi Terapan Vol 3, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Teknologi Terapan
Publisher : P3M Politeknik Negeri Indramayu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (869.098 KB) | DOI: 10.31884/jtt.v3i2.60

Abstract

The depletion of fossil fuel reserves and natural gas makes people rethink to find alternative energy substitutes. Biomass is an alternative energy that is still abundant and has not been fully utilized. Gasification is one of alternative in gas making that change from solid fuel (wood powder) to thermochemical flammable gas. The research used downdraft gasification with experimental wood powder. The implementation of research was done in workshop of Indramayu State of Polytechnic, using batch system, it means once the import of biomass in the furnace from the beginning until the biomass out by 5 kg of wood powder biomass. Equivalence Ratio (ER) performed 4 variations namely: 1.01; 1.13; 1.34; 1.52. The recorded data are: temperature inside reactor, gasification operation time, air intake, syngas content, and flame visualization. The results obtained from the gasification process showed if the Equivalence Ratio (ER) is higher so the heating value of syngas decrease. LHV at ER 1.52 of 3980,306 Kj / m3 and the synthetis gas content decreased as much as 21,7806 %
Pengembangan Pengujian Crashworthiness dengan Simulasi Numerik Menggunakan Model Impact Transferability Dionisius, Felix; Istiyanto, Jos; Suliono, Suliono; Nur Rohmat, Yusup
Jurnal Teknologi Terapan Vol 3, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Teknologi Terapan
Publisher : P3M Politeknik Negeri Indramayu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1064.136 KB) | DOI: 10.31884/jtt.v3i1.4

Abstract

Collision test is needed in transportation area in order to anticipate injuries of passangers when the accident occurred. Therefore, this test must be done for achieving standar requirements which is known by crashworthiness. This paper discussed about development of crasworthiness test by using modelling impact transferability by numerical simulation. The goal is to know the error of maximum deformation when given axial dynamic loading between numerical simulation and real experiment. Furthermore, analitic was used to validate duration of stress wave propagation from result of numerical simulation. This simulation used explicit finite element method by using PAM-Crash. The component of this research was impactor and impact of transferability with 80 and 27 kg of mass. The square tube-thin walled structure with holes as crush initator 3 mm of diameter was used as specimen. The result shows maximum deformation and duration of stress propagation error which are 3.90 % and 14.89 %. 
ANALISIS KEKUATAN BALL VALVE AKIBAT TEKANAN FLUIDA MENGGUNAKAN FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS Rahmi, Meri; Canra, Delffika; Suliono, Suliono
Jurnal Teknologi Terapan Vol 4, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Teknologi Terapan
Publisher : P3M Politeknik Negeri Indramayu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (531.669 KB) | DOI: 10.31884/jtt.v4i2.122

Abstract

Valve (katup) sebagai salah satu produk industri, sangat dibutuhkan oleh perusahaan yang bergerak mengontrol aliran cairan untuk efisiensi. Kebutuhan tentang ini banyak digunakan oleh perusahaan makanan, obat-obatan, minuman, pembangkit listrik dan industri minyak dan gas. Tujuan penggunaan valve adalah untuk membatasi dan mengontrol cairan pada kondisi tekanan tinggi. Salah satu katup yang sering digunakan adalah ball valve, yaitu katup dengan tipe gerak memutar. Adanya permintaan ball valve ini, dibutuhkan produk dengan spesifikasi tertentu memiliki rancangan dengan tingkat kekuatan yang baik. Dengan kata lain, produk valve (katup) yang baik, harus memiliki kekuatan yang baik, aman dan sesuai dengan kebutuhan dilakukan pengujian. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melakukan analisis terhadap ball valve 4 inch ANSI 300 untuk memastikan katup yang diproduksi sesuai spesifikasi, kuat dan tahan terhadap tekanan fluida. Metode yang digunakan adalah Finite Element Analysis (FEA) dengan software Solidworks. Analisis dilakukan pada ball valve 4 inch ANSI 300 dengan keadaan full open, hall open dan full closed serta dengan pembebanan 725 psi dan 1087.5 psi hasil dari Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). Analisis dilakukan pada temperatur -29.50C, 250C dan 4250C. Berdasarkan hasil analisis dengan FEA, dinyatakan bahwa ball valve 4 inch ANSI 300 kuat dan aman untuk digunakan. Nilai faktor keamanan (safety factor), signifikan lebih tinggi dari nilai safety factor minimum yang diizinkan.
Karakteristik Gas Buang Dual Fuel Gasifier Downdraft Serbuk Kayu Dan Diesel Engine Generator Set 3 Kw Mujiarto, Sigit; Suliono, Suliono; Maolana, Imam; Murdjani, Murdjani
INTEKNA informasi teknik dan niaga Vol 17 No 2 (2017): Jurnal INTEKNA, Volume 17, No. 2, November 2017: 79-147
Publisher : P3M Politeknik Negeri Banjarmasin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31961/intekna.v17i2.477

Abstract

Gas buang pada kendaraan berbahan bakar fosil yang tidak ramah lingkungan akan berdampak buruk terhadap lingkungannya. Pengembangan gas biomassa juga bisa dipakai untuk bahan bakar alternatif pada motor pembakaran dalam. Syngas hasil gasifikasi yang kandungan CO2, CO, NOx lebih rendah membantu mengurangi emisi gas buang. Pada reaktor gasifikasi untuk menghasilkan gas yang mudah terbakar  didapatkan air fuel ratio 1,01; 1,13; 1,34; 1,52. Artinya campuran antara serbuk kayu dan udara dapat menghasilkan gas sebagai campuran bahan bakar pada mesin diesel. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan kandungan gas buang pada single dan dual fuel. Dengan putaran pada mesin konstan yaitu 1500 rpm dengan pembebanan pada generator set mulai 200 watt sampai 2400 watt dengan interval 200 watt. Setelah dilakukan eksperimen, temperatur gas buang dengan adanya penambahan syngas akan semakin semakin naik hingga 249?C. Untuk emisi gasi buang dengan penambahan syngas, karbon monoksida (CO) turun sampai 0,71%. Nitrogen okside (NOx) juga mengalami penurunan seiring panambahan syngas sebesar 100 ppm. Serta  hidro karbon (HC) seiring penambahan syngas pada emisi gas buang turun hingga 64 ppm
ANALISIS PERBEDAAN TEKANAN FLUIDA PADA BALL VALVE KONDISI FULL CLOSED DAN FULL OPEN DENGAN COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS Rahmi, Meri; Canra, Delffika; Suliono, Suliono
Jurnal Teknologi Terapan Vol 4, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Teknologi Terapan
Publisher : P3M Politeknik Negeri Indramayu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31884/jtt.v4i1.83

Abstract

Ball valve is one type of rotary motion valve. Ball valve functions as a round disc-shaped ball-like controller. Ball valve is widely used because it is easy to repair and the ability in high pressure and high temperature. The fluid flow in the ball valve does not always flow, sometimes the flow is closed. This will affect the fluid pressure in the valve. Fluid pressure is also affected due to valve open condition. This study aims to analyze the difference of the fluid pressure in ball valve -4 inch ANSI during closed condition and open condition. The method used is Computational Fluid Dynamics with f Flow Simulation Solidworks software. The analysis was performed for two valve conditions with a temperature of 425 °C. Decrease in pressure does not significantly affect the condition of the ball valve, even when the temperature of the fluid is high. The difference of fluid pressure between full closed condition and full open is only 0.01 psi.
STUDI KARAKTERISTIK REAKTOR GASIFIKASI TYPE DOWNDRAFT SERBUK KAYU DENGAN VARIASI EQUIVALENSI RATIO Suliono, Suliono; Sudarmanta, Bambang; Dionisius, Felix; Maolana, Imam
Jurnal Teknologi Terapan Vol 3, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Teknologi Terapan
Publisher : P3M Politeknik Negeri Indramayu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31884/jtt.v3i2.60

Abstract

The depletion of fossil fuel reserves and natural gas makes people rethink to find alternative energy substitutes. Biomass is an alternative energy that is still abundant and has not been fully utilized. Gasification is one of alternative in gas making that change from solid fuel (wood powder) to thermochemical flammable gas. The research used downdraft gasification with experimental wood powder. The implementation of research was done in workshop of Indramayu State of Polytechnic, using batch system, it means once the import of biomass in the furnace from the beginning until the biomass out by 5 kg of wood powder biomass. Equivalence Ratio (ER) performed 4 variations namely: 1.01; 1.13; 1.34; 1.52. The recorded data are: temperature inside reactor, gasification operation time, air intake, syngas content, and flame visualization. The results obtained from the gasification process showed if the Equivalence Ratio (ER) is higher so the heating value of syngas decrease. LHV at ER 1.52 of 3980,306 Kj / m3 and the synthetis gas content decreased as much as 21,7806 %
PENGEMBANGAN PENGUJIAN CRASHWORTHINESS DENGAN SIMULASI NUMERIK MENGGUNAKAN MODEL IMPACT TRANSFERABILITY Dionisius, Felix; Istiyanto, Jos; Suliono, Suliono; Nur Rohmat, Yusup
Jurnal Teknologi Terapan Vol 3, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Teknologi Terapan
Publisher : P3M Politeknik Negeri Indramayu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31884/jtt.v3i1.4

Abstract

Collision test is needed in transportation area in order to anticipate injuries of passangers when the accident occurred. Therefore, this test must be done for achieving standar requirements which is known by crashworthiness. This paper discussed about development of crasworthiness test by using modelling impact transferability by numerical simulation. The goal is to know the error of maximum deformation when given axial dynamic loading between numerical simulation and real experiment. Furthermore, analitic was used to validate duration of stress wave propagation from result of numerical simulation. This simulation used explicit finite element method by using PAM-Crash. The component of this research was impactor and impact of transferability with 80 and 27 kg of mass. The square tube-thin walled structure with holes as crush initator 3 mm of diameter was used as specimen. The result shows maximum deformation and duration of stress propagation error which are 3.90 % and 14.89 %. 
PENGARUH KECEPATAN ALIRAN UDARA DENGAN PENGATURAN DIMMER PADA TEKANAN UDARA MASUK PADA PROSES GASIFIKASI SEKAM PADI TERHADAP PEMBENTUKAN FLAMABLE GAS Suliono, Suliono; Dionisius, Felix; Sudarmanta, Bambang
Jurnal Teknologi Terapan Vol 6, No 1 (2020): Jurnal Teknologi Terapan
Publisher : P3M Politeknik Negeri Indramayu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31884/jtt.v6i1.237

Abstract

The biomass gasification process is a way to obtain combustible syn-gas through combustion of biomass in a closed reactor with the help of air from a compressed blower. Without the help of air gas formation process is not possible, the combustion in the furnace must have air that can start a fire. The tool for supplying air is a pressure blower. The purpose of this study was to obtain a stoichiometric air and biomass mixture in the rice husk gasification process. With the stoichiometric air fuel ratio (AFR) in the rice husk gasification process, it will produce a perfect flammable syn-gas.The method used in this research is to change the rice husk solid through the gasification process. The gas released in the gasification process will be varied at the blower speed with or without using a dimmer. From the test results, it can be seen in the syn-gas output from the reactor. on dimmer 1 the inlet airspeed is 3.5 m / s, on dimmer 2 the airspeed is 4.0 m / s. In dimmer 3 the air velocity is 4.5 m / s and in dimmer 4 the air velocity produced is 5.0 m / s From the results of testing the air velocity of each variation that enters the reactor only air velocity 4.5 m / s and 5.0 m / s or in dimmers 3 and 4 which can produce flammable syn-gas.