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ANALISIS RISIKO KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN (ARKL) AKIBAT PAPARAN KARBON MONOKSIDA (CO) MELALUI INHALASI PADA PEDAGANG DI SEPANJANG JALAN DEPAN PASAR PROJO AMBARAWA KABUPATEN SEMARANG Pamungkas, Rionaldo Elen; Sulistyani, Sulistyani; Rahardjo, Mursid
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 5 (2017): SEPTEMBER
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Ambarawa has a total vehicle ownership of 23.999 units and has an area of 28.221 km2. Congestion is often happening on several streets in Ambarawa including the front road of Projo Market Ambarawa. Congestion results in the high concentrations of carbon monoxide pollutants in the ambient air which may pose a risk of health exposure to the traders along the front road of Projo Market.This study aims to determine the condition of environmental health due to the exposure of carbon monoxide through inhalation paths on the traders along the front road of Projo Market Ambarawa. The type of this research is a descriptive research with cross sectional research design and using Environmental Health Risk Analysis (EHRA) approach. The subject sample of this study is obtained by the total sampling method that is amounted to 58 traders along the front road of the Projo Market, with air sampling at 19 point locations. The results showed that carbon monoxide concentrations has a minimum value of 8,47 mg/m3 and a maximum value of 92,53 mg/m3 with an average of 34,35 mg/m3. Average exposure time was 7,35 hours, with an average frequency of exposure 349.7 days, and average duration of 18 years. The results of the analysis were obtained for non-carcinogenic real-time effects: RQ ≤ 1 as much as 53 person (91,4%), RQ > 1 as much as 5 person (8,6%). As for non-carcinogenic lifetime effects, the results are RQ ≤ 1 as much as 53 person (91,4%), RQ > 1 as much as 5 person (8,6%). The conclusion is that the health risk level of non-carcinogenic effects in both real-time and lifetime effects showed that most of the respondents were safe.
HUBUNGAN FAKTOR LINGKUNGAN DAN FAKTOR DEMOGRAFI DENGAN KEJADIAN DBD DI KOTA SALATIGA Prihartantie, Ika Tyas; Sulistyani, Sulistyani; Nurjazuli, Nurjazuli
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 1 (2017): JANUARI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Dengue fever is one of public health problem because it is a disease with high fever and death score. Salatiga City consists of five subdistric as endemic of dengue fever that was still up and down. This research aims to analyze impact of environtment and demography that influence evidence of dengue fever in Salatiga City on 2013-2015. This research used obervational analitic approach with case control method to study restropectively of the causal characteristic. Population for this research is all household with dengue fever in Salatiga City during 2013 – 2015 totally 200 household. Data was collected with purposive sampling where each case group and control group was 100 household. Primary data wa collected by observation, checklist and interview whereas secondary data was from  Report of Subhead P2 Department of Health Salatiga City. Statictical analysis uses univariate, bivariate analysis with Chi Square Test (Significant level 0,05), and spatial analysis using ArcGis 9.3 software to describe the spread of Dengue fever according to the coordinate. The spread of dengue fever are around government center (2013) to be around main road in the middle of Salatiga (2014) and then almost near ring road from  center to Ambarawa City (2015). There is no significant correlation between  public facility around 50 m with dengue fever in Salatiga (p-value mosque 0,270;  shopping complex; 0.641;  factory 0.64); no significant correlation betweem existing Aedes aygepty larva at breding place inside or outside house with dengue fever in Salatiga (p-value bathing tub 0.452; larva at water jar 0.056; pail 0.596; water butt  0.321); no significant correlation between existing decorated plans in the house with dengue fever in Salatiga (p-value 0.280); no significant correlation between  the number of family member who live in the same house with dengue fever in Salatiga (p-value 1); no significant correlation between type of housing unit with dengue fever (p-value 0367).
HUBUNGAN PAPARAN PESTISIDA DENGAN KEJADIAN GANGGUAN KEPEKAAN KULIT PADA PETANI DI DESA SUMBEREJO KECAMATAN NGABLAK KABUPAEN MAGELANG Hamidah, Tasya; Sulistyani, Sulistyani; Suhartono, Suhartono
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 6 (2018): NOVEMBER
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

The existence of pesticides is now very important for farmers because pesticides are easy to use and have high killing power against pests. However, if used excessively can endanger the health of farmers, one of which is to experience a sense of sensitivity to the threshold of the skin. The occurrence of pesticide contamination through the skin is the most common contamination. The results of a preliminary study showed that 5 out of 10 farmers experienced complaints of tingling, itching and numbness. The purpose of this study was to describe and analyze the factors associated with skin sensitivity disorders on farmers in Sumberejo Village, Ngablak Sub-District Magelang District. This type of study was analytic observational with cross sectional approach. Population in this study were 110 farmers. The sample of this study was taken by purposive sampling and the sample size were 43 farmers. Chi Square test results showed that the variabel working period (p value = 0.029), the use of PPE (p = 0.04), and personal hygiene (p value = 0.001) associated with skin sensitivity disorders in farmers. While the variabel working duration (p value = 0.410), number of types of pesticides (p = 0.274), and spraying frequency (p value = 0,453) were not associated with skin sensitivity disorders. There were 24 farmers who skin sensitivity disorder. The conclusion of this study is that the working period, PPE, personal hygiene, and cholinesterase are factors related to skin sensitivity disorders that need to be improved in terms of the use of complete PPE by farmers when spraying.
HUBUNGAN PENGGUNAAN PESTISIDA DENGAN KEJADIAN HIPERTENSI PADA PETANI PADI DI DESA GRINGSING KECAMATAN GRINGSING KABUPATEN BATANG Louisa, Marda; Sulistyani, Sulistyani; Joko, Tri
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 1 (2018): JANUARI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Background: Pesticides are chemical compounds or chemical compound mixtures that have the ability to eradicate and kill pests. The use of poorly managed pesticides will have a negative impact. The effects of these pesticides can be acute and chronic. Pesticide poisoning can cause hypertension. Gringsing Village, Gringsing District, Batang District has hypertension cases of 1,742 cases. Aim : knowing the association between pesticide use and hypertension incidence on rice farmers in Gringisng Village, Gringsing Sub-district, Batang DistrictMethod: This study used cross sectional design with 78 respondents. The variables studied were age, sex, history of disease, length of service, duration of work, dose of pesticide, spraying frequency, spraying time, Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), activity, genetic, eating and smoking habitResult : showed that the variables that gave significant results were: Age (p = 0.025), gender (p = 0.014), length of service (p = 0.017), Personal Protective Equipment (p = 0,015), genetic (p = 0,035), and smoking (p = 0.017).Conclusion : Age, sex, length of service, personal protective equipment, genetics and smoking have a relationship with the incidence of hypertensionSuggestion: the need to improve farmers' practices in using pesticides
ANALISIS RISIKO PAJANAN SIANIDA PADA MASYARAKAT DESA NGEMPLAK KIDUL KECAMATAN MARGOYOSO KABUPATEN PATI Tsani, Iinaas Adzkiya; Sulistyani, Sulistyani; Budiyono, Budiyono
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 6 (2018): NOVEMBER
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Tapioca industrial liquid waste has a high cyanide content of 44.40 mg/l. That cyanide content exceeds the cyanide quality standard in tapioca waste water which is 0.3 mg/l. The cyanide content can infiltrate in dug wells that are used as a source of clean water and drinking water for the community around the tapioca industry. The dug well water used as a source of drinking water has cyanide levels of 0.2 - 0.5 mg/l with a well distance of 0-25 m from the tapioca industry. It is necessary to calculate health risks in the community around the tapioca industry due to exposure of cyanide. The purpose of this study was to analyze environmental health risks due to exposure of cyanide in the community in the tapioca industrial area of Ngemplak Kidul, Margoyoso District, Pati Regency. This type of research was an observational descriptive study with an Environmental Health Risk Analysis (EHRA) approach. The sample in this study were 30 subjects and 30 samples drinking water. The results showed that the average level of cyanide in drinking water was 0.0024 mg/l. The average rate of drinking water intake was 1.7 liters, the frequency of exposure was 364.2 days/year, duration of exposure was 16.23 years, and body weight was 58.76 kg. Data analysis using EHRA obtained RQ 0.06 results in a duration of 16.23 years, and RQ 0.12 at a duration of 30 years. The conclusion was that cyanide levels in the respondent's drinking water in accordance with quality standards and the level of risk of realtime and lifetime exposure of non-carcinonegic effects are still declared safe (RQ <1). The calculation of the estimated risk of exposure to cyanide of non-carcinogenic effects at the 15, 30, and 60 years is also still safe (RQ <1). Further analysis of environmental health risks were needed by measuring cyanide intake comprehensively which considers other exposure pathways.
ANALISIS HUBUNGAN DAN SANITASI DENGAN KEBERADAAN COLIFORM FECAL PADA HANDLE PINTU TOILET DI TEMPAT – TEMPAT UMUM DI KOTA SEMARANG Sari, Purwita; Nurjazuli, Nurjazuli; Sulistyani, Sulistyani
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 3 (2015): JULI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Tangan yang menyentuh permukaan handle pintu toilet umum, berperan penting dalam transmisi bakteri coliform dari satu pengguna ke pengguna lainnya yang karakteristiknya beragam dan senantiasa berganti. Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu mengetahui hubungan inspeksi higiene dan sanitasi dengan keberadaan coliform fecal pada handle pintu toilet di tempat-tempat umum (TTU) di Kota Semarang. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional analitik dengan desain penelitian cross sectional. Populasinya adalah tempat-tempat umum yang berada di Kota Semarang berjumlah 130 unit, kemudian sampel diambil sebanyak 33 sampel. Teknik pengambilan sampel yang digunakan adalah random sampling pada setiap TTU. Analisis univariat menggunakan tabel distribusi frekuensi, analisis bivariat menggunakan tabulasi silang, menggunakan uji statistik chi square dan Rank Spearman, menggunakan α=0,05. Analisis univariat menunjukkan 28 sampel usap handle pintu toilet (84,8 %) positif mengandung coliform fecal. Analisis bivariat menunjukkan ada hubungan antara jumlah pengguna toilet (p=0,538), tingkat pengetahuan (p=0,008), praktik personal hygiene (0,050), intensitas membersihkan (p=0,044), kualitas fisik air bersih (p=0,017), kontinuitas air bersih (p=0,038), dan suhu (p= 0,050) dengan keberadaan coliform fecal, tidak ada hubungan antara kuantitas air bersih  (p=0,538), ketersediaan saluran air limbah (p=0,156), ketersediaaan tempat sampah (p=0,492), ketersediaan tempat cuci tangan (p=0,305), kelembaban (p=0,335), pencahayaan  (p=0,358). Diharapkan adanya peran aktif dari petugas kebersihan maupun pengguna toilet dalam meningkatkan kebersihan toilet umum.
PATTERNS OF TRANSCRANIAL DOPPLER FLOW VELOCITIES AND CAROTID INTIMA MEDIA THICKNESS (CIMT) IN JAVANESE ISCHEMIC STROKE Danuaji, Rivan; Subandi, Subandi; Apriyanto, Arif; Dewi, Endang Kusuma; Suroto, Suroto; Mirawati, Diah Kurnia; Budianto, Pepi; Hambarsari, Yetty; Hamidi, Baarid Lukman; Prabaningtyas, Hanindya Riani; Sulistyani, Sulistyani
Biomedika Vol 12, No 1 (2020): Biomedika Februari 2020
Publisher : Universitas Muhamadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/biomedika.v12i1.9921

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ABSTRACTIntracranial atherosclerosis is the most common cause of stroke in Asia including Indonesia. Transcranial Doppler (TCD) is a noninvasive tool which able to detect intracranial atherosclerosis. The purpose of this study was to determine the pattern of TCD waves in Javanese ischemic stroke patients and Carotid Intima Media Thickness (CIMT), and its correlation to demographic data. This is a cross-sectional study was conducted at Hospital X Surakarta. All Javanese ischemic stroke treated in stroke unit were examine for flow velocity using TCD and CIMT using ultrasound. Chi square was used to analyzes the relationship between age, gender, stroke type and the thickness of CIMT.  A total of 43 ischemic stroke patients were examined for TCD, consisting of 30 (69.77%) men and 13 (30,23%) women. The results showed that 31 (72.09%) had intracranial abnormalities in the form of stenosis or occlusion on MCA (23.26%), ACA (4.65%), PCA (4.65%), vertebral arteries (6.98 %) and other locations (32.56%). Thickening of CIMT was obtained as much as 22 (51,16%) of the patients. Age was a factor associated with CIMT thickening with (P: 0.041), while gender and type of stroke did not (P>0,05)). To sum up Intracranial flow velocity abnormalities often occur in Javanese ischemic stroke patients, while CIMT thickening is not associated with ischemic stroke pathologyKeywords: TCD, Stroke Ischemic, Flow Velocity, CIMT, JavaneseABSTRAKAterosklerosis intrakranial adalah penyebab paling umum dari stroke di Asia termasuk Indonesia. Transcranial Doppler (TCD) adalah alat noninvasif yang mampu mendeteksi aterosklerosis intrakranial. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pola gelombang TCD pada pasien stroke iskemik suku Jawa dan Carotid Intima Media Thickness (CIMT), dan korelasinya dengan data demografi. Penelitian cross-sectional ini dilakukan di Rumah Sakit X Surakarta. Semua stroke iskemik suku Jawa yang dirawat di unit stroke diperiksa untuk kecepatan aliran menggunakan TCD dan CIMT menggunakan ultrasound. Chi square digunakan untuk menganalisis hubungan antara usia, jenis kelamin, jenis stroke dan ketebalan CIMT. Sebanyak 43 pasien stroke iskemik diperiksa untuk TCD, terdiri dari 30 (69,77%) pria dan 13 (30,23%) wanita. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 31 (72,09%) memiliki kelainan intrakranial dalam bentuk stenosis atau oklusi pada MCA (23,26%), ACA (4,65%), PCA (4,65%), arteri vertebral (6,98%) dan lokasi lain (32,56%). Penebalan CIMT diperoleh sebanyak 22 (51,16%) dari pasien. Usia adalah faktor yang terkait dengan penebalan CIMT dengan (p= 0,041), sedangkan jenis kelamin dan jenis stroke tidak (p> 0,05), sehingga ditarik kesimpulan bahwa kelainan kecepatan aliran intrakranial sering terjadi pada pasien stroke iskemik Jawa, sedangkan penebalan CIMT tidak berhubungan dengan patologi stroke iskemik.Kata Kunci: TCD, Stroke Iskemik, Flow Velocity, CIMT, Suku Jawa
Perbedaan Efektivitas Zeolit dan Manganese Greensand untuk Menurunkan Kadar Fosfat dan Chemical Oxygen Demand Limbah Cair “Laundry Zone” di Tembalang Lavina, Dahona Lenthe; Sulistyani, Sulistyani; Rahadjo, Mursid
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 4 (2016): JULI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Laundry business is a business in clothes washing services. Preliminary test results show that the levels of phosphate and COD laundry liquid wastes is 12,36 mg/l and 5.920 mg/l. These levels exceeded the water quality standard of waste that phosphate concentration of 2 mg/l and COD concentration of 100 mg/l. This research aimed to determine the difference effectiveness of zeolite and manganese greensand to decrease phosphate and chemical oxygen demand on waste  "laundry zone" in Tembalang. This research uses Quasi-Experimental with pretest - posttest design. The sample used is wastewater from the washing machine outlet of "laundry Zone". Analysis data used to test hypothesis is by one way anova test with 95% significance level. Research result show  that phosphate levels before treatment is 12,36 mg/l and COD levels is 5.920 mg/l. After treatment with zeolite and manganese greensand in diameter 0,25 mm, 0,5 mm, 0,75 mm and 1 mm showed that the levels of phosphate and COD decreased. From one way anova got the difference at significant of α = 0,05  decreased levels of phosphate and COD after media zeolite by p-value = 0,001, the difference at significant of α = 0,05 decreased levels of phosphate and COD after media manganese greensand by p-value = 0,01, and the difference at significant of α = 0,05 decreased levels of phosphate and COD after media zeolit and manganese greensand by p-value = 0,0001. Effectiveness of the highest decline in phosphate and COD reached 73,30 % dan 71,68% occurred in treatment with zeolite diameter of 0,25 mm.
Kajian Penaikan pH dan Oksidasi Ozon terhadap Konsentrasi Phospat dan Deterjen dalam Air Limbah di Laboratorium Kesehatan Daerah Kabupaten Semarang Suhirman, Suhirman; Endah, Nur; Sulistyani, Sulistyani; Nur, Muhammad
Youngster Physics Journal Vol 7, No 2 (2018): Youngster Physics Journal April 2018
Publisher : Jurusan Fisika, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika, Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

One of human activity is health Laboratory which is it activity would produce waste water that can environment contaminate . Some of  substance that consisted in laboratory waste water are, phospat dan deterjent which is  contain Linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS). These parameter should to be processed before lost upon to environment or river. The choice to ozone technology consideratly that this technology is good technology (no side effect), Cheap relativly, no wide area needed and more practically. The ozone tecnology that be chosen is Advance Oxidation Processes (AOP)  with altering pH waste water to pH 9. In this manner we hope produce more OH radical that have more higher potential oxidation than ozone elone. The aim of this research is: to study altering pH and ozone oxidation concerning consentration of phospat and deterjent waste water of Health Laboratory at Semarang regency. Research type was True eksperimen with desain Posttest-Only Control Design, laboratory scale.The yields after oxidation proces with ozone  was : rate value of phospat concentration was 3,62 ppm at 10 minutes, 3,45 ppm at 20 minutes, 3,35 ppm at 30 minutes and 3,28 ppm at 45 minutes.Rate value of LAS concentration was 0,21 ppm at 10 minutes, 0,17 ppm at 20 minutes, 0,14 ppm at 30 minutes and 0,17 ppm at 45 minutes..Analysis yield : there was not difference  about phospat consentration on pH altering and ozone oxidation (Sig. 0,965 > 0,05), there was not difference  about LAS consentration on pH altering and ozone oxidation  (Sig. 0,7890 > 0,05). Keyword : Advance Oxidation Proceses, Ammonia, Phospat, Linear alkyl Benzenesulfonat
Faktor – Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Kontaminasi Deterjen Pada Air Minum Isi Ulang Di Depot Air MInum Isi Ulang (DAMIU) Di Kabupaten Kendal Tahun 2009 Sulistyandari, Hartini; Sulistyani, Sulistyani; Raharjo, Mursid
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia Vol 6, No 2 (2007): Oktober 2007
Publisher : Master of Environmental Health Study Program, Faculry of Public Health, Faculty of Public

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (158.189 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkli.6.2.54 - 58

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ABSTRACT Background : People are very depends on mineral water supplies especially for drinks. The results from Central Java Health Laboratory on November 21st 2008 to 95 Mineral Water Refill Depo (DAMIU) at Kendal shows that 85% of the samples examined has Alkyl Benzena sulfonates (ABS) detergent around 0.03 – 0.06 ug/lt. The results shows that the quality of the refillable mineral waters in Kendal were contaminated by detergents. This research was done to examined the factors that correlated with the detergent contaminated to refillable mineral waters at Mineral Water Refill Depo in Kendal. Method : This research is an observational research using surveillance methods and a cross sectional approaches. This research is using a questionnaires which already passed the validity and reliability tests. Primary and secondary datas were examined and analysed using a chi square test method. Result : The results shows that from about 50 DAMIU : 18 DAMIUs (36%) does not have a standardized water supplies, 28 DAMIUs (56%) does not have a standardized equipments, 21 DAMIUSs (42%) does not have a standardized process, 27 DAMIUs (54%) does not have a standardized sanitation, and 30 DAMIUs (60%) were contaminated by detergents. Furthermore, factors that correlated with the detergents contamination on refillable mineral waters at mineral water depo (DAMIU) in Kendal at 2009 are the water supplies (p-value : 0.03), equipment (p-value : 0.01), the process (p-value : 0.001) and sanitation (p-value : 0.027). Conclusion : The suggestion are to the owners of the DAMIUs to have a valid laboratory tests, especially to those correlated with the water supplies, the delivery, the water tank and the preconsumable mineral water, at least every 6 (six) months, using a standardized equipments, having a standard operating procedures (SOP) to operate DAMIUs, do not clean the tank and gallon with soaps or detergents and the needs of routine supervising and surveillance from the Health Department and ASPADA. Keywords : DAMIU, Detergents, Kendal
Co-Authors A. Ilalqisny Insan Aji, Mahendra Puji Permana Alfiani, Umi Amandia Dewi Permana Shita, Amandia Dewi Permana Apriyanto, Arif Bondhan Dwi Arum Puspo, Bondhan Dwi Arum Budianto, Pepi Budiyono Budiyono Dahona Lenthe Lavina, Dahona Lenthe Destaranti, Nadi Dewi Yuanita Dewi, Endang Kusuma Diah Fatmawati, Diah Diah Kurnia Mirawati Dwi Sunu Widyartini Edi Purnomo Eli Rohaeti Endah W, Nur Endang Dwi Siswani Endang Widjajanti Erfan Priyambodo Erie Kolya Nasution Faiqoh, Fiona Faizatun Nikmah, Faizatun Febriantika, Dayu H, Hasanah Hambarsari, Yetty Hamidah, Tasya Hamidi, Baarid Lukman Hartini Sulistyandari, Hartini Hexa Apriliana Hidayah Khoiriyah Khoiriyah Lestari, Dewi Yuanita Louisa, Marda Muhammad Nur Mukadar, Lilis Afriyani Mursid Rahadjo, Mursid Mursid Rahardjo Mursid Raharjo Nikie Astorina Yunita Dewanti Novianti, Sukma Dewi Nur Endah, Nur Nurdin Nurdin Nurjazuli Nurjazuli Onny Setiani Pamungkas, Rionaldo Elen Praba Ginandjar Prabaningtyas, Hanindya Riani Prihartantie, Ika Tyas Purwita Sari, Purwita Putra, Tatag Kurnia Putri, Asti Chairani Qodariyah, Nurul Rangkuti, Ahmad Faizal Retno Hestiningsih Rivan Danuaji Riwayatiningsih, Rika Rona Arundina Rahmadiani, Rona Arundina Sagita, Qoni Mulia Saputro, Fendik Wahyoe Saswita, Neni Silaban, Devi Sarah Subandi Subandi Subardjo Subardjo, Subardjo Suhartono Suhartono SUHIRMAN SUHIRMAN Supri Ahmadi, Supri Suroto Suroto Susila Kristianingrum T, Wijayanti Tri Joko Tsani, Iinaas Adzkiya Yani, Edy Yuliani Setyaningsih Yunik Susanti Yunita Rahmawati Yusniar Hanani Darundiati