E. Sulistyowati
Balai Penelitian Tanaman Pemanis dan Serat Jalan Raya Karangploso Kotak Pos 199 Malang

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Peningkatan Pendapatan Peternak Melalui Penggunaan Pakan Sakura Blok pada Sapi Perah di Gapoktan Sumber Mulya Kecamatan Kabawetan Kabupaten Kepahiang Propinsi Bengkulu jarmujii, Jarmuji; Silvia, E.; Sulistyowati, E.
Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia Vol 13, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31186/jspi.id.13.1.1-7

Abstract

Pelaksanaan demplot dilakukan selama 2 bulan (60 hari) dengan menggunakan metode bujursangkar latin dengan 4 perlakuan dan empat ulangan. Setiap periode perlakuan dilakukan selama 15 hari. Perlakuan dalam demplot antara lain  D0 (100% rumput alam), D1 (rumput alam + Sakura blok 300 gr/hari), D2 (rumput alam dan Sakura blok 600 gr/hr) dan D3 (rumput alam + Sakura blok 900 gr/hari). Hasil demplot menunjukkan bahwa produksi susu tertinggi dihasilkan pada ternak sapi perah yang mendapat pakan tambahan Sakura blok plus 600 gr/ekor/hari yaitu 10,87 liter/hari, diikuti dengan 10,12 liter/hari pada kelompot ternak sapi perah yang mendapat Sakura blok 900 gr/ekor/hari dan 9,09 pada kelompok ternak yang mendapat pakan Sakura blok 300 gr/ekor/hari. Sementara yang tidak mendapat pakan tambahan Sakura blok plus rata-rata produksi susu hanya 7,25 liter/hari. Berdasarkan hasil analisis pendapatan, pendapatan tertinggi diperoleh pada ternak sapi perah yang mendapat pakan tambahan 600 gr/ekor/hari yaitu Rp.8.517.167,-/bulan untuk empat ekor sapi. Sementara kelompok ternak yang tidak mendapatkan pakan tambahan Sakura blok hanya menghasilkan laba bersih sebesar Rp.4.986.667,-. Sapi perah yang diberi pakan tambahan Sakura blok sebesar 300 gr/ekor/hari dan 900 gr/ekor/hari masing-masing memperoleh laba bersih sebesar Rp.6.579.167,- dan Rp.7.365.167,-.Kata kunci: sapi perah FH, produksi susu, Sakura blok, laba
Comparison of direct microscopy and molecular method to detect amoebiasis cases from stool specimen and also identify the Entamoeba species involved in infection: A study of Nepal Das, R. K.; Paudya, R.; Singh, S. K.; Sulistyowati, E.; Saud, M.
Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia Vol 13, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31186/jspi.id.13.1.101-110

Abstract

Direct microscopic examination of stained or unstained wet mount preparations or fixed-stained smears of clinical material can often provide the etiological diagnosis of an infectious process. A total of 266 human stools specimens from children of america by a combination of microscopic examination and molecular method. In molecular method, nested polymerase chain reaction (Nested-PCR) targeting genomic Entamoeba species was used. Stool specimens were collected from Southern Plains of Nepal and analyzed at the Kathmandu Center for Genomics and Research Laboratory. The stool specimens were processed by wet mount method using saline as well as iodine staining and examined via microscopy for the presence of Entamoeba cysts or trophozoites. Furthermore, the stool specimens were characterized using Nested-PCR targeting genomic Entamoeba species. Based on microscopic examination, the overall prevalence of Entamoeba infection was 17.6% (47/266). The PCR results showed that 52 (19.5%) specimens are successfully generated species-specific amplicons. Males (21.7% in PCR) were more commonly infected compared to females (16.6% in PCR). Comparison by age groups show 10-15 years age-group (26.6% in PCR) had higher infection than age-group 5-10 years (16.6%) years and 1-5 years (15.2%). The infection with E. histolytica (100%; 52/266) was the predominant cause of amoebiasis, while the infection with E. dispar and E. moshkovskii was not found. PCR is a more effective method for the identification of Entamoeba infection than microscopy.
SUPPLEMENTATION OF COFFEE HUSK FERMENTED WITH Pleurotus ostreatus: EFFECT ON PERFORMANCE AND BLOOD PROFILE OF GASTROINTESTINAL NEMATODES INFECTED GOAT Badarina, I.; Putranto, H. D.; Sulistyowati, E.
Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture Vol 40, No 4 (2015): December
Publisher : Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (166.615 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jitaa.40.4.215-221

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the potency of coffee husk fermented with P.ostreatus as a natural anthelmintic supplement by measuring the performance and blood profile of goat suffered gastrointestinal nematodes infection. Eighteen local male goats of Kacang goat with body weight of 9.23 ± 1.71 kg and aged at ± 10 months were arranged into three treatments in completely randomized design. The treatments were T0 (group without chemical anthelmintic treatment and no supplementation of fermented coffee husk), T1 (without chemical anthelmintic treatment, but supplied with fermented coffee husk) and T2 (group with chemical anthelmintic and no supplementation of fermented coffee husk). All goats were offered a basal diet in the ratio of 60% natural grasses along with 40% concentrate. Fermented coffee husk was added in the diet as much as 6% from the dry matter need. The result showed that there were no significant effect to dry matter intake, daily weight gain, PCV value and eosinophil counts (P>0.05). The supplementation of fermented coffee husk (T1) enhanced Hb and red blood cell (RBC) value (P
MILK PRODUCTION AND MODIFICATION OF MILK FATTY ACID OF DAIRY COWS FED PUFA-CONCENTRATE Sulistyowati, E.; Santoso, U.; Badarina, I.
Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture Vol 35, No 4 (2010): (December)
Publisher : Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (41.62 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jitaa.35.4.262-267

Abstract

Some fatty acid supplements in concentrate containing Curcuma xanthorrhiza, ROXB wereevaluated for effects on milk yield, milk fat and protein, including milk fatty acid. Four lactating (4 ± 1.5months ) Fries Holland (FH) cows were allocated into four treatments of concentrate containing 4.5%palm oil (CP0), 4.5% corn oil (CP1), 4.5% roasted ground corn (CP2), and 1.5% corn oil and 3% roastedground corn (CP3), respectively, in 4 x 4 Latin Square experimental design with 3 d-period. Resultsshowed that there were no significant (P>0.05) effects on milk yield, milk fat and protein, and milk fattyacid. However, the highest average of milk production was found in CP2 (8.63 kg/d). Milk fat wasdecreasing to 3.81% in conjunction with the more potential total PUFA (71.81%) in CP3 with corn oiland roasted ground corn. Ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 in milk was the same in both, CP2 and CP3, itwas 2.14. However , since the objective of this research was to improve milk yield as well as milkcomponents and health concern, therefore the CP2 with roasted ground corn was considered as theoptimal one.
Effect of Sauropus androgynus leaf extract, fish oil and vitamin E on performance, egg quality and composition in laying hens Santoso, U.; Fenita, Y.; Sulistyowati, E.
Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture Vol 42, No 2 (2017): June
Publisher : Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (184.66 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jitaa.42.2.88-89

Abstract

The objective of this study was to obtain enriched eggs with low cholesterol content. Forty-eight laying hens (strain Dekalb Warren) aged 72 weeks were distributed into six treatment groups as follows: 1) Laying hens fed diet without Sauropus androgynus leaf extracts (SALE), fish oil and vitamin E (P0) as the control; 2) Laying hens were fed diet with 27 g SALE/kg diet, but without fish oil (P1); 3) Laying hens were fed diet with 27 g SALE/kg diet, 1.5% fish oil (P2); 4) Laying hens were fed diet with 27 g SALE/kg diet, 1.5% fish oil and 60 mg vitamin E/kg diet (P3); 5) Laying hens were fed diet with 27 g SALE/kg diet, 3% fish oil (P4); 6) Laying hens were fed diet with 27 g SALE/kg 3% fish oil and 60 mg vitamin E/kg diet (P5). Experimental results showed that the treatments affected (P <0.05) egg production, thick eggshell, egg white height, yolk color, the odor of eggs after the split (P <0.05). It was shown that the treatments had no effect on the contents of protein, fat, ?-carotene of eggs but affected the contents of cholesterol and vitamin E of eggs. In conclusion, the treatments improved egg quality and increased egg Vitamin E but reduced egg cholesterol.
Evaluasi Mikroklimat dalam Kandang Menggunakan Tinggi Atap Kandang Berbeda yang Berkaitan dengan Respon Fisiologis Sapi Bali Dewasa di Kecamatan XIV Koto Kabupaten Mukomuko Suherman, D.; Muryanto, S.; Sulistyowati, E.
Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia Vol 12, No 4 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31186/jspi.id.12.4.397-410

Abstract

Penelitian ini untuk mengevaluasi frekuensi pernapasan, denyut jantung dan suhu rektal sapi Bali dewasa, yang berkaitan dengan mikroklimat dalam kandang (suhu dan kelembaban udara) pada tinggi atap kandang yang berbeda. Kandang terdiri dari dua tinggi atap kandang yang berbeda, yaitu 200-250 cm (Kandang I) dan tinggi atap kandang >250-300 cm (Kandang II). Penelitian dilaksanakan selama satu bulan, dari tanggal 25 April 2017 sampai 28 Juni 2017 di kandang peternak di Kec. XIV Koto, Kab. Mukomuko. Penelitian ini menggunakan ternak Sapi Bali dewasa sebanyak 40 ekor, pada masing-masing tinggi atap kandang yang berbeda sebanyak 20 ekor. Metode penelitian dengan cara pengukuran langsung dan deskripsi, pengukuran dilakukan sebanyak tiga kali, yaitu pagi, siang, dan sore. Variabel yang diamati meliputi respon fisiologis Sapi Bali dewasa dan mikroklimat pada tinggi atap kandang yang berbeda, yang dideskripsikan dan dianalisis menggunakan persamaan regresi. Tinggi atap kandang memberikan pengaruh terhadap mikroklimat dalam kandang, semakin tinggi atap kandang mempengaruhi penurunan suhu udara dan peningkatan kelembaban udara dalam kandang. Frekuensi pernapasan dan denyut jantung meningkat seiring dengan meningkatnya suhu udara dan kelembaban udara dalam kandang.Kata kunci: Tinggi atap kandang, mikroklimat kandang, respon fisiologis, sapi bali dewasa.
RATIO OPTIMUM GALUR MANDUL JANTAN (A line) DAN GALUR PEMULIH KESUBURAN (R line) PADA PRODUKSI BENIH HIBRIDA KAPAS SUMARTINI, SIWI; ABDURRAKHMAN, ABDURRAKHMAN; MACHFUD, M.; SULISTYOWATI, E.
853-8212
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRAKTeknologi kapas hibrida merupakan salah satu upaya untukmeningkatkan produksi kapas nasional. Sampai saat ini belum tersediavarietas kapas hibrida nasional untuk program pengembangan kapasnasional. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui ratio galur (A line) manduljantan dan galur pemulih kesuburan (R line) yang optimum untukmenghasilkan benih hibrida kapas paling tinggi dengan cara persilanganalami. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Kebun Percobaan Pasirian-Lumajang,Jawa Timur mulai Januari sampai Desember 2011. Percobaan ini terdiridari satu pembanding T1 dengan penyerbukan manual dan 5 perbandinganratio (A line : R line) yang berbeda, yaitu T2 (3:2), T3 (4:2), T4 (5:2), T5(6:2), dan T6 (7:2) dengan penyerbukan alami. Perlakuan disusun dalamRancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) diulang 3 kali dengan luas petakmasing-masing perlakuan 25 m x 5 m. Benih kapas ditanam dengan jarak125 cm x 25 cm. Pupuk yang diberikan sebanyak 300 kg pupuk majemuk(15 N:15 P 2 O 5 :15 K 2 O) dan 100 kg pupuk Urea/ha. Hasil penelitianmenunjukkan bahwa perlakuan penyerbukan manual (T1) menghasilkankapas berbiji sebanyak 1023 kg/ha, nyata paling tinggi dibandingkanperlakuan dengan penyerbukan alami. Terdapat korelasi positif yangsangat nyata antara hasil kapas berbiji dengan jumlah populasi (r =0.75967). Hasil kapas berbiji tidak berbeda pada perlakuan T2 sampai T6yang bervariasi antara 377- 452 kg kapas berbiji/ha, dengan efisiensipenyerbukan alami sebesar 37–45%. Untuk produksi benih hibrida denganpersilangan alami dapat digunakan ratio 7 baris tetua betina dan 2 baristetua jantan (perlakuan T6). Harga benih hibrida kapas yang dihasilkandengan cara penyerbukan alami sebesar Rp. 98.571,-/kg sedangkan dengancara penyerbukan manual sebesar Rp. 101.826,-/kg.Kata kunci: Gossypium hirsutum, mandul jantan, pemulih kesuburan,penyerbukan manual, penyerbukan alamiABSTRACTHybrid cotton technology is an attempt to increase the nationalcotton production. Hybrid cotton varieties is not yet available for thenational cotton development program. This study was aimed atdetermining optimum ratio of male sterile lines (A line) and restorers (Rline) lines for producing high hybrid cotton seed yield. The experimentwas conducted in the Experimental Garden Pasirian-Lumajang, East Javafrom January to December 2011. This experiment consisted of T1 withmanual pollination (control), and 5 different ratios (A line : R line) withnatural pollination namely T2 (3:2), T3 (4:2), T4 (5:2 ), T5 (6:2) and T6(7:2). Treatments were arranged in a randomized block design (RBD) with3 replications, plot size was 25 m x 5 m of each. Seeds were sown witha distance of 125 cm x 25 cm. Fertilizers given were 300 kg of compoundfertilizer (15 N: 15 P 2 O 5 : 15 K 2 O) and 100 kg Urea /ha. From this researchit was found out that the T1 treatment by manual pollination produced asmuch 1023 kg seed cotton yield / ha, was the highest compared to naturalpollination treatments. There was high correlation between seed cottonyield and plant population (r = 0.75967). Seed cotton yield of T2 to T6treatments was not significantly different, which varies between 377-452kg/ha, with natural pollination efficiency of 37-45%. Therefore, for cottonhybrid seed production based male sterility by natural crossing, 7 rows offemale lines and 2 rows of male lines ratio (treatment T6) can be used.Price of cotton hybrid seed by natural pollination as much as Rp. 98,571, -/kg while by manual pollination as much as Rp. 101, 826, - /kg.Key words: Gossypium hirsutum, male sterile, restorer, manual pollination,natural pollination
RATIO OPTIMUM GALUR MANDUL JANTAN (A line) DAN GALUR PEMULIH KESUBURAN (R line) PADA PRODUKSI BENIH HIBRIDA KAPAS SUMARTINI, SIWI; ABDURRAKHMAN, ABDURRAKHMAN; MACHFUD, M.; SULISTYOWATI, E.
Jurnal Penelitian Tanaman Industri Vol 19, No 2 (2013): Juni 2013
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/littri.v19n2.2013.51 - 57

Abstract

ABSTRAKTeknologi kapas hibrida merupakan salah satu upaya untukmeningkatkan produksi kapas nasional. Sampai saat ini belum tersediavarietas kapas hibrida nasional untuk program pengembangan kapasnasional. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui ratio galur (A line) manduljantan dan galur pemulih kesuburan (R line) yang optimum untukmenghasilkan benih hibrida kapas paling tinggi dengan cara persilanganalami. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Kebun Percobaan Pasirian-Lumajang,Jawa Timur mulai Januari sampai Desember 2011. Percobaan ini terdiridari satu pembanding T1 dengan penyerbukan manual dan 5 perbandinganratio (A line : R line) yang berbeda, yaitu T2 (3:2), T3 (4:2), T4 (5:2), T5(6:2), dan T6 (7:2) dengan penyerbukan alami. Perlakuan disusun dalamRancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) diulang 3 kali dengan luas petakmasing-masing perlakuan 25 m x 5 m. Benih kapas ditanam dengan jarak125 cm x 25 cm. Pupuk yang diberikan sebanyak 300 kg pupuk majemuk(15 N:15 P 2 O 5 :15 K 2 O) dan 100 kg pupuk Urea/ha. Hasil penelitianmenunjukkan bahwa perlakuan penyerbukan manual (T1) menghasilkankapas berbiji sebanyak 1023 kg/ha, nyata paling tinggi dibandingkanperlakuan dengan penyerbukan alami. Terdapat korelasi positif yangsangat nyata antara hasil kapas berbiji dengan jumlah populasi (r =0.75967). Hasil kapas berbiji tidak berbeda pada perlakuan T2 sampai T6yang bervariasi antara 377- 452 kg kapas berbiji/ha, dengan efisiensipenyerbukan alami sebesar 37–45%. Untuk produksi benih hibrida denganpersilangan alami dapat digunakan ratio 7 baris tetua betina dan 2 baristetua jantan (perlakuan T6). Harga benih hibrida kapas yang dihasilkandengan cara penyerbukan alami sebesar Rp. 98.571,-/kg sedangkan dengancara penyerbukan manual sebesar Rp. 101.826,-/kg.Kata kunci: Gossypium hirsutum, mandul jantan, pemulih kesuburan,penyerbukan manual, penyerbukan alamiABSTRACTHybrid cotton technology is an attempt to increase the nationalcotton production. Hybrid cotton varieties is not yet available for thenational cotton development program. This study was aimed atdetermining optimum ratio of male sterile lines (A line) and restorers (Rline) lines for producing high hybrid cotton seed yield. The experimentwas conducted in the Experimental Garden Pasirian-Lumajang, East Javafrom January to December 2011. This experiment consisted of T1 withmanual pollination (control), and 5 different ratios (A line : R line) withnatural pollination namely T2 (3:2), T3 (4:2), T4 (5:2 ), T5 (6:2) and T6(7:2). Treatments were arranged in a randomized block design (RBD) with3 replications, plot size was 25 m x 5 m of each. Seeds were sown witha distance of 125 cm x 25 cm. Fertilizers given were 300 kg of compoundfertilizer (15 N: 15 P 2 O 5 : 15 K 2 O) and 100 kg Urea /ha. From this researchit was found out that the T1 treatment by manual pollination produced asmuch 1023 kg seed cotton yield / ha, was the highest compared to naturalpollination treatments. There was high correlation between seed cottonyield and plant population (r = 0.75967). Seed cotton yield of T2 to T6treatments was not significantly different, which varies between 377-452kg/ha, with natural pollination efficiency of 37-45%. Therefore, for cottonhybrid seed production based male sterility by natural crossing, 7 rows offemale lines and 2 rows of male lines ratio (treatment T6) can be used.Price of cotton hybrid seed by natural pollination as much as Rp. 98,571, -/kg while by manual pollination as much as Rp. 101, 826, - /kg.Key words: Gossypium hirsutum, male sterile, restorer, manual pollination,natural pollination
Pemanfaatan Limbah Biji Durian (Durio zibethinus Murr) sebagai Bahan Penstabil Es Krim Susu Sapi Perah Sistanto, Sistanto; Sulistyowati, E.; Yuwana, Yuwana
Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia Vol 12, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31186/jspi.id.12.1.9-23

Abstract

Berlimpahnya limbah biji durian pada musim durian belum banyak dimanfaatkan, disisi lain  biji durian berpotensi sebagai sumber bahan makanan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi nutrisi biji durian yang dijadikan tepung dan pengaruhnya jika dimanfaatkan sebagai bahan penstabil es krim susu sapi perah. Materi penelitian terdiri dari biji durian yang dijadikan tepung, susu segar, susu bubuk skim, tepung maizena, gula halus, whipping cream dan yolk. Metode penelitian yang digunakan yaitu Rancang Acak Lengkap dengan 5 perlakuan dan 4 ulangan. Perlakuan adalah penggunaan tepung biji durian konsentrasi 0,9% (TBD1); 1,1% (TBD2); 1,3% (TBD3) ; 1,5% (TBD4) dan es krim komersial (Kontrol). Variabel pengamatan meliputi kadar air, kadar abu, lemak, protein, serat kasar dan gross energy (GE) menggunakan Bomb calorimeter dengan analisis proksimat. Pengamatan es krim meliputi pH, kecepatan meleleh, viskositas dan overrun. Data hasil penelitian dianalisis menggunakan ragam ANOVA dan uji lanjut Beda Nyata Terkecil (BNT) dengan program XL stat. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa, pengunaan tepung biji durian (TBD) sebagai bahan penstabil es krim susu sapi perah secara statistik berpengaruh nyata (p<0,05) terhadap nilai pH dan viskositas es krim (cP), serta tidak berpengaruh nyata (p>0,05) terhadap kecepatan meleleh (menit) dan overrun (%) dengan nilai pH terbaik pada perlakuan kontrol (6,40) dan TBD1 (6,20), kecepatan meleleh terlama pada perlakuan TBD3 (30,14 menit per 50 ml), viskositas tertinggi 335,00 cP (perlakuan TBD2 dan TBD3) dan overrun paling baik yaitu  74,26% (perlakuan TBD4). Semakin besar level penggunaan TBD dalam adonan es krim menunjukan bahwa semakin meningkatkan nilai overrun. Kata kunci : tepung biji durian, es krim, bahan penstabil
Analisis ekonomi penerapan pengolahan beberapa produk susu di Kecamatan Selupu Rejang, Kabupaten Rejang Lebong, Bengkulu Sulistyowati, E.; Mujiharjo, S.; Soetrisno, E.; Rohmah, A. N.; Sistanto, Sistanto; Khotimah, N.
Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia Vol 13, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31186/jspi.id.13.3.252-257

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis beberapa produk pengolahan susu di kecamatan Selupu Rejang, kabupaten Rejang Lebong, Bengkulu. Berdasarkan rata-rata skoring penilaian warna, rasa, aroma, kesukaan, kehalusan dan keempukan pada karamel stroberi 0% dan 2% adalah yang paling disukai. Biaya produksi karamel susu sapi perah dengan penambahan buah stroberi perbungkus/mika 20 potong adalah Rp. 4.425, harga jual perbungkus/mika Rp. 8.000, margin perbungkus/mika Rp. 3.575, penerimaan total Rp. 80.000, keuntungan per kg susu Rp. 35.750. Dari perbandingan nilai ekonomis pengolahan produk menjadi karamel rasa stroberi memiliki keuntungan yang lebih tinggi dengan keuntungan sebesar Rp. 35.750/liter susu segar apabila dibandingkan dengan susu pasteurisasi dengan keuntungan sebesar Rp. 11.769/liter susu segar dan susu jahe dengan keuntungan Rp. 10.074/liter susu segar.Kata kunci: Susu, Karamel, Stroberi