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SURVEI PERILAKU PSN DAN SANITASI LINGKUNGAN PADA DESA ENDEMIK FILARIASIS DI KABUPATEN BLORA Alhamidy, Fuad; Sukeksi, Andri; Sumanto, Didik
JURNAL LITBANG Vol 4, No 3 (2006): Sain dan Teknologi
Publisher : JURNAL LITBANG

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Abstract

Background : Tke spread af filariasis disease can be control if the society lmow the procedure to avoid contact with infecler vector. Mosquite population as a infecter vector can be control by us with knowledge of fight the focus mosquite action. Mosquite control at the several area influenced by envirounment sqnitation, while lhe envirounment sanitation influenced by human action to manage it.Objective: To survey offight thefocus of mosquite action on society and observed the envirounment sanitation that corelated withfocus of mosquite plqce on Tawangrejo village on Blora.Method : population of this research is all of peoples on Tawangrejo village on Blora. Accidental sampling applied to take sample research. All of peoples that present in the healthy instruction as a sample research. To tqke the data of fight the focus mosquite used the questioner, while the observation done to observed the envirounment sanitation bydirect procedure on filariasis endemic village.Result : Among of 83,9 ok responden have offight thefocus mosquite action with ' baik ' predicqte. So on rotation of ' cukup ' and ' buruk ' is 1,7 96 and 14,4 %.Conclusion : Almost of all of the responden have of fight the focus mosquite action with 'baik' predicate, so must befound the other caused ofspread offilariasis on Tawangrejo village.Key words : The fight of the focus of mosquite action, sanitation, filariasis
GAMBARAN KEJADIAN PENYAKIT SCABIES DI PONPES AL ITQON DI PATEBON KENDAL Megawati, Rini; Santosa, Budi; Sumanto, Didik
JURNAL LITBANG Vol 2, No 3 (2005): Penelitian, Pengembangan, dan Pengabdian
Publisher : JURNAL LITBANG

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Abstract

Abstract Scabies disease in Indonesia is commonly called scabies skin disease, caused by Sarcoptes scabiei mite, it is infected by personal hygiene and bad environment, the most effective way to Decrease the infection spreading of scabies disease is cleaning the environmental and Surrounding frequently and keep the personal hygiene. In this research place with many people live in is chosen, like Pondok Pesantren, because Usually there are many people in Pondok Pesantren and they less pay attention on keeping the Personal and environmental hygiene, and also the facility provided by Ponpes organizer is not enough. The purpose of this research is to do observation the scabies disease and to low personal hygiene related to scabies disease. The used research is descriptive research because it just describes scabies disease at boys and girls students in Pondok Pesantren Al ltqon. The used research Method to examine skin rabbed with a coin is by Microscopic method. Population is boys and girls student at Pondok Pesantren At ltqon amount to I15 children, Sample is boys and girls students having scabies disease symptom amount to 15 samples in Pondok Pesantren. Result of research shows that respondent infected by Sarcoptes scabiei there is 27 % while the result of interview to know hygiene and sanitation habit got the data that 54 % respondent Have bad habit. Keyword: scabies
IBM KELOMPOK GUIDE LAWANG SEWU SEMARANG Mulyadi, Dodi; Wijayatiningsih, Testiana Deni; Sumanto, Didik
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2014: PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL HASIL - HASIL PENELITIAN & PENGABDIAN
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

The quality of English speaking for  tour guides in Lawang Sewu need to improve in line with the globalization of tourism in Central Java that is being launched to bring a lot of tourists from within the country and abroad are known by the slogan ?Visit Jateng 2013?. In accordance with this statement, we did ?Pengabdian Masyarakat? dedicated servant of the community for group of guides of Lawang Sewu . the group was divided into two associations and community i.e. paguyuban siang and paguyuban sore. So far, the problems faced by your group Lawang Sewu is how to improve their English language skills with practical, efficient, and does not complicate the psychological learning and motivate them to be ready to serve foreign tourists.  The priority issues of partners (mitra)are how to improve English language skills of Lawang Sewu guides of Semarang, the absence of a practical and efficient guide to practice speaking and storytelling in English for your group Lawang Sewu Semarang, and the realization of the increase in the English language in guide of Lawang Sewu Semarang with appropriatemethods and interesting.  Targets and outcomes of science and technology activities (IPTEKS) for the community of quide in Lawang Sewu Semarang namely; increasing mastery of the English language for guide in Lawang Semarang with Drill method and Repetition, certificates for the guide, English guide to savings, increased motivation and psychological cont ol if travelers face bothdomestically and abroad so as to become a professional guide, and CD of English instruction to guide the improvement of the English language.  The solution offered in our devotion is to increase English skills of guides in Lawang Sewu Semarang, producing methods, materials, methods, and guidelines that are effective, and realize an increasing in their English skills. Therefore, Lawang Sewu is expected to become a symbol of quality foreign tourism by having a guide that is fluent in English.
EFEKTIVITAS LARUTAN BAWANG PUTIH DALAM MEMBUNUH LARVA AEDES AEGYPTI Sulistyoningsih, Dwi; Santosa, Budi; Sumanto, Didik
JURNAL KESEHATAN Vol 2, No 2 (2009): Ilmu-Ilmu Kesehatan
Publisher : JURNAL KESEHATAN

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Abstract

Abstract Background: Garlic is also used as a spice in cooking are also used as traditional medicine. Garlic is usually used for treatment of worms being able to apple worms Because the content of garlic is dried, the possibility of garlic can kill mosquito larvae. The purpose of this study was to measure the fictiveness of ?garlic so-lotion killing the larvae of Aedes aegtpti, and to know different number of dead larvae of various concentrat ions of gar lic s olut ion.   Methode: This type of research is conducted experiments in the laboratory of miuobiologt, Faculty of Health Sciences and Nursing, UJniversity of Muhammadiyah Semarang. The sample used was the Aedes  mosquito larvae to instor-4 obtained from Vector Reservoir Development Center of Disease (BPVRP) Salatiga. Direct examination conducted by mixing the garlic extract with water in certain concentrations, so get thi g,arlic solution which was then at each concentration of garlic solution Aedes aegtpti larvae included as many as l0 tails. Research resulls. At t% concentrations can not be ffictive because the number of dead larvae less than 75o/o. Whereas the concentration of 5o%, l0%,25% and 50% could e/fictively kill The larvae because of the number of dead larvae is greater than or equal to 75o%' Conclusions: The lowest concentration of garlic solution that can kill the larvae of Aedes aegtpti is a concentration of 5%o and there are differences in the overage number of Aedes aegepti larvae mortality of garlic solution with various concentrations. Keywords: garlic, Aedes aegtpti larvae
DISTRIBUSI RESISTENSI NYAMUK AEDES AEGYPTI TERHADAP INSEKTISIDA SIPERMETRIN DI SEMARANG Sayono, -; Syafruddin, Din; Sumanto, Didik
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2012: SEMINAR NASIONAL HASIL PENELITIAN 2012
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

Pengendalian nyamuk Aedes aegypti merupakan tindakan terpenting dalampenanggulanan penyakit demam berdarah dengue (DBD) karena obat dan vaksin antivirus masihdalam penelitian. Penggunaan insektisida menjadi pilihan utama masyarakat dalam pengendalianAedes > 40 tahun, dan terbukti menimbulkan resistensi di berbagai negara.Tujuan penelitian adalah mengetahui distribusi resistensi nyamuk Aedes aegypti terhadapinsektisida sipermetrin, yang telah dipakai di Indonesia lebih dari 10 tahun.Nyamuk Aedes aegypti diperoleh dari survey larva di rumah penderita DBD dan 9 rumah disekitarnya. Uji resistensi dengan kit standar WHO. Data dianalisis secara diskriptif untukmenentukan status resistensi dan indeks densitas populasi Aedes. Wawancara digunakan untukmengetahui riwayat penggunaan insektisida.Diproleh hasil HI berkisar 41,7 ? 76,9%, rerata 58,44%. CI berkisar 21,9 ? 78,3%, rerata50,54%. BI berkisar 43,75 ? 138,46%, rerata 80,56%. Kematian nyamuk berkisar 0,8 ? 13,5%, rerata5,88%, dengan status resisten.Densitas populasi Aedes aegypti di Semarang melebihi batas aman penularan DBD yangditetapkan WHO (?5%). Resistensi nyamuk Aedes aegypti tersebar luas di Semarang.
SURVEI KEBERADAAN SERANGGA CIMEX SP PADA LINGKUNGAN RUMAH TANGGA DIKAITKAN DENGAN KADAR HEMOGLOBIN PENGHUNI RUMAH DI DESA GEBANG SUKODONO SRAGEN Sumanto, Didik; Alhamidy, Fuad
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2010: Bio Molekuler, Analis Kesehatan, Keperawatan
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

Background : Cimex sp is a blood sucking insects that allow for continuous blood loss for men who always contact every day so it is possible to make the condition of anemia. Objective : To survey the presence of Cimex sp and measuring the gweller hemoglobin levels and analyzes the relationship between the two. Research method : Analytical research with survey method and using cross sectional approach.Result : Found Cimex sp in 70% (21 houses) of respondent and respondents with less than normal hemoglobin of 66.7% (20 persons). Conclusion : There is a relationship between the presence of Cimex sp with hemoglobin (Hb) levels of respondents Key words : survey, Cimex sp, hemoglobin
UJI PAPARAN TELUR CACING TAMBANG PADA TANAH HALAMAN RUMAH (STUDI POPULASI DI RT.05 RW.III RIMBULOR DESA REJOSARI, KARANGAWEN, DEMAK) Sumanto, Didik
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2012: SEMINAR NASIONAL HASIL PENELITIAN 2012
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

Larva cacing tambang hidup di tanah, sementara tanah begitu banyak dan sangat luasterhampar di sekeliling kehidupan dan aktifitas sehari-hari kita. Kontak kita dengan tanah sangatmembuka peluang terjadinya proses infeksi bila tanah yang kontak dengan kita ternyata mengandunglarva infektif cacing tambang. Lebih khusus lagi kebiasaan anak-anak kita memang dalam kesehariantak bisa terlepas dari kontak dengan tanah. Kondisi ini memberikan peluang yang sangat besar akanterjadinya infeksi cacing tambang pada anak.Tujuan Penelitian untuk membuktikan paparan telur cacing tambang pada tanah halamanrumah. Penelitian observasional dengan desain belah lintang (cross sectional) menggunakan tekniksampling total populasiDitemukan paparan cacing tambang pada tanah halaman rumah (20,9 %), kebiasaan defekasidi kebun (25,6 %), pengelolaan sampah baik (86,0 %), pengelolaan limbah cair baik (83,7 %).Kesimpulan : Ada hubungan yang sangat signifikan antara keterpaparan cacing tambang pada tanahdengan kebiasaan defekasi dan pengelolaan limbah cair rumah tangga
SURVEI KEBERADAAN SERANGGA CIMEX SP PADA LINGKUNGAN RUMAH TANGGA DIKAITKAN DENGAN KADAR HEMOGLOBIN PENGHUNI RUMAH DI DESA GEBANG SUKODONO SRAGEN Sumanto, Didik; Alhamidy, Fuad
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2010: PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL HASIL-HASIL PENELITIAN
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

Background : Cimex sp is a blood sucking insects that allow for continuous blood loss for men whoalways contact every day so it is possible to make the condition of anemia. Objective : To survey thepresence of Cimex sp and measuring the gweller hemoglobin levels and analyzes the relationship betweenthe two. Research method : Analytical research with survey method and using cross sectional approach.Result : Found Cimex sp in 70% (21 houses) of respondent and respondents with less than normalhemoglobin of 66.7% (20 persons). Conclusion : There is a relationship between the presence of Cimex spwith hemoglobin (Hb) levels of respondentsKey words : survey, Cimex sp, hemoglobin
STUDI EFISIENSI BAHAN UNTUK PEMERIKSAAN INFEKSI KECACINGAN METODE FLOTASI NACI JENUH MENGGUNAKAN NACI MURNI DAN GARAM DAPUR Sumanto, Didik; Al Hamidy, Fuad
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2004: PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL HASIL-HASIL PENELITIAN
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

Dalam hal menegakkan diagnosa pasti tentang penyakit kecacingan,  perlu dilakukan pemeriksaan laboratorium yang sesuai. Salah satu jenis pemeriksaan untuk menegakkan diagnosa pasti bahwa seseorang telah  terkena infeksi kecacingan adalah pemeriksaan telur cacing yang ada  dalam specimen tinja. Didasarkan atas telah ditemukannya telur cacing  dalam tinja tersangka penderita, maka diagnosa pasti infeksi kecacingan  dapat ditegakkan. Teknik pengapungan dengan larutan NaCl jenuh  biasanya lebih disukai karena tidak memerlukan alat yang lebih komplek.Semua jenis garam dapur dapat digunakan untuk melakukan pemeriksaan laboratorium metode konsentrasi teknik pengapungan  dengan NaCl jenuh, namun demikian kemungkinan membutuhkan perbedaan perlakuan untuk memperoleh hasil yang maksimal. Kajian perihal efisiensi dalam penggunaan bahan yang terkait denganbiaya pemeriksaan serta efektifitas waktu kerja kiranya perlu dilakukan  guna menentukan pilihan bahan yang tepat dalam upaya memberikan  pelayanan yang maksimal kepada  pasien.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melakukan kajian efisiensi penggunaan  NaCl murni dan garam dapur dalam metode flotasi NaCl jenuh didasarkan atas biaya pembelian bahan, mengkaji efektifitas waktu penyiapan bahan untuk pemeriksaan metode flotasi NaCl jenuh dengan menggunakan  NaCl mumi dan garam dapur dan mengkaji perihal stabilitas berat jenis  larutan NaCl jenuh yang dibuat dari NaCl murni dan garam dapur.Dari hasil uji laboratorium diperoleh hasil  bahwa larutan  NaCl  jenuh yangdibuat dari bahan garam murni memiliki tingkat efisiensi waktu pembuatan paling baik, sedangkan garam cetak merek B memiliki tingkat efisiensi biaya pembuatan larutan NaCl jenuh paling baik. Larutan  NaCl jenuh yang disaring mengakibatkan penurunan berat jenis yang  cukup bermakna, sedangkan penyimpanan larutan NaCl jenuh selama  7hari akan mengendapkan sebagian partikel padat yang tidak larut  sehingga memungkinkan terjadinya penurunan berat jenis larutan.  Larutan yang paling efektif untuk menemukan telur cacing dalam pemeriksaan metode pengapungan dengan NaCl jenuh adalah larutan yang dibuat dari bahan garam  murni.  Satu hal  yang  perlu  dicermatiadalah setiap kenaikan berat  jenis larutan yang digunakan dalam pemeriksaan metode pengapungan dengan NaCl jenuh selalu diikuti  kenaikan jumlah telur yang ditemukan.
PRESISI DAN AKURASI HASIL PENELITIAN KUANTITATIF BERDASARKAN PENGAMBILAN SAMPEL SECARA ACAK Sumanto, Didik
JURNAL LITBANG Vol 2, No 2 (2005): Penelitian, Pengembangan, dan Pengabdian
Publisher : JURNAL LITBANG

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Abstract

Sampling technique that has the highest precision in this research is the stratified random sampling technique. The variance of this sampling technique is only 0.132 meanwhile those of the simple random sampling and cluster random sampling techniques are 0.260 and 3.012 respectively. By using the sanpling error formula we can obtain the smallest sampling error on the simple random sampling of  0.0125, while for the stratified random sampling technique and cluster random sampling technique, the sampling error are 0.0203 and 0.0302 respectively. If the accuracy is seen from the extent of bias obtained from each sampling technique against the parameter value, the stratified random sampling technique has the highest accuracy because it has bias of just 0.295433 while the simple random sampling technique and the cluster random sampling technique have the bias of 0.403317 and 1.502863 respectively. The data collection using the three random sampling techniques in this research in fact gives no significant difference of level of skills. On the statistical test of Kruskal- Wallis by using EPI Info Program of version 6.0, it is obtained that p value is 0.889212 on the sampling error of 5%. Meanwhile the statistic testing against the amount of bias on the three random sampling techniques, it is obtained that the p value is 0.001006. The significant difference is obtained from the extent of bias from the three sampling technique with the sampling error of 5 % Key words: precision, accurac)4 random sampling technique