Articles

PARTISIPASI MASYARAKAT TERHADAP KEGIATAN PENGELOLAAN DAERAH ALIRAN SUNGAI CIKAPUNDUNG DI KELURAHAN DAGO BANDUNG Radjabaycolle, Lorenza R.; Sumardjo, Sumardjo
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol. 10 No. 1 (2014): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Ilmu Penyuluhan Pembangunan, IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (251.895 KB) | DOI: 10.25015/penyuluhan.v10i1.9912

Abstract

Community participation in Cikapundung watershed management activities in Dago Village is the effort of community in maintaining and preserving the watershed.This study aims to determine the level of community participation in Dago Village on Cikapundung watershed management activities, and the factors related to the attitude of watershed management, watershed management and attitude relationship with the level of community participation. Data were analyzed using Rank spearman correlation test and the Chi-square function.This research suggests that the level of community participation in Dago Village appertain passably, and the tendency of people's attitudes in Dago Village is a major component to encourage the participate in watershed management activities.Keywords: participation, people?s behaviors
PENGEMBANGAN KIMIA AIR PENDINGIN REAKTOR Saryati, Saryati; Rukihati, Rukihati; Sutisna, Sutisna; Supardi, Supardi; Sumardjo, Sumardjo
Jurnal Sains Materi Indonesia Vol 6, No 3: JUNI 2005
Publisher : Center for Science & Technology of Advanced Materials - National Nuclear Energy Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17146/jsmi.2005.6.3.4835

Abstract

PENGEMBANGAN KIMIA AIR PENDINGIN REAKTOR. Pengelolaan kimia air pendingin yang meliputi pengamatan kandungan ion-ion dalam air, perilaku korosi logam-paduan logam dalam air serta proses pemurnian air pendingin sangat mendukung dalam pemeliharaan keselamatan reaktor nuklir. Dalam penelitian ini telah dipelajari beberapa metode voltametri untuk penentuan ion-ion Cu ,Cd ,Pb ,Zn, Fe dan Mn dalam air, serta unjuk kerja zeolit alam dalam mengadsorpsi ion-ion tersebut sebagai langkah awal dalam pengembangan kimia air pendingin reaktor nuklir. Unjuk kerja metode voltametri untuk penentuan ion-ion tersebut adalah prosen perolehan kembali berkisar (94,39 - 102,66)% dengan simpangan baku relatif (RSD) berkisar (1,62 - 9,23) %. Zeolit alam tanpa aktivasi secara kimia dapat menyerap ion-ion yang dipelajari dengan baik, dengan prosen penyerapan di atas 85%, kecuali untuk Zn hanya 44% dan Mn hanya 21%. Aktivasi dengan NaOH atau KOH dapat meningkatkan daya serap zeolit terhadap Zn dan Mn sampai di atas 80%, sedangkan aktivasi dengan HCl umumnya menurunkan daya serap kecuali untuk Pb dan Fe. Aktivasi dengan NH4Cl dapat menaikkan daya serap terhadap Zn di atas 80% dan Mn di atas 60%.
HUBUNGAN JARINGAN KOMUNIKASI DAN DINAMIKA KELOMPOK DENGAN KAPASITAS PETANI DALAM AGRIBISNIS PADI ORGANIK DI JAWA BARAT Wahyuni, Sri; Sumardjo, Sumardjo; Lubis, Djuara P.; Sadono, Dwi
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol. 13 No. 1 (2017): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Ilmu Penyuluhan Pembangunan, IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (153.573 KB) | DOI: 10.25015/penyuluhan.v13i1.15115

Abstract

Kapasitas petani dalam agribisnis padi organik adalah kemampuan petani untuk menerapkan budidaya padi organik sesuai dengan standar sertifikasi oleh Institute of Marcetology (IMO) Swiss. Jaringan komunikasi dan dinamika kelompok menentukan kapasitas petani dalam agribisnis padi organik. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Tasikmalaya pada kelompok tani Jembar II, Sundamekar, Mekar Karya dan Serbaguna II; sedangkan di Karawang dilakukan pada kelompok tani Dewi Sri, Wargi Mukti, Benong II dan Mindi Lamping. Teknik pengambilan sampel dilakukan secara cluster random sampling. Metode yang digunakan adalah survey, data didapatkan melalui wawancara dengan kuesioner. Analisa data menggunakan korelasi Pearson. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan jaringan komunikasi dan tingkat dinamika kelompok pada kapasitas petani dalam agribisnis padi organik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa jaringan komunikasi di Tasikmalaya dan Karawang, baik produksi dan pemasaran tidak berhubungan dengan kapasitas petani dalam agribisnis padi organik. Kapasitas petani di Tasikmalaya dalam mengidentifikasi kapasitas potensi agribisnis dan mempertahankan padi organik lebih banyak dipengaruhi oleh dinamika kelompok terutama oleh kejelasan tujuan, fungsi kelompok, dan suasana kondusif dalam kelompok. Demikian pula di Karawang, kapasitas petani untuk mengatasi masalah agribisnis lebih ditentukan oleh dinamika kelompok terutama oleh fungsi kelompok, kohesifitas kelompok, dan tekanan kelompok yang terarah. 
KELEMBAGAAN PENDUKUNG PEMBELAJARAN PETANI DALAM PENGELOLAAN HUTAN RAKYAT LESTARI (KASUS DI KAB. GUNUNG KIDUL, PROVINSI DAERAH ISTIMEWA YOGYAKARTA DAN KABUPATEN WONOGIRI, PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH) Yumi, Yumi; Sumardjo, Sumardjo; Gani, Darwis S; Sugihen, Basita Ginting
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol. 8 No. 1 (2012): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Ilmu Penyuluhan Pembangunan, IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (288.908 KB) | DOI: 10.25015/penyuluhan.v8i1.9891

Abstract

Forest Management is facing the challenge of implementing the sustainable forest management which includes private forest. Successfully gained the Ecolabel Certificate, some private forest management units in Central Java and Yogyakarta?s districts prove that the small units run by farmers are able to implement the sustainable forest management. The farmers? success in implementing the sustainable forest management must have been gained through learning process. How the learning process was and what farmers? learning support institutions influencing of the sustainable private forest management were, were the research questions of this study. The study used explanatory survey method on 200 farmers in Gunung Kidul and Wonogiri. Data collection was conducted from December 2009 to February 2010. The data were analyzed by using descriptive technique and Structural Equations Model (SEM). The conclusions are: (1) there are significant differentiation about farmer?s learning support institutions in Gunung Kidul and Wonogiri. In Gunung Kidul District the institutions are integrated in one team work which legitimated by Bupati (the Head of District); (2) farmers? learning intensity is low. It was significantly influenced by farmers? learning support institutions; (3) farmers? learning intensity can be improved by farmer empowerment activities and competent personnels.Keyword: Sustainable private forest management, farmers? learning process, support system of farmer?s learning institutions, collaboration
DUKUNGAN LINGKUNGAN SOSIAL BUDAYA TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN PETANI DALAM PENGELOLAAN HUTAN KEMIRI DI KABUPATEN MAROS PROVINSI SULAWESI SELATAN Suprayitno, Adi Riyanto; Sumardjo, Sumardjo; Gani, Darwis S; Sugihen, Basita Ginting
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol. 8 No. 1 (2012): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Ilmu Penyuluhan Pembangunan, IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (499.45 KB) | DOI: 10.25015/penyuluhan.v8i1.9890

Abstract

living around the candlenut forest in Maros District have been managing and utilizing candlenut forest since 1826. These activities have been part of their daily living activities. The existence of candlenut forest is a successful evidence of farmers ability in managing that forest. It is presumed that the cultural social environtment has important roles to form the farmers? ability to manage and to utilize candlenut forest. The research intended to analyze the contribution of cultural social environment to farmers? ability in managing and utilizing candlenut forest. The data were collected on January-Maret 2010 in Maros District, South Sulawesi Province using some methods: questionnare list, interview, observation, and documents. The data were analyzed using (1) descriptive statistics, and (2) inferensial statistics based on SEM using LISREL 8.70 software programming. The result shows that farmers? contribution of cultural social environment, today is low. It, however, has a positive contribution for increasing farmers? ablity.Key words: Cultural social environment, farmers ability, community candlenut forest
DUKUNGAN KELEMBAGAAN MASYARAKAT DALAM PEMBELAJARAN PETANI UNTUK PENGELOLAAN HUTAN RAKYAT LESTARI DI KAB. GUNUNG KIDUL, PROVINSI DAERAH ISTIMEWA YOGYAKARTA DAN KAB. WONOGIRI, PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH Yumi, Yumi; Sumardjo, Sumardjo; Gani, Darwis S; Sugihen, Basita Ginting
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol. 8 No. 2 (2012): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Ilmu Penyuluhan Pembangunan, IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (394.645 KB) | DOI: 10.25015/penyuluhan.v8i2.9887

Abstract

Forest Management is facing the challenge of implementing the sustainable forest management which includes private forest. Successfully gained the Ecolabel Certificate, some private forest management units in Central Java and Yogyakarta?s districts prove that the small units run by farmers are able to implement the sustainable forest management. The farmers? success in implementing the sustainable forest management must have been gained through learning process. How the learning process was and what local institutions influencing the farmers? learning process of the sustainable private forest management were, were the research questions of this study. The study used explanatory survey method on 200 farmers in Gunung Kidul and Wonogiri. Data collection was conducted from December 2009 to February 2010. The data were analyzed by using descriptive technique and Structural Equations Model (SEM). The conclusions are : (1) informal local institutions have stronger influence in farmers? learning than formal institution;(2) local institution aspects : norm, objection of organisation, leadership are potential aspects in influencing farmers? learning intensity; (3) farmers? learning intensity can be improved by strengthening informal local institutions and improving farmers? capacities in organisation management.Keywords: Sustainable private forest management, private forest, farmers? learning process, local institutions, social capital
MOTIVASI DAN PARTISIPASI PETANI DALAM PENGELOLAAN HUTAN KEMIRI DI KABUPATEN MAROS PROVINSI SULAWESI SELATAN Suprayitno, Adi Riyanto; Sumardjo, Sumardjo; Gani, Darwis S; Sugihen, Basita Ginting
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol. 8 No. 2 (2012): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Ilmu Penyuluhan Pembangunan, IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (320.509 KB) | DOI: 10.25015/penyuluhan.v8i2.9883

Abstract

The existence of candlenut forest in Maros District, today, is a successfull evidence of farmers living around the forest participation. Farmers around the candlenut forest has participated in managing that forest since 1826 to meet their subsitence need. They use the candlenut fruit to be one of their household income generating. Hence, those farmers have important roles to manage and to keep that forest sustainability. Any activity, including farmers participation, will undergo enthusiatic if there is any motivation within the person doing that activity. The research intended to identify and analize the contribution of farmers? motivation to their participation in managing and utilizing candlenut forest. The data were collected on January-Maret 2010 in Maros District, South Sulawesi Province using some methods: questionnare list, interview, observation, and documents. The data were analyzed using (1) descriptive statistics, and (2) inferensial statistics based on SEM using LISREL 8.70 software programming. The result shows that farmers? motivation is in the middle level, but their participation in managing and utilizing candlenut forest is categorized in low level. The Farmers? motivation, however, has a positive contribution for increasing farmers participation in managing and utilizing candlenut forest.Keywords: Farmers? motivation, farmers? partisipation, candlenut forest
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI EFEKTIVITAS KELEMBAGAAN PETANI (KASUS DI PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH) Anantanyu, Sapja; Sumardjo, Sumardjo; Slamet, Margono; Tjitropranoto, Prabowo
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol. 5 No. 1 (2009): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Ilmu Penyuluhan Pembangunan, IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (347.994 KB) | DOI: 10.25015/penyuluhan.v5i1.9803

Abstract

The effectiveness farmer?s institutions were needed for the agricultural development in globalization economic era. Economic indicators, agricultural infrastructures, and government policy often cause small farmer to economical and social marginalized. On the other side, farmer?s institutions which are expected be able to strengthen the farmer position to face the existing problems not effectively yet. The purpose of this research are to: (1) Identify and explain various factors have affected on the effectiveness of farmer?s institution, and (2) Formulate an appropriate strategy in capacity building of farmer?s institution.  This Research was conducted at three district of Center Java Province, there are: Klaten, Grobogan, and Karanganyar. The result shows that effectiveness of farmer?s institution is still at medium category. Effectiveness of farmer?s institution was directly influenced by level of member?s participation in farmer?s institution, outsider role, formal education, and local leadership. Famer?s income,  the quality of extension, social participation, needs, and capacities level of farmer were indirectly influenced to the effectiveness of farmer?s institution by participation in farmer?s institution. Learning experience of famer indirectly influences to the effectiveness of farmer?s institution by capacities level of farmer. The quality of agricultural extension, directly and indirectly, influences to the farmer?s capacities. It increases their participation in farmer?s institution and push their institution effectiveness. 
KINERJA PENYULUHAN DI NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR Marius, Jelamu Ardu; Sumardjo, Sumardjo; Slamet, Margono; Asngari, Pang S
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol. 5 No. 1 (2009): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Ilmu Penyuluhan Pembangunan, IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (273.219 KB) | DOI: 10.25015/penyuluhan.v5i1.9799

Abstract

The objectives of this research were to portray the influence of internal and external  factors to the performance of the agricultural extension. The individual characrterization of the agricultural extension agents were the internal factors which assumed to influence toward the performance of agricultural extension and  those other i.e the non formal extension education (diklat), the milieu, and the extension organization structure were the external factors. The respondents were selected by the random and purposive sampling method in the three regency as research area. Data analysis was done by using descriptive and Linear Structural Relationship (LISREL) program 8.72 by Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) models.   The results of the research showed that the non formal extension education and the extension organization structure were influenced positively and significantly to  the performacen of extension (external factors), but those other were not.
THE AUTONOMOUS DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES OF MICRO AND SMALL ENTREPRENEURS THROUGH COORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY IN BOGOR DISTRICT OF WEST JAVA Maad, Faizal; Sumardjo, Sumardjo; Saleh, Amiruddin; Muljono, Pudji
International Journal of Science and Engineering Vol 7, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (417.476 KB) | DOI: 10.12777/ijse.7.1.70-76

Abstract

The objective  of this  reseach were to: (1) analyze the level of autonomous of mikro and small entreprise (SMEs) entrepreneurs are empowered through Coorporate Social Responsibility (CSR); (2) analyze the dominant factors that influence autonomous of MSEs entrepreneurs  are empowered through CSR;  and (3) formulate an appropriate  a strategy  in developing autonomy of MSEs entrepreneurs through CSR. The reseach  was conduct  in the village built two companies running CSR in Bogor district involved 212  (SMEs) entrepreneurs which determined from population (450 SMEs entrepreneurs) by Solvin formula with level of error 5 % and drawn by cluster random sampling. Data collection was conducted from July to November 2013, and consisted  the primary and secondary data. Data analysis was simulated by using structural equation model (SEM ). The results showed that the degree  of autonomous MSEs entrepreneurs is low, its core was 36.89 out of 100.00. There are three strategies that must be done to develop of  autonomous MSEs entrepreneurs through  CSR, such as; (a) an increase the empowerment sustainable of MSEs entrepereneurs (b) improve the quality of  the environment  supporting MSEs and (c) an increase in intensity of  empowerment for MSEs entrepreneurs.
Co-Authors Adel Fisli Adi Riyanto Suprayitno Aida Vitayala S Hubeis Amiruddin Saleh Amri Jahi Anna Fatchiya Ari Handayani Arif Satria Armansyah H Tambunan Aruman, Akhmad Edhy Asep Saefuddin Astriana Baiti Sinaga Bambang Paramudya Basita G Sugihen Basita Ginting Basita Ginting Sugihen Basita S. Sugihen Bramasto Nugroho Budi Setyo Utomo Bunasor Sanim Dadang Hermawan Darwis S Gani Darwis S. Gani Djoko Susanto Djoko Sutrisno Djuara Lubis, Djuara Djuara P. Lubis Dwi Sadono E. Oos M. Anwas, E. Oos Edi Kurniadi Edi Puspito edy suyanto Eko Sugeng Pribadi Endriatmo Soetarto Eriyatno Eriyatno Ervizal A.M. Zuhud Faizal Maad Fitriadi, Mochammad Yunus Gerry Hamzah Hamzah Hardjanto Hardjanto Harjanti, Miko Hartrisari Sari Hardjomidjojo Haryanto, Yoyon Herien Puspitawati Herman S. Hernalius, Lidwina Amanda Indah Listiana Ismail Pulungan Iwan Setiawan Jelamu Ardu Marius Joyakin Tampubolon Lorenza R. Radjabaycolle, Lorenza R. Maharani, Maya Dewi Dyah Malta Malta Managanta, Andri Amaliel Margono Samet Margono Slamet Maria Ulfah Marliati Marliati Miskat Ramdhani Mochamad Januar, Mochamad Muh Nur Sangadji, Muh Nur Muhd Nur Sangadji, Muhd Nur Mujinem Mujinem Muldi, Ail Ninuk Purnaningsih Nurmala K Panjaitan Nurmala K. Pandjaitan, Nurmala K. Nurmala Katrina Panjaitan Nurul Huda Pang S Asngari Pang S. Asngari Prabowo Tjitropranoto Pudji Muljono Rahmannuddin, Muhammad Retno Sri Hartati Mulyandari, Retno Sri Hartati Rilus A Kinseng Rukihati, Rukihati Saleh, Khaerul Sapja Anantanyu, Sapja Sarwititi Sarwoprasodjo Saryati Saryati Siti Amanah Siti Suprapti Soedijanto Padmowihardjo Soenarmo H Soewito, Soenarmo H Sri Tjahjorini, Sri Sri Wahyuni Suhanda, Nani Sulistiani, Indah Supardi Supardi Supiandi Sabiham SURJONO HADI SUTJAHJO Surya Wijaya Sutisna Sutisna Suwignya Utama Suwondo Suwondo Suyadi Suyadi Suyadi, Suyadi Suyadi Syamsul Maarif Tanti Kustiari Titik Sumarti Tjiptopranoto, Prabowo Wahyudianingsih, Wahyudianingsih Wildani Pingkan S. Hamzens Wulandari Wulandari Yanuar Luqman Yumi Yumi Zaim Uchrowi Zainudin Zainudin Zakiyyah, Zakiyyah Zulvera Zulvera