Ali Sungkar
Indonesian journal of obstetrics and gynecology

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Vitamin D Supplementation to Reduce the Risk of Preeclampsia: Is It True? Sungkar, Ali
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Volume. 4, No.3, July 2016
Publisher : Indonesian Socety of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (192.229 KB) | DOI: 10.32771/inajog.v4i3.430

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Associations of maternal body composition and nutritional intake with fat content of Indonesian mothers’ breast milk Kurniati, Ardesy Melizah; Sunardi, Diana; Sungkar, Ali; Bardosono, Saptawati; Kartinah, Neng Tine
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 56 No 5 (2016): September 2016
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1849.284 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi56.5.2016.297-303

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Background Breast milk is the best sole food for infants in their first six months of life. Breast milk fat content accounts for the largest part of infants’ energy and may be influenced by many factors, including maternal factors, which may vary in different settings. So far, there has been no published data about the breast milk fat content of Indonesian mothers, including whether it is affected by their body composition or nutritional intake.Objective To investigate breast milk fat content of Indonesian mothers and its associations with maternal body composition and nutritional intake. Method This cross-sectional study was conducted at Budi Kemuliaan Mothers’ and Children’s Hospital. Breast milk specimens were collected from 48 nursing mothers, centrifuged, and tested by creamatocrit for fat content. A 24-hour food recall was performed to evaluate maternal macronutrient intake. Maternal body composition was evaluated by bioelectric impedance analysis. Univariable correlations between breast milk fat content and either energy and macronutrient intake were assessed using the Spearman rho test.Results All nursing mothers had breast milk fat content within clinically normal range [mean 59.4 (SD 15.9) g/L]. There was no significant correlation between milk fat content and maternal body fat (r = -0.03, P=0.840), total body water (r = 0.09 P=0.509), or muscle mass (r = 0.08, P=0.577). Milk fat content seemed to weakly correlated with maternal fat intake, although it was not statistically significant (r = 0.27, P=0.065).Conclusion Breast milk fat content at one-month post delivery appears not associated with with maternal body composition. It seems to weakly correlate with maternal fat intake but findings need to be confirmed in larger studies with adjustment for confounding variables. 
High preterm birth at Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital as a national referral hospital in Indonesia Sungkar, Ali; Fattah, Adly N.A.; Surya, Raymond; Santoso, Budi I.; Zalud, Ivica
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 26, No 3 (2017): September
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (383.934 KB) | DOI: 10.13181/mji.v26i3.1454

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Background: Preterm birth is the leading direct that causes neonatal death. Indonesia was listed as one of the countries with the greatest number of preterm birth in 2010. This study aims to identify the prevalence and the potential risk factors of preterm birth among women underwent delivery in Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, an Indonesian national reference hospital.Methods: This retrospective cohort study involved 2,612 women who delivered between January and December 2013. Any clinical data which related to the potential risk factors and outcomes were recorded. The data were managed using chi-square for bivariate analysis and t-test or Mann-Whitney for numerical data followed by multiple logistic regression for multivariate analysis in SPSS version 20.0.Results: Preterm birth affected 1,020 of 2,616 pregnancies (38.5%). Non-booked patients increased nearly twice risk for preterm delivery (OR 1.89, 95% CI 1.37–2.61). While women with singleton pregnancy (OR 0.17, 95% CI 0.12–0.25), head presentation (OR 0.75, 95% CI 0.63–0.89), and regular ANC (OR 0.67, 95% CI 0.54–0.84) had lower risk for preterm birth. Apgar score, birthweight, and mode of delivery were significantly different between the pre-term group and the full-term group.Conclusion: Prevalence of preterm birth in Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital was approximately 2.5 times higher compared to the national number. Several factors reducing preterm birth rate include singleton pregnancy, head presentation, and regular ANC.
The effect of Bifidobacterium animalis lactis HNO19 supplementation among pregnant and lactating women on interleukin-8 level in breast milk and infant’s gut mucosal integrity Dewanto, Naomi E.F.; Firmansyah, Agus; Sungkar, Ali; Dharmasetiawani, Nani; Sastroasmoro, Sudigdo; Kresno, Siti B.; Suradi, Rulina; Bardosono, Saptawati; Prasetyo, Dwi
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 26, No 3 (2017): September
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (484.297 KB) | DOI: 10.13181/mji.v26i3.1481

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Background: Newborn’s gut mucosal is not fully developed, therefore infants are prone to diarrhea. Probiotic supplementation is known to induce the gut mucosal maturity. This study aimed to identify whether probiotics supplementation among pregnant women since the third trimester would increase the infant’s gut mucosal integrity.Methods: A double-blind, randomized clinical trial was conducted to understand the potential effect of probiotic supplementation on the level of probiotics and IL-8 in breastmilk, urine IFABP, faecal α-1-antytripsin (AAT) and calprotectin in infant’s at birth (V0) and three-months old (V3). A single strain of Bifidobacterium lactis animalis HNO19 (known as DR10) was used since it was not the resident bacteria. The study was held at Budi Kemuliaan Hospital and its satellite clinics from December 2014 to December 2015.Results: About 14% (5/35) and 20% (7/35) of the subjects had DR10 in the breastmilk’s colostrum and at the age of 3-months. The median values of IL-8 in the probiotic group vs the placebo group at V0 and V3 were 2810,1 pg/mL vs 1516.4 pg/mL (p=0.327) and 173.2 pg/mL vs 132.7 pg/mL (p=0.211) respectively. IFABP level 211.7 ng/mL vs 842.5 ng/mL (p=0.243) and 25.3 ng/mL vs 25.1 ng/mL (p=0.466); AAT 136.2 mg/dL vs 148.1 mg/dL (p=0.466) and 24 mg/mL vs 29.72 mg/mL (p=0.545); Calprotectin 746.8 ng/mL vs 4645.2 ng/mL (p=0.233) and 378.6 ng/mL vs 391.3 ng/mL (p=0.888).Conclusion: Probiotic DR10 given to pregnant women since the 3rd trimester can be found in colostrum and 3-months breastmilk. However, it did not affect the level of other probiotics or IL-8 and the gut mucosal integrity.
Preterm Delivery and the Psychological Burden on Parents Sungkar, Ali
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Volume. 3, No. 1, January 2015
Publisher : Indonesian Socety of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (65.07 KB) | DOI: 10.32771/inajog.v3i1.28

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THE OUTCOME OF PERCUTANEOUS MITRAL BALLOON COMMISSUROTOMY (PMBC) IN PREGNANT WOMEN WITH MITRAL STENOSIS: AN EVIDENCE BASED STUDY: LUARAN KOMISUROTOMI BALON MITRAL PERKUTAN PADA PEREMPUAN HAMIL Djusad, Suskhan; Hakim, Surahman; Surya, Raymond; Yansah, Hansens; Sungkar, Ali
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Volume 8 No. 1 January 2020
Publisher : Indonesian Socety of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32771/inajog.v7i4.768

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Abstract Objective: To review the outcome of percutaneous mitral balloon commissurotomy (PMBC) both to maternal and neonatal. Methods: The search was conducted on Pubmed®, Cochrane Library®, and Ovid® using MeSH. Critical appraisal determining the validity, importance, and applicability (VIA) was conducted by two independent authors. Results: Several studies showed that performing the PMBC had good outcome for pregnant women functional class based on NYHA. Most of them decreased from NYHA III/IV to I/II. For delivery outcome, all studies concluded that more than 80% pregnant women with mitral stenosis undergoing PMBC delivered at term, and no congenital anomalies found. Conclusion: Percutaneous mitral balloon commissurotomy for pregnant women with severe MS is safe during pregnancy. Keywords: mitral stenosis, outcome, percutaneous mitral balloon commissurotomy,  pregnancy,   Abstrak Tujuan: Mengulas luaran komisurotomi balon mitral perkutan (KBMP) baik pada maternal maupun neonatus. Metode: Pencarian dilakukan melalui Pubmed®, Cochrane Library®, dan Ovid® menggunakan MeSH. Telaah kristis dilakukan oleh 2 penulis independen berdasarkan validitas, kepentingan, dan aplikabilitas. Hasil: Beberapa studi memperlihatkan KBMP memiliki luaran yang baik di kalangan perempuan hamil berdasarkan kelas fungsional NYHA. Kebanyakan mereka mengalami penurunan NYHA dari III/IV menjadi I/II. Untuk  luaran persalinan, seluruh studi menyimpulkan lebih dari 80% perempuan dengan mitral stenosis yang menjalani pembedahan KBMP melahirkan pada usia term dan tidak ditemukan kelainan. Kesimpulan: KBMP aman dilakukan pada perempuan hamil dengan mitral stenosis berat. Kata kunci: kehamilan, komisurotomibalon mitral perkutan, luaran, stenosis mitral
IS SERUM ZINC LEVEL CORRELATED WITH INSULIN RESISTANCE AMONG LACTATING MOTHERS IN JAKARTA? Ramadhania, Dian Araminta; Sunardi, Diana; Sungkar, Ali
World Nutrition Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Indonesian Nutrition Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25220/WNJ.V03.i2.0009

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Introduction: Insulin resistance is a condition that underlies the development of diabetes mellitus. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus keeps rising, including in Indonesia. A higher proportion of diabetes was found in women. Physiological changes during pregnancy can cause insulin resistance that may persist until postpartum period. Lactation and nutrient like zinc may improve insulin resistance. This study aimed to measure the correlation between zinc serum level and insulin resistance of lactating mothers in Jakarta.Methods: This study used cross-sectional design, was conducted in Puskesmas Kecamatan Grogol Petamburan, West Jakarta and Puskesmas Kecamatan Cilincing, North Jakarta from February to April 2019. A total of 75 lactating mothers at 3?6 months postpartum were selected using consecutive sampling method. Zinc serum was analyzed using atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS) method. Insulin resistance was assessed using the homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR).Results: Approximately 76% (n = 57) subjects had low serum zinc level. Spearman correlation test between serum zinc level and HOMA-IR was done (r = 0.003, p = 0.977). Also, correlation test between BMI and HOMA-IR (r = 0.563, p <0.001).Conclusion: No correlation was found between serum zinc level and HOMA-IR however, there was a significant moderate positive correlation between BMI and HOMA-IR.Keywords: Lactation, zinc, insulin resistance, HOMA-IR, BMI
Vitamin D Supplementation to Reduce the Risk of Preeclampsia: Is It True? Sungkar, Ali
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Volume. 4, No.3, July 2016
Publisher : Indonesian Socety of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (192.229 KB) | DOI: 10.32771/inajog.v4i3.430

Abstract

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Preterm Delivery and the Psychological Burden on Parents Sungkar, Ali
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Volume. 3, No. 1, January 2015
Publisher : Indonesian Socety of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (65.07 KB) | DOI: 10.32771/inajog.v3i1.28

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Diet and estradiol level in adolescent girls Hariani, Ririn; Bardosono, Saptawati; Djuwita, Ratna; Sutandyo, Noorwati; Kumala, Melani; Sungkar, Ali; Sekartini, Rini
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 56 No 3 (2016): May 2016
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (256.882 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi56.3.2016.134-8

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AbstractBackground Nutritional intake in adolescent girls in Indonesia has been well studied, but there has been little study on its influence on serum estradiol levels. A high estradiol level has been associated with higher risk of breast carcinogenesis.Objective To evaluate the influence of dietary factors on serum estradiol concentration in adolescent girls.Methods A community-based survey was conducted in female junior high school students in Jakarta from January 2014 to January 2015. Nutritional intake was assessed by semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaires (FFQ), which included the intake of total energy (kcal), carbohydrate (g), protein (g), fat (g), fiber (g), and phytoestrogen (g). Based on the Indonesian recommended daily allowance (RDA), energy and nutrient intakes were categorized as minimal (&lt;70%), low (70-99.9%), normal (100-129.9%), and high (≥130%). Serum estradiol levels were measured during the follicular phase using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Results A total of 189 girls aged 13-15 years were enrolled from 8 junior high schools across the municipalities of Jakarta. Twenty-eight (14.8%) subjects were overweight or obese. Median estradiol level was 41.83 (range 13.14-136.5) pg/mL. Serum estradiol level was significantly correlated with energy, protein, and fat intake. Estradiol level was also significantly associated with carbohydrate (P=0.030) and fat (P=0.036) intake status. Multivariate analysis revealed that intake of energy, protein, and fat, as well as body mass index (BMI) were independent predictors of estradiol levels. However, due to its importance as energy source, we included carbohydrate intake in the final equation to predict estradiol level as follows: E2 = 60.723 – 0.053 (energy) + 0.185 (carbohydrate) + 0.483 (protein) + 0.491 (fat) – 1.081 (BMI).Conclusion Serum estradiol levels in adolescent girls aged 13-15 years are influenced by diet, especially fat intake. Estradiol levels can be predicted from energy, carbohydrate, protein, and fat intake, as well as BMI. [Paediatr Indones. 2016;56:134-8.].