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The effect of zinc supplementation in children under three years of age with acute diarrhea in Indonesia Hidayat, Adi; Achadi, Anhari; Sunoto, Sunoto; Soedarmo, Sumarmo P.
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 7, No 4 (1998): October-December
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (666.385 KB) | DOI: 10.13181/mji.v7i4.750

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[no abstract available]
TIBERAL (RO 7-0207-ROCHE) IN THE TREATMENT OF INTESTINAL AMOEBIASIS - PART II Sunoto, Sunoto; Pudjiadi, S. H.; Suharjono, Suharjono; Sulaiman, Z.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 16 No 9-10 (1976): September 1976
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14238/pi16.9-10.1976.403-11

Abstract

Twenty-four intestinal amoebiasis patients have been treated with a new amoebicid tiberal (Roche) or metronidazole as a control in a dosage of 15- 30 mg/kg body weight per day for 5 consecutive days. The results show that both drugs achieve a 100% cure rate. No side effects or signs of drug toxicity as evaluated from the results of the safety tests were observed. No signs of clinical or parasitological relapses were seen (after discharge. In comparison with the previous trial with a lower dosage (7~ - 15 mg.) and longer course (7 days) the results were even better, e.g. clinical improvement and parasitological disappearance were achieved in a shorter time.
Blood Gas Analysis (Astrup) in Children suffering from Gastroenteritis dehydration with Acidosis Sutoto, Sutoto; Sunoto, Sunoto; M., Bambang; Sutejo, Sutejo
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 15 No 9-10 (1975): September 1975
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (688.237 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi15.9-10.1975.229-8

Abstract

Blood gas analysis and blood pH examinations have been carried out on 20 children suffering from severe gastroenteritis and dehydration. Ten patients were treated singly with half strength Darrow’s solution in 2.5% glucose containing potassium 17 mEq/L and lactate 26 mEq/ L as base corrector. The other 10 patients were given 3A solution (without potassium), containing lactate as base corrector as much as 53 mEq/L in the first 8 hours, followed by Darrow-Glucose (1:2) solution (with potassium).
ORAL REHYDRATION THERAPY IN YOUNG INFANTS LESS THAN 3 MONTHS WITH ACUTE DIARRHOEA AND MODEATE DEHYDRATION Sunoto, Sunoto; Suharyono, Suharyono; Budiarso, Aswitha D.; Wiharta, Adnan S.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 28 No 3-4 (1988): March 1988
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14238/pi28.3-4.1988.67-78

Abstract

Oral rehydration therapy (ORT) as an appropriate technology in the treatment of acute diarrhoeal diseases (ADD) has been accepted throughout the world. It has been proved that besides lifesaving, ORT has reduced about 70-80% of the use of intravenous solution and average cost of the treatment of ADD. If there is still problem, question or doubtfulness, is the use of WHO ORS in full concentration for the neonates and young infants less than 3 months of age. During one-year period it has been treated 72 cases of ADD in young infants less than 3 months of age with moderate dehydration. They were divided into 3 groups. The first group was treated with 100 mil kg bw of fluid consisting oftwothirds as WHO ORS in full concentration for 4 hours period and the rest, one-third, was given as plain water for 2 hours period. The second group was treated with kristalyte with the Na concentration of 51 mEq/L and the third group was treated with intravenous Ringer's lactate for 6 hours period. After the end of the study only 18 patients in each group could be matched and evaluated. From clinical observation and laboratory examinations, the result of the treatment in general, statistically shows no significant difference. Diarrhoea and vomiting stopped in all groups on the second day of treatment. Hyponatremia which occurred in 3 patients in Group I and 2 patients each in Group II and III improved  after 6 hours of treatment. Acidosis was corrected in all of the treatment groups in 6 hours period. Weight gain up to 6-9% of body weight on admission was achieved after 6 hours of treatment in all groups. No complication of hypernatremia, convulsion nor hypoglycaemia in all the treatment group. From this study it could be concluded that WHO ORS is quite safe and effective as ORS with low sodium concentration and intravenous treatment, as far as it is given slowly, little by little with a strict supervision.
Effect of Low Lactose Milk Eiwit Melk (E.M.) on Protein Calorie Malnutrition Suharjono, Suharjono; Wirya, I.G.N. Wila; Samsudin, Samsudin; Sunoto, Sunoto; Sulaiman, Z.; Sutedjo, Sutedjo
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 15 No 9-10 (1975): September 1975
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (380.276 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi15.9-10.1975.255-61

Abstract

During 1½ years, from January 1972 until July 1973, 55 P.C.M. children hospitalised in the Department of Child Health, Medical School, University of Indonesia/Dr. Tjipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital, were involved to this study. Self-prepared "Eiwit Melk (E.M.)" containing protein 2.7%, carbohydrate (lactose) 1.4%, fat 2.2% and calories 600, was used. Thirty children were treated with E.M. and 25 children as controlled, i.e. treated with E.M. + lactose 3.4% (E.M.L.). The results of the clinical trial as expressed with the increase of body weight, were excellent in 85.7% and good in 14.3%, whereas the results in the controlled group were excellent in only 9.1%, good in 36.4% and poor in 54.5%. From these excellent results, low lactose milk formula might be recommended in treating children with P.C.M.
Oral rehydration salts: a simple and appropriate tool against dehydration due to diarrhoea Sunoto, Sunoto
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 21, No 3-4 (1981): March 1981
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14238/pi21.3-4.1981.90-100

Abstract

In spite of the many advances made in diagnosis, pathogenesis and pathophysiology of diarrhoeal diseases, however it is still one of the major public health problems with high morbidity and mortality particularly in children below 5 years of age.Oral Rehydration Therapy (ORT) had been known since the 1950s but the extensive use of ORT in hospitals and treatment centres was just in the 1960s and so it had become a world-wide program since the 1970s.Nowadays more than 70 countries have used ORT as main treatment of dehydration due to diarrhoea. One of the problems of ORT being still in dispute is the Na concentration in ORS. The other extended usee of ORT is the use of sucrose electrolyte solution and sugar-salt solution by using pinch or scoops.It has been proven that ORT has a beneficial impact on improving nutrition state, saving money (economy), and dramatically decreasing mortality due to diarrhoea.National efforts to implement ORT must be part of the general program for delivery of all basic health services. It should be integrated through primary health care such as family planning, nutritional program, MCH, immunization, environmental sanitation, health education, etc.Public campaign using mass media and advertisements plays a great role too in making success of ORT.
A new oral amoebicid (RO 7-0207) in the treatment of intestinal amoebiasis Pudjiadi, S. H.; Sunoto, Sunoto; Suharjono, Suharjono; Kadri, Nartono
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 13, No 4 (1973): April 1973
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14238/pi13.4.1973.113-9

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Amoebiasis is a widespread disease with the diffusion of the parasitevarying more with hygienic than geopraphic conditions. The incidencevaries from country to country. Soysa (1971) has estimated that ten per cent of the world-population suffers from amoebiasis. Udani et al. (1971) said that "it will not he an exaggaration to state that everyhody in a developing country either had, has or will have amoebic infection". InIndonesia, the incidence varies according to environmental, socia-economic, hygienic and sanitary conditions (Pudjiadi, 1971).
Lactose loading test on protein calorie malnutrition Sunoto, Sunoto; Suharjono, Suharjono; Lembong, Cysca M.; Budiarso, Aswitha; Samsudin, Samsudin
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 13, No 2 (1973): February 1973
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14238/pi13.2.1973.43-8

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Diarrhoea is a common feature of severe cases of malnutrition andusually pathogenic agents can not be isolated. Abnormal intestinal motility is not a primary feature of the diarrhoea iu malnourished children(James, 1968). Sugar intolerance is considered Ii common cause of diarrhoea in children with kwashiorkor admitted to hospital in Kampala(Wharton et ai., 1968). Dean (1957) originally suggested that the lactoseof milk was the cause of severe diarrhoea encountered in cases of advanced kwashiorkor.
NILAI RELASIONAL DALAM FITUR GRAMATIKA WACANA AKADEMIK DI PERGURUAN TINGGI Kusumanegara, Afdhal; Santoso, Anang; Sunoto, Sunoto
Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, dan Pengembangan Vol.1, No.1, Januari 2016
Publisher : Graduate School of Universitas Negeri Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (429.776 KB) | DOI: 10.17977/jp.v1i1.6602

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The use of grammatical features in academic discourse in college contains a relational value for a particular purpose. To assess the value of relational use of grammatical features, required analytical model is based on a critical paradigm, namely critical discourse analysis. Model of critical discourse analysis that is used is model analysis Fairclough that combines text analysis, discourse practice and socio-cultural practices. Realm of discourse that researched is the academic discourse i.e the research proposal seminar in college. Relational value represent dimension of social relations in academic discourse. The results showed that the relational value using by 5 features of grammar, namely (1) declarative sentence, (2) interrogative sentences, (3) imperative sentence, (4) modalities of relational, and (5) personal pronouns for the purpose of ideological and domination. The use of grammatical features of ideological and repressive conducted by moderator, keynote address, main comparators and general comparator.Penggunaan fitur gramatika dalam wacana akademik di perguruan tinggi mengandung nilai relasional untuk tujuan tertentu. Untuk mengkaji nilai relasional pada penggunaan fitur gramatika, diperlukan model analisis yang didasarkan pada paradigma kritis, yaitu analisis wacana kritis. Model analisis wacana kritis yang digunakan adalah model Fairclough yang menggabungkan analisis teks, praktik kewacanaan, dan praktik sosiokultural. Ranah wacana yang diteliti adalah wacana akademik, yakni seminar proposal penelitian di perguruan tinggi. Nilai relasional merepresentasi dimensi ‘hubungan sosial’ dalam wacana akademik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa nilai relasional dilakukan dengan menggunakan 5 fitur gramatika, yakni (1) kalimat deklaratif, (2) kalimat interogatif, (3) kalimat imperatif, (4) modalitas relasional, dan (5) pronomina persona untuk tujuan secara ideologis dan dominasi. Penggunaan fitur gramatika secara ideologis dan represif tersebut dilakukan oleh moderator, pemrasaran, pembanding utama dan pembanding umum.
Unsur Puitika dalam Bahan Ajar Puisi Berpola KTSP dan Kurikulum 2013 Huda, Much. Nuril; Siswanto, Wahyudi; Sunoto, Sunoto
Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, dan Pengembangan Vol 3, No 3: MARET 2018
Publisher : Graduate School of Universitas Negeri Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (435.579 KB) | DOI: 10.17977/jptpp.v3i3.10643

Abstract

This research aims to inspect poetic’s elements of poetry in KTSP and 2013’s curriculum along with education appropriate. This research use research design literature study. The research data is poetry text in KTSP and curiculum 2013 textbooks. The result indicate that rhyme and rhythm aspect is priority of old poetry. The typography more priority by contemporary poetry. This study give of new poetry and modern poetry which more focusing poetics based of imagery.Penelitian ini bertujuan mengkaji unsur puitika dalam teks puisi buku teks pelajaran KTSP dan kurikulum 2013 serta kesesuaian pembelajarannya. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan penelitian kajian pustaka. Data penelitian berupa teks puisi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa unsur rima irama ditonjolkan oleh puisi lama. Unsur puitika berupa unsur tipografi ditonjolkan oleh puisi kontemporer serta puisi baru dan puisi modern menonjolkan puitika berdasarkan unsur imaji.