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DAMPAK KONVERSI LAHAN PERTANIAN TERHADAP PENDAPATAN RUMAH TANGGA PETANI DI KABUPATEN KARANGANYAR Barokah, Umi; Supardi, Suprapti; Handayani, Sugiharti Mulya
Caraka Tani - Jurnal Ilmu Ilmu Pertanian Vol 27, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Caraka Tani - Jurnal Ilmu Ilmu Pertanian

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Abstract

Dampak Konversi Lahan Pertanian terhadap Pendapatan Rumahtangga Petani di Kabupaten Karanganyar. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk (1) menganalisis besarnya konversi lahan (2) mengidentifikasi dan menganalisis perubahan struktur pendapatan rumah tangga petani dan (3) menganalisis  dampak konversi lahan pertanian terhadap pendapatan rumah tangga petani. Metode dasar  penelitian adalah deskriptif analitis. Penentuan lokasi  kecamatan didasarkan (1)  jumlah penduduk yang bekerja sebagai petani sendiri, (2) jumlah dan jenis industri yang ada serta (3) kemudahan mencapai pusat perkonomian. Kecamatan terpilih adalah Jumantono dan Jaten. Jenis data yang digunakan meliputi (1) data primer yaitu hasil wawancara dengan rumah tangga petani, (2) data sekunder dari instansi terkait .  Metode yang digunakan untuk menganalisis tujuan (1) dan (2) deskriptif eksploratif komparatif dan (3) dengan uji t. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan (1) selama kurun waktu 12 tahun terjadi perubahan fungsi lahan sawah 0,120 hektar per rumah tangga petani; (2) Proporsi pendapatan usahatani berkurang 8,30 % dari 42 % menjadi 33,7   % dan   proporsi pendapatan luar usahatani meningkat 10,30 % dari 54 % menjadi 64,30 %); (3) hasil analisis uji t dengan α = 5 % menunjukkan pendapatan rumah tangga petani sebelum konversi tidak sama dengan sesudah konversi lahan pertanian (pendapatan bertambah Rp 1.482.000 per tahun).
DAMPAK KONVERSI LAHAN PERTANIAN TERHADAP PENDAPATAN RUMAH TANGGA PETANI DI KABUPATEN KARANGANYAR Barokah, Umi; Supardi, Suprapti; Handayani, Sugiharti Mulya
Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 27, No 1 (2012): March
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/carakatani.v27i1.14362

Abstract

This study aims to (1) analyzing the amount of land conversion and the factors that affect, (2) identify and analyze changes in household income structure of farm households, (3) analyze the impact of conversion on agricultural land to the income distribution, employment and welfare of farm households. The basic method on this study is a descriptive analytic. Determination of the districts location is based on (1) the number of people who worked as farmers themselves, (2) the amount and type of existing industries and (3) ease of reaching the central interconnected economy. Sub-district is elected Jumantono and Jaten. Type of data used include (1) primary data is the results of interviews with farm households, (2) secondary data from relevant instances. The results showed (1) during the 12 years there is a change 0,120 ha of wet rice field function per household farmer and owned land is the only factor affecting the conversion of agricultural land; (2) The proportion of farm income reduced by 8.30% from 42% to 33.7% and the proportion of outside farm income increased 10.30% from 54% to 64.30%), (3) the results of t test analysis with α = 5 % shows the employment and household income of farmers before the conversion is not the same as after the conversion of agricultural land (revenue increased to Rp 1.482 million per year). 
DINAMIKA DAN MODEL ARIMA PENAWARAN BERAS DI KABUPATEN SUKOHARJO SEBELUM DAN SELAMA PELAKSANAAN OTONOMI DAERAH (PERIODE TAHUN 1994-2010) Nurjayanti, Eka Dewi; Darsono, Darsono; Supardi, Suprapti
MEDIAGRO Vol 8, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Unwahas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31942/md.v8i1.1308

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to know the dynamics of suppling rice in era before and after regional autonomy in Sukoharjo Regency and to analyzed ARIMA model of them in Sukoharjo Regency on 2011 ? 2015. The basic method applied in this research is analytical descriptive method. The research object is taken purposively, that is Sukoharjo Regency. The method of analysis data in this research is (1) Box-Jenkins (ARIMA) method with fourth steps, include identification, parameter estimation, diagnostic checking, and forecasting and (2) Chow Breakpoint Test. The result got from this research is the annual supply rice data have a fluctuation pattern with increase trend. It is not stationary and become stationary in first differencing. The result of parameter estimation judged that tentative model for the annual supply rice is ARIMA (0,1,1). The result of diagnostic checking judged that the best ARIMA model is ARIMA (0,1,1) with RMSE value is 5.186,376; R2 value is 0,850311; F-statistic value is 79,52704; and parameter of MA is significant because probabilistic value is less than 0,05. To suggest dummy variable with Chow Breakpoint Test showed that in 2000 was a period which affected annual supply and demand of rice, with F-statistic value is 3,033932 and this probability is significant. Regional autonomy not affected in supply and demand of rice. It is because rule of regional government less than main government in capital country. The result of forecasting annual supply of rice in 2011 ? 2015 showed annual supply decreased. Keywords: supply, ARIMA, rice
ANALISIS PROFITABILITAS TANAMAN KARET (HEVEA BRASILIENSIS L) PADA PT. PERKEBUNAN NUSANTARA IX (PERSERO) KEBUN BALONG/BEJI/KALITELO KABUPATEN JEPARA Munafidza, Munafidza; Supardi, Suprapti; Nurjayanti, Eka Dewi
MEDIAGRO Vol 11, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Unwahas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31942/md.v11i2.1600

Abstract

PT. Perkebunan Nusantara IX (Persero) Balong/Beji/Kalitelo Plantation is located in Keling and Kembang District Jepara Regency and Dukuhseti District Pati Regency. Balong/Beji/Kalitelo Plantation cultivate rubber, cocoa and coconut plant. Plantation, in the operations, especially rubber plants, face the fluctuations of selling price, the amount of production and production costs. The fluctuations of these variables will affect the level of profitability that would be achieved by the company. This research aims to determine the profitability of rubber cultivation and sensitivity when there are fluctuations of price, the amount of production and production costs. This research used descriptive method, with the technique implementation using the case method. The research location were selected by purposive method that is PT. Perkebunan Nusantara IX (Persero) Balong/Beji/Kalitelo Plantation Jepara Regency. Data analysis method used the profitability analysis (NPV, Gross B/C and Profitability Ratio) and sensitivity analysis. The data that used in this research are the production data, production costs and selling prices at 2009-2013. The results showed that the cultivation of rubber in the PT. Perkebunan Nusantara IX (Persero) Balong/Beji/Kalitelo Plantation Jepara Regency is advantageous to be carried because the NPV values is 313,785,213,295.00; Gross B/C values is 2.41; and PR values is 11.15. Company will still obtain earnings eventhough there are the fluctuation of variable amount production until 15%, selling price until 30% and production costs until 25%. Besides, the fluctuation of variables simultaneously, that are selling price until 30% and production costs until 25%; the selling price until 30% and the amount production until 15%; amount production until 15% and production costs until 25%, showed that the company still obtain earning. Based on the research results, there are two suggestions for this company; first, replace less productive plants with new plants;  and the second, maximizing high-grade product quality.   Keywords: Profitability, PTPN, rubber plant.
ANALYSIS EFFICIENCY MARKETING SYSTEM OF FRESH LAYANG FISH (DECAPTERUS RUSSELI) ON PELABUHAN FISH AUCTION PLACE IN TEGAL CITY Ismail, Gofar; Supardi, Suprapti; Wahyuningsih, Sri
MEDIAGRO Vol 4, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Unwahas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31942/md.v4i2.555

Abstract

Marketing is an important aspect in running fishing business because it is an economic activity that influences the fluctuation of fishermen?s income. The production can be useless if the price is low, thus, marketing has to be good and efficient. This research is about the efficiency of the marketing system of fresh fish layang (Decapterus russeli) in the fish auction place. Specifically, this research is to know : 1) the marketing system of fresh fish layang in Tegal City. 2) the marketing margin of fresh fish layang in Tegal City. 3) the distribution flow of fresh fish layang in Tegal City. 4) the reason fishermen sell their products in the Fish Auction Place. The method use in this research is descriptive analysis method, The registration data and literature study. Based on the analysis, it  is known that the marketing system of fresh in the Fish Auction Place, seen from the marketing cost calculation, purchasing price, selling price and profit is < 1, which means efficient. And if seen from the marketing margin, the most efficient flow is channel 4 (the 4th channel). Meanwhile, the reason why fishermen sell their Fish Auction Place is because of the guarantee that their product will be sold. Fish is a product that is easily broken and rotten. Therefore, the guarantee that the product will be sold, can minimize loss risk for fisherman. Key word : Marketing Efficiency, Fresh Layang Fish, Fish Auction Place.
BUSINESS ANALYSIS OF BROILER CHICKEN FARM WITH PARTNERSHIP SYSTEM IN LIMBANGAN KENDAL DISTRICT Istanto, Istanto; Supardi, Suprapti; Wahyuningsih, Sri
MEDIAGRO Vol 6, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Unwahas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31942/md.v6i2.885

Abstract

This study entitled " Business Analysis of Broiler Chicken FarmWith Partnership System In Limbangan Kendal District." This study aims toknow how the pattern - pattern of broiler partnership in District Limbanganand how much it costs, revenues, earnings, and profits from farming ofbroiler chickens with partnerships system and feasibility level of businessfarm with partnerships system that can later be used as a reference for thepeople doing business broiler chicken Farm. To know the pattern - patternof broiler partnership in District Limbangan using analysis methodsapproach the existing partnership and to know the feasibility level ofbusiness farm using gross benefit cost ratio (gross B/C), BEP andproductivity costs. Determining the location of this study purposively withthe reasons in the two villages was the most total population of broilers(broiler) are farmed by people in the Region District Limbangan order toproperly represent the village which has a smaller population. For samplingrespondents was conducted using census (census sampling). About 25farmers from a total of 25 farmers that can later be represented inLimbangan Kendal District. The results showed that PIR partnership patternused by breeders because it is very beneficial because these patterns is thecore company as foster father that supplies sapronak, coaching in businessmanagement to marketing. Average area of cage 850.72 m2 with chickenpopulations 7240 tail derived income of Rp. 21,841,960, - and an averageprofit of Rp. 17.365.713,-. Viewed from the BEP business farm of broilerchickens has a value of 8.375 which means that in a population of 8.375farmers benefited and suffered no losses. While the productivity of capitalobtained a value of 13.12% / season, this value is high than the capitalinterest 0,208 /month, so in terms of capital productivity of broiler chickensworth conducting.Keywords: Analysis, Business farm of Broiler Chickens, Feasibility,Partnership.
THE ANALYSIS OF HONEYDUE SUPPLY IN SRAGEN REGENCY Aminudin, Ikhsan; Supardi, Suprapti
MEDIAGRO Vol 5, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Unwahas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31942/md.v5i1.896

Abstract

This research aimed to analyze some factors which influence the supply of honeydue in Sragen Regency and to analyze the elasticity supply of honeydue in Sragen Regency. The basic method used in this research is the descriptive analysis. The research location is chosen purposively, namely in Sragen Regency. Whereas the kind of data used in this research is secondary data of time  series  during 16 years since 1990 -  2005. The correlation between the supply of honeydue and some influenced factors is formulated into lag model which is distributed into Nerlove model approach. From the result is of analysis. obtained the value of coefficient correlation (R2) is 0,87 and adjusted R2 is 0.79. From value of F test, is (0,001) significant with level of trust 95 %. The result of analysis at t test shows that variable price of honeydue at previous year, price of TSP fertilizer at year t and honeydue production at previous year are variables which have obvious influence toward the supply of honeydue in Sragen Regency. Whereas variable price of water melon at previous year, rainfall and water melon production at previous year don't give  obvious influence toward the supply of honeydue in Sragen Regency. The result of t test, obtained function model of honeydue supply in Sragen Regency as follow: Qt = 3716,109 + 21,358 Pmt-1 + 0,834 Pst-1 + - 16,46  Pttsp + 0,365 Wt + 0,483  Qmt-1 + - 0,092 Qst-1. Based on the most influence value of coefficient regression partial, variable price of honeydue at previous year is the highest one. So this variable has the biggest influence toward the supply of honeydue in Sragen Regency. The  elasticity of honeydue supply in long terms is more elastic than those in short terms.
PENGARUH LUAS LAHAN SAWAH IRIGASI TERHADAP PRODUKSI BERAS DI INDONESIA Satrio, Arif Budi; Supardi, Suprapti; Wahyuningsih, Sri
MEDIAGRO Vol 4, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Unwahas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31942/md.v4i1.903

Abstract

In Indonesia, the wide of irrigation wetland about 70 % of totality  rice production area, eventhough  the level of production about 85% of totality rice production area. At present and future, irrigation wetland being more scarcity, eventually in Java and Bali, this case, becaused of incresing competition on area and water utilities  for  non agricultural  interest. For Indonesia, the tends of  wetland area scarcity espesially in Java  to go straight on  and  there is no effective regulation or action to be done by local community to control area conversion. This research purposes to know the influence of the wide irrigation wetland area to rice production  in Indonesian's big islands,  except Maluku and Papua, also national scale from 1994-2004. This research uses descriptive analitic method. The  secundary   data  are used, collected, arranged then analized with Cobb-Douglas regression.   Refers to the analisis results and the discussion of each hipotesis, we know that on ?  =  10%, the wide of wetland irrigation area on Java, Bali and Nusa Tenggara are significant influencing to rice production. Eventhough in Sumatera, Kalimantan and Sulawesi , the wide of irrigation wetland area were not significant influencing to rice production. The significant influence of  the wide of irrigation wetland area in Java and Bali ± Nusa Tenggara refer to BMG (2006) becaused of  in dry season almost irrigation wetland area were cultivated by paddy. Eventhough the no significant influence of the wide of irrigation wetland area in Sumatera, Kalimantan, Sulawesi also national scale refer to BMG (2006)  becaused of in dry season almost the irrigation wetland area were not cultivated by paddy. Knowing the importance of the wide irrigation wetland area to rice production,  expected   to local communities and  local goverments to take care the area, so the area conversion not happen again. For making new irrigation wetland area must be supported by deep research and involve a lot of experts from conecting  sectors.  Base on this research, be expected,  research can be developed by another researcher in order to usefull to this nation.Key words : Irrigation wetland Area, Area Conversion, Making New Wetland, Dry season, Rice production.
ANALISIS PENDAPATAN PETERNAK AYAM RAS PEDAGING POLA KEMITRAAN INTI –PLASMA (STUDI KASUS PETERNAK PLASMA PT.GENESIS DI KECAMATAN GRABAG KABUPATEN MAGELANG JAWA TENGAH) Daryanto, Daryanto; Supardi, Suprapti; Subekti, Endah
MEDIAGRO Vol 11, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Unwahas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31942/md.v11i1.1598

Abstract

A broiler chicken meat producer that has some advantages including, rapid capital turnover rate and a short maintenance period ie within five weeks of broiler already be harvested and weighs 1.9 kg / head. This has encouraged many farmers who seek broiler farms. PT. Genesis is one of the broiler farms, which work closely with the farmers in the district through a partnership Grabag core-plasama. The partnership goal is to increase revenue, and increase both the scale of the company's businesses and farmers. The purpose of this study was to analyze the mechanism of partnerships undertaken in partnership plasma core, know the maintenance management (cultivation) of cattle in partnership nucleus-plasma, and calculates the income and value of the R / C ratio obtained in the plasma farmer-core partnership plasma. The research was conducted in partnership with farmers who farm company PT. Genesis. Nucleus location is in Taman Anggrek Unggaran Housing. Plasma breeders located in District Grabag, Magelang regency. The research was carried out for 1 month, ie in February and March 2013 which was designed as a case study, a total of 11 respondents breeders who partnered with PT. Genesis is currently in production. Data were collected by census method. The data used are primary data and secondary data. Maintenance of production data using the data on the plasma farmers February to March 2013 period (1 period). Analysis of the data used is descriptive analysis, revenue analysis, and analysis of R / C ratio. Results of the analysis showed that the income on the income earned period February to March 2013 were farmers Rp 3,332,844.97 per period. Analysis results Net B / C ratio showed 1.02 and BEP are at the point 66,524,262.00   Key words: partnership mechanism, plasma farmers, income, Net B / C ratio
KETAHANAN PANGAN RUMAH TANGGA TANI DI DAERAH ALIRAN SUNGAI (DAS) GALEH KABUPATEN SEMARANG Rifai, Ahmad; Supardi, Suprapti; Hastuti, Dewi
MEDIAGRO Vol 8, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Unwahas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31942/md.v8i1.1306

Abstract

The study, entitled "Food security of farm households in the Galeh Watershed Semarang Regency" has an objective to determine the composition of farm household characteristics, income levels and food security of farm households annually. This research used survey method. Research area was determined using purposive sampling method which is in Semarang Regency Village Genting, Rejosari, Brongkol, Kemambang, Ngrapah, and Rowoboni. Respondents are determined by random sampling of 120 households in six villages. Survey results showed that the average age of head family in farm households of Galeh Watershed age is 44.90 years old, which is categorized as productive age group.  Farmers in these villages have an average size of rice fields about 0.26 ha  while average size of garden and land tenure owned are 0.210 and 0.215 ha. Goats are the main livestock in the Galeh Watershed, every family in these villages has more or less 2 goats. Average of income levels of farm household in this watershed is Rp 22,533,792.00. Dominant commodities producing in these villages are paddy, coffee, chili and cauliflower. Rice farming in Rowoboni village has a good performance compared to other village with R/C ratio 2.94. Meanwhile, in Genting village, coffe and red papper farming have given higher performance than other village with R/C ratio 2.03 and 1.64 consecutively.  R/C ratio of White pepper in Rejosari village is 1.61, and cauliflower is in Kemambang Village, with its R/C ratio 1.48. Share of household expenditure is dominated by food expenditure, with average 52.63% of total expenditure in one year. Non-food expenditure of farm households in the Galeh watershed is dominated by children's education costs, which reached an average of 10.71% a year. Purchasing power of farm households in the watershed Galeh is 116.30%, which means that all farm households in the Galeh watershed are able to meet all their needs both food and non food and still have remaining 16.3%. The criteria of household food security levels in Galeh Watershed Semarang Regency considered surplus which reached 1.27. It means that they can produce their own rice around 1,857.15 kg/year and household rice consumption equivalent to 1,456.80 kg/year. Keyword : food security, outcome, income, household.