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GANODERMA BONINENSE PENYEBAB PENYAKIT BUSUK BATANG ATAS KELAPA SAWIT Susanto, Agus; Prasetyo, Agus Eko; Priwiratama, Hari; Wening, Sri; Surianto, Surianto
Jurnal Fitopatologi Indonesia Vol 9 No 4 (2013)
Publisher : The Indonesian Phytopathological Society (Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (385.51 KB) | DOI: 10.14692/jfi.9.4.123

Abstract

Basal stem rot disease (BSR) caused by Ganoderma boninense is the major pathogen of oil palm in Indonesia and Malaysia. Sometimes in the same location, especially in the peatland, upper stem rot (USR) disease is also found. This research was carried out to identify the pathogen of upper stem rot by molecular approach. Fruiting bodies of fungus were collected from 3 plants with upper stem rot symptoms and 2 plants with basal stem rot symptoms from Labuhan Batu North Sumatra and Kampar Riau. Results showed that all of the fruiting body samples taken from plants with upper stem rot and basal stem rot symptoms were G. boninense.
KARAKTERISTIK TANAH DAN PERBANDINGAN PRODUKSI KELAPA SAWIT (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) DENGAN METODE TANAM LUBANG BESAR DAN PARIT DRAINASE 2:1 PADA LAHAN SPODOSOL DI KABUPATEN BARITO TIMUR PROPINSI KALIMANTAN TENGAH - INDONESIA Surianto, Surianto; Rauf, Abdul; Sabrina, T.; Sutarta, Edi Sigit
Pertanian Tropik Vol 2, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Pasca Sarjana FP USU

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Abstract

Spodosol soil of Typic Placorthod sub-group of East Barito District is one of the problem soils with the presence of hardpan layer, low fertility, low water holding capacity, acid reaction and it is not suitable for oil palm cultivation without any properly specific management of land preparation and implemented best agronomic practices. A study was carried out to evaluate the soil characteristic of big hole (A profile) and non big hole (B profile) system and comparative oil palm productivity among two planting systems. This study was conducted in Spodosol soil at oil palm plantation (coordinate X = 0281843 and Y = 9764116), East Barito District, Central Kalimantan Province on February 2014, by surveying of placic and ortstein depth and observing soil texture and chemical properties of 2 (two) oil palms soil profiles that have been planted in five years. Big hole system of commercial oil palm field planting on Spodosol soil area was designed for the specific purpose of minimizing potential of negative effect of shallow effective planting depth for oil palms growing due to hardpan layer (placic and ortstein) presence as deep as 0.25 - 0.50 m. The big hole system is a planting hole type which was vertical-sided with 2.00 m x 1.50 m on top and bottom side and 3.00 m depth meanwhile the 2:1 drain was vertical-sided also with 1.50 m depth and 300 m length. Oil palm production was recorded from year of 2012 up to 2014. Results indicated that the fractions both big hole profile (A profile) and non big hole profile (B profile) were dominated by sands ranged from 60% to 92% and the highest sands content of non big hole soil profile were found in A and E horizons (92%). Better distribution of sand and clay fractions content in between layers of big hole soil profiles of A profile sample is more uniform compared to B profile sample. The mechanical holing and material mixing of soil materials of A soil profile among the upper and lower horizons i.e. A, E, B and C horizons before planting that resulted a better distribution of both soil texture (sands and clay) and chemical properties such as acidity value (pH), C-organic, N, C/N ratio, CEC, P-available and Exchangeable Bases. Investigation showed that exchangeable cations (Ca, Mg, K), were very low in soil layers (A profile) and horizons (B profile) investigated. The low exchangeable cations due to highly leached of bases to the lower layers and horizons. Besides, the palm which was planted on the big hole system showed good adaptation and responsed positively by growing well of tertiary and quaternary roots that the roots were penetrable in to deeper rooting zone as much as >1.00 m depth. The roots can grow well and penetrate much deeper in A profile compared to undisturbed hard pan layer (B profile). The FFB (fresh fruit bunches) production of non big hole block was higher than big hole block for the first three years of production. This might be due to the high variation of monthly rainfall in between years of observation from 2009 to 2014. Therefore, the hardness of placic and ortstein as unpenetrable agents by rootsJurnal Pertanian Tropik ISSN Online No : 2356-4725Vol.2, No.2. Agustus 2015. (19) : 148- 158149and water to prevent water loss and retain the water in the rhizosphere especially in the drier weather. In the high rainfall condition, the 2:1 drain to prevent water saturation in the oil palm rhizosphere by moving some water in to the drain. Meanwhile the disturbed soil horizon (big hole area) was drier than undisturbance immediately due to water removal to deeper layers. We concluded that both big hole and 2:1 drain are suitable technology for Spodosol soil land especially in preparing of palms planting to minimize negative effect of hardpan layer for oil palm growth.Key words : Spodosol, Typic Placorthod, big hole, drain, fresh fruit bunches, hardpan, placic, ortstein
HUBUNGAN KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA RUANGAN DAN LINGKUNGAN KERJA DENGAN KEPUASAN KERJA PERAWAT DI PAVILIUM CATELIA RSUD UNDATA Surianto, Surianto; Sari, Ni Putu Pranita; Jurni, Jurni
Healthy Tadulako Vol 2, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Healthy Tadulako

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Abstract

ABSTRAK Rumah sakit merupakan bagian internal dari keseluruhan sistem pelayanan kesehatan yang melayani pasien dengan berbagai jenis pelayanan. Masalah-masalah yang terdapat di dalam lingkup kerja keperawatan berhubungan dengan kekurangan jumlah perawat, ketidakpuasan kerja perawat dan buruknya lingkungan kerja perawat. Keluhan perawat mengenai fungsi manajemen dari segi kepemimpinan kepala ruangan dan lingkungan kerja terhadap kepuasan perawat sangat menarik untuk diteliti dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan kepemimpinan dan lingkungan kerja dengan tingkat kepuasan kerja perawat di Paviliun Catelia RSUD Undata. Jenis penelitian ini kuantitatif dengan metode komparatif, pendekatan cross sectional. Instrument penelitian menggunakan kuesioner terhadap 22 perawat pelaksana di Paviliun Catelia RSUD Undata. Variabel independennya adalah kepemimpinan kepala ruangan dan lingkungan kerja. Variabel dependennya adalah tingkat kepuasan. Penelitian ini menunjukkan persentase tinggi tentang kepemimpinan baik, merasa puas (52,4%) dan persentase lingkungan kerja baik, merasa puas (62,5%). Hasil uji statistik menunjukkan nilai p value masing-masing sebesar 1.000 dan 0,384. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa nilai p≥ 0,05. Tidak ada hubungan antara kepemimpinan dan lingkungan kerja dengan kepuasan perawat di Paviliun Catelia RSUD Undata. Hal ini terjadi ruangan tersebut merupakan contoh pelaksana model praktek keperawatan professional yang diterapkan secara optimal, ditunjang dari lingkungan kerja pun sarana dan prasaranya mampu memenuhi pelaksanaan asuhan keperawatan. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian disarankan menjadi masukan dan bahan evaluasi untuk pihak manajemen dalam pengelolaan kepuasan kerja perawat khususnya di Paviliun Catelia sehingga perawat tersebut dapat bekerja sesuai dengan peraturan rumah sakit dan melaksanakan tugas-tugas sesuai yang telah ditetapkan. Kata Kunci: Kepuasan Kerja, Perawat, Kepemimpinan, Lingkungan Kerja
SIKAP ORANG-ORANG KAFIR TERHADAP AJARAN ISLAM (KAJIAN HISTORY TERHADAP SURAH AL-AN’AM AYAT 7 DAN AYAT 121) Surianto, Surianto
AT-TURATS Vol 12, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Tarbiyah dan Ilmu Keguruan (FTIK) IAIN Pontianak

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24260/at-turats.v12i2.1241

Abstract

The persistent unbeliever will always find a reason to make moeslem cornered. As mentioned in Surah al-An’am verse 7 which declarating if wanted they have faith, so they asked the Bibel direct from the sky, in fact, if its granted, they will say that it is because or magic. Next, the inbeliever will refuted argument with what you have done. They will always find a reason to put on moeslem teaching that carried out by Prophet Muhammad SAW into cornered. Mentioned in surah al-An’’am verse 121 about the unbeliever protest that assume af dead animal aby Allan (dead it self not because of slaughteret by metioned Allah and become corpse). Its forbidden and animal dead because killed by moeslem its legimate. Then, has been explained that do not do refuted argument with them, next, moeslem commded as not to eating animal that slaughteret as not mentioned Allah because its action considered.
HUBUNGAN GAYA HIDUP PADA MASYARAKAT DENGAN STADIUM HIPERTENSI DI DESA LERO DUSUN 1 KECAMATAN SINDUE KABUPATEN DONGGALA Ainun, Ainun; Situmorang, Tigor H; Surianto, Surianto
Poltekita: Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 10, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Palu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (125.893 KB) | DOI: 10.33860/jik.v10i1.64

Abstract

                                                  ABSTRAKPenyakit hipertensi sangat dipengaruhi oleh gaya hidup yang tidak sehat, ada beberapa hal yang menyebabkan terjadinya hipertensi, diantaranya kebiasaan pola makan yang tidak sehat, kebiasaan merokok dan kebiasaan minum kopi. Berkaitan dengan gaya hidup masyarakat seringkali mengkonsumsi ikan asin dan sayur santan, merokok > 20 batang perhari serta kebiasaan minum kopi 1-3 perhari yang bisa menyebabkan tekanan darah meningkat. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan gaya hidup pada masyarakat dengan stadium hipertensi di Desa Lero Dusun 1 Kecamatan Sindue Kabupaten Donggala. Metode penelitian yang digunakan merupakan jenis penelitian analitik dengan menggunakan pendekatan cross sectional. Sampel dalam penelitian ini sebanyak 56 responden dengan menggunakan teknik total populasi. Analisis univariat pada penelitian ini untuk mencari distribusi frekuensi data dan bivariat untuk mencari hubungan antar variabel dengan uji chi square. Hasil analisis bivariat didapatkan hubungan kebiasaan pola makan dengan stadium hipertensi (p<α) yaitu 0,009 < α 0,05. Kebisaan merokok (p>α) yaitu 0,248 > α 0,05. Kebiasaan minum kopi (p>α) yaitu 0,284 > α 0,05. Kesimpulan dalam penelitian ini bahwa ada hubungan antara kebiasaan pola makan dengan stadium hipertensi di Desa Lero Dusun 1 Kecamatan Sindue, tidak ada hubungan antara kebiasaan merokok dengan stadium hipertensi di Desa Lero Dusun 1 Kecamatan Sindue, tidak ada hubungan antara kebiasaan minum kopi dengan stadium hipertensi di Desa Lero Dusun 1 Kecamatan Sindue. Saran dalam penelitian yaitu diharapkan bagi masyarakat yang memiliki kebiasaan gaya hidup yang dapat menyebabkan hipertensi agar merubah gaya hidup yang kurang baik tersebut kearah gaya hidup sehat sehingga dapat mengurangi bahayanya penyakit hipertensi yang lebih parah. 
IMPLEMENTASI ALGORITMA APRIORI DAN FORECASTING PADA TRANSAKSI PENJUALAN Firnando, Irvan; Dixsen, Dixsen; Tony, Tony; Wijaya, Vincent; Surianto, Surianto; Yanto, Eri; Jollyta, Deny
Jurnal Mantik Penusa Vol 3, No 3 (19): COmputer Science
Publisher : Pelita Nusantara Medan

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Abstract

One of the most important parts of a retail business or product distribution company is inventory management. Transactions with very large amounts in a certain period make the transaction data on sales, prices, and availability of goods must be managed properly. This study was delivered to facilitate the company in determining policies related to sales and availability of goods through the purchase pattern of association rules and sales predictions using the Moving Average method. Association rule is data mining techniques contained in the Apriori algorithm. This algorithm is able to shows random relationships in a number of transactions. The test resulted in three patterns of purchasing goods with the highest frequency namely Milo Activ-go UHT Cmbk 36x115ml, Bear Brand RTD Milk 30x189ml and Milo Activ-Go UHT Cmbk 36x190ml with values of 46.17%, 41.97% and 15.39%. The Moving Average result, sales predictions produce a total of 3669, 3280, and 2619 for each item that can be prepared in the next period. This can be a company's reference in predicting goods that are in demand or not, determine the number of sales and prioritize the procurement of goods based on the rules of the association produced.