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STRATEGI SUPLEMENTASI PROTEIN RANSUM SAPI POTONG BERBASIS JERAMI DAN DEDAK PADI Prasetiyono, B.W H.E; Suryahadi, .; Toharmat, T; Syarief, R
Media Peternakan Vol. 30 No. 3 (2007): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

ice straw and bran are low in protein. This study examined protein supplement (SPN) composed of CASREA (cassava-urea complex) and SOYXYL (protected-protein soybean meal) in rice straw and bran based ration offered to beef cattle. Experiment 1: Casrea1 (no extruded 32% urea and 58% cassava), Casrea2 (extruded 22% urea and 68% cassava), Casrea3 (extruded 27% urea and 63% cassava), and Casrea4 (extruded 32% urea and 58% cassava) were incubated in ruminal fluid. Experiment 2: Protected-protein soybean meal with xylose from Black Liquor�s (BL) of 0, 3, 6, or 9% and extruded at 120, 150, or 180oC, were incubated in ruminal fluid. Experiment 3: The best treatments of experiments 1 and 2 were used as SPN. Sixteen dairy cattle bulls aged 12-15 months were divided into 4 blocks to receive one of the following treatments: R0= rice straw and bran, R1= R0 with SPN A, R2= R0 with SPN B, R3= R0 with SPN C. SPN A, B and C composed of CASREA:SOYXYL in ratio of 20:80, 50:50, and 80:20, respectively. Casrea 2 had the highest microbial protein and post rumen protein digestibility of 29.04 mg and 76.16%, respectively. Protected-protein soybean meal with xylose from BL 3% and extruded at 1500C had the highest microbial protein and post rumen protein digestibility. SPN increased dry matter, organic matter and protein intake and their digestibility, ration efficiency, and daily gain. The highest daily gain (0.85 kg.d-1), ration efficiency (11%), and income over feed cost (Rp 7500 head-1.d-1) were R3. R3 had lower methane energy compare to R0. The result indicated that JDP supplemented with SPN (80% CASREA and 20% SOYXYL) improved ration efficiency and performance of cattle. Key words: rice straw, rice bran, cassava, urea, soybean meal
Penilaian Kandang Sehat dan Produktif Domba di Desa/Kelurahan Lingkar Kampus Institut Pertanian Bogor, Darmaga Hidayat, Rahmat; Santoso, Kukuh; Suryahadi, .; Darwati, Sri; Suprayogi, Agik; Prastowo, .
Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Vol 1, No 1 (2015): Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/agrokreatif.1.1.20-27

Abstract

Institute for Research and Community Service Bogor Agricultural University (LPPM IPB) has excellent performance in community service activities (PPM). LPPM IPB since 2009 has conducted various community service activities in rural and urban campus area around of Campus. One of the activities is related with sheep and supporting activities. This assessment activity has two (2) purposes: first, to measure the knowledge of farmers in the application of science and technology especially cage and cultivation that has been given, and the second one, to give appreciation for the achievements of farmers in the management of sheep, especially for the category of healthy and productive cage. This activity was carried out by field visits and interviews using a special form of assessment. 17 breeders were determined based on nonprobability purposive sampling method. The highest value obtained Nurpandi farmer from the Village Sukawening got 920.9 points, while the lowest value obtained Sahedi farmer from the Village Purwasari got 308.3 points. Conclusions from the results obtained showed mostly cage sheep (52.94%) have not yet reached the category of healthy and productive cage (final value of less than 800 points). 
PENGARUH LEVEL INOKULAN DAN LAMA INKUBASI OLEH Aspergillus niger TERHADAP KANDUNGAN NUTRISI PUTAK Hilakore, M. A.; Suryahadi, .; Wiryawan, IGK.; Mangunwijaya, D.
PARTNER (Buletin Pertanian Terapan) Vol 15, No 1 (2008): PARTNER (Buletin Pertanian Terapan)
Publisher : Politeknik Pertanian Negeri Kupang

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Abstract

The experiment used fermentation technique. Aspergillus niger was employed in attempting to increase the quality of putak. The experiment was arranged factorially using Completely Randomized Design 4 x 3. Factor A consisted of 4 levels of inoculants: 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0% (w/w), while factor B consisted of incubation duration, that is 2, 3 and 4 days. Variables assessed were crude protein, true protein, crude fiber and dry matter contents of putak. The result showed that the treatments were significantly (P<0.05) affected the variables assessed. In conclusion, the treatments was improved the quality of putak. Keywords: putak, Aspergillus niger.
KINERJA KOPERASI PETERNAK SAPI BANDUNG UTARA LEMBANG, JAWA BARAT P. Tambunan, Hendrick Tio; Pandjaitan, Nora H; Suryahadi, .
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol. 9 No. 2 (2014): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (392.03 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/mikm.9.2.195-203

Abstract

At this moment, cooperative growth has experienced a very rapid development, which can be seen from the increasing number of diverse cooperative effort in Indonesia, especially in West Java. The ever-increasing needs of milk, added by milk production that has not met the needs of people in West Java makes a fierce competition among Cattle Ranchers Cooperative to produce milk. One of Cooperatives runs in this field is Cattle Ranchers Cooperative of North Bandung. The purpose of this study is (1) to analyze and evaluate management performance of KPSBU in West Java, (2) to analyze the level of liquidity, solvency, and profitability of KPSBU in West Java, (3) to develop business development strategy of KPSBU in West Java. The study used a descriptive survey approach, using primary and secondary data, as well as ratio analysis techniques (1) liquidity, (2) solvency, (3) profitability. Business development strategy will be prepared based on the analysis of the SWOT method and QSPM. Based on the analysis QSPM KPSBU has several strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. The most powerful force possessed KPSBU is quality fresh dairy products and its main drawback is the marketing of products less than the maximum, while the factors that affect the greatest opportunity is cooperation with local and international companies and the biggest threat is the bad weather which disrupted production and milk quality. Therefore, Cattle Ranchers Cooperative of North Bandung needs to make improvements on internal factors. It also reinforced by the value of the financial ratios of liquidity, solvency, and profitability that indicates that the company does not have a good value to pay a long-term and short-term debt as well as to generate profits in the company. Thus, Cattle Ranchers Cooperative of North Bandung must continue to strive to maintain and repair the service quality attribute and keeping customer satisfaction levels continue to rise.
USAHA BUDI DAYA PEPAYA BANGKOK DENGAN SISTEM LAHAN SEWA Wijayanto, Agung; Suryahadi, .; Saleh, Amiruddin
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol. 7 No. 2 (2012): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (185.007 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/mikm.7.2.181-187

Abstract

One area of agribusiness that has good prospects for development is the cultivation of papaya farming Bangkok, because the market demand is still huge, rapid investment payback period, the price is relatively stable, and continuous harvest throughout the year. The market opportunity is still wide open, because the supply is currently still lacking. Located in the Village Prangkoan, Mertoyudan District, Magelang regency, Central Java. The purpose of this study was to (1) analyze the feasibility of Papaya Bangkok cultivation with his own land and rent system, (2) business feasibility analysis Papaya Bangkok cultivation with leased land and the cultivation of papaya integration model of Bangkok's most profitable for entrepreneurs to raise Papaya Bangkok cultivation. Quantitative analysis carried out to analyze the feasibility of the financial aspects using the criteria of NPV, IRR, Gross benefit and Cost Ratio, Sensitifitas, and BEP analysis. NPV value of aquaculture in their own land is higher at Rp103,793,371.93, while cultivating the land lease Rp60,069,785.97. This shows that the net benefits received from cultivation in their own land is greater than in the land lease. Judging from the value of Gross IRR and B/C, indicating that the value of Gross IRR and B/C for all the cultivation is > 0, so that both are good at cultivating their own land or on leased land eligible to run. When viewed from the BEP, the BEP for the cultivation of the land it self is 1548 units and Rp6,190,661, while for the cultivation of the land rent is 6972 units and Rp10,457,406.67. Comparison of financial feasibility between the two tampat cultivation shows that of both types of businesses, the cultivation of the land itself is a more viable business cultivated. It can be seen from the financial eligibility criteria of the cultivation the land itself has a better value
PREFERENSI PAKAN DAN KEBUTUHAN NUTRIEN ANOA GUNUNG (BUBALUS QUARLESI OUWENS 1910) PADA KONDISI PRABUDIDAYA Basri, M; Suryahadi, .; Toharmat, T; Alikodra, H S
Media Peternakan Vol. 31 No. 1 (2008): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to obtain information in relation to kind of forest plants which were usually consumed by mountain anoa in its natural habitat and community area around the forest, and to estimate energy and nutrient requirements for maintenance and growth of anoa. This study was conducted in Province of Central Sulawesi using six anoas. Digestal analysis method was used to study kind of forest plants in the rumen of anoas. Cafetaria system was used to obtain information related to the dry matter intake of forest plants. Regression analysis was used to estimate energy and nutrient requirements of anoa. The results showed that anoa consumed Ficus vasculosa Rump (fruits), Scleria purpurescens (leaves), Ficus sp. (shoots), Brachiaria mutica (leaves) and Ipomea aquatica Fordk (leaves and stems). The dry matter intake of these feeds were 29.1 ± 8.5, 16.5 ± 3.8, 14.2 ± 2.8, 7.6 ± 1.7 and 4.8 ± 0.6 g/kg W0.75, respectively. The energy and nutrient requirements of anoa for maintenance based on g/kg W0.75 were 22 g TDN, 6.3 g protein, 0.457 g Ca and 0.427 g P. The energy and nutrient requirements of anoas for growth based on g/kg weight gain were 1333.64 g TDN, 399.9 g protein, 29.38 g Ca and 26.85 g P. Key words: anoa, feed preference, nutrient requirements
NISBAH SINKRONISASI SUPLAI N-PROTEIN DAN ENERGI DALAM RUMEN SEBAGAI BASIS FORMULASI RANSUM TERNAK RUMINANSIA Hermon, .; Suryahadi, .; Wiryawan, K G; Hardjosoewignjo, S
Media Peternakan Vol. 31 No. 3 (2008): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

The experiment was conducted to determine the optimum synchronization ratio of N-protein and fermented organic matter (OM) in the rumen for the purpose of ration formulation for ruminant animals, in order to improve efficiency of rumen microbial N synthesis and feed efficiency. Nylon bag technique was adopted to determine ruminal characteristic of protein and OM degradation of feedstuffs (forage and concentrate diet) for which the synchronized index of N-protein and fermented OM in the rumen might be determined. By randomized block design, twelve local cattle were arranged to four groups. Each group was fed three types of diet that was different in synchronization ratio of supplying N-protein and fermented OM in the rumen, namely 20 g N/kg OM (R20); 25 g N /kg OM (R25); and 30 g N /kg MO (R30). The diets had iso-energy and iso-protein contents and had the same synchronization index. The results showed that the type of diet had no effect (P>0.05) on intake and digestibility of nutrients, N retention, average daily gain (ADG), and feed efficiency. But R20 had better parameter values than those of R25 and R30. It might be concluded that the diet having a synchronization ratio of 20 g N/kg fermented OM in the rumen will generate more efficient protein synthesis of rumen microbes and feed efficiency. Key words: synchronization index, microbial protein synthesis, ruminal characteristic
KUALITAS PROTEIN DAN KOMPOSISI ASAM AMINO AMPAS SAGU HASIL FERMENTASI ASPERGILLUS NIGER DENGAN PENAMBAHAN UREA DAN ZEOLIT Muhsafaat, La Ode; Sukria, Heri Ahmad; Suryahadi, .
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 20 No. 2 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1057.956 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.20.2.124

Abstract

This experiment was designed to evaluate protein quality and amino acid composition of fermented sago pulp by Aspergillus niger with urea and zeolit addition at different levels. The experiment was design in factorial completely randomized with two factors and three replicates. The first factor was levels of urea addition (0, 2.5, and 5%), the second factor was levels of zeolite addition (0, 2.5, and 5%) and used 2% A. niger on sago pulp (dry matter form). Variables observed were the levels of crude protein and amino acids. Data were tested using descriptive and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), the differences among treatments means examined by Duncan Multiple Range Test. The results howed that there was interaction between levels of addition urea and zeolite on crude protein value. The addition urea and zeolite at 5% had the high increased 15.49 ± 0.33% to crude protein content. The amino acid content of fermented sago pulp descriptively increased in urea treatment, but didn?t show increased in zeolite treatment. Based on the calculation of the score of chemical and index essential amino acids, fermented sago pulp at 5% urea treatment has a chemical score of 17.86, 18.01, and 11.85 with the essential amino acid deficient is leucine, and has an index of 38.33, 36.43, and 28.45%.
PENGGARUH PENGGUNAAN MOLASES DAN TEPUNG GAPLEK SEBAGAI BAHAN PEREKAT TERHADAP SIFAT FISIK WAFER RANSUM KOMPLIT Trisyulianti, E; Suryahadi, .; Rakhma, V N
Media Peternakan Vol. 26 No. 2 (2003): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Penggaruh penggunaan molases dan tepung gaplek sebagai bahan perekat terhadap sifat fisik wafer ransum komplit
IMPROVEMENT OF NAPIER GRASS SILAGE NUTRITIVE VALUE BY USING INOCULANT AND CRUDE ENZYMES FROM TRICHODERMA REESEI AND ITS EFFECT ON IN VITRO RUMEN FERMENTATION Nurjana, Dea Justia; Suharti, S.; Suryahadi, .
Media Peternakan Vol. 39 No. 1 (2016): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (546.831 KB) | DOI: 10.5398/medpet.2016.39.1.46

Abstract

This research was aimed to evaluate the effect of inoculant and crude enzyme of Trichoderma reesei on fermentation quality and rumen digestibility of napier grass silage. This research consisted of two stages. The first stage was fermentation quality using a completely randomized design with three treatments and six replications. The second stage was rumen fermentability using a randomized block design with three treatments and six replications. The treatments of both stages were: T0= control of napier grass silage (Hi-fer+), T1= control + T. reesei inoculant at the level of 2.13 x 107 cfu/kg, and T2= control + crude enzyme from T. reesei at the level of 11.4 unit/kg. Napier grass silage were kept at room temperature and opened 21 d after fermentation. The result of the first stage experiment showed that T2 decreased (P<0.01) dry matter, organic matter, crude fiber, and neutral detergent fiber (NDF) and also increased (P<0.05) crude protein, total digestible nutrient (TDN), pH, acetic acid, and propionic acid of napier grass silage while T1 decreased (P<0.01) NDF and increased (P<0.05) propionic acid. The result of the second stage experiment showed that there were no significant differences in rumen pH, in vitro dry matter and organic matter digestibility, total VFA, proportion of VFA, ratio of acetic to propionic acids, and also NH3. It is concluded that the addition of crude enzyme from T. reesei could improve fermentation quality of napier grass silage with decreasing NDF and increasing TDN but did not affect rumen fermentability.