Happy Susanto
Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik (FISIP) Universitas Proklamasi 45 Yogyakarta

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Democracy in Islam: comparative study of Muhammad Abid al-Jabiri and Abdolkarim Soroush’s thoughts Susanto, Happy
Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies Vol 1, No 2 (2011): Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies
Publisher : State Institute of Islamic Studies (STAIN) Salatiga

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Abstract

Using analytic and interpretative approaches, this research compares al-Jabiriand Soroush’s thoughts about democracy in Islam. To assess Islam’s compatibilitywith democracy, this thesis will analyze the issues of authority, sharia, andfreedom according to the two scholars. Al-Jabiri and Soroush agree that theconcept of authority in Islam cannot be interpreted simply as God’s sovereignty,but it also concerns human rights and sovereignty. A leader put justice as his/hercentral concern in practicing policies for citizens. To pursue this hope, they alsopropose that sharia should be reinterpreted in order to be harmonizing in accordancechanging circumstances and time. Al-Jabiri has different understandingwith Soroush about the relationship between religion and state. Al-Jabiri seesthat Muslims are free to choose democracy as their political life. He doesn’tagree the integration of religion and state. In this case, he doesn’t agree theimplementation of sharia in the state. Meanwhile Soroush sees that religion hasan important role in the state, so that he agrees the implementation of shariabecause according to him it supports the political process of the state.Muhammad Abid al-Jabiri dan Abdolkarim Soroush merupakan intelektual Muslimyang memandang bahwa Islam kompatibel dengan demokrasi, dan keduanyatermasuk dalam kelompok moderat. Untuk menguji apakah Islam kompatibeldengan demokrasi, artikel ini menganalisis isu-isu otoritas, syariah, dan kebebasanmenurut pandangan kedua tokoh tersebut. Kedua intelektual itu memilikipandangan filosofis yang sejalan tentang ide demokrasi dalam Islam. Misalnya,konsep otoritas dalam Islam tidak saja dipahami sebagai bentuk kedaulatan Tuhan,namun yang lebih penting bahwa konsep ini juga memerhatikan aspek hak dankedaulatan manusia. Syariah perlu direinterpretasi agar sesuai dengan konteksperubahan zaman dan dapat mengarah pada pencapaian tujuannya. Perbedaankeduanya terletak pada relasi agama-negara. Dalam hal ini, al-Jabiri memilikipandangan yang “liberal” bahwa konsep sebuah negara tidak perlu berdasarkanidentitas agama. Umat Islam diberikan kebebasan penuh untuk menjalankankehidupan politiknya, tanpa terbebani oleh rujukan teks-teks Islam yang masihdiperdebatkan. Dengan demikian, ia memandang bahwa penerapan syariah dalamsebuah negara tidak perlu karena sesungguhnya syariah belum penah diterapkansecara sempurna. Sedangkan Soroush berpandangan sebaliknya bahwa identitasagama perlu ditambatkan ke dalam ide sebuah negara (demokrasi).
Filsafat Manusia Ibnu Arabi Susanto, Happy
TSAQAFAH Vol 10, No 1 (2014): Islamic Philosophy
Publisher : Universitas Darussalam Gontor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/tsaqafah.v10i1.66

Abstract

The aims of this article is to investigating the philosophy of human being Ibn Arabi. The philosophy of human being can define as of study the nature of human being, that is the essential characteristic that make up human being and their manifestations and implications. Ibnu Arabi is one of the philosopher that concern to discuss about divine root of human creation. Arabi focuses upon reality itself, and reality is Wujûd, that is, being, existence, or that which is found. Wujûd is the Real or al-haqq, which is another name for God. In itself, Wujûd is concealed and nonmanifest. In other words, it is the Hidden Treasure. However, Wujûd loved to be known, so it created the universe in order to be known. Those who know Wujûd in a full sense are true human beings, or perfect human being (al-insan al-kamil). But people cannot know Wujûd unless wujûd makes itself known to them. It makes itself known by manifesting itself in three basic ways: through the universe, through the self, and through scripture. Scripture, the Qur’an in particular, is the key that opens the door to the universe and the self. Prefect human being is linked between the two diametrically opposed aspects of the unique divine reality. Netheir an animal or an angle, man hovers between the world of corruption and the world of immutability. By virtue of his intermediary position, man becomes a microcosmic reality in which God contemplates Himself in the most eduquate form. Prefect man is that human individual who has perfectly realized that full spiritual potential of the human state, who has realized in himself and his experience the Oneness of Being than underlies all the apparent multiplicity of existence.
REMUNERASI DAN PROBLEM REFORMASI BIROKRASI DI INDONESIA SUSANTO, HAPPY
PUBLISIA (Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi Publik) Vol 20, No 1 (2016): April 2016
Publisher : PUBLISIA (Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi Publik)

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Abstract

Remuneration emerged as a solution to the issues of corruption that afflicts a number of civil servants (PNS) and officials in the bureaucracy. Remuneration is expected to improve their performance to be better, but in fact the opposite happened. In a number of media reports, many people who work in the government who aren’t absent from corrupt practices, although they have a high salary. Remuneration, which is in the study of literature is also referred to as pay-for-performance system, the use of performance measurement associated with reward (compensation) as appropriate. With the proper compensation, employees no longer think about looking for financial benefits in ways that are not justified by law. On the other hand, the low level of compensation will affect the performance of employees is also low. The implementation of remuneration is one of the governments efforts to lead to good governance, coupled with bureaucratic reform. There is a strong link between the compensation and quality of public services. Improving the quality of public services is also determined by their motivation, but the growth of a great motivation is because of their high compensation. In its development, the remuneration is not absent from criticism. In fact, arguably the remuneration policy and objectives are often misguided. Therefore, governments need to include these policies with strict sanctions if there are employees or officials who make mistakes, disciplinary, and violated the rules.
Kritisisme Sejarah Teologi Barat Susanto, Happy
TSAQAFAH Vol 7, No 2 (2011): Islamic Theology
Publisher : Universitas Darussalam Gontor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/tsaqafah.v7i2.11

Abstract

The main purpose of this article consists in investigating the history of theology in the Western culture. This investigation is aimed at finding a new path for understanding the essence of  Western theology. Western theology is meant that body of  doctrine and tradition developed solely in terms of  the temporal and cultural situations within the West. It should go without saying that all doctrinal development takes place within a historical and ideological context which defines not only the issues raised but also the language and concepts used in attempting solutions. It should readily be admitted that even the “purest” theological formulation reflects the thought and terms of  its era. It is not doubted that Western theology promotes universal truths which may be applied to all peoples in all places under all circumstances. The resistance comes arise from Liberation theologies. The characteristic of  Liberation theologies, whether specifically Black American theologies or Latin American theologies, is to decry the negative impact which traditional Western theology has had, both implicitly and explicitly, upon non-white peoples of  the world. For the case of  Indonesia, the mergence of  Islamic thought or Islamic theology is very unique. Intellectual traditions of Indonesia were developed after contact with reformist and modernist thought without denying local wisdom. Acceptance and rejection of  Western Thought without criticism is a weakness.
REMUNERASI DAN PROBLEM REFORMASI BIROKRASI DI INDONESIA Susanto, Happy
Publisia: Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi Publik Vol 1, No 1 (2016): April 2016
Publisher : Universitas Merdeka Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26905/pjiap.v1i1.427

Abstract

Remuneration emerged as a solution to the issues of corruption that afflicts a number of civil servants (PNS) and officials in the bureaucracy. Remuneration is expected to improve their performance to be better, but in fact the opposite happened. In a number of media reports, many people who work in the government who arent absent from corrupt practices, although they have a high salary. Remuneration, which is in the study of literature is also referred to as pay-for-performance system, the use of performance measurement associated with reward (compensation) as appropriate. With the proper compensation, employees no longer think about looking for financial benefits in ways that are not justified by law. On the other hand, the low level of compensation will affect the performance of employees is also low. The implementation of remuneration is one of the government's efforts to lead to good governance, coupled with bureaucratic reform. There is a strong link between the compensation and quality of public services. Improving the quality of public services is also determined by their motivation, but the growth of a great motivation is because of their high compensation. In its development, the remuneration is not absent from criticism. In fact, arguably the remuneration policy and objectives are often misguided. Therefore, governments need to include these policies with strict sanctions if there are employees or officials who make mistakes, disciplinary, and violated the rules.DOI: https://doi.org/10.26905/pjiap.v1i1.427 
KONSEP PARADIGMA ILMU-ILMU SOSIAL DAN RELEVANSINYA BAGI PERKEMBANGAN PENGETAHUAN Susanto, Happy
Muaddib : Studi Kependidikan dan Keislaman Vol 4, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Faculty of Islamic Studies Muhammadiyah University of Ponorogo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24269/muaddib.v4i2.119

Abstract

The main purpose of this study is to explain the various concepts of paradigms in the social sciences. There are three paradigms in the social sciences, the paradigm of social facts, social definition, and social behavior. Social fact is something that is beyond the individual reality therefore social fact divided into two terms of the material entity and non material entity. Material entity is something tangible goods, while the unity of the non material entity is considered to be something that no goods. Social definition paradigm directs attention to how to interpret human social life or how they form a real social life. While the paradigm of social behavior discussing on individual behavior that takes place in an environment that causes or changes due to subsequent behavior. The differences between paradigm must be seen as positive because each paradigms can support buliding scientific tradition
MENYOAL TRADISI DAN PEMBAHARUAN DALAM ISLAM Susanto, Happy
Jurnal Bestari No 35 (2003)
Publisher : Jurnal Bestari

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Abstract

Pemikiran Islam di Indonesia mengalami perkembangan yang sangat pesat.NU dan Muhammadiyah sebagi lokomotif perubahan di Indonesia memiliki peran sangat besar dalam upaya mengahadirkan pembacaan baru atas nama agama agar bisa dikomunikasikan dengan realistis perubahan dan tantangan zaman. Muncul gerbang pemikiran dari arus wacana NU dan Muhammadiyah,seperti Islam liberal,Islam pribumi,dan Islam transformatif,adalah bertujuan ingin membebaskan Islam agar mampu menjawab modernitas.
Perubahan Perilaku Santri (Studi Kasus Alumni Pondok Pesantren Salafiyah di Desa Langkap Kecamatan Besuki Kabupaten Situbondo) Susanto, Happy; Muzakki, Muhammad
ISTAWA Vol 2, No 1 (2016): Juli-Desember
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Ponorogo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24269/ijpi.v2i1.361

Abstract

Basically the students have been educated and guided by the cottage salafiyah with different habituation, that is by carrying out routine positive activities such as habituation discipline conducting worship obligatory, habituation implement devotions sunnah, habituation noble against teachers, parents and peers as well as away shameful and unjust deeds. But when they returned to their own villages phenomenon graduates of behavioral changes in santri who are not in accordance with the rules of Islam taught by the cottage salafiyah.  From this study we can conclude that Behavioral Changes Santri In Langkap Village District of Besuki Situbondo, as follows: (1) To instill the Islamic values to santri with sunnah worship, familiarize the santri disciplined in carrying out the obligatory worship, equip the santri with skills so that they are confident as to preach to the people, to familiarize the santri have a certain good for teachers, parents and friends. (2) The model of behavior change salafiyah alumni of the boarding school, namely; leaving habituation worship sunnah, dereliction of worship obligatory, not ashamed of female graduates open her nakedness, deeds are shameful and unjust. (3) Factors that cause changes of behavior salafiyah graduates of the boarding school, namely; there is a sense, not sincerely take part in boarding school finally  when returning home feel free to do anything, the environment of graduates santri was minimum in practice the teachings of Islam so that affects personality, economic pressure, lack of guidance and supervision of parents so that they are free to do anything, graduates age santri who are still teenagers so easily influenced by the environment, in short a vulnerable time in boarding school have an impact on self unsound science graduates santri.
Pembaharuan Pemikiran Islam dan Relevansinya bagi Pengembangan Pendidikan di Indonesia Susanto, Happy
ISTAWA Vol 3, No 1 (2018): Januari-Juni
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Ponorogo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24269/ijpi.v3i1.1002

Abstract

The issue of renewal will always be associated with the advancement of science and technology as well as the changing demands of the times. Modernization or renewal can be an attempt to improve the situation both in terms of ways, concepts, and a set of methods commonly applied in order to deliver better circumstances. In the context of renewal education is the absolute thing to be done because part of maintaining the existence of education itself. Islamic education is uniquely different from other types of educational theory and practice largely because of the all-encompassing influence of the Qur’an. The renewal of Islamic education is an attempt to actualize the great values of religion in the form of an empirical and historical life. Nurcholis Madjid and Kuntowijoyo are two great Islamic thinkers of Indonesia who seek to actualize Islamic values in everyday life. Although not specific in the world of education, but what is done in Islamic renewal can be used in renewal in education. The values of religion that are still normative and subjective must be transformed into theories that can be translated in the empirical world and become objective. This paper aims to explore the thinking of Islamic renewal of these two figures and find its relevance to the development of Islamic education.
EFEKTIFITAS PENGGUNAAN MEDIA VIDEO PEMBELAJARAN PADA PELAJARAN AKHLAK TERHADAP MINAT BELAJAR DAN PRESTASI SANTRI KELAS II DAN III MADRASAH DINIYAH MIFTAHUN NAJAH JOSARI JETIS PONOROGO TAHUN PELAJARAN 2016/2017Ah Kateno, Achmad; Susanto, Happy; Laksana, Sigit Dwi
TARBAWI:Journal on Islamic Education Vol 1, No 01 (2017): Oktober
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Ponorogo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24269/tarbawi.v1i01.102

Abstract

The background of the learning method that was held and the use of instructional media used in the madrasah diniyah miftahun najah and also analyzed the application of one of the medium of learning that is the use of video learning media Researchers took the research location in Madrasah Diniyah Miftahunnajah Josari Jetis ponorogo on the grounds that researchers have no similar research on Non-formal education institutions, using video media as one of the media in learning activities.                                                                                                                                                                                             Effectiveness of media usage of video on morals subject to the interest of learning and achievement of students of class II and III Madrasah diniyah miftahun najah, so that researchers can synchronize the relationship between the use of video media in learning morals towards student learning interest and learning achievement with the aim to evaluate teacher's learning in teaching using Media Video, to make it more interesting to understand the clarity of teachers as well as make the atmosphere of learning to be very fun. The results showed: (1) the use of learning video media has been in accordance with the rules and principles of good and right. (2) learners more interested in the use of video media in learning with percentage of 96% indicates that the use of highly effective learning video media used in learning activities (3) the correlation of the use of video learning media can increase student attendance so that interest in learning is also increased so that the achievement of the results Student learning also increases with a correlation of 0.51  the relationship of interest and learning achievement can be defined quite effectively to be applied in learning activities. (4) the use or utilization of such media is blocked by some madrasah facilities which can not be used because of such; Computer or laptop is damaged, LCD is broken, power outage and some are missing.