Articles

THE ECONOMICS OF VIOLATION BEHAVIOUR OF FISHERS IN INDONESIA, MALAYSIA AND THE PHILLIPPINES*) Susilowati, Indah
JOURNAL OF COASTAL DEVELOPMENT Vol 3, No 1 (1999): Volume 3 Number 1 Year 1999
Publisher : JOURNAL OF COASTAL DEVELOPMENT

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Abstract

This paper examines the behavior of the fishers violating a zoning regulation under a condition of limited enforcement in the fisheries of Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines. Rational utility theory is used as a framework for explaining compliance behavior. Samples of 304 violators from the study area were used in the analysis. Tobit model is employed in the analysis. The results indicate that economic, morality and social influence factors determine the overall violation decision of individual violators fishing in the prohibited area. In the general the findings of the study were consistent with the theoretical model of compliance behavior tested by previous researchers. Enforcement is costly thus to improve fishers? compliance in the study area there is a need to used other determinants of compliance as such as morality and social influence factors. Fisheries management authorities should also explore alternative approaches for managing fisheries such as participatory or community-based management approaches. Such approaches may incur lower monitoring and enforcement costs. rateB? R J??EER. The best absolute growth (292,05g), daily growth rate (1,34%/day), FCR (2,31), PER (1,68) and NPU (8,37), were achieved by treatment B, followed by C and A. meanwhile, the best SR was achieved by treatment C and followed A, and B.  Therefore, treatment B appeared to be the best fish feed formulation for Red tilapia production.
PERSEPSI PUBLIK MENGENAI PENGELOLAAN LINGKUNGAN HIDUP DI KOTA SEMARANG Fitri Purwanti, Indah; Susilowati, Indah
Diponegoro Journal of Economics Volume 1, Nomor 1, Tahun 2012
Publisher : Diponegoro Journal of Economics

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ABSTRACT The study was done in order to identify whether the level of public perception in assessing environmental management in Semarang city seen from the Pressure, State, and Response (PSR) on several indicators or object to the research of green open space (RTH), urban forests, surface water, ground water, air, and coastal (OECD, 2008, and Kenneth, 2008). It is also providing strategic advice on sustainable environmental management to be applied. It used primary and secondary data with Quoted purposive sampling. Respondent sample was taken as the city of Semarang about 110 people respondents, and 8 respondent?s key persons. Analytical methods used were mixed method with a quantitative approach used is descriptive statistics and qualitative approach is done by direct observation in the field and in-depth interviews with key persons respondents. Efforts toward improvement by the community activities in the role in environmental management, among others: (1) Reduce or restrict the use of electronic equipment, (2) Reduce or restrict the use of clean water, (3) Purchase of environmentally friendly products, (4) Recycling waste household, (5) Plant a tree in the neighborhood (reforestation), (6) Participate in managing the environment well, (7) Use of public transportation services in order to reduce pollution levels.
ANALISIS TINGKAT KEBERHASILAN MANAJEMEN PEMERINTAHAN DESA DILIHAT DARI PERSPEKTIF GENDER (STUDI KASUS DI KABUPATEN KENDAL DAN KABUPATEN KLATEN, JAWA TENGAH) Susilowati, Indah
JURNAL BISNIS STRATEGI Vol 9, No 7 (2002): Juli
Publisher : Magister Manajemen, Fakultas Ekonomika dan Bisnis Undip

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (975.081 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jbs.9.7.61-75

Abstract

Tingkat keberhasilan kepala desa dilihat dari perspektlf gender (perempuan dan laki-laki) akan dianalisis pada penelitian ini. Daerah penelitian yang dipilih adalah  Kabupaten Kendal (mewakili daerah pesisir) dan Kabupaten Klaten (mewakili daerah pedalaman). Metode sampling purposif telah dipakai untuk memilih 8 sampel kepala desa/ kelurahan dan  173 sampel dari masyarakat (wakil rakyat).Statistik deskriptif dan uji beda rata dipakai sebagai alat analisis pada penelitian ini. Gaya keµemimpinan kepala desa/ kelurahan yang dipersepsikan oleh masing-masing  responden menunjukkan bahwa sebagian besar masyarakat berpendapat  bahwa kepala desa/kelurahan mereka cenderung bertindak demokratis dalam gaya kepemimpinannya (rating I). Sedangkan untuk rating II adalah dipersepsikan bahwa  banyak para pemimpin pemerintahan desa mereka bergaya kepemimpinan campuran antara demokratis dan otoriter. Secara umum dapat dikatakan bahwa tipe hubungan dari tangga kepemimpinan yang terbanyak adalah pada tangga kepemfmpinan yang ke-7: memberikan empati (42,0 persen) diikuti dengan tangga ke-6: suka melibatkan diri (32,4 persen) dan tangga ke-8: dapat menggerakkan masa  (12,5 persen).     Berdasarkan uji perbedaan rata-rata yang telah dilakukan terhadap efektivitas keberhasilan kepemimpinan dari kepala desa/ lurah dilihat dari perspektif gender nampak bahwa ternyata secara statistik tidak memberikan perbedaan yang signifikan (berarti)  dari kesemua komponen (ada lima faktor) yang diuji. Dari hasil temuan tersebut dapat diinterpretasikan bahwa sebenarnya kompetensi manajerial dari kepala desa atau kepala kelurahan laki-laki adalah tidak berbeda dengan kompetensi manajerial dari kepala desa atau kepala kelurahan perempuan. Sehingga sebaiknya peluang untuk menduduki jabatan sebagai pimpinan (baik politis maupun tidak politis) sudah selayaknya untuk diberikan kepada pihak yang mempunyai kompetensi manajerial dan strategi dengan tidak bias jepada masalah gendernya.
PROSPEK PENERAPAN “CO-MANAGEMENT” UNTUK PENGELOLAAN SUMBERDAYA PESISIR DI KEPULAUAN KARIMUNJAWA, JEPARA (IMPLEMENTATION OF “CO-MANAGEMENT” FOR COASTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN KARIMUNJAWA ISLANDS, JEPARA) Syah Rani, Dinar Isyana; Wijayanto, Dian; Indarjo, Agus; Susilowati, Indah
Saintek Perikanan : Indonesian Journal of Fisheries Science and Technology Vol 15, No 2 (2019): SAINTEK PERIKANAN
Publisher : Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (632.357 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ijfst.15.2.99-104

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Kegiatan pemanfaatan sumberdaya pesisir yang tidak terkontrol menyebabkan tekanan terhadap keberlangsungan ekologi. Penyelesaian masalah tersebut salah satunya dengan  kemitraan semua stakeholder yaitu dengan kesadaran  tentang adanya permasalahan yang terjadi dan  tanggung jawab dalam mengambil keputusan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menganalisis co-management sumberdaya pesisir di Kepuluan Karimunjawa dengan melibatkan seluruh pemangku kepentingan yang terkait.. Data penelitian dikumpulkan pada bulan April 2018 dengan melakukan observasi dan wawancara mendalam terhadap informan kunci dengan jumlah 140 orang yang terdiri dari terdiri atas pelaku usaha, pemerintah dan masyarakat dan akademisi. Analisis yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini dengan menerapkan konsep co-management dengan melihat dari 11 kondisi kunci. Hasil analisis co-management menunjukan perlunya dilakukan kerjasama antara pihak akademisi, pelaku usaha, masyarakat dan pemerintah  dengan hasil jumlah skor rata-rata 3,17 yang menunjukan bahwa keberhasilan pendekatan kemitraan sumberdaya perikanan di Kepulauan Karimunjawa dalam kondisi cukup. The activity of uncontrolled utilization of coastal resources causes pressure on ecological sustainability. One of the solutions to this problem is through the partnership of all stakeholders, with awareness the problems that occur and the responsibility for making decisions. The purpose of this study was to analyze the co-management of Coastal Resources in Karimunjawa Island by involving all relevant stakeholders. The research data was collected in April 2018 by conducting in-depth observations and interviews with key informants with 140 people consisting of according to business needs , government and society and academics. The analysis used in this study used the management concept together with looking at 11 key conditions. The results of co-management analysis indicate the need for cooperation between academics, businesses, communities and the government with the results of an average score of 3.17 indicating that it is related to partnerships in the Karimunjawa Islands in sufficient condition.
ROLE OF LAW ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITIES IN THE FISHERIES RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Susilowati, Indah
JOURNAL OF COASTAL DEVELOPMENT Vol 2, No 2 (1999): Volume 2, Number 2, Year 1999
Publisher : JOURNAL OF COASTAL DEVELOPMENT

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Enforcement activities is important to determine the success of fisheries management. However, enforcement is costly for Indonesia which made up from many islands and has very long coastline. Therefore, it is needed to find the alternative with least in cost. One of the feasible alternatives is by empowering fishers and their communities to monitor and surveillance the fisheries resources in their adjacent. This system is rather using traditional concept of community-based or co-management.
KONSEP PENGEMBANGAN RUANG TERBUKA HIJAU (RTH) PADA PERMUKIMAN KEPADATAN TINGGI Susilowati, Indah; Nurini, Nurini
JURNAL PEMBANGUNAN WILAYAH & KOTA Vol 9, No 4 (2013): JPWK Vol 9 No 4 December 2013
Publisher : Magister Pembangunan Wilayah dan Kota,Undip

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1780.021 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/pwk.v9i4.6680

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Surakarta has a concept of ?Eco Cultural City? which has been realized by performing efforts to increase the quality and quantity of green open space, especially in high density residential. Development of a green open space in high-density residentials are an interesting phenomenon to study with raised a research questions: how does the development concept of green open space in high density residential? Purpose of this study is to develop the development concept of green open space in high density settlements. The objects of this research are assessing the characteristics in high density residential, examines the characteristics of  green open space in  high- density residential, analyze green open space typology in high density residential, and analyzes development concept of green open space in high density residential through the ?human settlement? concept. This research was conducted using a quantitative approach. The development concept of green open space, in the concept of ?human settlement?, geared towards the function development of green open space in achieving ?nature? and ?society? elements on each green open space typology formed. One form of the development concept of green space is done by optimizing land through planting medium pots of plants.
MENUJU PENGELOLAAN SUNGAI BERSIH DI KAWASAN INDUSTRI BATIK YANG PADAT LIMBAH CAIR (STUDI EMPIRIS: WATERSHED SUNGAI PEKALONGAN DI KOTA PEKALONGAN) Suryo Mratihatani, Anandriyo; Susilowati, Indah
Diponegoro Journal of Economics Volume 2, Nomor 2, Tahun 2013
Publisher : Diponegoro Journal of Economics

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Pekalongan is one of the city in Indonesia where can develop it?s batik industry. In 2011, the number of IKM pekalongan?s batik achieves 631 units. However, this industry brings the negative impact of waste pollution and it affects so many complex problems for the environment surrounding. The objective of this research is for: (1) to identify profile or condition of the river in Pekalongan, (2) to analyze the damages of river?s environment in Pekalongan, and (3) to set a clean river management strategy in Pekalongan. This research uses primary and secondary data. Primary data is obtained from 48 respondents which consist of the households, entrepreneurs, and key persons whereas the secondary data is obtained from Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Jawa Tengah, BLH Kota Semarang and DPKLH Kota Pekalongan. Sample taking technique which is used for this research consists of Purposive and Snowball sampling. The analysis tool which is used to answer the first objective applies the institutional analysis and to answer the second purpose applies the economical valuation analysis, simultaneously to answer the third purpose applies the qualitative analysis method. The result of this research is that the river in Pekalongan has been polluted and based on the field, it is found that societies lack of awareness toward the river?s environment. In addition, the batik?s entrepreneurs have no awareness too for the river?s environment thus it makes the river worse. On the other hand it was found that the allocation of government funds for the restoration of the river's share is USD. 440 million, 00 of the WTA is Rp. 57208.05 while the WTP of employers only Rp. 0, 00
THE COMMITMENT BEHAVIOR OF FISHERS TOWARDS THE DEVELOPMENT OF THEIR COMMUNITY A CASE STUDY IN DEMAK CENTRAL JAVA – INDONESIA Susilowati, Indah
JOURNAL OF COASTAL DEVELOPMENT Vol 6, No 3 (2003): Volume 6, Number 3, Year 2003
Publisher : JOURNAL OF COASTAL DEVELOPMENT

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The commitment of fishers towards their community development is investigated in this study. Several statistical tools such as discriminant analysis, cross-tabulation  and compare means  with  independent t-test have been employed  to analyze the data which were collected from 56 samples in the study area of  Wedung and Moro Demak, Demak Regency.  The results  showed  that  the commitment behaviour  of fishers  might be guided  by several variables  such as  Age, Sex, Educ, Exper, Inc, Stay.  In order  to improve the commitment levels of respondents,  thus, magnitude of  the observed variables in the model could be explored further.  Lastly, the model of fishers? commitment with discriminant analysis performes fairly good with  the right prediction of the original grouped cases is correctly classified for about 62.5%.
INDONESIAN FISHERIES PHENOMENA: DEVELOPMENT, ENHANCEMENT AND MANAGEMENT Susilowati, Indah
JOURNAL OF COASTAL DEVELOPMENT Vol 3, No 2 (2000): Volume 3 Number 2 Year 2000
Publisher : JOURNAL OF COASTAL DEVELOPMENT

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Indonesia has a great endeavor in fisheries resources. However, most of the resources remain underutilized in some extents. At the same time, resources disparity is occurred in Indonesian fisheries. Tight competition among the resource users happen in fisheries with dense population. In such situation, thereafter, tragedy of common phenomena will happen. Managing fisheries resource in the condition which constitutes thousands of islands like Indonesia is not an easy task and should be quit costly in expenses. One of strategies that require less in cost and could promise a better achievement is through reviving the potency which belongs to the community (such as traditions, customs, beliefs, etc.) and with empowering community to manage the fisheries resource.
WILL CO-MANAGEMENT APPROACH BRING A GOOD PROSPECT FOR BABON RIVER MANAGEMENT IN SEMARANG, CENTRAL JAVA-INDONESIA? Susilowati, Indah
JOURNAL OF COASTAL DEVELOPMENT Vol 6, No 1 (2002): Volume 6, Number 1, Year 2002
Publisher : JOURNAL OF COASTAL DEVELOPMENT

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Semarang Municipality is passed by Babon river in the Eastern part. This river  flows from Ungaran in Semarang Regency at the upper-stream  and  streams down to Java sea  in Demak Regency.This river is utilised by various parties for multi-purposes. Thus, to manage Babon river and its watershed need coordination among the stakeholders. In this case, community as one of the competent stakeholders  is considered as the most important  role player who determine the success of sustainable river management. Babon river passes Semarang City longer than Semarang and Demak regencies. It seems  when the stakeholders  of Semarang pay more attention to Babon river will harvest more benefits compared to its costs. It  indeed needs  sharing in responsibility and understanding among the stakeholders along the watershed of Babon river. Collaborations between G to G (such as Germany and Indonesia) and Local Government (LG) to  LG are seriously needed to support the success of the river management. Nevertheless, many efforts have been made  on  it. As mentioned by Lilin (2000), the existing participation contributed by  community and key-persons along the Babon watershed in Semarang City were relatively low. The preliminary survey indicated that introducing co-management approach among the stakeholders  in managing Babon river will  provide  a good prospect in the future. Many evidences have shown the success of  co-management approach in managing natural resources in the third world countries in Asia, Africa and the developed ones. Babon river is a common resource, open-access to any parties and transboundary along three regions, thereby, need  protocol concept  to achieve the optimal  management. What are the priority and how co-management should be implemented in  Babon river are not easy questions but subject to further research.