Susmihara Susmihara
Dosen/ Wakil Dekan II di FAH UIN Alauddin Makassar

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Perkembangan Islam Di Prancis Susmihara, Susmihara
Jurnal Adabiyah Vol 13, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Adabiyah
Publisher : Fakultas Adab dan Humaniora UIN Alauddin

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Abstract

This writing explored about the existence of Islam in France. The presence of Islam in France was due to the effort of imigrants of South Africa, Aljazair, Marocco, Tunis, Turkie, and other Muslim dominated countries. Their arrival in France had significant contribution toward Islamic development in France. Following the time, Islam more and more grew and plural, and its population reaches 4.6 percent from total citizens. Moslems in France are adequately apreciated by the goverment to establish their religiosity. It doesn’t mean that Islam is free from pressure, Islam sometimes paces complicated problems due to tribal and etnical problems.
Khulafa Al-Rasyidin (Dinamika Sosial Politik dan Dakwah Islam) Susmihara, Susmihara
Jurnal Adabiyah Vol 15, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Adabiyah
Publisher : Fakultas Adab dan Humaniora UIN Alauddin

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Abstract

The election of Abu Bakr as the Caliph is on the basis of democracy. Baiat generally performed better than the Muhajirin and Ansar. He managed to fight the apostates and the liar who claim to be prophet, so the transition is successfully passed by the Caliphs. Appointment of Umar ibn al-Khattab instead of Abu Bakar also complies with the constitution because through deliberation that does not use an authoritarian system. During his reign, Umar managed to bring the glory of Islam and set the state administration into an ideal shape. Usman ibn Affan elected as Khalifah based system acclamation. Attainment Usman in the lead and the softness of his heart without realizing opportunities influx of calumny at the end of his leadership that led to his killing. While accusations of nepotism addressed to Usman totally unwarranted and can be rejected. Ali ibn Abi Talib reigns at a difficult time in which the split occurs in the body of the people. Ijtihad difference in demanding justice for the murder Usman is the main cause of the civil war, not because of a power struggle.
DINASTI ABBASIYAH (KEMAJUAN DALAM BIDANG ILMU AGAMA, FILSAFAT, PENDIDIKAN DAN SAINS) Susmihara, Susmihara
Al-Hikmah Journal for Religious Studies Vol 21, No 2 (2019): Jurnal Al Hikmah
Publisher : Fakultas Adab dan Humaniora UIN Alauddin

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Abstract

Dinasti Abbasiyah berdiri setelah keruntuhan Dinasti Umawiyah. Keruntuhan dinasti tersebut disebabkan banyaknya konflik internal dan eksternal dari Dinasti Umawiyah, sehingga Dinasti Abbasiyah muncul sebagai kekuatan baru dalam perpolitikan umat Islam. Kekuasaan Dinasti Abbasiyah berumur sekitar lima ratus tahun (750-1258 M / 132-656 H). Pada periode awal kekuasaannya memiliki otoritas politik yang sangat kuat dan kemudian mampu melahirkan sebuah kemajuan peradaban yang disebut-sebut sebagai era keemasan (the Golden Age). Dalam bidang ilmu agama, muncullah beberapa ulama dalam bidang hukum atau fikih dengan berbagai mazhab. Dan dalam bidang hadis ditemukan usaha-usaha untuk penelusuran dan penghimpunan hadis. Begitupula ilmu lainnya, seperti ilmu tafsir yang sudah berdiri sendiri. Dalam bidang sains dan tekhnologi, khususnya pada ilmukedokteran atau pengobatan telah berkembang cukup pesat, yang ditandai dengan berdirinya sekolah kedokteran tingkat tinggi. Dalam bidang filsafat, dari kajian ilmu filsafat itulah sehingga melahirkan ilmuwan Islam popular atau para filosof dan pemikirannya, dan pada bidang pendidikan, ditandai dengan kurikulum utamanya dipusatkan pada al-Qur?an dan hadis, sertaberbagai lembaga pendidikan telah terbangun, mulai dari mesjid yang juga dijadikan tempat pengajaran/pendidikan selain tempat ibadah. Juga dibangunnya lembaga-lembaga dalam bidang tertentu seperti Bait al-Hikmah.
Perkembangan Islam Di Prancis Susmihara, Susmihara
Jurnal Adabiyah: Humanities and Islamic Studies Vol 13, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Adabiyah
Publisher : Faculty of Adab and Humanities - Alauddin State Islamic University of Makassar

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Abstract

This writing explored about the existence of Islam in France. The presence of Islam in France was due to the effort of imigrants of South Africa, Aljazair, Marocco, Tunis, Turkie, and other Muslim dominated countries. Their arrival in France had significant contribution toward Islamic development in France. Following the time, Islam more and more grew and plural, and its population reaches 4.6 percent from total citizens. Moslems in France are adequately apreciated by the goverment to establish their religiosity. It doesn’t mean that Islam is free from pressure, Islam sometimes paces complicated problems due to tribal and etnical problems.
Khulafa Al-Rasyidin (Dinamika Sosial Politik dan Dakwah Islam) Susmihara, Susmihara
Jurnal Adabiyah: Humanities and Islamic Studies Vol 15, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Adabiyah
Publisher : Faculty of Adab and Humanities - Alauddin State Islamic University of Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The election of Abu Bakr as the Caliph is on the basis of democracy. Baiat generally performed better than the Muhajirin and Ansar. He managed to fight the apostates and the liar who claim to be prophet, so the transition is successfully passed by the Caliphs. Appointment of Umar ibn al-Khattab instead of Abu Bakar also complies with the constitution because through deliberation that does not use an authoritarian system. During his reign, Umar managed to bring the glory of Islam and set the state administration into an ideal shape. Usman ibn Affan elected as Khalifah based system acclamation. Attainment Usman in the lead and the softness of his heart without realizing opportunities influx of calumny at the end of his leadership that led to his killing. While accusations of nepotism addressed to Usman totally unwarranted and can be rejected. Ali ibn Abi Talib reigns at a difficult time in which the split occurs in the body of the people. Ijtihad difference in demanding justice for the murder Usman is the main cause of the civil war, not because of a power struggle.
Kemajuan Budaya Masyarakat Makassar Abad XVII Susmihara, Susmihara
Jurnal Adabiyah: Humanities and Islamic Studies Vol 16, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Adabiyah
Publisher : Faculty of Adab and Humanities - Alauddin State Islamic University of Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/JAd.v17i116i1a5

Abstract

The plurality of social life of Makassar society in XVII century is a central point in the realization of gaining progress and performance in Makassar at the time. The plural life marked by principle of "high sea" and the tolerance among religious and the readiness Makassar government who politicized the society which has different background in mutual life.
Konflik Arab – Israel Di Palestina Susmihara, Susmihara
Jurnal Adabiyah: Humanities and Islamic Studies Vol 11, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Adabiyah
Publisher : Faculty of Adab and Humanities - Alauddin State Islamic University of Makassar

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Abstract

Palestina is a continously conflicted region. Thousand years before christus, Jews has already established the Judah King and Israel. These regions were occupied interchangably by some nations such as Assyiria, Babylonia, Misria, Persia, Macedonia, Romawi and Byzantium.  Arabian then took Palestina form caisar of Byzantium  (634 M) and in 1516 M., Palestina was under Turki Usmani kingdom. In  this time, Jews cameback to Paletine, and lived with arabian in harmony based on culture and religion. However, some leaders of Israel formed zionisme by means to establish Jews Nation. This movement finally became the main factor of conflict
Pendidikan Islam dengan Nilai-Nilai Budaya Susmihara, Susmihara
Jurnal Adabiyah: Humanities and Islamic Studies Vol 12, No 2 (2012): Jurnal Adabiyah
Publisher : Faculty of Adab and Humanities - Alauddin State Islamic University of Makassar

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Abstract

Islamic education aims at educating people to be insan kamil namely, a figure who has integrity in all aspect. Thus, religious education must be socialized in early age, in order children have a basic education especially in religious aspect. Islamic education is tiedly deals with values, meanwhile culture educates some norms and moral. It means that there is close relationship between religion and culture. In this case local genuine has significant role in supporting religious education,  because it has noble values which grow from the necleus of heart.
WALI SONGO DAN PERKEMBANGAN PENDIDIKAN ISLAM DI NUSANTARA Susmihara, Susmihara
RIHLAH Vol 5, No 2 (2017): Rihlah
Publisher : RIHLAH

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/rihlah.v19i2.4168

Abstract

Kedatangan Islam di Nusantara dibawa oleh para pedagang dan ulama-ulama, mereka datang dari Arab, Persia maupun India, penyebarannya adalah berada pada jalur-jalur dagang internasional pada saat itu. Pendidikan Islam dilakukan dalam bentuk khalaqah di rumah-rumah pedangang ataupun ulama maupun dengan tauladan. Walisongo dalam penyebaran Islam di Jawa sangat berhasil karena mampu mengislamisasikan wilayah Jawa. Lembaga pendidikan yang digunakan adalah pesantren. Keberhasilannya didukung oleh pendekatan yang digunakan adalah pendekatan kultur masyarakat Jawa.  
SEJARAH PERKEMBANGAN ORIENTALIS Susmihara, Susmihara
RIHLAH Vol 5, No 1 (2017): Rihlah
Publisher : RIHLAH

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/rihlah.v5i1.3182

Abstract

Minat orang Barat untuk mengkaji Timur termasuk Islam sudah berlangsung cukup lama dan telah menmpuh fase-fase historis tertentu. Setiap fase perkembangan  orientalis itu memiliki ciri dan tendensi yang berbeda. Fase sebelum melutusnya perang salib, tujuan para oritentalis  adalah memindahkan ilmu pengetahuan dari dunia Islam ke Eropa. Fase masa perang salib, Peter sebagai kepala Biara Cluny memerintahan para sarjana dan penerjemah untuk menerjemahkan teks-teks Arab ke bahasa latin. Dalam proses penerjemahan ini, terjadilah cerita-cerita negatif yang ditujukan kepada pribadi Nabi Muhammad saw. Cerita-cerita pada dasarnya akibat dari kekalahan Kristen dalam Perang Salib. Fase masa pencerahan di Eropa ditandai keinginan para orientalis untuk mencari kebenaran. Pada masa ini kekuatan rasio mulai meningkat sehingga lahirlah karya-karya yang dianggap objektif, bahkan berisi penghargaan kepada Nabi Muhammad dan Alquran. Hal ini didorong oleh motif ekonomi dan politik. Orang Barat pada saat ini, berkeinginan menguasai Timur, oleh karena itu dibutuhkan pengetahuan Timur secara objektif dan menyeluruh, agar dapat menyusun strategi  untuk mencapai tujuan itu. Mulai abad ke 19 sampai sekarang para orientalis secara teratur mengadakan kegiatan seperti kongres-kongres, mendirikan lembaga-lembaga kajian ketimuran, mendirikan  organisasi-organisasi ketimuran dan menerbitkan majalah-majalah.