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PROFIL IMUNOGLOBULIN-G SERUM KAMBING PERANAKAN ETAWAH BUNTING YANG DIBERI IMBUHAN PAKAN MINERAL SENG (SERUM IMUNOGLOBULIN-G LEVEL ON PREGNANT ETTAWAH CROSSBRED WERE GIVEN ZINC MINERAL) Widhyari, Sus Derthi; Esfandiari, Anita; Sutama, I Ketut; Widodo, Setyo; Wibawan, I Wayan Teguh; Ramdhany, Rizal Rahadian
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 18 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (96.664 KB) | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2017.18.1.24

Abstract

The objective of this study was to find out the effect of zinc supplementation on the profile of immunoglobulin-G (IgG) in the pregnant etawah-cross ewes. Fifteen etawah-cross ewes (3-6 years old and 30-50 kg body weight) were used in this experiment and they were divided into three groups each of which consisted of 5 ewes. The first group (Zn40) received 40 ppm Zn as control, the second group (Zn60) received 60 ppm Zn, and the third group (Zn80) received 80 ppm Zn. Blood samples were collected from jugular vein every two weeks, started at twelve weeks of pregnancy up to eight weeks post partum for immunoglobulin-G analysis. IgG level were analyzed by competitive Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) technique. Results showed that there were no significant difference of immunoglobulin-G level (P>0,05) among the three treatment groups ( Zn40, Zn60, and Zn80). However, IgG level of Zn40 and Zn80 groups tended to decrease during the last staget of pregnancy until two weeks post partum. In conclusion, supplementation of 60 ppm Zn showed higher IgG level than Zn 80 ppm. ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efek suplementasi seng (Zn) terhadap imunoglobulin-G (IgG) pada kambing peranakan etawah (PE) bunting. Penelitian ini menggunakan 15 ekor kambing PE umur sekitar tiga sampai enam tahun, bobot badan sekitar 30-50 kg dibagi ke dalam tiga kelompok, masing-masing terdiri dari lima ekor. Kelompok Zn40 (kontrol) diberi pakan mengandung mineral Zn 40 ppm, kelompok Zn60 mengandung mineral Zn 60 ppm, dan kelompok Zn80 mengandung mineral Zn 80 ppm. Sampel darah diambil melalui vena jugularis untuk menganalisis konsentrasi IgG. Pengambilan sampel darah dilakukan setiap dua minggu mulai umur kebuntingan 12 minggu sampai delapan minggu setelah melahirkan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa konsentrasi IgG serum tidak menunjukkan perbedaan secara nyata antar kelompok (P>0,05) antara kelompok Zn 0, Zn 40 dan Zn 80 ppm. Kelompok Zn 40 ppm dan 80 ppm cendrung memperlihatkan konsentrasi IgG mengalami penurunan pada akhir kebuntingan sampai dua minggu setelah melahirkan. Pada kelompok Zn 60 ppm memperlihatkan konsentrasi IgG lebih tinggi dibanding kelompok Zn 80 ppm.
KONSENTRASI PROTEIN TOTAL, ALBUMIN, DAN GLOBULIN ANAK KAMBING PERANAKAN ETAWAH SETELAH PEMBERIAN BERBAGAI SEDIAAN KOLOSTRUM* (TOTAL PROTEIN, ALBUMIN, AND GLOBULIN CONCENTRATIONS ON ETTAWAH CROSSBREED NEONATES FOLLOWING THE ADMINISTRATION OF VARIOUS FORM O Esfandiari, Anita; Widhyari, Sus Derthi; Widodo, Setyo; Wibawan, I Wayan Teguh; Sajuthi, Dondin; Sutama, I Ketut
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 15 No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (140.331 KB)

Abstract

This experiment was conducted to study the profile of total protein, albumin, and globulin concentrationson Ettawah crossbreed neonates after consuming various colostrums. Twenty four healthy neonatal kidswere used in this study. The neonates were divided into four groups. Each group received fresh maternal(goat) colostrum, frozen-thawed bovine colostrum, bovine spray dried colostrum, and bovine powdercommercial colostrum, respectively. Colostrums were given at 10% of body weight directly after birth andfollowed by the same amount every 12 hours, for three days. The blood was taken from jugular vein at 0, 12,24, 48, 72, and 168 hours after birth to determine total protein, albumin, and globulin concentrations.Results of this study indicated that the serum total protein and globulin concentration increased andreached the peak at 24 hours after birth. Compared to the concentration at birth, the increase of totalprotein concentration were 62.77%, 59.26%, 48.05%, and 66.67% in fresh maternal (goat), frozen-thawedbovine, bovine spray dried, and commercial bovine colostrum, respectively. Serum globulin concentrationincreased 4.9, 4.4, 4.8, and 14.6 times in fresh matermnal goat, frozen-thawed bovine, spray dried, andcommercial bovine colostrums respectively, compared to the concentration at birth. In conclusion, theconsumption of various colostrums i.e. fresh maternal goat colostrums, bovine colostrums (frozen-thawed,spray dried and commercial colostrums) would increase the concentration of blood total protein and globulin,which both reached the highest concentration at 24 h after birth.
ENTREPRENEURAL FIGURE OF MOUNT AGUNG TREKKING GUIDES Mudana, I Gede; Sutama, I Ketut; Widhari, Cokorda Istri Sri
E-Journal of Cultural Studies Volume 10, Number 3, August 2017
Publisher : Cultural Studies Doctorate Program, Postgraduate Program of Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (769.708 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/cs.2017.v10.i03.p05

Abstract

Mount Agung with an altitude of 3,142 meters from sea level stood at the coordinates of 8020'27 "S 115030'12" E, circled along 105 kilometers (65 miles), and classified as a volcanic type monoconic strato. The highest mountain in Bali Province was located in Selat District, Karangasem Regency. It got a last major eruption in 1963 and since then began to be climbed by climbers/tourists. Because in 1970s and 1980s some climbers/tourists very often got lost and accidents to death, since the 1990s a number of the local community members took initiative to serve the climbers/tourists who want to explore the mountain known as holy and sacred one. This study was conducted in order to understand and describe the pioneering aspects of entrepreneurial figure of the related trekking guides. It was a qualitative study with a qualitative data analysis. The results of this study showed that because Mount Agung was not an ordinary mountain but full of myths and stories that were supernatural, so the entrepreneurial practices of the Selat Village community appeared not only to serve the climbers/trekkers as usual but also to preserve the environment and ensure their safety as there were so many taboos in the climbing/trekking. All these facts can be seen from the depiction of the stories and experiences of the local climbing/trekking guides who had been doing their work for years. As entrepreneurs, they looked for income but, above all, environmental sustainability and the spirituality of the mountain werw not neglected.
The Use of Local Breed for Milk Production in Indonesia Sutama, I Ketut
Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 18, No 4 (2008)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (299.372 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/wartazoa.v18i4.895

Abstract

Buffalo (river and swamp), Hissar cattle and Etawah grade (PE) goats are three breeds of potential livestock which can be developed as dairy animals in Indonesia to increase national milk production. Riverine buffaloes (Murrah) are found only in North Sumatera province. Hissar cattle are found in a relatively small number in Sumbawa, West Nusa Tenggara and North Sumatera  provinces.  Swamp  buffaloes  and  PE  goats  are mostly  found  in  Java.  Under  traditional  management system in Indonesia, potential milk production of buffaloes varied 0.5 – 2.25 l/day, while Hissar dan PE goats produced milk of 2 – 5 l/day and 0.5 – 2 l/day, respectively. These animals are well adapted with local environmental conditions, hence, become their biological strengths. In some areas, the farmers are familiar in rearing these animals, so that development of buffalo, Hissar and PE production will be easier to be implemented. It is still required to disseminate the relevant information in order to support the improvement of people nutritional status and increase farmers’ income.   Key words: Buffalo, Hissar, PE goat, milk
Effects of glycerol in tris extender on frozen semen quality of crossbred Etawah bucks Tambing, Surya Natal; Toelihere, Mozes R; Yusuf, Tuty L; Sutama, I ketut
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 5, No 2 (2000)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (171.879 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v5i2.203

Abstract

Bucks semen is easily damaged during freezing process, due to the formation of ice crystals. Consequently, semen quality decreases particularly the post-thaw sperm motility, viability, intack plasma membrane and intack acrosomal cap. The objectives of this research are to determine the optimum dose of glycerol in Tris extender in maintaining frozen semen quality of crossbred Etawah bucks. Four head of PE buck of 2 - 4 years old were used in this experiment. Doses of glycerol used were 5%, 6% and 7%. Semen was collected once a week using artificial vagina. Results of this experiment indicated that the mean percentage of pre-freezing motility, live sperm, sperm with intact plasma membrane and intact acrosomal cap in 5%, 6% and 7% glycerol were not significantly different (P>0.05). After freezing, the mean percentage of motility, live sperm, sperm with intact plasma membrane and intact acrosomal cap in 6% glycerol (52.60%, 65.03%, 45.63% and 47.54% respectively) were significantly higher (P<0.05) than in 5% (44.31%, 52.00%, 37.60% and 37.00% respectively) and in 7% glycerol (45.28%, 52.10%, 37.97% and 37.14% respectively). However, there were not significant differences in 5% and 7% glycerol for any parameter measured. It was concluded that supplementation of glycerol 6% in Tris extender effective to protect of sperm from various shock during the process of semen cryopreservation, so that it could maintain of frozen semen quality (sperm motility, viability, intack plasma membrane and intack acrosomal cap) that suitable used in AI program of crossbred Etawah bucks.   Key words : Glycerol, PE bucks, semen quality
Productive and Reproductive Performances of Female Etawah Crossbred Goats in Indonesia Sutama, I Ketut
Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 19, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (66.256 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/wartazoa.v19i1.927

Abstract

Although Etawah Crossbred (PE) goat is considered to be dual purpose (meat and milk) goat, it is mainly raised for meat production. Since early 1990, there has been a growing interest of the farmer in some places to raise PE goat for milk production without sacrificing its role to produce kids for meat. The average birth weight of PE kids varied widely (2.8 – 5 kg), resulted in a high variation in weaning weight (9 – 14 kg). A high pre-weaning mortality of 10 – 50% was a major source of lost in goat production in Indonesia, partly due to low birth weight and/or miss mothering ability. Young female PE goat reached puberty at 8 – 12 months of age and at body weight of about 18 – 22 kg or about 53 – 60% of mature body weight. Gestation length varied between 142 – 156 days, and first post partum estrous occurred at 3 – 5 months after parturition took place, resulted in 8 – 10 months of kidding intervals. Lactation period lasted for 5 – 8 months with total milk yield of 177 – 203 kg/lactation (average 0.85 kg/day). Although milk yield of PE goat was not as high as milk yield of some other dairy goats, the ability of PE goat to cope with harsh local environment, particularly climate and feed conditions, was an advantage. Therefore, raising PE goat would still be an important part of farmer activities in the rural areas in Indonesia.  Key words: PE goat, reproduction, milk production
Supplementation of bangun-bangun leaf (Coleus amboinicus Lour) and Zn-vitamin E to improve metabolism and milk production of Etawah cross bred goats Rumetor, Sientje Daisy; Jachja, Jajat; Widjajakusuma, Reviany; Permana, Idat Galih; Sutama, I Ketut
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 13, No 3 (2008)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (74.282 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v13i3.579

Abstract

Two experiments were conducted to determine the effects of Coleus amboinicus L. and zinc-vitamin E supplementation in ration to improve rumen metabolism and milk production of Etawah crossbred goat. In the first experiment, 6 treatments were evaluated using in vitro batch culture. It was found that Coleus amboinicus and Zn-vitamin E supplementation significantly (P< 0.01) increase dry matter (DM) and organic matter (OM) digestibility and Volatile Fatty Acid (VFA) concentration, but decrease NH3 concentration, rumen pH and total microbe. In the second experiment, 8 treatments were evaluated using in vivo experiment on 24 goats. The result showed that Coleus amboinicus and Zn-vitamin E supplementation significantly increase dry matter and TDN intake and milk production. Key Words: Coleus Amboinicus, Zn-Vitamin E, Rumen Metabolism, Milk Production, Etawah Crossbred Goat
PROFIL KADAR KORTISOL DAN SENG PADA KAMBING PERANAKAN ETAWAH SAAT MELAHIRKAN YANG DIBERI TAMBAHAN SENG DALAM PAKANNYA Derthi Widhyari, Sus; Widodo, Setyo; Teguh Wibawan, I Wayan; Sutama, I Ketut; Esfandiari, Anita
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 12, No 3 (2011)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (170.536 KB)

Abstract

The objective at this experiment was to study the role of zinc supplementation (Zn) in minimizingstress at parturition. Thirty etawah cross breed age 3-6 years with average body weight 30-50 kg were usedin this study and divided into three groups ; i) animal were given grass + feed concentrate + ZnSO4 40 mg/kg dry matter ( control group) ; (ii) grass + feed concentrate + ZnSO4 60 mg/kg dry matter (treatment 1), and(iii) grass + feed concentrate + ZnSO4 80 mg/kg dry matter (treatment 2), respectively drinking water weregiven ad libitum. To monitor zinc and cortisone level, blood samples were withdrawn from each animalevery two weeks starting at age of pregnancy 3 months up to two months post parturition, in addition, tomonitor the cortisone level blood samples were also collected at 1,2,3 and 7 days post parturition. The Znand cortisone serum were analyzed using atomic absorbent spectro photometric (AAS) andradioimmunoassay (RIA), respectively the result showed that generally pregnancy at the beginning andget serum level at cortisone was relatively similar between the three animal groups and there was atendency to increase and reached peak at parts then gradually decrease until the and of the observation. Atparturition the lowest serum level at cortisone (19.00±18.72 mg/ml) was observed in animals receiving the60/ dry matter zinc supplement compared to animal receiving 80 mg/ dry matter zinc ( 52.65 ± 30.83 mg/ml) and control animal ( 75.92 ± 42.88 mg/ml). in addition serum level at Zn was significantly higher inanimal receiving 60 mg and 80 mg Zn in their diets compared to control animals. The best profiles wereseen in animal given 60 mg/kg dry matter Zn supplement. In conclusion, the addition of Zn in the diets hadsignificant effect in minimizing stress as pictured by the low serum level at cortisone at parturition.
MATERIALITY AND SPIRITUALITY IN BALI TOURISM: AN ETHICAL REFLECTION ON THE TRI-HITA-KARANA Suamba, Ida Bagus Putu; Sutama, I Ketut
Jurnal Internasional Ilmu Pengetahuan Terapan bidang Pariwisata dan Events Vol 1 No 1 (2017): June 2017
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (P3M) Politeknik Negeri Bali

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (332.653 KB) | DOI: 10.31940/ijaste.v1i1.189

Abstract

This paper aims at finding out ethical drawbacks the concept Tri-hita-karana has in its pragmatic level and offer an insight of critical analysis of ethical values. Tri-hita-karana has been seen as the foundation on which Bali Tourism developed to its full range. The methods of study used are library and field researches focusing on the ontological, axiological, and pragmatic levels in Bali tourism. It has found that the significant gain in the field of materiality, spirituality tends to be marginalised and vice-versa. This has further impact on life of Balinese. Imbalance of relationships exists between human beings and their fellows, human beings and nature, and human beings and divinity. Nevertheless, both domains are required in life, and any of these is absent, life is just impossible since life is the permutation of them in complex ways.  Materiality gains seem to bring Balinese away from spirituality vis-a-vis religion in its right sense.  Of the ethical perspective, the Tri-hita-karana as the philosophical foundation of tourism in Bali provides ideas/thoughts that can be used to  minimalize the gaps because it does not lay down ethical outlook as how to cope with the gaps.  The relationship amongst those elements involved is basically a matter of ethics as philosophy of moral, and hence ethical consideration is required in designing as well as in implementing policy in tourism. Critical ideas are required for not only of metaphysical perspective but also of ethical values and pragmatic practices.  Bali tourism tends to dehumanize Balinese if not immediate ethical considerations of Tri-hita-karana are taken into account in pragmatic levels. Development and sustainability of Bali Tourism should be based on Balinese cultural spirit and values; looking it from its inner strengths.
The Use of Local Breed for Milk Production in Indonesia Sutama, I Ketut
WARTAZOA. Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 18, No 4 (2008): DECEMBER 2008
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (299.372 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/wartazoa.v18i4.895

Abstract

Buffalo (river and swamp), Hissar cattle and Etawah grade (PE) goats are three breeds of potential livestock which can be developed as dairy animals in Indonesia to increase national milk production. Riverine buffaloes (Murrah) are found only in North Sumatera province. Hissar cattle are found in a relatively small number in Sumbawa, West Nusa Tenggara and North Sumatera  provinces.  Swamp  buffaloes  and  PE  goats  are mostly  found  in  Java.  Under  traditional  management system in Indonesia, potential milk production of buffaloes varied 0.5 – 2.25 l/day, while Hissar dan PE goats produced milk of 2 – 5 l/day and 0.5 – 2 l/day, respectively. These animals are well adapted with local environmental conditions, hence, become their biological strengths. In some areas, the farmers are familiar in rearing these animals, so that development of buffalo, Hissar and PE production will be easier to be implemented. It is still required to disseminate the relevant information in order to support the improvement of people nutritional status and increase farmers’ income.   Key words: Buffalo, Hissar, PE goat, milk