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PEMBEKALAN AKHIR PEMBERANGKATAN (PAP) PADA CALON PEKERJA MIGRAN DI PROVINSI NUSA TENGGARA BARAT Suwanti, Suwanti; Widjanarko, Bagoes; Mustofa, Syamsulhuda Budi
Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia Volume 7, No. 1, Januari 2012
Publisher : Master Program of Health Promotion Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (37.721 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.7.1.53-62

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ABSTRAKProgram pemerintah yang dikhususkan untuk para calon pekerja migran yaitu mengikuti PAP yang berisi materi wajib dan penunjang salah satunya berupa pemberian informasi dasar tentang kesehatan reproduksi dan HIV/AIDS. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengevaluasi penyelenggaraan pembekalan akhir pemberangkatan (PAP) pada calon pekerja migran di Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Barat. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kualitatif, dimana pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan cara wawancara mendalam, observasi dan diskusi kelompok terarah. Informan dalam penelitian ini sebanyak 19 orang, analisa data menggunakan metode thematic content analysis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa petugas PAP telah memiliki pengetahuan tentang konsep PAP namun untuk pengetahuan tentang HIV/ AIDS masih terbatas, sehingga sikap petugas PAP tidak menganggap penting pemberian materi HIV/ AIDS pada calon pekerja migran formal. Hambatan pada pelaksanaan PAP yaitu tidak adanya ketersediaan sarana dan prasarana yang memadai. Materi HIV/AIDS tidak sesuai dengan modul pegangan instruktur yang disampaikan hanya dengan metode ceramah dan tidak menggunakan media pengajaran. Tidak ada kerjasama lintas sektoral dengan Dinas Kesehatan dan KPA Provinsi NTB terkait pemberian informasi HIV/AIDS pada calon pekerja migran.Kata Kunci : pekerja migran, HIV/AIDSABSTRACTThe Final Departure Briefing (FDB) Implementation On The Prospective Migrant Workers In West Nusa Tenggara Province ; Government programs are devoted to the prospective migrant workers that is following the final departure briefing (FDB) which contains the compulsory and supporting material; one of them is basic information about reproductive health and HIV/AIDS. This study aims to evaluate the FDB implementation on the prospective migrant workers in West Nusa Tenggara Province. This study was qualitative research. The data collection was conducted by in-depth interview, observation and focus group discussion (FGD). Informan in this study were 19 subjects. The analysis of the data in this study used thematic content analysis method. The results of this study showed that is the official organization of the FDB implementation were the FDB officers have knowledge about FDB concept, but to knowledge about HIV/AIDS is still low, so the attitude of the FDB officers do not consider important material provision of HIV/AIDS on formal prospective migrant workers. Barriers the FDB implementation were unavailability of adequate facilities and infrastructure. HIV/ AIDS materials not appropriate with the reference module of instructors which presented by lecture method and also not using the media. There?s no cooperation with health authorities and AIDS Commission (KPA) in the process of FDB implementation related HIV/AIDS information to prospective migrant workers.Keywords : migrant workers, HIV/AIDS
GAMBARAN KUALITAS HIDUP PASIEN GAGAL GINJAL KRONIS YANG MENJALANI TERAPI HEMODIALISA Suwanti, Suwanti; Wakhid, Abdul; Taufikurrahman, Taufikurrahman
Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa Vol 5, No 2 (2017): November 2017
Publisher : Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa

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Abstract

Kualitas hidup merupakan keadaan dimana seseorang mendapatkan kepuasan atau kenikmatan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Indikator dari kualitas hidup diantaranya yaitu, dimensi kesehatan fisik, dimensi kesejahteran pisikologis, dimensi hubungan sosial, dan dimensi kesehatan lingkungan. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui gambaran kualitas hidup pada pasien gagal ginjal kronis yang menjalani terapi hemodialisa di RSUD Ambarawa. Metode penelitian menggunakan metode deskriptif dengan populasi81 respondendan jumlah sampel 41 responden diambil menggunakan metode accidental sampling. Alat pengambilan data menggunakan skala kualitas hidup dari WHOQOL-BREF. Analisa data menggunakan analisis univariat. Hasil penelitian didapatkan gambaran kualitas hidup pasien gagal ginjal kronik dilihat dari dimensi kesehatan fisik memiliki kualitas hidup buruk, yaitu sebanyak 23 orang (56,1%). Dimensi kesehatan psikologi memiliki kualitas hidup buruk, yaitu sebanyak 24 orang (58,5%). Dimensi hubungan sosial memiliki kualitas hidup baik, yaitu sebanyak 21 orang (51, 2%). Dimensi lingkungan memiliki kualitas hidup baik, yaitu sebanyak 22 orang (53,7. Gambaran kualitas hidup pasien gagal ginjal yang menjalani hemodialisa memiliki kualitas hidup buruk sebanyak 25 orang (61,0%), sedangkan 16 orang responden (39, 0%) memiliki kualitas hidupbaik. Keluarga lebih mengetahui pentingnya dukungan dan motivasi keluarga maupun kerabat selama terapi hemodialisa sehingga dapat meningkatkan harapan dan kualitas hidup pasien yang lebih tinggi. Kata kunci: kualitas hidup, gagal ginjal kronik, hemodialisa DESCRIPTION OF LIFE QUALITY OF THE PATIENTS SUFFERING FROM CHRONIC RENAL FAILURE WHO WENT UNDERHEMODIALYSIS ABSTRACTQuality of life is a codition where a person gainssatisfaction or enjoyment in everyday life. The indicators of the quality of life, are dimension of physical health, dimension of psychological, social dimension, dimension of environmental health. The aim of the study to knowthe description of life quality of the patients suffering from chronic renal failure who went underhemodialysis inAmbarawa General Hospital. Method of the study used a descriptive method with population 81 respondent and 41 respondents as the samples taken by using accidental sampling method. The data collecting tool used the life quality scale of WHOQOL-BREF. Data analysis used SPSS version 23. 0. Finding of the study the description of the quality of life of patients with chronic renal failure seen from the physical health dimension had a poor quality of life, as many as 23 people (56.1%). Thedimension of psychology health had a poor quality of life, namely as many as 24 people (58.5%). The dimensions of social relations have a good quality of life, as many at 21 people (51.2%). The environmental dimension has a good quality of life, as many at 22 people (53.7%). The description of the quality of life of patients suffering from chronic renal failure undergoing hemodialysis have a poor quality of life of 25 people (61.0%). It is hoped that the family will be more aware about the importance of family support and motivation during hemodialyisistherapy so that it can improve the quality of life for the patients. Keywords: Quality of life, chronic renal failure, hemodialysis
KEPUTIHAN PADA WANITA USIA SUBUR MENGGUNAKAN EKSTRAK DAUN SIRSAK Suwanti, Suwanti; Koto, Yonferizal MR
JURNAL KEBIDANAN DAN KESEHATAN TRADISIONAL Vol 1 No 1 (2016): Jurnal Kebidanan dan Kesehatan Tradisional
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Surakarta

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Abstract

Abstract: The leaves of the soursop, woman of fertile age, Whitish. Whitish is the complaint most often found in women. Cause of vaginal discharge is a matter of cleanliness around the sex organs, such as less clean when dry the sex organs after urination and defecation. Soursop leaf oil contains asitrin, sineol 50% -65%, a- pinene, limonene and dipenten, mngandung asetogini compounds, among others asimisin, bulatasin and skuamosin. Peneitian goal is to determine the effectiveness of the use of soursop leaves against vaginal discharge in women of childbearing age. The research design was quasi experiment with pretest posttes approach, where the study was conducted grouping members of the experimental group. The subjects of this study were women of childbearing age who experience vaginal discharge by 30 samples. The statistical test used in this study is the Mann Whitney U Test. The results showed that women of childbearing age who experience vaginal discharge cured after taking the leaf extract of soursop 23 people (76.7%).
GAMBARAN TINGKAT KECEMASAN PASIEN YANG MENJALANI HEMODIALISA Wakhid, Abdul; Suwanti, Suwanti
Jurnal Ilmiah Permas: Jurnal Ilmiah STIKES Kendal Vol 9 No 2 (2019): April
Publisher : LPPM STIKES KENDAL

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (81.316 KB) | DOI: 10.32583/pskm.9.2.2019.95-102

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Efek samping dari hemodialisa ini berupa perubahan psikologis sehingga terjadi kecemasan. Kecemasan pasien GGK merupakan respon pasien GGK terhadap situasi yang dialami yang mengancam dan merupakan hal normal yang terjadi yang disertai perkembangan, perubahan, pengalaman baru, serta dalam menemukan identitas diri dan hidupnya. Tujuan penelitian ini yakni untuk mengetahui gambaran tingkat kecemasan pasien Gagal Ginjal Kronis yang menjalani hemodialisa di Kabupaten Semarang. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain deskriptif, dengan pendekatan survei. Sampel dalam penelitian ini sejumlah 88 responden,jumlah populasi 124 responden dan menggunakan tekhnikconvenience sampling. Instrumen yang digunakan yakni kuesioner HRSA untuk kategori tingkat kecemasan. Analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis univariat. Hasil penelitian ditemukan bahwa sebagian besar responden mengalami tingkat kecemasan berat berat sejumlah 30 responden (34,1%).Hasil penelitian ini diharapkan dapat dijadikan sebagai sumber informasi dalam memberikan asuhan keperawatan yang komprehensif dalam hal penanganan masalah psikologis yaitu kecemasan pada pasien yang timbul akibat penyakit kronik.   Kata kunci : Gagal ginjal kronik, Kecemasan   DESCRIPTION OF THE ANXIETY LEVEL OF PATIENTS UNDERGOING HEMODIALYSIS   ABSTRACT The side effects of hemodialysis are psychological changes resulting in anxiety. Anxiety in CRF patients is the response of CRF patients to a situation that is threatening and is a normal thing that happens that is accompanied by developments, changes, new experiences, and in finding their identity and life. The purpose of this study is to describe the anxiety level of patients with chronic kidney failure who undergo hemodialysis in Semarang Regency. This study uses descriptive design, with a survey approach. The sample in this study amounted to 88 respondents, the total population was 124 respondents and used the sampling sampling technique. The instrument used was the HRSA questionnaire for the anxiety level category. The data analysis used is univariate analysis. The results of the study found that most respondents experienced a severe level of anxiety of 30 respondents (34.1%) .The results of this study are expected to be used as a source of information in providing comprehensive nursing care in terms of handling psychological problems, namely anxiety in patients arising from disease chronic.   Keywords: Chronic renal failure, anxiety
HUBUNGAN ANTARA EFIKASI DIRI DAN DUKUNGAN SOSIAL KELUARGA DENGAN MEKANISME KOPING KLIEN GAGAL GINJAL KRONIK YANG MENJALANI HEMODIALISA Suwanti, Suwanti; Yetty, Yetty; Aini, Faridah
Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa Vol 5, No 1 (2017): Mei 2017
Publisher : Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa

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Hemodialisis pada klien Gagal Ginjal Kronik menyebabkan perubahan dalam hidup yang dapat membuat stres dan membutuhkan koping adaptif dalam mengatasinya.Kemampuan koping terhadap masalah yang dihadapi dapat dipengaruhi efikasi diri dan dukungan sosial keluarga. Individu yang memiliki efikasi diri tinggi dan dukungan sosial keluarga yang baik cenderung melakukan mekanisme koping yang adaptif. Tujuan. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui hubungan antara efikasi diridan dukungan sosial keluarga dengan mekanisme koping klien Gagal Ginjal Kronik yang menjalani hemodialisa di RSUD Ambarawa. Design penelitian korelasional pendekatan cross sectional. Populasinya penderita Gagal Ginjal Kronik yang menjalani Hemodialisa sejumlah 48 pasien. Pengambilan sampel dengan total sampling. Sampel sebanyak 34 orang. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan kuesioner. Analisis data dengan program SPSS, uji statistik Fischer’s Exact Test. Terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara efikasi diri dengan mekanisme koping dengan p value sebesar 0,039 (α = 0,05) dan terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara dukungan sosial keluarga dengan mekanisme koping dengan p value sebesar 0,004 (α= 0,05). Terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara efikasi diri dan dukungan sosial keluarga dengan mekanisme koping nilai signifikansi 0,039 dan 0,004 pada α 0,05. Kata Kunci: Efikasi diri, dukungan sosial keluarga, mekanisme koping THE CORRELATION BETWEEN SELF-EFFICACY AND FAMILIES SOCIAL SUPPORT WITH COPING MECHANISMS CLIENTS CHRONIC RENAL FAILURE UNDERGOING HEMODIALYSIS ABSTRACTHemodialysis in chronic renal failure client causes changes in life that can create stress and need coping to solve. Coping mechanism with the problems encountered could be affected by self-efficacy and family social support. Client with high self efficacy and good family social support use adaptif coping mechanism. Purpose. The purpose of this study is to determine the correlation between self-efficacy and families social support with coping mechanisms clients Chronic Renal Failure undergoing hemodialysis at Ambarawa general hospital. This research used correlational design with cross sectional approach. The population were patients with Chronic Renal Failure who did Hemodialysis at RSUD Ambarawa as much as 48 patients. The sampling technique used total sampling. The samples study were patients with Chronic Renal Failure who did Hemodialysis that reguire inclusion and exclusion criteria as many as 34 people. The data collection was done by using a questionnaire. Data analysis was performed with SPSS by using Fischer’s Exact. There was significant correlation between self efficacy with coping mechanism (p value < 0,005). And there was significant correlation between family social support with coping mechanism (p value < 0,005). There is a significant correlation between self-efficacy and social support of families with coping mechanisms with significant value of 0.039 and 0.004 at α = 0.05. Keywords: Self efficacy, family social support, coping mechanisms
HUBUNGAN FREKUENSI ANTENATAL CARE (ANC) DENGAN PEMILIHAN PENOLONG PERSALINAN DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS MOYO HULU KABUPATEN SUMBAWA TAHUN 2013 Suwanti, Suwanti; Romiastuti, Sri; Chandradewi, Anak Agung Sagung Putri
Jurnal Kesehatan Prima Vol 8, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Kesehatan Prima
Publisher : poltekkes kemenkes mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (0.272 KB) | DOI: 10.32807/jkp.v8i1.45

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Abstract: Nationally, the percentage of first visit (K1) of 95.26 % , and fourth visits (K4) of 85.56 % , the number of visits has reached the national targets of 80 % but still there is a mother who births assisted by trained non- health by 40 , 2 % and births attended by health personnel as much as 95.26 % . The purpose of this study was to analyze the frequency relationship Antenatal Care (ANC) with the selection of skilled attendants in the Work Area Health Center Moyo Hulu Sumbawa District in 2013.This study used observational analytic design , while in terms of cross-sectional nature of time . The population in this study were all pregnant women in the Work Area Health Center Moyo Hulu as many as 98 pregnant women . Systematic sampling technique using random sampling with a sample size of 79 pregnant women . Analyzed using Chi Square.The results showed that the majority of pregnant women with gestational age-appropriate number of visits as many as 53 people (67.1 %) and a fraction with the number of visits is not appropriate gestational age by 26 people (32.9 %) , the majority of pregnant women choose power healthcare delivery that will help as many as 50 people (63.3 %) and a small portion of pregnant women choose non health workers (birth attendants) as many as 29 people (36.7%). While the results of statistical tests showed p = 0.000 < α = 0.05 ( 0.000 < 0.05) so that it can be concluded that there is a frequency of Antenatal Care ( ANC ) with the selection of skilled attendants in the Work Area Health Center Moyo Hulu Sumbawa District in 2013.
THE CORRELATION AMONG KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND MOTHER’S BEHAVIOR IN ORAL AND DENTAL HEALTH CARE Murni, Ni Nengah Arini; Suwanti, Suwanti
Jurnal Kesehatan Prima Vol 11, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Prima
Publisher : poltekkes kemenkes mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (0.272 KB) | DOI: 10.32807/jkp.v11i1.84

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Abstract : The study aimed to determine the correlation among knowledge and attitude with the behavior of pregnant women in dental and oral health care during pregnancy. The research was analytic observational and in terms of time used crossectional approach. The population in this study were pregnant women at Narmada Community Health Center whereas the sample obtained by 34 people who came to check Antenatal Care (ANC) in June 2015 taken by accidental sampling technique. Data collection of knowledge, attitude and behavior variables used questionnaire and Statistical analysis was performed by using Chi Square test. The research finding indicated that from 34 respondents, 17 pregnant women (50%) had lack knowledge level about oral and dental health care during pregnancy. The attitude of pregnant women in dental and oral care during pregnancy was 73.5% (poor attitudes), and in terms of respondents’ behaviour was the same like respondents’ attitude by 73.5% (poor attitude). Therefore, it can be concluded that there was a significant correlation between knowledge with pregnant women behavior in dental and oral health care (P value = 0.013) and there was significant correlation between attitude with respondents behaviour in oral and dental care during pregnancy (P value = 0.004). Suggestion: It is expected for Health Care Institutions and health workers need to do an effort of sustainable counselling to communities, especially pregnant women about risk factors that can cause dental caries which can affect the health of both fetus and mother, increasing promotive efforts, for instance the improvement and maintenance of health and preventive efforts for communnities and pregnant women in order to have a good knowledge and attitude in maintaining oral an dental health care during pregnancy can be preserved and further enhanced, hence the sense of responsibility in terms of a behavior in the community or pregnant women concerning dental and oral health increases in line with knowledge improvement and developing attitudes.
STIMULASI KUTANEUS LEBIH EFEKTIF MENURUNKAN NYERI DISMENORE PADA REMAJA DIBANDINGKAN DENGAN KUNYIT ASAM Oktarina, Natalia Devi; Suwanti, Suwanti; Rosyidi, M. Imron
Jurnal Keperawatan dan Kesehatan Masyarakat Cendekia Utama Vol 7, No 2 (Oktober 2018) : Jurnal Keperawatan dan Kesehatan Masyarakat Cendekia Utama
Publisher : STIKES Cendekia Utama Kudus

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (334.717 KB) | DOI: 10.31596/jcu.v7i2.259

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Nyeri dismenore adalah nyeri di daerah panggul akibat menstruasi dan produksi zat prostaglandin yang membuat dinding rahim berkontraksi dan pembuluh darah sekitarnya terjepit (kontriksi) yang menimbulkan iskemi jaringan. Penanganan nyeri dismenore dapat dilakukan dengan nonfarmakologis diantaranya dengan pemberian minuman kunyit asam dan stimulasi kutaneus. Penelitian ini untuk mengetahui perbedaan efektivitas pemberian kunyit asam yang baisa dikonsumsi remaja dengan pemberian stimulasi kutaneusterhadap penurunan intensitas nyeri dismenore pada siswi remaja putri. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain penelitian quasy eksperiment dengan rancangan pretest-posttest with control group design. Pengambilan sampel dengan cara purposive sampling. Besarnya sampel adalah 40 remaja di Desa Candirejo Kabupaten Semarang. Instrumen penelitiannya berupa lembar observasi nyeri Numerical Rating Scale. Analisis data menggunakan uji statistik t-test independent. Hasil penelitian melalui uji statistik t-test independent menunjukkan nilai p-value 0,002  yang artinya ada perbedaan efektivitas pemberian kunyit asam dan stimulasi kutaneus terhadap penurunan intensitas nyeri haid dengan rata-rata penurunan skala nyeri lebih tinggi pada stimulasi kutaneus. Kesimpulannya adalah stimulasi kutaneus lebih efektif menurunkan skala nyeri dismenore pada remaja putri.Berdasarkan dari hasil penelitian yang dilakukan diharapkan intervensi stimulasi kutaneus dapat diterapkan dan diaplikasikan sebagai intervensi baru bagi remaja ataupun masyarakat untuk mengatasi dismenore. Kata kunci      : nyeri dismenore, kunyit asam, stimulasi kutaneus
PEMODELAN VARIASI NILAI PERCEPATAN GRAVITASI DI DAERAH KHATULISTIWA DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN METODE GAUSS-NEWTON Suwanti, Suwanti; Sampurno, Joko; Azwar, Azrul
POSITRON Vol 6, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Univetsitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26418/positron.v6i1.14419

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Telah dilakukan penelitian tentang pemodelan variasi nilai percepatan gravitasi yang bertujuan untuk memberikan gambaran variasi nilai percepatan gravitasi terhadap waktu di daerah khatulistiwa dengan menggunakan metode Gauss-Newton. Dengan menggunakan data dari percobaan bandul sederhana di daerah pengamatan yang terletak pada koordinat 0°03¢30,61²LS dan 109°20¢44,09²BT, dihasilkan periodesitas data variasi nilai percepatan gravitasi sebesar 15 hari, yang merupakan setengah dari periodesitas data jarak bumi-bulan dan fase bulan. Korelasi antara variasi nilai percepatan gravitasi dengan jarak bumi-bulan sebesar 0,38. Korelasi antara variasi nilai percepatan gravitasi dengan fase bulan sebesar 0,11. Variasi nilai percepatan gravitasi hasil pengamatan dibuat model berupa sebuah persamaan dari fungsi deret Fourier orde 8, yang bergantung terhadap waktu.
ANALISIS PENGARUH PENGELUARAN PEMERINTAH UNTUK SEKTOR PERTANIAN TERHADAP PDRB SEKTOR PERTANIAN 35 KABUPATEN/KOTA DI PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH TAHUN 2007-2010 Suwanti, Suwanti; Agung Gunanto, Edy Yusuf
Diponegoro Journal of Economics Volume 2, Nomor 4, Tahun 2013
Publisher : Diponegoro Journal of Economics

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The agricultural sector is the dominant sector in Central Java, but the lack of government's role in the sector. This study aimed to analyze the effect of government spending and other factors that may affect the agricultural sector GDP.             This study uses secondary data analysis tools to approach the data panel Fixed Effect Model (FEM) or the Least Square Dummy Variable (lSDV) model, which consists of the data during the period 2007-2010 times series and cross section data 35 regency / cities in Central Java.             Results of this study indicate that the agricultural sector of government spending positive and significant effect on the agricultural sector PDRB, labor and a significant positive effect on the agricultural sector PDRB. Direction of positive regression coefficient indicates that government spending, labor may lead to an increase in agricultural PDRB.