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Konsumsi, Kecernaan Nutrien, Perubahan Berat Badan dan Status Fisiologis Kambing Bligon Jantan dengan Pembatasan Pakan Suwignyo, Bambang; Wijaya, Ulil Amri; Indriani, Rieska; Kurniawati, Asih; Widiyono, Irkham; Sarmin, Sarmin
Jurnal Sain Veteriner Vol 34, No 2 (2016): Desember
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Gadjah Mada bekerjasama dengan PB PDHI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (6704.108 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jsv.27560

Abstract

This study were aimed to determine the dry matter and organic matter intake, nutrients digestibility, body weight gain and physiological status of male Bligon goats treated with feed restriction. Six Bligon goats average age of 12 months and an average body weight of 23.6 kg were fed 40% of peanut raughages (rendeng) and 60% concentrate. Goats were divided into two (2) treatment groups. Control goat treatment were fed diets based on dry matter (DM) requirements 3.5% of body weight, and feed restriction goat treatment were fed diets with 50% reduction of DM requirement. Feed restriction was conducted for 35 days. The variables measured were dry matter (DM) and organic matter (OM) intake, total digestibility nutrient (TDN) intake, body weigh gain, dry matter (DM) and organic matter (OM) digestibility, rectal temperature, respiration frequency, and heart rate. Data were analyzed by independent samples T-test. The results showed that the feed restriction significantly decreasedconsumption of DM (676.07 ± 14.76 into 372.30 ± 53.08) and OM (639.38 ± 15.89 into 349.88 ± 49.35), consumption of TDN (461.60 ± 10.23 into 253.99 ± 36.17), DM digestibility (74.39 ± 1.60 into 71.27 ± 0.89) and OM digestibility (79.42 ± 1.54 into 76.34 ± 0.24), but had no significant effect on body  temperature, respiration frequency and heart rate (pulsus) of male Bligon goat. Value of ADG was 55.24 g/day (P0) then increased to 131.43 g/day when the feed was filled back. A feed restriction up to 50% decreased goat production performance, but did not interfere with the health status of livestock (can be indicated from physiological status of goat still in the normal range).
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN FERMENTASI COMPLETE FEED BERBASIS PAKAN LOKAL TERHADAP KONSUMSI, KONVERSI PAKAN, DAN FEED COST KAMBING BLIGON JANTAN Munawaroh, Lucky Latifah; Budisatria, I Gede Suparta; Suwignyo, Bambang
Buletin Peternakan Vol 39, No 3 (2015): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 39 (3) OKTOBER 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (695.904 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v39i3.7984

Abstract

PRODUKTIVITAS TANAMAN KALIANDRA (Calliandra calothyrsus) SEBAGAI HIJAUAN PAKAN PADA UMUR PEMOTONGAN YANG BERBEDA (Abqoriyah), Abqoriyah; Utomo, Ristanto; Suwignyo, Bambang
Buletin Peternakan Vol 39, No 2 (2015): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 39 (2) JUNI 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (682.155 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v39i2.6714

Abstract

This research aimed to determine the production and nutrient content of calliandra (Caliandra calothyrsus) as a forage for ruminant in the different defoliation time. This research was conducted for 48 weeks (June 2012–June 2013) at Kaligesing forage feed area, Animal Science Department, Purworejo, Central Java. Design of the research was Completely Randomized Block Design. Soil slope was used as block. The research treatments were 6 (P1), 8 (P2), 12 (P3) and 16 (P4) weeks of cutting age. The grass of all treatment groups were cut together at the same day prior to experiment. Caliandra calothyrsus was cut at edible portion. Parameters measured were fresh forage, dry matter, organic matter and crude protein production and also nutrient content namely dry matter, organic matter, crude protein, extract ether, crude fiber, BETN and TDN. The result showed that the highest dry matter content was found in P3 (31.25%) and was different from P1 (26.51%) and P4 (28.12%). The highest crude protein content was found in P2 (21.10%) and was not different with P1 (21.09%) and P3 (19.20%), and the lowest crude protein was found inP4 (18.04%). The highest extract ether was at P3 (2.84%) and different from P1 (1.51%). The highest crude fiber was at P4 (22.56%) different with P1 (15.80%) and P2 (18.46%). Organic matter, BETN and TDN were not different among the different defoliation time. The highest fresh forage, dry matter, organic matter and crude protein production were at P4 and different (P<0.05) from P1, P2 and P3. The lowest dry matter was at P2. It is concluded that the best quality of grass was found in P3 group and the highest harvesting quantity was found in P4 group.(Key words: Calliandra calothyrsus, Cutting age, Nutrient content, Production)
Dinamika Suksesi Vegetasi pada Areal Pasca Perladangan Berpindah di Kalimantan Tengah Maulana, Ardiatma; Suryanto, Priyono; Widiyatno, Widiyatno; Faridah, Eny; Suwignyo, Bambang
Jurnal Ilmu Kehutanan Vol 13, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (547.926 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jik.52433

Abstract

Indonesia memiliki luasan hutan hujan tropis terluas nomor tiga setelah Brazil dan Afrika. Namun, tingkat degradasi hutan yang tinggi di Indonesia menyebabkan negara ini menjadi salah satu penyumbang emisi gas rumah kaca terbesar di dunia. Salah satu penyebab turunnya luasan hutan tropis di Indonesia adalah praktek perladangan berpindah. Suksesi vegetasi pasca perladangan berpindah dapat memberikan layanan ekologis berupa peningkatan tutupan vegetasi dan perbaikan sifat tanah yang jarang sekali terekspose pada tingkat lanjut. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dinamika suksesi vegetasi padalahan pasca perladangan berpindah tingkat lanjut. Penelitian dinamika suksesi vegetasi dilakukan dengan pengambilan sampel tanaman bawah, semai sapihan dan pohon di lahan pasca perladangan dengan tiga umur yang berbeda, yaitu bera muda (1 – 10 tahun), bera sedang (11 – 20 tahun), bera tua (> 20 tahun), dan hutan alam dengan menggunakan metode petak bersarang dengan plot yang ditempatkan secara sistematik. Analisis vegetasi dengan menggunakan Indeks Nilai Penting, Kelimpahan Jenis, Keragaman, dan Kemerataan. Analisis varian dengan uji lanjut DMRT digunakan jika hasil dari tiap index vegetasi berbeda signifikan antar umur perladangan. Adanya pola peningkatan serta perbedaan yang nyata (P < 0,05) antara kelimpahan dan keragaman jenis vegetasi penyusun lahan bera sedang dengan lahan bera tua pada tingkatan pohon kecuali vegetasi penyusun tanaman bawah. Nilai keragaman dan kelimpahan jenis tingkat pohon lahan bera tua tidak berbeda nyata dengan hutan alam namun memiliki komposisi yang berbeda.The Dynamics of Succession of Vegetation in the Post-Shifting Cultivation Area in Central KalimantanAbstractIndonesia’s forests is the third largest tropical forest after Brazil and Africa. However, the high rate of forest degradation in Indonesia led this country become one of the most largest contributor of greenhouse gas emissions in the world. One of the causes of the degradation of tropical forest in Indonesia is the shifting cultivation practice. The succession of vegetation after shifting cultivation practice can provide ecological services such as increasing vegetation cover and improving soil properties but takes too long to recover. This study aims to understand the dynamics of vegetation succession in the post-shifting cultivation advanced stage. This study was conducted using systematical nested sampling method to take sample of shurb and herbs, and trees, including, seedling and, sapling growth stage form three different stage of post-shifting cultivation land areas, ie young fallow (1 - 10 years), intermediate fallow (11 - 20 years), old fallow (> 20 years), and natural forest. The vegetation data were then analyzed using Important Value, Species Richness, Diversity and Evenness Indices. Analysis of variance with post-hoc test of DMRT assays was used if the results each vegetation indices differed significantly between stage of post-shifting cultivation land. The Species Richness and Diversity Index of shurb and herb, seedling, sapling, and tree have significantly increased (P < 0,05) except the herb and shrub communities. The Species richness and Diversity Index of tree stage of old fallow were not significantly different from natural forest but it was composed with different species.
Pemberian Pakan Bahan Kering Berkuantitas Terbatas Selama Empat Minggu Tidak Menganggu Kesehatan dan Reproduksi Kambing Kacang Jantan Dewasa (FEEDING WITH A RESTRICTED QUANTITY OF DRY MATTER OVER FOUR WEEKS IS NOT DETRIMENTAL TO HEALTH AND REPRODUCTION IN Widiyono, Irkham; Suwignyo, Bambang; Sarmin, Sarmin; Susmiyati, Trini
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 17 No 4 (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (100.878 KB)

Abstract

The study was aimed to investigate the effects of restricted feeding for four weeks on some bloodchemistry and seminal parameters in kacang goats. Six adult clinically healthy male kacang goats wereused in this study. Each animal was kept in individual box for 12 weeks. Animal was fed with aerial partof peanut plant and concentrate with ratio of 60:40. The experiment was devided into two feeding periods,fullfeeding and restricted feeding. After four weeks adaptation (week 1-4), each animal was fullfed formaintenance plus medium activity (a quantity of dry matter at the level of 3% of body weight) for fourweeks (week 5-8) and then was fed only 50% of the fullfeeding nutritional level for the following four weeks restricted feeding period (week 9-12). During the experiment, drinking water was supplied ad libitum.Each animal was ejaculated at weekly intervals by means of standard artificial vagina for small ruminant.Blood and semen samples were collected at the end of the ad libitum and restricted feeding period for bloodchemistry and seminal parameters analyses. Statistical differences were determined by paired t-test. A0.05 probability level was used as criterion to describe statistically significant differences. Restrictedfeeding at the dry matter intake level of 1.5% body weight for four weeks did not result in significantchanging of serum glucose and total protein concentrations as well as seminal parameters. The level ofblood chemistry and seminal parameters during the feed restriction period were within the values reportedfor clinically healthy goats. It is concluded that feeding with a restricted quantity of dry matter at the levelof 1.5% of body weight for four weeks is not detrimental to health and reproduction in male kacang goats.
Penggunaan Fermentasi Pakan Komplet Berbasis Hijauan Pakan dan Jerami Untuk Pakan Ruminansia Suwignyo, Bambang; Agus, Ali; Utomo, Ristianto; Umami, Nafiatul; Suhartanto, Bambang; Wulandari, Cahyo
Jurnal Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement) Vol 1, No 2 (2016): Maret
Publisher : Direktorat Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jpkm.10611

Abstract

Fermented complete feed (CF) based forage-fodder and agricultural by product as feed for ruminants can be implemented in the household and industrial purpose. Complete feed technology is one of alternative to solve the problems of stock and quality of feed. The nutritional value can be set by determine the number and type of mixture, livestock will not has an opportunity to choose so that it can minimize residual feed, practical, and can be stored for long periods. Fermented complete feed very much match to be implemented in the dry season or in the emergency situation. During Merapi Volcano eruption in 2010 was one of moment which is need CF technology. Rice straw can used for CF that can be socked during dry season, also the quality might improve (from 3—4% of crude protein content became 7—8%) with addition of rice brand or other ingredients. Fermented complete feed based on rice straw, forage-fodder or agricultural by product has a multifungtion in the emergency situation, reduce disaster risk, and feed security conservation.
Productivity of Forages in Grassland Merapi Post-Eruption Area, Sleman, Yogyakarta, Indonesia Umami, Nafiatul; Suhartanto, Bambang; Suwignyo, Bambang; Suseno, Nilo; Fenila, Sarah Adrian; Fajarwati, Ruslina
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 17, No 2 (2015): May
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (569.879 KB) | DOI: 10.20884/1.anprod.2015.17.2.521

Abstract

This research aimed to investigate the productivity and quality of forages (including dry matter, organic matter, crude fiber, crude protein, and extract ether) in the area of Kali Kuning and Krasak River. This area was affected by Mount Merapi Eruption on 2010. The data were taken from the area around the river due to the area was found to be firstly revegetated after the eruption. The Forage classified as grass, legume and forbs. The method applied in the research was Line Intercept method which was done by seeing the botanical composition there and was performed at several observation points. The forage was taken as the sample and then calculated its production and proximately analyzed to determine its chemical composition. The results showed that around the river, the widest cover area in 2013 and 2014 was Brachiariabrizantha grasses. The largest dry matter production in 2013 was Pennisetumpurpuphoides as much as 165.57 g m–2, while in 2014 the largest production of DM was Brachiariabrizantha as much as 190.37 g m–2. Frobs with another type of weed also spread in this area. The Quality of forages around Krasak River increased in 2014 due to the addition of organic matter contained in the soil and the minerals weathering from year to year.
Physicochemical Characteristics Identification and Secondary Metabolite Analysis of Solid Herbal Waste as Source of Feed Rich Fiber and Supplement for Ruminants Kisworo, Arif Nindyo; Agus, Ali; Kustantinah, Kustantinah; Suwignyo, Bambang
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 18, No 2 (2016): May
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (724.611 KB) | DOI: 10.20884/1.anprod.2016.18.2.535

Abstract

A study was conducted to determine the potency, physicochemical characteristics, and analyzed the secondary metabolites content of solid herbal waste (SWH) as a substitute source of feed rich fibre and feed supplements in ruminants. The first study includes an analysis of production potential, physical analysis, and chemical composition analysis of SWH. The second study was an analysis of secondary metabolites content of SWH. The results showed that SWH volume reached 6-8 m3/day or 4020-5360 kg/day, the chemical composition of herbal solid waste was similar to king grass with high lignin content (17.53%). SWH containing total phenols, flavonoids, tannins, saponins , alkaloids and essential oils which generally have antimicrobial activity. According to the potential availability, chemical composition and secondary metabolites content of SWH, it can be used as an alternative for substitute of feed rich fiber or feed supplements with attention to the content of secondary metabolites that can affect the process of fermentation and digestibility in the rumen. Further in vitro and in vivo research ore needed to determine the effect of SWH on rumen fermentation parameters and its application in the ration in ruminant livestock.
Penggunaan Fermentasi Pakan Komplet Berbasis Hijauan Pakan dan Jerami Untuk Pakan Ruminansia Suwignyo, Bambang; Agus, Ali; Utomo, Ristianto; Umami, Nafiatul; Suhartanto, Bambang; Wulandari, Cahyo
Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement) Vol 1, No 2 (2016): Maret
Publisher : Direktorat Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (208.047 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpkm.10611

Abstract

Fermented complete feed (CF) based forage-fodder and agricultural by product as feed for ruminants can be implemented in the household and industrial purpose. Complete feed technology is one of alternative to solve the problems of stock and quality of feed. The nutritional value can be set by determine the number and type of mixture, livestock will not has an opportunity to choose so that it can minimize residual feed, practical, and can be stored for long periods. Fermented complete feed very much match to be implemented in the dry season or in the emergency situation. During Merapi Volcano eruption in 2010 was one of moment which is need CF technology. Rice straw can used for CF that can be socked during dry season, also the quality might improve (from 3—4% of crude protein content became 7—8%) with addition of rice brand or other ingredients. Fermented complete feed based on rice straw, forage-fodder or agricultural by product has a multifungtion in the emergency situation, reduce disaster risk, and feed security conservation.
Morpho-Physiological Characters and Soybean Productivity on Alfisol and Vertisol under Intercropping with Kayu Putih (Melaleuca cajuputi) Suryanto, Priyono; Putra, Eka Tarwaca Susila; Suwignyo, Bambang; Prianto, Sukirno Dwiasmoro; Alam, Taufan
AGRIVITA, Journal of Agricultural Science Vol 39, No 2 (2017): JUNE
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture University of Brawijaya in collaboration with PERAGI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17503/agrivita.v39i2.759

Abstract

Intercropping kayu putih (Melaleuca cajuputi) has more advantage than other tree crops, such as teak, pine or acacia due to the beneficial intercropping season length.  Soybean was intercropped with kayu putih because soybean has higher commercial value than other field crops. The survey-based research was conducted during March until May, 2014 in Menggoran Forest Resort, Playen Forest Section, Yogyakarta Forest Management District. Stratified random sampling method was used during the research by stratifying the types of soil stratification (alfisol and vertisol), rainfall and declivity then was made into 7 land mapping unit (LMU) with map overlay technique. Agronomic characters of soybean were observed on 12 weeks after planting (wap) and the physiological data were observed during the maximum vegetative phase (8 wap). Agronomic and physiological characters of soybean in each LMU were grouped and statistically tested with analysis of variance (ANOVA) then continued with orthogonal contrasts (alpha 5%). The results showed that some characters of soybean planted in alfisol had higher value than in vertisol, especially on leaf area, photosynthetic rate, root and canopy weight, 100 grain weight and grain weight per plant. The agronomic and physiological characters of soybean which had significant effects on yield in the intercropping with kayu putih system were stomatal density, stomatal conductivity, photosynthetic rate, and leaf area. Soybean intercropped with kayu putih produced 1.007 tons/ha in alfisol and 0.996 tons/ha in vertisol. Soybean development in intercropping system of kayu putih can be conducted by using soybean varieties superior effort.