Sofyan Syahnur
Faculty of Economics, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh

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Identifikasi Kegiatan Program Kampung Keluarga Berencana di Kabupaten Aceh Tengah Syahnur, Sofyan; Diantimala, Yossi; Ilham, Ridha
JPPUMA Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan dan Sosial Politik Universitas Medan Area Vol 7, No 1 (2019): JPPUMA Juni
Publisher : Universitas Medan Area

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (758.676 KB) | DOI: 10.31289/jppuma.v7i1.2167

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The purpose of this study identified the activities of the Family Planning Village Population, Family Planning and Family Development program in Middle Aceh District. The study location were grouped according to the Geographic Difficulties Index of the Central Bureau of Statistics. Research data collection uses qualitative methods, namely interviews, documentation, and observations with the Village Head / Geuchik (informant 1), extension / coach of the Family Planning Village (informant 2), and management of the Family Planning Village (informant 3). The results of this study indicate that the implementation of family planning village activities in the village is of high difficulty and is not difficult geographically has been relatively active, namely the management and mentor and companion of the family planning village to work well and directed, while the villages with moderate difficulty level geographically less active. Generally, the activities of the Family Planning Village carried out are posyandu, posbindu, elderly gymnastics and other activities. The activities of the Prosperous Family Income Improvement Group are also not yet implemented, where the activity is expected to empower the village community economically. Cross-sectoral activities have also not been implemented and coordinated well, it seems that there is no program that can be felt directly even though the commitment at the beginning of the declaration has been carried out. 
Technical Efficiency of Rice Farm Production in Aceh Province, Indonesia Noviar, Helmi; Masbar, Raja; Aliasuddin, Aliasuddin; Syahnur, Sofyan
Proceedings of AICS - Social Sciences Vol 8 (2018): the 8th AIC on Social Sciences, Syiah Kuala University
Publisher : Proceedings of AICS - Social Sciences

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The purpose of the present paper is to examine the efficiency of Indonesian rice production conducted in Aceh Province, by using agricultural census data 2013 with a sample of 1,029 characteristics of farm households. The analysis model used is stochastic frontier analysis (SFA)) approach and the estimation result obtained that rice production factors such as wages of farm workers, harvested area, fertilizer, and seeds have not been technically efficient. Furthermore, the economical scale of rice production in Aceh Province is decreasing return to scale that coherent with the results of the efficiency test.Keywords: efficiency, farmer household, stochastic frontier analysis, economic scale.
Economic Growth Disparity among the Regions in Aceh, Indonesia ., Azwar; Hamzah, Abubakar; Masbar, Raja; Syahnur, Sofyan
Aceh International Journal of Social Science Volume 2 Number 1, June 2013
Publisher : Aceh International Journal of Social Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (384.272 KB) | DOI: 10.12345/aijss.2.1.1360

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Abstract - This study aims at investigating the extent of cumulative causation effect on economic growth disparity across the regions: Basajan-Pijay, Northeast, South-West, and Central-Inland in the Aceh Province, Indonesia. It also includes some others factors in determining economic growth disparity such as Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita, the concentration of economic activity areas, Human Development Index (HDI), the labour productivity of the region, the allocation of public investment as well as the accessibility among regions in the Aceh Province. To capture the goals of this study, it uses panel data during the period 2000 to 2010 consisting of 23 districts/cities of Aceh Province. The results show that the potential conditions for convergence because the dominant factor affecting the disparity without entering variable cumulative effect, the concentration of economic activity among regions have positive and negatively affected HDI. By entering variable cumulative effects, it turns HDI to have a negative effect, while the cumulative effect of the growth of inter-regional and the GDP per capita were positive. Thus, it can be said that the economic disparity among regions has the potential for convergence if and only if there is a policy intervention by the government in improving the quality of education, health, and consumer purchasing power to reduce the disparity. It is recommended that the Government of Aceh and District/City Government should encourage the growth of GDP per year, equal to or above the average growth of the national economy in order to increase labour productivity so that economic prosperity has also increased (spread effect is greater than backwash effect) because workings of the cumulative effect of growth within the region and among regions. Keywords      :   Disparity, Backwash effect, Spread Effect, Economic Growth, AcehPaper Type :     Research Paper
Investigating wage bargaining power, wage inequality and industrial structure in Indonesia Syahnur, Sofyan; Marwan, Marwan; Munzir, Said; Hizir, Hizir; Dawood, Taufiq C.
Economic Journal of Emerging Markets Volume 11 Issue 2, 2019
Publisher : Universitas Islam Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20885/ejem.vol11.iss2.art4

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This study investigates the bargaining power of labor over wages and the wage inequality among industries based on the industrial structure in Indonesia. It uses a panel data model and secondary data from 2008-2015. This study argues that wage inequality really matters among the industries and tends to enlarge among them despite the existence of  the bargaining power of labor over wage. Findings/Originality: The labor bargaining power over wage in Large and Medium Industries still has greater probability to be increased compared to that in Small and Micro Industries. It implies that the wage inequality still matters in the labor market, particularly in the three industrial groups, and tends to enlarge among them. Government has to take care seriously on the industrial structure with regard to wage bargaining power of labor and particularly wage inequality. Moreover, the government should promote fair wage levels between industries and labor of each industrial classification, particularly in developing countries.
THE ROLE OF HOTEL AND RESTAURANT TAXES AND ITS EFFECT ON BANDA ACEH’S LOCAL OWN SOURCE REVENUE Sitompul, Asnita; Syahnur, Sofyan; Ichsan, Chairul
Aceh International Journal of Social Science Volume 3 Number 1, June 2014
Publisher : Aceh International Journal of Social Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (570.733 KB) | DOI: 10.12345/aijss.3.1.8693

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The purpose of this research is to describe the role and the effect of hotel and restaurant taxes on Banda Aceh’s local own source revenue. Its role will be focused on analyzing tax contribution, the efficiency and effectiveness of tax collection system. Meanwhile, its effect on local own source revenue can be identified by regression analysis for 27 years (1984-2010). The results show that the average contribution of hotel and restaurant taxes is still relatively low. Moreover, the system of tax collection in Banda Aceh has been performed efficiently and effectively. But, there is a gap between the potentiality and the realization of taxes. Furthermore, hotel and restaurant taxes are statistically significant influenced local own source revenue. Therefore, government should pay more attention to improve the tax administration system in the future, enhance the quality of tax administrator, increase tax efforts intensively than extensively, and implement rewards and punishment on the overall systems. In sum, the role and the effect of hotel and restaurant taxes can induce Banda Aceh’s local own source revenue. Keywords: Hotel and restaurant taxes, Efficiency, Effectiveness, Effect of Tax, Local Own Source Revenue
ANALISIS PENGARUH MODAL DAN TENAGA KERJA TERHADAP PRODUKSI KELAPA SAWIT RAKYAT DI KABUPATEN ACEH TAMIANG Lisa, Nanda; Syahnur, Sofyan
Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Ekonomi Pembangunan Vol 4, No 2 (2019): Mei 2019
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Ekonomi Pembangunan

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AbstractThis study aims to analyze the effect of capital and labor on people's palm oil production inAceh Tamiang Regency. The method used in this study using the Cobb-Douglas approach whichis a functional form of a broad production function that is used to represent the outputrelationship for input. Data collection used in this study by means of random sampling method.This method uses random or random sample selection. Affecting factors contributing to the production in Aceh Tamiang are capital and labor. The results of the study indicate that the factorsthat influence people's palm oil production in Aceh Tamiang Regency are influenced by capitaland labor. Based on the results of statistical tests obtained using SPSS, it was found that capitaland labor had a positive effect on people's palm oil production in Aceh Tamiang District. It isrecommended that oil palm farmers should utilize KUD optimally so that palm oil products canbe sold at a higher price than the middlemen's selling price, so that the capital and labor usedare more efficient.Keywords: Capital, Labor, Production and Income
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PENGELUARAN KONSUMSI ROKOK PADA RUMAH TANGGA MISKIN DI PROVINSI ACEH Sari, Haifa; Syahnur, Sofyan; Seftarita, Chenny
JURNAL PERSPEKTIF EKONOMI DARUSSALAM Vol 3, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Perspektif Ekonomi Darussalam
Publisher : Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis - Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (451.296 KB) | DOI: 10.24815/jped.v3i2.8226

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This research aims to determine the factors that affect cigarette consumption expenditure on poor households as well as to know the pattern of t cigarette consumption expenditure of Aceh’s poor households in 2010 and 2015. The independent variables used are the price of cigarettes, household income, number of adult family members adult, food without cigarettes cunsumption, education expenditure and health expense. The method used is OLS (Ordinary Least Square) using secondary data that Susenas in March 2010 and 2015. The results of this study are the variables household income and food expenditures without cigarettes affecting cigarette consumption expenditure of Aceh’s poor households in 2010. In year 2015 there are two additional variables education expenditures and health expense that affect cigarette consumption expenditures in poor households. Suggested for further research should be able to enter the psicology characteristic variables in poor households with indept study.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi pengeluaran konsumsi rokok pada rumah tangga miskin serta untuk mengetahui pola pengeluaran konsumsi rokok pada rumah tangga miskin di Aceh tahun 2010 dan 2015. Variabel bebas yang digunakan adalah harga rokok, pendapatan rumah tangga, jumlah anggota rumah tangga dewasa, pengeluaran makanan tanpa rokok, pengeluaran pendidikan dan pengeluaran kesehatan. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah OLS (Ordinary Least Square) dengan menggunakan data sekunder yaitu Susenas bulan maret tahun 2010 dan 2015. Hasil penelitian ini adalah variabel pendapatan rumah tangga dan pengeluaran makanan tanpa rokok mempengaruhi pengeluaran konsumsi rokok pada rumah tangga miskin di Aceh tahun 2010. Di tahun 2015 ada penambahan variabel, yaitu pengeluaran pendidikan dan pengeluaran kesehatan yang berpengaruh terhadap pengeluaran konsumsi rokok pada rumah tangga miskin. Disarankan untuk penelitian selanjutnya sebaiknya dapat memasukkan variabel karakteristik variabel karakteristik psikologi pada rumah tangga miskin dengan penelitian yang bersifat mikro (indept study).
ANALYSIS OF THE EXPORT-BASE COMMODITY SUPPLY ON THE ECONOMIC GROWTH IN ACEH, INDONESIA ., Yahya; Hamzah, Abubakar; Nur Syechalad, Mohd; Syahnur, Sofyan
Aceh International Journal of Social Science Volume 4 Number 1, June 2015
Publisher : Aceh International Journal of Social Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (466.363 KB) | DOI: 10.12345/aijss.4.1.8683

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The study aims to identify export base sectors and to analyse its impact to the economic growth based on the Cobb Douglas production function. Some relevant theories to support our arguments among others are base sector, export base and economic growth theory. Data of central government capital spending (CGB), local government capital spending (LGB), export average price (Pavg), provincial minimum wage (W) and linear multiple regression model is employed. The results show that the agriculture is the only basis sector in Aceh. The role of local government capital spending in the export based commodity supply  contradicts the theory, provided indication that the local government capital spending has not been able to pull the economic growth. The role of central government capital spending, export average price and minimum wage have been in accordance with the available theoretical background. All independent variables are found to be statistically significant both partially and simultaneously, indicating that those variables are economically important to develop export base sectors in Aceh, however the impact on economic growth is relatively small. Keywords: export base sector, supply for export, economic growth, Aceh
ANALYSIS OF THE INTERREGIONAL TRADE OF AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES IN WEST SUMATERA, INDONESIA ., Salfadri; Hamzah, Abubakar; ., Nazamuddin; Syahnur, Sofyan
Aceh International Journal of Social Science Volume 4 Number 1, June 2015
Publisher : Aceh International Journal of Social Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1244.909 KB) | DOI: 10.12345/aijss.4.1.8675

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This study aims to investigate factors affecting interregional trade of agricultural commodities between regions in West Sumatera, Indonesia. For this purpose, this study use modified gravity model. There are four commodities that represent interregional trade of agricultural commodities in this study, namely: rice, chicken egg, broiler and fresh sea fish. This study uses cross section data of the 15 regencies/city in West Sumatera. The data is obtained from survey to wholesaler group of agricultural commodities in West Sumatera (primary data). The result of this study shows that factors affecting interregional trade in West Sumatera are: the difference in price (for commodities: rice, chicken egg and broiler), transportation costs (for commodities: broiler and fresh sea fish). 
KONSUMSI MASYARAKAT URBAN DI KOTA BANDA ACEH Rezky, Muhammad Aulia; Syahnur, Sofyan
Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Ekonomi Pembangunan Vol 2, No 2 (2017): Mei 2017
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Ekonomi Pembangunan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (238.365 KB)

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pola pengeluaran masyarakat urban di Kota Banda Aceh atas konsumsi makanan dan konsumsi non makanan serta mengetahui pengaruh faktor jenis kelamin (laki-laki dan perempuan) kaum urban di Kota Banda Aceh terhadap pola konsumsinya antara makanan dan non makanan. Data yang digunakan adalah data primer yang diperoleh dari 100 responden yang berasal dari 9 kecamatan di Kota Banda Aceh. Data sekunder bersumber dari Badan Pusat Statistik. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah analisis deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil yang didapat selanjutnya dibuat kesimpulan sebagai berikut:(1)  terdapat perbedaan pola pengeluaran masyarakat urban di Kota Banda Aceh atas konsumsi makanan dan konsumsi non makanan, dan (2) terdapat perbedaan pola konsumsi yang didasarkan karena faktor jenis kelamin (laki-laki dan perempuan) masyarakat urban di Kota Banda Aceh antara makanan dan non makanan. Ternyata dari hasil yang didapat masyarakat urban di Banda Aceh sangat dominan dengan konsumsinya, dan kota Banda Aceh termasuk kota yang cenderung dengan masyarakatnya yang konsumtif. Kata Kunci :          masyarakat urban, konsumsi, makanan, non makanan, Crosstab