Articles

Found 29 Documents
Search

PERTUMBUHAN BAYI DAN PEMBERIAN ASI EKSKLUSIF OLEH IBU PENERIMA KONSELING MENYUSUI DAN MAKANAN TAMBAHAN TORBANGUN Doloksaribu, Tetty Herta; Syarief, Hidayat; Damanik, Rizal; Marliyati, Sri Anna
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 10 No. 2 (2015)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (329.653 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2015.10.2.%p

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe aim of the study was to analyze the effects of torbangun flour-based functional supplementary food for breastfeeding mothers who received breastfeeding counseling on infant?s growth and exclusive breastfeeding practice The subjects were 20 pregnant women in their third trimester and were monitored until delivery and were given supplementary food for 30 days. Single blind randomized controlled trial was used to group subjects into intervention group (n=10) that was given supplementary food containing torbangun flour, and control group (n=10) with no torbangun flour. All subjects were given breastfeeding counseling two times before delivery and three times during supplementary food was given. The study showed that breastfeeding counseling significantly increased the knowledge and attitude of respondents on exclusive breastfeeding. In the intervention group, the average score of knowledge increased from 59.1±22.4 to 94.1±6.9 (p<0.05), while the attitude increased from 65.8±11.4 to 94.1±8.8 (p<0.05). In control group, the average score of knowledge increased from 75.0±11.8 to 94.4±7.2 (p<0.05), while the attitude increased from 75.0±14.4 to 94.4±11.0 (p<0.05). Supplementary food containing torbangun flour significantly caused shorter time in regaining infant?s birth weight. The average time was 5.1±1.4 days for intervention group, while the control group was 7.0±2.4 days (p<0.05). The success rate of exclusive breastfeeding practice in the intervention group was 90%, while in the control group was 80%.Keywords: exclusive breastfeeding, supplementary food, torbangunABSTRAKTujuan penelitian adalah menganalisis pengaruh pemberian makanan tambahan fungsional berbasis tepung torbangun pada ibu yang mendapat konseling menyusui terhadap pertumbuhan bayi dan pemberian ASI eksklusif. Subjek penelitian adalah 20 orang ibu hamil pada trimester ketiga yang diikuti hingga melahirkan dan diberikan makanan tambahan selama 30 hari. Desain single blind randomized controlled trial digunakan untuk menentukan produk makanan tambahan yang diberikan kepada ibu yaitu kelompok intervensi (n=10) mendapat produk yang mengandung tepung torbangun dan kelompok kontrol (n=10) mendapat produk tanpa tepung torbangun. Seluruh subjek diberikan konseling menyusui dengan frekuensi dua kali sebelum ibu melahirkan dan tiga kali selama pemberian makanan tambahan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa konseling menyusui signifikan meningkatkan skor pengetahuan dan sikap responden tentang ASI eksklusif. Kelompok intervensi, rata-rata skor pengetahuan dari 59,1±22,4 menjadi 94,1±6,9, skor sikap dari 65,8±11,4 menjadi 94,1±8,8 (p<0,05). Kelompok kontrol, rata-rata skor pengetahuan dari 75,0±11,8 menjadi 94,4±7,2, skor sikap dari 75,0±14,4 menjadi 94,4±11,0 (p<0,05). Pemberian makanan tambahan yang mengandung tepung torbangun berpengaruh signifikan terhadap waktu yang lebih singkat untuk mencapai kembali berat badan lahir bayi yaitu 5,1±1,4 hari untuk kelompok intervensi sedangkan kelompok kontrol 7,0±2,4 hari (p<0,05). Selama waktu pemberian makanan tambahan, keberhasilan praktek pemberian ASI eksklusif pada kelompok intervensi adalah 90% sedangkan kelompok kontrol adalah 80%.Kata kunci: ASI eksklusif, makanan tambahan, torbangun
THE INFLUENCE OF FAMILY STRENGTH ON THE QUALITY OF PREGNANCY Sunarti, Euis; Syarief, Hidayat; ., Hardinsyah; Megawangi, Ratna; Saefuddin, Asep; ., Husaini
Media Gizi dan Keluarga Vol. 27 No. 1 (2003): Media Gizi dan Keluarga
Publisher : Media Gizi dan Keluarga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1027.245 KB)

Abstract

The Objectives of this study were to anaylize the influence of family strength on pregnancy quality. The data were analyzed from the study of "Effect of multinutrient fortified food suplement on pregnancy outcomes", which had been done previously by the Departement of Community Nutrition and Family Resources of IPB. Some additional information on family strength was also collected retrospectively. Of the 615 pregnant mothers in Luwiliang district (19 villages) and Cibungbulang district (15 villages), 233 mothers met the sample criterias were selected Pregnancy quality was measured by pregnancy weight gain. Family strength data (q=0.7) consisted of informations on physical resources, non-physical resources. Family problems, capping mechanism, physical well-being, social well-being, and psychologycal well-being. Applying a multiple linear regression model, body weight at the beginning of pregnancy and family strength has a significant effect on pregnancy weight gain. The items of Family strength are health factor, family goal, free from anger, and social support. The above results implied that, increasing family strength should he the important factor in pregnancy quality.
MEASUREMENT OF FAMILY STRENGTH Sunarti, Euis; Syarief, Hidayat; Megawangi, Ratna; ., Hardiansyah; Saefuddin, Asep; ., Husaini
Media Gizi dan Keluarga Vol. 27 No. 1 (2003): Media Gizi dan Keluarga
Publisher : Media Gizi dan Keluarga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1042.514 KB)

Abstract

Based on the family theory of structural functionalism, family is the first and the main porosity of human resource development. Family is the basic unit of society. The objectives of this study were to develop a measurement of family strength with high reliability and validity and to formulate policy implications to increase the family strength. 233 families from Leuwiliang district (19 villages) and Cibungbulang district (15 villages) were analyzed. Family strength data consisted of informations on physical resources, non-physical resources, family problems, copping mechanism, physical well-being, social welll-being, and psychological well-being. Applying Alpha Cronbach analysis, the family strength measurement had internal consistency coeficient of reliability 0.7 and applying factor analysis and Lisrel (Linear Structural Relationship) shared that there were there major latent variables of family strength, viz physical, social, and psychological. Strengthening the family should be an entegrated part of social economic, and family funcitioning development.
SUPLEMENTASI STEROL LEMBAGA GANDUM (TRITICUM SP.) PADA MARGARIN (SUPPLEMENTATION OF MARGARINE WITH WHEAT GERM STEROL) Marliyati, Sri Anna; Syarief, Hidayat; Muchtadi, Deddy; Darusman, Latifah K.; ., Rimbawan
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan Vol. 21 No. 1 (2010): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (264.419 KB)

Abstract

Margarine is a water in oil (w/o) emulsion product which is widely used for household cooking and baking industry. Consuming of margarine, which contains trans fatty acid may cause health problem due to the increase of LDL cholesterol. Since margarine is also a good carrier of phytosterol which prevent the absorption of cholesterol, there is a possibility to formulate a healthier margarine. In this research formulation and characteristics of products was investigated. The research work consisted of two steps: (1) supplementation of wheat germ sterol into margarine (two methods) and  (2) analysis of physical, chemical characteristics and hedonic score. Parameters of physical characteristics were melting point and emulsion stability, whereas chemical characteristics were water and oil contents. The hedonic test was carried out based on product?s color, odor, taste, texture, and spreadability. Results showed that method II of supplementation produced better margarine than method I, in which the concentration of sterol in the margarine was higher with a melting point similar to that of control, better emulsion stability, and higher hedonic score. Supplementation process was carried out by mixing sterol into fat phase melted at 50 0C, followed by mixing with aqueous phase at 4 0C. Sterol used for method II was extracted using mixed solvent of hexane and ethanol at the ratio of 1:2 (v/v), which was resulted from previous experimentation.
KEBIASAAN JAJAN SISWA SEKOLAH DASAR (STUDI KASUS DI SDN LAWANGGINTUNG 01 KOTA BOGOR) Syafitri, Yunita; Syarief, Hidayat; Baliwati, Yayuk Farida
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 4 No. 3 (2009)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (280.775 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2009.4.3.167-175

Abstract

Healthy foods contribute to elementary school student proper growth and development. During school time they have greater access and sufficient opportunity to consume street food that available at  school. However, poor street food choices can result in unbalance diet. Availability of street food in school play significant role to elementary school student diet. Street food can contribute 10-20% nutrients toward student daily consumptions. Street food devide into main dishes, snacks, and beverages. The aim of this study was to assess snacking habit of elementary school student in SDN Lawanggintung 01 Kota Bogor. Snacking habits devined as number of street food type and frequency of snacking in school area included canteen merchants and outside school permanent merchants. Design of this study was cross sectional. Fifty student were selected using simple random sampling. Street food contributed to 26.0% energy; 18.7% protein; 22.9% lipid, 20.0% iron; 19.1% vitamin A; dan 24.8% vitamin C to total daily intake. Street food had contribute to 23.0% energy; 21.7% protein; 30.9% lipid, 19.5% iron; 24.1% vitamin A; dan 26.6% vitamin C to adequate intake level. Age and gender had not related to street food habits. Pocket money to purchased food is related to street food habits. Childrens familiy social economic characteristic not related to street food habits. Pocket money to purchased food affected street food habits.
PEMANFAATAN DAUN BANGUN-BANGUN DALAM PENGEMBANGAN PRODUK MAKANAN TAMBAHAN FUNGSIONAL UNTUK IBU MENYUSUI Syarief, Hidayat; Damanik, Rizal Martua; Sinaga, Tiurma; Doloksaribu, Tetty Herta
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 19 No. 1 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (136.365 KB)

Abstract

Bangun-bangun leaves (Coleus amboinicus Lour) is one of plants that has a function as laktagogue which can increase secretion and production of breast milk. Therefore, the bangun-bangun leaves are potential to be used as an ingredient in the product development of supplement and functional foods for lactating mothers. The objective of this research is to develop supplement and functional foods for lactating mothers from the bangun-bangun leaves.Two types of products were made with same type and amount of basic material, but different in the amount of bangun-bangun leaves, i.e.120 or 150 g. Results of organoleptic test using 40 lactating mothers as panelists show that the average panelist favorite for both products were not significantly different and altogether all panelists can accept the two products.
PENGELOLAAN PANGAN UNTUK PENANGGULANGAN BENCANA DI KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT Burtha, Edwin Kastolani; Syarief, Hidayat; Sunarti, Euis
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 3 No. 3 (2008)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (78.714 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2008.3.3.250-256

Abstract

Food management is important to understand to avoid food insecurity particularly during disaster. The desain of research was desk study and using secondary data which analysed descriptively at West Lampung district. Food requirement for disaster mitigation were consist of milk formula 668 kg/day, milk mush 721 kg/day, rice 33436 kg/day, noodles instant 23812 kg/day, sardines 12719 kg/day, corned beef 8919 kg/day, abon 7677 kg/day and drinking water 358638.500 ml/day. Food stock utililized for 15 days disaster emergency consist of milk formula 10020 kg, milk mush 10815 kg, rice 501540 kg, instant noodles 357180 kg, sardines 189075 kg, corned beef 133785 kg, abon 115115 kg, and drinking water 5378577500 ml. Budged required by goverment of West Lampung district for food stock at 15 days disaster emergency is Rp. 12108365000. Mechanism and mobilization of food distribution for disaster mitigation conduct by organization unit called Satlak PBP and done by operation unit called Satgas PB.
EKSTRAKSI DAN ANALISIS FITOSTEROL LEMBAGA GANDUM (TRITICUM SP.) [EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS OF PHYTOSTEROL FROM WHEAT GERM (TRITICUM SP.)] Marliyati, Sri Anna; Syarief, Hidayat; Muchtadi, Deddy; Darusman, Latifah K; Rimbawan, Rimbawan
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan Vol. 16 No. 1 (2005): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (497.496 KB)

Abstract

Phytosterol may reduce the absorption of cholesterol, and used for preventing atherosclerosis. It is limited in soybean, but potentially abundant in wheat germ. Research on the utilization of wheat germ sterol had not been reported so far. Many aspects of germ sterol extraction from wheat germ and its characteristics were still unknown. In this research, the best extraction method, kinds and content of phytosterol from wheat germ were investigated. This research consisted of two steps: (1) extraction of phytosterol directly form whole germ and ground germ using hexane, and indirect extraction through germ oil using hexane and mixed solvent of hexane and ethanol, and direct extraction from ground germ using ethanol; (2) analysis of the type and content of phytosterol in the crude extract through the following steps: preparation of crude extract, fractionation, and analysis. Results showed that indirect extraction through germ oil was considered as the best method which yielded 1.37% of phytosterol. The highest yield was obtained when extracted using a mixed solvent of hexane ââ?¬â?? ethanol 82:18. However, the odor of ethanol and hexane (gasoline like odor) was still detected. The solventââ?¬â?¢s ratio of hexane to ethanol at 1:2 resulted better odor of the extract. Extraction of sterol using ethanol yielded 18.39% of sterol when the ratio of germ to ethanol at 1:10 (w/v) was applied. Results of quantitative analysis on the main component of crude extract of wheat germ sterol showed that the total content of sterol extracted with mixed solvent was higher than those extracted with ethanol. The ratio of hexane to ethanol at 1:1 (v/v) gave higher content of total sterol, stigmasterol and campesterol, whereas higher content of ?-sitosterol was produced at the solventââ?¬â?¢s ratio of hexane to ethanol at 1:2 (v/v).
OBESITY RISK FACTORS AMONG 25-65 YEARS OLD ADULTS IN BOGOR CITY, INDONESIA: A PROSPECTIVE COHORT STUDY Sudikno, Sudikno; Syarief, Hidayat; Dwiriani, Cesilia Meti; Riyadi, Hadi; Pradono, Julianti
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 13 No. 2 (2018)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (339.003 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2018.13.2.55-62

Abstract

This research was aimed to identify the obesity risk factors in adults aged 25-65 years old in 2011-2014. The study used secondary data from ?Cohort study on risk factors of non-communicable diseases? that was collected for two years in 2011-2013 and 2012-2014. The research was designed as a prospective cohort study. The number of subjects was 1006, consisted of 364 men and 642 women. Results showed a 25% prevalence of obese (BMI?25 kg/m2). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed the risk factors of obesity in adults aged 25-65 years old were gender, smoking habit, consumption of fatty foods, and duration of smoking habit. During the two years of observation, obesity developed faster in female subjects compared to male subjects, after adjusted to smoking habit, fat intake, and interaction between smoking habit and time. The risk of obesity in adults can be reduced by not starting smoking at early age and reducing consumption of fatty foods.
STUDY OF IODIUM CONTENT IN SEAWEED JUICE AS AN ALTERNATIVE FOR GAKI'S PREVENTION Rohmawati, Endang; Syarief, Hidayat; Marliyati, Sri Anna
Media Gizi dan Keluarga Vol. 24 No. 1 (2000): Jurnal Media Gizi dan Keluarga
Publisher : Media Gizi dan Keluarga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

This research was conducted to study the iodium level in seaweed (Euchema cottonii) juice as the alternative to pprevent the iodium deficiency disorders. The result showed that fresh seaweed contained 91,19 % water, 5,07 % ash, 0,27 % fat, 0,27 % protein, 3,22 % carbohydrate and 2,81 ppm iodium. However, the most preferred seaweed juice contained 83,41 % water, 0,04 % ash, 0,48 % fat, 0,15 % protein, 15,93 % carbohydrate and 1,03 ppm iodium. The characteristics of seaweed juice were as follows : iodium level ranged from 0,62 - 1,99 ppm, pH 3,14 - 3,42, acid total 0,32 - 0,51 %, glucose level 11,00 - 18,13 % and dissolved suspension total 1,35 - 1,36 Brix. The organoleptic test showed that the most preferred seaweed juice was one in comparison with water 1:7 and 25 % glucose (A3B3) supplemented