T. Jacob T. Jacob
Unknown Affiliation

Published : 68 Documents
Articles

The impact of the development of science and technology on the fade of mankind T. Jacob, T. Jacob
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 18, No 04 (1986)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

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Abstract

The article discusses the participation of women in science and technology, and more extensive ly in medicine. It reiterates the nature of science and technology, and explains why science cannot be absolutely objective. Furthermore, it stresses on the increasing speed in the advancement of science and its influence, both positive and negative, on man at different levels of the living systems. In addition, the article probes the menace of the cult of technology and the dangers of the dynamic autonomy of science, especially the application of basic sciences in war efforts, the information revolution and the new biology which would affect life itself, the dignity of man. and even his very existence. Several ways out are suggested in confronting the negative impact of science and technology, such as adopting a new paradigm, the strengthening of scientific ethics, the protection of the consumers, and the rehumanization of science and technology. Key Words: science and technology - women's studies - futuristics - thought style - scientific ethics
Evolusi Otak Primates T. Jacob, T. Jacob
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 7, No 02 (1975)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

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Abstract

Otak adalah rekaman evolusi yang terbaik, karena is merupakan alat pengintegrasi dalam tubuh hewan. Dari bentuk luar otak bcberapa struktur dan ciri-ciri mempunyai makna evolusioner, yang akan kita ringkaskan sebagai berikut:1. index prosencephalon. Ia memperlibatkan pertambahan yang tetap dan berangsur-angsur dari wauwau ke manusia, baik menurut isi maupun berat. Index tersebut menunjukkan derajat kernahiran tangan.2. index diametricus. Makin bertambah dari wauwau ke Pan karena merosotnya rhinencephalon, pembesaran daerah parietal dan kelambatan dalam perkembangan lobus frontalis. Kurangnya kecenderungan untuk brakykefalisasi pada gorilla dan manusia disebabkan oleh pembesaran lobus frontalis yang menyolok.3. sulci cerebri. Pola sulci semakin komplex dan jclas. Pada wauwau fissurasi yang terjelas terdapat di dacrah parietotemporal; pada mawas pola di daerah occipital dan frontal mulai bertambah rumit dan mencapai puncaknya pada manusia. Mulai dari mawas sulcus centralis lebih jelas dan sulcus lateralis cerebri lebih horizontal. Pada manusia sulcus ini hampir horizontal dan sulcus simiarum lenyap.4. lobi cerebri. Cerebrum makin lama makin lebih kuadrilobuler bentuknya dan pembesaran lobus frontalis semakin menyolok.5. pola konvolusi. Bertambah komplexitasnya karena bertambahnya sal-sal otak. Lobus frontalis mernpunyai pola terkaya pada manusia.6. concavitas orbitalis dan segi interorbital. Yang disebut pertama semakin kurang nyata, disebabkan oleh pembesaran hemispherium cerebri. Pada gorilla berkurangnya nyata sekali. Demikian pula halnya dengan segi interorbital yang kurang nyata pada Pan dan lenyap selurubnya pada manusia.7. concavitas cerebellaris dan pembesaran cerebellum. Concavitas cerebellaris, yang masih nyata pada Pongo dan Pan, mulai tak nyata pada gorilla dan hampir sama sekali lenyap pada manusia. Pada kera-kera anthropoid permukaan tentorial cerebellum mernperlihatkan kecenderungan untuk kehilangan cristanya dan vallecula menjadi lebih nyata, sedangkan verniis relatif menjadi Iebih kecil. Pada Homo sapiens permukaan tentorialnya. hampir datar, valleculanya makin dalam dan vermis inferiornya sangat tidak nyata.8. truncus cerebri. Pyramis, pons dan pedunculi cerebri mengalami pembesaran yang menyolok, terutama karena differensiasi tangan. Clava dan cuneus rnemperlihatkan pembesaran yang berangsur-angsur dan hubungan yang berubah; clava mengecil dibandingkan dengan cuneus.9. perkembangan indera. Kita saksikan mengccilnya rhinencephalon dan colliculi mesencephalon, serta pembesaran cortex cerebri, berturutturut akibat mundurnya indera pembau serta pemindahan funksi penglihatan dan pendengaran ke tingkat yang lebih tinggi.
Norma Pertumbuhan Untuk Indonesia T. Jacob, T. Jacob
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 13, No 03 (1981)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

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Abstract

This article argues for the existence of racial or even subracial differences in growth rhythm, so that more than one growth standard has to be used for world populations.For Indonesia, the application of a certain percentile of the Harvard—Iowa standard as norm is not recommended because of the different timing of growth spurts and allometry. Before an propriate norm is established, it is suggested to utilize the Chiang Mai growth diagram which in the author's opinion fits the growth pattern in Indonesian children very well.Key Words. growth norm - body height - allometry growth spurt - auxology
Applikasi System ABO, MN dan RH Dalam Sengketa Kebapaan T. Jacob, T. Jacob
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 8, No 01 (1976)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

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Abstract

kata kunci : golongan darah ABO - sengketa kebapaan
The ethics of scientific research T. Jacob, T. Jacob
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 13, No 04 (1981)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

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Abstract

Considering the importance of scientific ethics in research, especially if it involves human experimentation, the author discUsses various ethical points in conducting research from the preparation of research until the publication of its results. Emphases are placed upon responsibility CO the source of information, colleagues, research material, both human and animal, and humanity at large; scientific objectivity; and intellectual honesty.The need for research ethics cannot be overemphasized since deviation from the ethical principles are currently occurring even in the scientifically most advanced countries, due to, among others, the ''publish or perish" principle, pressure from funding agencies and research institutions, professional rivalries between individuals or institutions, and fights for priorities of discoveries and inventions.In the less developed countries the deviations are more elementary, but with the increasing quantity of research, complex problems are making their debut.Key Words: scientific ethics - human experimentation - informed consent - research review board - scientific objectivity
Ilmu kedokteran dan kurrirulum pendidikan tinggi farmasi T. Jacob, T. Jacob
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 9, No 02 (1977)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

keywords: kurikulum pendidikan tinggi, pelayanan kesehatan, penelitian, ilmu kedokteran, farmasi
Scientists and nuclear war: Liberating mankind from the threat of its own making T. Jacob, T. Jacob
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 18, No 03 (1986)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This article reiterated the peace warsituation during the first 40 years of the Atomic Age. The nuclear arms race poses not only an unprecedented threat to mans existence, but has taken millions of pre-detonation victims of the nuclear war, in the forms of morbidity and mortality due to famine, infectious diseases, poverty, ignorance, and peripheral wars in the Third World. The resources of out planet are diverted from welfare efforts to the unlimited production of genocidal weapons. World scientists, immediately after the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, had warned mankind of the danger of a nuclear disaster, and physicians, true to their professional oath and ethics, have joined efforts to prevent nuclear war, since medicine will then be unable to cope with its innumerable, immeasurable and compound casualties, as they had done in previous war. The Third World countries, which mostly obtained their independence after World War suffered severely from the escalating arms race and could not escape the global consequences of a nuclear war anywhere, but still feel reluctant to voice their displeasure, consider it an irrelevant prob. km amidst their many-sided struggles towards progress, or are simply ignorant of the last threat that has confronted their existence and growth. It is, therefore, the duty of Third World physicians to also inform their patients about the imminent danger against their health, welfare and survival,. as they have been doing to their individual patients since the days of Hippocrates. Key Words: nuclear war - medical polemology - genocide - enthanatics - medical ethics
Anatomi Untuk Peningkatan Kualitas Hidup T. Jacob, T. Jacob
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 21, No 01 (1989)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The article describes the various divisions of anatomy made according to the need in facing a particular problem, among others the cla.4ification in functional systems and in levels of the living systems. Since anatomy is determined by both genetics and environment, and the total man also depends on his anatomy, efforts to improve the quality of life necessarily involves improvement in genetic and environmental qualities. The quality of life can thus be studied in terms of the functional anatomical systems and the anatomy at different levels of the living systems.There are many indicators developed to measure the quality of life. Mention is made about demographic indicators, socioeconomic indicators, sociomedical indicators, sociodental indices, biocultural indices and biomedical indices. Indicators based on purely anatomical factors are described, such as body height and weight, growth norms, anthropological measurements, body build and body composition, and biological rhythm.Other approaches could be developed by using vertical and horizontal interrelations of the discipline to study the quality of life from the vantage point of anatomy.Key Words: anatomy -- quality of life -- health indicators -- demographic factors -- height-weight indices
Peranan Biologi Manusia dalam Kebijakan Umum T. Jacob, T. Jacob
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 7, No 03 (1975)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Semenjak manusia mulai ada di bumi (apakah 40.000, 100.000, 250.000, 2.000.000 atau 5.500.000 tahun yang lalu tergantung pada apa yang kita maksudkan dengan manusia), dia sudah berkenalan dengan tumbuh-tumbuhan, hewan dan manusia yang lain. Pengenalan ini, yang harus dilakukannya untuk bertahan hidup, mempengaruhi hidupnya dan mengatur makhluk hidup di sekitarnya untuk kepentingannya.Untuk hidupnya manusia dahuIu meramu tumbuh-tumbuhan dan berburu hewan bersama atau bersaing dengan manusia lain. Pada suatu masa ia menjinakkan hewan dan beternak, dan kemudian pada masa lain ia menjinakkan tumbuh-tumbuhan dan bercocok tanam. Apa yang diketahuinya tentang makhluk-makhluk lain makin Iama makin berta.mbah, karena makin banyak jenis tumbuh-tumbuhan dan hewan yang dihadapinya, serta makin banyak pula manusia -clan kelompok manusia lain yang dijumpainya. Kelompoknya juga makin lama makin besar, sehingga membentuk desa
Mengembangkan dan Menyebarkan Gagasan Perdamaian T. Jacob, T. Jacob
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 17, No 02 (1985)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This articles described various definitions of peace and peace science, and put special emphasis on operational ones which are relevant for our survival. Our main and immediate concern is the threat of a nuclear war which endangers the global ecosystem. Several reasons are brought forth why this problem has not been widely discussed in the Third World. Furthermore, the articles pointed out that old ideas on the biological necessity and unavoidability of war are obsolete and incorrect, and the assumption that nuclear arms race is just a political game to preserve peace is no longer valid. Also, the possibility of human survival after a nucleanholocallst is categorically rejected. Finally, the responsibility of the university in the preservation of peace is proposed. Key Words: peace studies - structural violence - nuclear warfare - human survival - peace-oriented education