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KARAKTERISTIK IBU YANG MELAHIRKAN BAYI BERAT LAHIR RENDAH Syahriani, Syahriani; Tahir, Muhammad; Sabria, Sabria
JIKI Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan IQRA Vol 6 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : LPPM STIKES Muhammadiyah Sidrap

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Abstract

Bayi berat lahir rendah adalah kelahiran bayi dengan berat badan kurang dari 2500 gram (sampai dengan 2499 gram) tanpa memandang usia kehamilan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran karakteristik ibu yang melahirkan bayi berat lahir rendah berdasarkan umur, paritas, pendidikan, pekerjaan di Puskesmas Tanrutedong Kabupaten Sidenreng Rappang Tahun 2018. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif dengan jumlah 19 Populasi. Teknik pengambilan sampel adalah Total sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan gambaran karakteristik ibu yang melahirkan bayi berat lahir rendah di Puskesmas Tanrutedong Kabupaten Sidenreng Rappang Tahun 2018, berdasarkan umur ibu lebih banyak pada kelompok umur tidak beresiko (20 ? 35 tahun) yaitu sebanyak 17 orang (89,5%), berdasarkan paritas lebih banyak pada ibu  multipara (2-5) yaitu sebanyak 10 orang (52,6%), berdasarkan Pendidikan lebih banyak terjadi pada ibu yang berpendidikan SD yaitu sebanyak 7 orang (36,8%), berdasarkan pekerjaan ibu lebih banyak pada kelompok yang tidak bekerja yaitu sebanyak 18 orang (94,7%).
Avoiding plagiarism using Mendeley in Indonesian higher education setting Patak, Andi Anto; Tahir, Muhammad
International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE) Vol 8, No 4: December 2019
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (481.971 KB) | DOI: 10.11591/ijere.v8i4.20268

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People who plagiarize have a complex problem. Plagiarism could be by accident, by mistake, or on purpose. This research aims at exploring the reasons for plagiarizing and the significance of citing and referencing using Mendeley to avoid plagiarism. Four Indonesian Mendeley Advisors were interviewed online using convenient sampling technique. This study revealed that reasons for plagiarizing are time restriction, laziness, and busy. The significance of citing and referencing using Mendeley to avoid plagiarism are (1) confirm, justify, and claim the issue conveyed in scientific work; (2) highlight a particular idea; (3) criticize or approve the premise of others, and (4) build argument. Mendeley usage acquaintance for scientific writing is expected to be practical tools for avoiding plagiarism and promote academic honesty in the setting of higher education. However, the role of supervisor is crucial to provide useful feedback for their students’ writing to help students avoid plagiarism. Besides, university should create comfortable academic environment by providing free seminar and workshop on academic writing to educate students avoid plagiarism.
Named Data Networking (NDN), New Approach to Future Internet Architecture Design: A Survey Jaffri, Zain ul Abidin; Ahmad, Zeeshan; Tahir, Muhammad
International Journal of Informatics and Communication Technology (IJ-ICT) Vol 2, No 3: December 2013
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

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To envision and evolve the Internet into the future, what required is a simple but a vital architectural modification which focuses on “What (the contents)” rather than “Where (the addresses)”, that the Internet users and the applications are more concern about. So the communication can be more in effect if the customers can simply identify that what content they want to have instead of from where the content can be possessed. To achieve this and also to make the system more efficient and effective, new internet architecture emerged which we baptized as “Named Data Networking” or simply “NDN” in which packets bring with it the hierarchical data names instead of carrying the source and destination address. In NDN when the customer needs some data, he sends the interest packet which carries the name, is first received by the router and the router then forwards it as per instructed by FIB and uphold the status of pending interest , in further which is used for guiding the retrieved data back to the customer. The main objectives behind developing this architecture are to bring the scalability, efficiency, security and robustness in the current internet state, facilitating the user choice and competition as well. In this paper an overview of different future internet architectural approaches are provided such as CCN, NetInf, PRISP and DONA. NDN as a brand new architectural design among them remains the leading focus and its altered architectural design as a source of fulfilling the above mentioned major issues and objectives.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11591/ij-ict.v2i3.5122
ANALISIS WACANA JURNALISME KEBERAGAMAN DALAM PEMBERITAAN KAWASAN KULINER PECINAN (KKP) DI HARIAN FAJAR Hamna, Dian Muhtadiah; Tahir, Muhammad
Jurnal Dakwah Tabligh Vol 20, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Dakwah dan Komunikasi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/jdt.v20i2.10676

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In the era of democracy, the issue of diversity becomes interesting to be discussed given the importance of maintaining the integrity of the Unitary Republic of Indonesia (NKRI). One of the roles of the media is to be a bridge to convey the discourse of diversity in a pluralist Indonesian society. Through diversity journalism, the media has a role in bringing messages of peace and not confusing the atmosphere of conflict through reporting. News dictionaries play an important role in constructing people's perception of an event. One of the diversity journalism was applied by Fajar Daily through the reporting of the Chinatown Culinary Area (KKP) in Makassar. The consistency of peaceful reporting makes the area visited by interethnic residents. The long-term goal of this research is to find out how diversity journalism reconstructs people's perceptions so that they are motivated to create harmony in the midst of multipluralism. It also serves as a guide for the media and journalists in maintaining messages of peace through the news. While the specific target to be achieved is to test the agenda-setting theory and the theory of discourse analysis in the preaching of the KKP in Fajar Daily.
Respons Pertumbuhan Benih Kopi Robusta terhadap Waktu Perendaman dan Konsentrasi Giberelin (GA3) Pertiwi, Novi Mega; Tahir, Muhammad; Same, Made
Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan Volume 4 No. 1, Mei 2016
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (0.036 KB) | DOI: 10.25181/aip.v4i1.31

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Giberellic acid (GA3) is a natural and sintetic grower hormone for speeding up the germination process. The research objective is for knowing the soaking time effect, giberelin (GA3) concentration and the interaction of both factors toward germination and growth of the Robusta coffee seed. This research was carried out in a nursery garden of The State Polytechnic of Lampung, from June 2014 until July 2015. Research arranged by factorial used Randomized Completely Block Design (RCBD). First factor was Giberelin (GA3) concentration i.e. G0 (without GA3), G1 (Giberelin concentration 1000 mg.l-1), G2 (Giberelin concentration 1250 mg.l-1), and G3 (Giberelin concentration 1500 mg.l-1). The second factor was soaking time i.e. A1 (soaking until 12 hours), A2 (soaking until 16 hours), A3 (soaking until 20 hours), and A4 (soaking until 24 hours). The results showed the seed soaking with giberelin (GA3) could affect germinate power, germinated seed quantities, and dry weigh of shoot. There was interaction between giberelin (GA3) concentration and soaking time that could increase germinated seed quantities, leaves wide and dry weigh of shoot.Keywords: Robusta coffee seed, soaking time, giberelin (GA3)Permalink: http://jurnal.polinela.ac.id/index.php/AIP/article/view/31
Uji Performansi Desain Terintegrasi Tungku Biomassa dan Penukar Panas Tahir, Muhammad; Kasim, Rahmiaty; Bait, Yoyanda
Agritech Vol 33, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2182.954 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/agritech.9805

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A series testing of the integrated design of biomass furnace and heat exchanger was conducted to see the performance using methods such as the effectivenes-number of transfer unit (e-NTU),  the efficiency as a function of Fin Analogy Number (h(Fa)) and the log-mean temperature difference (LMTD). The biomass furnace as a plant to generated heat produced value of energy 25,600W with the burning rated of corncob 7.03 kg/hour. The calculation of amount of heat transfer to the cold fluid in the tubes as function of fluid characteristic, mass rated of dry air in a longitudinal section was 11,285W. The effectivenes as the ratio of actual heat transfered to the absolute maximum heat that can be transferred in a heat exchanger was 0.90. The efficiency of heat exchanger as a clear measurement of performance system was 0.78. The efficiency as a function of fin analogy number, employed several variable as it function; such as the product of UA, minimum heat capacity rate (Cmin) and the capacity ratio (Cr). Another performance showed by correction factor with value of 0.5 indicated that the heat exchanger was not a pure of counter-flow but made of cross-flow in the single segmental baffle with turbulances pattern (Re: 8.524 > 6.000).ABSTRAKSerangkaian pengujian terhadap desain terintegrasi tungku biomassa dan penukar panas telah dilakukan untuk melihat performansinya menggunakan metode efektifitas-NTU (e-NTU), efisiensi sebagai fungsi dari fin analogy number (h(Fa)) dan beda temperatur rata-rata logaritmik (LMTD). Tungku biomassa sebagai pembangkit panas menghasilkan energi senilai 25.600W dengan laju pembakaran tongkol jagung 7.03 kg/jam. Perhitungan laju pindah panas ke fluida dingin dalam pipa sebagai fungsi dari karakteristik udara, laju massa melalui luas penampang laluan diperoleh sebesar 11,285W. Efektivitas sebagai rasio laju pindah panas aktual dengan panas maksimum yang dapat dipindahkan dalam sebuah penukar panas diperoleh sebesar 0,90. Efisiensi penukar panas sebagai ukuran jelas performansi sistem diperoleh sebesar 0,78. Efisiensi dalam hal ini adalah fungsi dari fin analogy number sedangkan fin analogy number merupakan fungsi dari beberapa variabel seperti hasil perkalian UA, laju kapasitas panas minimum (Cmin) dan rasio kapasitas (Cr). Performansi lainnya ditunjukkan melalui nilai faktor koreksi sebesar 0,5 menunjukkan bahwa penukar panas tidak sepenuhnya merupakan aliran-melawan melainkan terbentuk aliran-silang khususnya di dalam ruang antar sekat dengan pola turbulensi (Re: 8.524 > 6.000).
KEPEMIMPINAN PEMERINTAH DESA DALAM PERCEPATAN PEMBANGUNAN PRASARANA WILAYAH PEMEKARAN DI DESA LAMBANAN KECAMATAN LATIMOJONG KABUPATEN LUWU Fitra, Fitra; Madani, Muhlis; Tahir, Muhammad
Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan Vol 2, No 1 (2012): (April 2012)
Publisher : Department of Government Studies Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1488.004 KB) | DOI: 10.26618/ojip.v2i1.36

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This study aims to determine how the village government leadership in implementing the accelerateddevelopment of regional infrastructure expansion in the Village District of Latimojong Lambanan Luwu.This type of research used in this research is descriptive qualitative survey research base. Data collectiontechnique used observation, documentation and interview. As for the population in this study is an elementLambanan village government and community leaders in the village of the District Lambanan LatimojongLuwu by sampling using purposive sampling techniques, then the results of the data is analyzedqualitatively. The results showed that although the Village Lambanan a new village bloomed, but thedevelopment in the Village Lambanan relatively fast, this is because the business is quite active village headand the support and participation of the communities Lambanan. With a leadership style that is applied bythe village head Lambanan that traditional democracy with participatory development concept, simple andpopulist Village Head Lambanan able to attract sympathy and trust of the community. Because people aretargets and perpetrators of development, the Village Head Lambanan always mengikutsertaka communitiesin the planning and execution of development. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana kepemimpinan pemerintah desa dalammelaksanakan percepatan pembangunan prasarana wilayah pemekaran di Desa Lambanan KecamatanLatimojong Kabupaten Luwu. Tipe penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah deskriptifkualitatif dengan dasar penelitian survey. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan observasi, dokumentasidan wawancara. Adapun yang menjadi populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah unsur pemerintah DesaLambanan dan Tokoh masyarakat di Desa Lambanan Kecamatan Latimojong Kabupaten Luwu denganpenarikan sampel menggunakan teknik purposive sample, kemudian hasil dari data tersebut di analisasecara kualitatif. Dari hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa walaupun Desa Lambanan merupakan desayang baru dimekarkan, tetapi pembangunan di Desa Lambanan tergolong cepat, hal ini disebabkan karenausaha kepala desa yang cukup aktif dan dukungan serta partisipasi dari masyarakat desa Lambanan.Dengan gaya kepemimpinan yang diterapkan oleh kepala desa Lambanan yaitu demokrasi tradisionaldengan Konsep pembangunan partisipatif, sederhana dan merakyat Kepala Desa Lambanan mampumenarik simpati dan kepercayaan dari masyarakat. Karena masyarakat adalah sasaran sekaligus pelakupembangunan, Kepala Desa Lambanan selalu mengikutsertakan masyarakat dalam setiap perencanaandan pelaksanaan pembangunan.
PERAN PEMERINTAH DAERAH DALAM PENGEMBANGAN OBYEK WISATA HUTAN BATU RAMMANG – RAMMANG DI KABUPATEN MAROS Harnida, Harnida; Tahir, Muhammad
Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan Vol 2, No 2 (2012): (October 2012)
Publisher : Department of Government Studies Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (677.345 KB) | DOI: 10.26618/ojip.v2i2.47

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This study aims to determine the role of local governments in the development of forest tourism rammang rammang stone- Maros and determine the government's efforts in the development of tourism rammang-rammang stone forests Maros, using role government indicator as a facilitator, regulator and mediator. This research is qualitative research type phenomenology. Data were collected using such instruments; Observation, interviews and document searches. The results of this study indicate that in general the role of government in the development of tourism rammang rammang- stone forest in Maros is not maximized. As a facilitator, the government has not been much to facilitate the activities of local communities. As a mediator, local governments lack the desire and complaints from people in the area related to the improvement of facilities and infrastructure. As a regulator, the local government has not communicating about the rules of preservation of these attractions.  Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui peran pemerintah daerah dalam pengembangan obyek wisata Hutan Batu Rammang-rammang Kabupaten Maros dan mengetahui upaya pemerintah dalam pengembangan obyek wisata hutan batu rammang- rammang Kabupaten Maros dengan menggunakan indicator pemerintah sebagai fasilitator, regulator dan mediator. Jenis penelitian ini bersifat kualitatif dengan tipe penelitian fenomenologi. Data dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan instrumen berupa; Observasi, wawancara dan penelusuran dokumen. Hasil Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa secara umum peran pemerintah dalam pengembangan obyek wisata hutan batu rammang- rammang di Kabupaten Maros belum maksimal. Sebagai fasilitator, pemerintah belum banyak memfasilitasi aktifitas masyarakat setempat. Sebagai mediator, pemerintah daerah kurang keinginan dan keluhan dari masyarakat di daerah tersebut terkait peningkatan sarana dan prasarana. Sebagai regulator, pemerintah daerah juga kurang berkomunikasi mengenai aturan pelestarian obyek wisata tersebut.
PERAN PEMERINTAH DAERAH DALAM PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT PETANI JAGUNG DI KECAMATAN BIRINGBULU KABUPATEN GOWA Nurdin, Muhammad; Nurmaeta, Sitti; Tahir, Muhammad
Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan Vol 4, No 1 (2014): (April 2014)
Publisher : Department of Government Studies Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (665.082 KB) | DOI: 10.26618/ojip.v4i1.81

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The purpose of this study to determine the role of local government in community empowerment Biringbulu corn farmers in the District of Gowa. This type of research used was descriptive research and data analysis is the analysis of qualitative data. Data collection techniques used are observation, interviews and documentation. The results showed that: The role of local government in empowering communities corn farmers are already well underway; FeAs already carry corn farmer training went well, but not maximized in because there are many farmer groups have not received training; and local governments to provide assistance for seeds, fertilizers as well as savings and loan assistance.Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui peran Pemerintah Daerah dalam pemberdayaan masyarakat petani jagung di Kecamatan Biringbulu Kabupaten Gowa. Jenis penelitian yang di gunakan adalah penelitian deskriptif dan analisis data adalah analisis data kualitatif. Teknik pengumpulan data yang di gunakan yaitu observasi, wawancara dan dokumentasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: Peran pemerintah daerah dalam pemberdayaan masyarakat petani jagung sudah berjalan dengan baik; penyuluh lapangan sudah melaksanakan pelatihan petani jagung berjalan dengan baik, akan tetapi belum maksimal di karenakan masih banyak kelompok tani belum mendapatkan pelatihan; dan pemerintah daerah memberikan bantuan bibit, pupuk serta bantuan simpan pinjam.
PERILAKU POLITIK PEMILIH PEMULA DALAM PELAKSANAAN PEMILIHAN PRESIDEN 2014 DI DESA KANAUNGAN KECAMATAN LABAKKANG KABUPATEN PANGKEP Nur, Raoda; Taufik, Ahmad; Tahir, Muhammad
Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan Vol 5, No 1 (2015): (April 2015)
Publisher : Department of Government Studies Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (681.694 KB) | DOI: 10.26618/ojip.v5i1.116

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 The purpose of this study to determine the political behavior of voters in the election of the president and vice president in 2014 and to determine the factors influencing the political behavior of voters in the election of President and Vice President in the village of the District Kanaungan Labakkang Pangkep. This type of research is descriptive qualitative and types of case studies with the number of informants 10 people consisting of 1 Village Head, 1 KPPS, 3 KPPS, and 5-time voters. Data on the political behavior of voters gathered using instruments such as observation, interviews and documentation. The data were analyzed through a phase of data reduction, data presentation and conclusion. The results showed that voters in the vote in the election of the president and vice president are still lacking because of their awareness of the importance in conducting the elections, following the selection of the parents was the main reason in choosing, awe held on the candidate to be the reason in choosing and irrational the use of voting rights held.  Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui perilaku politik pemilih pemula dalam pelaksanaan pemilihan Presiden dan wakil Presiden 2014 serta untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi perilaku politik pemilih pemula dalam pelaksanaan pemilihan Presiden dan Wakil Presiden Di Desa Kanaungan Kecamatan Labakkang Kabupaten Pangkep. Jenis penelitian adalah deskriftif kualitatif dan tipe penelitian studi kasus dengan jumlah informan 10 orang terdiri dari 1 orang Kepala Desa, 1 orang anggota KPPS, 3 orang anggota KPPS, dan 5 orang pemilih pemula. Data perilaku politik pemilih pemula di kumpul dengan menggunakan instrumen berupa observasi, wawancara dan dokumentasi. Data tersebut dianalisis melalui tahap reduksi data, penyajian data dan penarikan kesimpulan. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa pemilih pemula dalam menggunakan hak pilihnya dalam pemilihan presiden dan wakil presiden masih kurang karena kesadaran mereka akan pentingnya dalam melakukan pemilihan, mengikuti pilihan orang tua menjadi alasan utama dalam memilih, rasa kagum yang dimiliki pada kandidat menjadi alasan dalam memilih dan tidak rasional dalam menggunakan hak suara yang dimiliki.