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Fish Farmer’s Attitude Based on Production Risk of Tiger Grouper, Epinephelus fuscoguttatus Growing in Floating Net Cages in Lampung Gulf Tajerin, Tajerin
Jurnal Perikanan Universitas Gadjah Mada Vol 9, No 2 (2007)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jfs.36

Abstract

This study was aimed to investigate fish farmer’s attitude on production risk of Epinephelus fuscoguttatus growing in floating net cages, and to evaluate the impact of input usage on the production risk. The production risk explicitly assumed, reflected in the variability of E. fuscoguttatus production.The study used the case of fish farmer’s production of grouper growth out in floating net cages in Lampung Gulf, Lampung Province as an analysis unit. The respondent of fish farmers were obtained by census method.The analysis result suggested that the fish farmers were risk-averters toward fish seed, fish feed and human labor input. It also appeared that fish seed and fish feed were risk-inducing inputs while the amount of human labour was a risk-reducing input. Fish farmer’s attitude that avoid of the usage of human labour, more considered by decreased effort efficiency which was affected by increasing the amount of human labor whereas production level tend to remained or lower. However by the level domination of adequate E. fuscoguttatus culture technique which owned by the human labour, the usage of human labor could be act as “risk-reducing”.
PENDUGAAN DAMPAK KEBIJAKAN SUKU BUNGA TERHADAP KINERJA EKONOMI MAKRO SEKTOR PERIKANAN: ANALISIS JALUR INVESTASI DAN EKSPOR MENGGUNAKAN PENDEKATAN MODEL STRUCTURAL VECTOR AUTOREGRESSION Tajerin, Tajerin
Jurnal Perikanan Universitas Gadjah Mada Vol 7, No 2 (2005)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jfs.9069

Abstract

Rapid and complicated development of system, operation, and money market instrument contribute in separation process between monetary and real sectors activities that deminise the effectiveness of monetary policy. Transmission mechanism test by using investment and net export channels indicated that increase in the interest rate of Indonesian Bank Certificate had negative impact on the performance, investment, export and Product Domestic Brutto of fisheries sectors.  Monetary instrument should be designed to drive aggregate demand in fisheries sectors in accordance with economical capacity from supply side. On the other hand, proactive effort in fisheries sectors was needed through the monetary policy from Bank of Indonesia to increase productivity of macro economy in fisheries sectors.  Rapid and complicated development of system, operation, and money market instrument contribute in separation process between monetary and real sectors activities that deminise the effectiveness of monetary policy.  Transmission mechanism test by using investment and net export channels indicated that increase in the interest rate of Indonesian Bank Certificate had negative impact on the performance, investment, export and Product Domestic Brutto of fisheries sectors.  Monetary instrument should be designed to drive aggregate demand in fisheries sectors in accordance with economical capacity from supply side. On the other hand, proactive effort in fisheries sectors was needed through the monetary policy from Bank of Indonesia to increase productivity of macro economy in fisheries sectors.  
PENDUGAAN PERMINTAAN MASUKAN DAN PENAWARAN KELUARAN USAHA BUDIDAYA PEMBESARAN LELE DI KOLAM (STUDI KASUS DI KABUPATEN TULUNG AGUNG, PROPINSI JAWA TIMUR) Tajerin, Tajerin; Noor, M.
Jurnal Perikanan Universitas Gadjah Mada Vol 6, No 1 (2004)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jfs.9039

Abstract

The objective of this study was  to estimate input demand and output supply for catfish growth out.  The study was conducted in Tulung Agung regency, East Java from August to December 2002. Data were analyzed statistically  by profit function model, using Three-Stages Least Square estimation.  The results of this study showed that the catfish price was elastic and responsive to the changes of catfish  seed and  feed prices, but inelastic to the  changes of human labor.  The catfish price had positive effects on variables input demand and output supply.  These positive effects were more significance than the negative effect of  variables input price
ANALISIS EFISIENSI TEKNIS USAHA BUDIDAYA PEMBESARAN IKAN KERAPU DALAM KERAMBA JARING APUNG DI TELUK LAMPUNG Tajerin, Tajerin
Jurnal Perikanan Universitas Gadjah Mada Vol 6, No 2 (2004)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jfs.9044

Abstract

Level of technical efficiency in fish culture reflecting the fish farmers achievement correlated to their managerial competency to manage the principle factors affecting its productivity.  Objectives of this research were to evaluate technical efficiency in grouper growth out as well as its policy implication. This research was conducted in Lampung Province during September to December 2002. The area was selected by purposive sampling in Padang Cermin Sub district, South Lampung, and the respondent of farmers were selected by census method. The results showed that the average of technical efficiency level achieved by grouper farmers in floating net cages should be classified in middle to high categories with relatively homogen distribution. Principle factors affecting the technical efficiency was level of income from farming fish culture. As the technical efficiency level closed to the frontier, policy of culture development should be conducted using area-based extensive culture approach and should applicate imperative and innovative technologies.  
FORMULASI MODEL PUSAT INFORMASI BISNIS IKAN KERAPU DI BATAM, RIAU Manadiyanto, Manadiyanto; Nasution, Zahri; Tajerin, Tajerin; Pranowo, Sapto Adi
Jurnal Penelitian Perikanan Indonesia Vol 9, No 6 (2003): (Vol.9 No.6 2003)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (7448.392 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/jppi.9.6.2003.65-73

Abstract

Terdapat tiga alasan utama perlunya dibentuk pusat informasi bisnis ikan kerapu di Batam, Riau, (1) peluang eksporyang belum dimanfaatkan secara penuh, (2), sumbangan devisa negara dan kesejahteraan masyarakat, dan (3) dapat mengurangi dampak negatif lingkungan perairan. Penelitian bertujuan untuk merancang model pusat informasi bisnis ikan kerapu di Batam, Riau.
RESPONS PETANI IKAN TERHADAP KELEMBAGAAN PRODUKSI DENGAN POLA KEMITRAAN Tajerin, Tajerin; Kartamihardla, Endi Setiadi
Jurnal Penelitian Perikanan Indonesia Vol 6, No 3-4 (2000): (Vol.6 No.3-4 2000)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (5151.47 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/jppi.6.3-4.2000.83-93

Abstract

Respons petani ikan Jawa Barat terhadap kelembagaan produksi dengan pola kemitraan telah dikaji mulai bulan Mei 1995 sampai Februari 1996. Penarikan sampel dilakukan secara bertahap dalam penentuan lokasi penelitian dan dilanjutkan secara acak proporsional dalam pengambilan responden. Data kualitatif dianalisis secara deskriptif sedangkan data kuatitatif dianalisis menggunakan uji Chisguare dan uji kebebasan.
SUMBER-SUMBER PERTUMBUHAN OUTPUT PERIKANAN DALAM PEREKONOMIAN INDONESIA PERIODE 1990-2000: Pendekatan Analisis Input-Output Menggunakan Metoda Dekomposisi Faktor Tajerin, Tajerin
Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 3, No 1 (2008): JUNI (2008)
Publisher : Balai Besar Riset Sosial Eonomi Kelautan dan Perikanan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (784.334 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/jsekp.v3i1.5840

Abstract

Kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui sumber-sumber pertumbuhan output perikanan danperubahannya yang terjadi selama periode analisis. Data yang digunakan merupakan data sekunder dari Tabel Input Output Tahun 1990, 1995 dan 2000 yang disusun oleh Badan Pusat Statistik. Analisis data dilakukan menggunakan kerangka model input-output dengan pendekatan dekomposisi faktor. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahwa pada periode 1990-1995, pertumbuhan output perikanan primer dan perikanan sekunder didominasi sumber perubahan permintaan akhir domestik, sedangkan pada periode 1995-2000 didominasi sumber perluasan ekspor. Sedangkan berdasarkan kontribusinya terhadap sumber pertumbuhan output total, diketahui bahwa selama periode analisis (1990-2000) belum terjadi (tengah berlangsung) perubahan struktur dari perekonomian yang didominasi kelompok perikanan primer kepada kelompok perikanan sekundernya. Untuk meningkatkan kinerja pertumbuhan output perikanan primer dan perikanan sekunder terkait dengan perubahan strukturnya, diperlukan dukungan penguasaan terknologi yang lebih maju dan lebih mendorong perluasan ekspor bersamaan dengan upaya meningkatkan substitusi impor. Tittle: Sources of Fisheries Output Growth in the Indonesian Economy During 1990-2000 : An Input Output Analysis Approach using the Factor Decomposition Method.This study was primarily aimed to find out the sources of fisheries' output growth and changes happened to this sector during the analyzed period. The secondary data used in this research were derived from the 1990, 1995 and 2000 I-O tables composed by CBS (Central Bureau Statistics). The Analysis was done under I-O model framework with factor decomposition approach. The study indicated that during the 1990 – 1995 period, both primary and secondary fisheries' output were dominated by changes in the final demand, while during the 1995 – 2000 period, it was dominated by export expansion. Based on its contributions towards total output growth, during the analysis period (1990 - 2000), fisheries sector had not experienced the much-expected structural changes from a primary-fisheries-dominated economy to a secondary-fisheries-dominated economy, or perhaps it was still in process. In order to increase the output growth performance of both primary and secondary fisheries related to the structural changes, more advanced technologies, support for more export expansion balanced by the efforts to promote import substitution are needed.
POSISI SEKTOR PERIKANAN DAN PARIWISATA BAHARI DALAM PETA KETERKAITAN EKONOMI SULAWESI UTARA: Analisis Pendekatan Input-Output Lindawati, Lindawati; Sastrawidjaja, Sastrawidjaja; Tajerin, Tajerin
Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 5, No 2 (2010): DESEMBER (2010)
Publisher : Balai Besar Riset Sosial Eonomi Kelautan dan Perikanan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (319.297 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/jsekp.v5i2.5797

Abstract

Pembangunan sektor perikanan dan pariwisata bahari mempunyai peranan yang penting dalam perekonomian Sulawesi Utara. Hal tersebut dapat dilihat dari keterkaitan sektor perikanan dan pariwisata bahari tersebut dalam perekonomian Sulawesi Utara. Tulisan ini membahas posisi sektor perikanan dan pariwisata bahari dalam peta perekonomian provinsi Sulawesi Utara. Data yang digunakan dalam kajian ini adalah data sekunder dari Tabel Input-Output Tahun 2005, dan dianalisis dengan menggunakan pendekatan model Input-Output melalui metode analisis keterkaitan. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa pada tahun 2005 secara rata-rata keterkaitan sektor perikanan dan pariwisata bahari dalam perekonomian Sulawesi Utara termasuk dalam kategori kuat dan termasuk ke dalam kelompok sektor andalan/unggulan. Hal ini ditunjukkan dengan indeks keterkaitan ke belakang dan ke depan khususnya untuk kelompok perikanan sekunder (sektor industri pengolahan dan pengawetan ikan) dan sektor pariwisata bahari yang lebih besar dari rata-rata keseluruhan sektor dalam perekonomian Sulawesi Utara. Tittle: Fisheries and Marine Tourism Position Sectors in the Economy Linkages Map of North Sulawesi Province: An Input-Output Approach.Fisheries and marine tourism sectors play important roles in North Sulawesi economy. The linkage between fisheries and marine tourism sector indicate these roles. This paper discusses and assesses position fisheries and marine tourism sector in the economy of North Sulawesi Province. This research uses secondary data from the Input-Output Table 2005. Through linkage analytical method. Results of this research show that there was a strong linkage between fisheries and marine tourism sectors in 2005 in North Sulawesi economy. Index of backward and forward linkages provides evidence of this strong connections, especially for secondary fishery activities (processing and preserving industries) and marine tourism sectors. The linkages are also higher than other sectors in North Sulawesi economy.
EFEK KESEJAHTERAAN DARI KESEPAKATAN KEMITRAAN EKONOMI BILATERAL INDONESIA DAN AMERIKA SERIKAT TERKAIT PERDAGANGAN HASIL PERIKANAN Tajerin, Tajerin; Purnomo, Agus Heri; Sastrawidjaja, Sastrawidjaja
Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 5, No 1 (2010): Juni (2010)
Publisher : Balai Besar Riset Sosial Eonomi Kelautan dan Perikanan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (622.776 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/jsekp.v5i1.5793

Abstract

Momentum liberalisasi perdagangan akhir-akhir ini semakin menguat, sehingga mendorong Indonesia melakukan kesepakatan kemitraan ekonomi bilateral dengan negara mitra dagangnya seperti Amerika Serikat. Penelitian mengenai aspek kesejahteraan (surplus konsumen, surplus produsen dan surplus agregat) dari kesepakatan kemitraan ekonomi bilateral antara Indonesia dengan Amerika Serikat (Indonesian and United States of American Economic Partnership Agreement / IUSEPA) terkait dengan perdagangan hasil perikanan dilakukan pada tahun 2009. Data yang digunakan bersumber dari basis set data terintegrasi dari tiga database perdagangan dunia yang dimiliki WTO, TRAINS-UNCTAD dan UNSDCOMTRADE melalui penggunaan software WITS yang dikembangkan World Bank. Analisis dilakukan dengan pendekatan “SMART Model” dengan bantuan Software WITS. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa IUSEPA memberikan efek positif terhadap kesejahtaraan berupa surplus konsumen, surplus produsen dansurplus agregat. Besaran efek surplus produsen baru terlihat efeknya pada pemotongan tarif impor perikanan sebesar 80% dan 100%, masing-masing sebesar US$ 40,437 ribu dan sebesar US$ 704,162 ribu. Demikian pula dengan efek surplus agregat, pada pemotongan tarif impor perikanan tersebut masingmasing memberikan efek total kesejahteraan sebesar US$ 28,033 ribu dan sebesar US$ 234.748 ribu. Dari perspektif sektoral, khususnya terkait dengan perdagangan hasil perikanan dalam kerangka IUSEPA, Indonesia perlu mengusulkan pemotongan tarif impor 80-100% atau pemberlakuan tarif impor 0 – 7%kepada pihak Amerika Serikat. Tittle: Welfare Effect of Indonesia and United States of America Economic Bilateral Partnership Agreement Related with Fishery Trade.The intensified momentum of trade liberalization requires Indonesia to develop bilateral economic partnership agreement with its trading partners such with the United States. This research is an evaluation welfare aspects (consumer surplus, producer surplus and the aggregate surplus) of fishery products from bilateral economic partnership agreement between Indonesia and the United States of America (Indonesian and United States of American Economic Partnership Agreement /IUSEPA) in 2009. This research use integrated set database from three world trade databases (WTO, TRANS-UNCTAD and UNSD COMTRADE) with applying WITS software developed by the World Bank. It applied Smart Model approach using WITS software for analysis. The results of this research showed that IUSEPA has a positive effect on welfare in the form of consumer, producer and the aggregate surplus. Reducing import tariff by 80 and 100 per cent provided significant effect on producer surplus by US$ 40,437 and US$ 704,162 respectively. Similarly, the reduction resulted aggregate surplus and welfare effect by US$ 28,033 and US$ 234.748 respectively. From the sectoral perspective, Indonesia need to negotiate reduction tariff for fishery product up 80-100 per cent or put the import tariff into effect 0-7 per cent for United States under the IUSEPA framework.
KETAHANAN PANGAN IKANI PADA RUMAH TANGGA PERIKANAN TANGKAP LAUT SKALA KECIL: Kasus Desa Gebang Mekar, Kabupaten Cirebon Yusuf, Risna; Tajerin, Tajerin
Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 4, No 1 (2009): juni (2009)
Publisher : Balai Besar Riset Sosial Eonomi Kelautan dan Perikanan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (622.472 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/jsekp.v4i1.5819

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan ketahanan pangan ikani rumah tangga perikanan tangkap laut skala kecil. Metode Survei digunakan dalam penelitian ini. Responden dipilih dengan menggunakan metoda proportional random sampling berdasarkan jenis alat tangkap. Data yang digunakan adalah data primer yang diperoleh dari hasil wawancara. Analisis data dilakukan dengan menggunakan pendekatan statistik non-parametrik Chi-Square. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa peubah pendidikan, budaya makan ikan, nilai aset dan pendapatan berhubungan positif dan nyata dengan tingkat ketahanan pangan ikani rumah tangga perikanan. Pemerintah diharapkan terus mendorong upaya peningkatan ketahanan pangan terutama pangan ikani dengan lebih mengkaitkan arah kebijakan dan programnya dengan upaya peningkatan pendidikan dan pengetahuan akan pangan dan gizi pada rumah tangga perikanan tangkap laut skala kecil, peningkatan pendapatan dan peningkatan aset rumah tangga. Tittle: Fisheries Food Security on Household of the Small-scale Marine Fisher: Case Study in the Gebang Mekar Village, Cirebon District, West Java.The purpose of this research was to assess the factors that relate with fisheries food security at small - scale marine fisher. Research was conducted using survey method. Respondents were chosen using proportional random sampling method based on types of fishing gears. The research was using primary data based on interview and analysis used Chi-square approach. Results showed that education, habits in consumption, asset value and income of fisheries household significantly related with fisheries food security at small-scale of marine fisheries household. Therefore, the government has to push on fisheries food security improvement forward into policy and program education and knowledge of food and nutrient at small-scale marine fisher’s household, increase income and economic asset of the fisher.