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Kandungan Senyawa Aktif Spirulina platensis yang Ditumbuhkan pada Media Walne dengan Konsentrasi NaNO3 Berbeda Notonegoro, Hartoyo; Setyaningsih, Iriani; Tarman, Kustiariyah
Jurnal Pascapanen dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 13, No 2 (2018): Desember 2018
Publisher : Balai Besar Riset Pengolahan Produk dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15578/jpbkp.v13i2.555

Abstract

AbstrakSpirulina platensis merupakan sumber makanan organik  yang mengandung protein tinggi dengan asam amino yang seimbang. Spirulina juga memiliki kandungan senyawa aktif yaitu fikosianin dan flavonoid. Senyawa aktif tersebut pada umumnya memiliki aktivitas yang potential sebagai suplemen dan sediaan bahan aktif pada pangan fungsional. Salah satu faktor yang mempengaruhi kandungan fikosianin dan flavonoid dari mikroalga adalah nutrisi yang digunakan dalam media pertumbuhan sehingga perlu dilakukan kajian mengenai pengaruh komposisi media terhadap kandungan fikosianin dan flavonoid. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan pengaruh variasi kandungan NaNO3 pada media pertumbuhan terhadap kandungan fikosianin dan flavonoid S. platensis; serta menentukan konsentrasi NaNO3 terbaik pada media Walne untuk menghasilkan biomassa S. platensis dengan kandungan fikosianin dan flavonoid  tertinggi. Penelitian ini terdiri dari 2 tahapan yaitu kultivasi S. platensis; dan ekstraksi fikosianin, flavonoid, dan komponen aktif lainnya. Kultur S. platensis menggunakan media Walne dengan variasi kandungan NaNO3 yaitu masing-masing sebesar 80, 100 dan 120 g selama 11 hari. Total protein dan nitrogen tertinggi diperoleh pada perlakuan 100 g NaNO3 masing-masing sebesar 44,30% dan 7,09%. Biomassa S. platensis setiap perlakuan NaNO3 mengandung flavonoid, steroid, fenol dan saponin. Konsentrasi dan rendemen fikosianin terbaik diperoleh pada perlakuan 80 g NaNO3 sebesar 1,32 mg/ml dan 32,93%.Total flavonoid ekstrak S. platensis tertinggi diperoleh pada perlakuan 80 g NaNO3 sebesar 16,56%. S. platensis terpilih adalah perlakuan NaNO3 80 g karena menghasilkan kandungan senyawa aktif flavonoid dan fikosianin tertinggi. ncentration. The Active Compounds of  Spirulina  platensis Grown on Walne Media with Different NaNO3 ConcentrationsAbstractSpirulina platensis is a source of organic foods that contain high protein with balanced amino acids. Spirulina also contains active compounds of phycocyanin and flavonoids. The active compound communly to have potential activities as supplement and functional food. One of the factors that affects the content of phycocyanin and flavonoids from microalgae is the nutrients used in growth media. So that it is necessary to study the effect of media composition on the content of phycochyanin and flavonoids. This study aimed to determine the effect of various concentrations of NaNO3 on growth media on the content of flavonoids and phycocyanin and determine the best NaNO3 concentration in Walne media that produce S. platensis biomass with the highest phycocyanin and flavonoid contents. This study was run in two steps that were cultivation of S. platensis and extraction of phycocyanin, flavonoid, and other active components. S. Platensis were cultured in Walne media with various NaNO3 concentrations that were 80, 100 and 120 g for 11 days. The highest total protein and nitrogen were obtained from 100 g NaNO3 treatment which were 44.30% and 7.09% respectively. The biomass of S. platensis for each of NaNO3 treatment contains flavonoids, steroids, phenols and saponins. The best concentration and yield of phycocyanin were obtained from the treatment of 80 g NaNO3 of 1.32 mg/ml and 32.93% respectively. The highest total flavonoids of S. platensis extract were obtained at 80 g NaNO3 treatment of 16.56%. The best treatment to grow S. platensis which produced highest active content of phycocyanin and flavoniud was gained from 80 g NaNO3 medium
POTENSI KOLAGEN TERIPANG EMAS SEBAGAI INHIBITOR TIROSINASE Safithri, Mega; Setyaningsih, Iriani; Tarman, Kustiariyah; Yuhendri, Vitriyanna Mutiara; Meydia, Meydia
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 21 No. 2 (2018): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia 21(2)
Publisher : Masyarakat Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia (MPHPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (209.598 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v21i2.23085

Abstract

Kolagen memiliki aktivitas antioksidan dan mampu menghambat aktivitas tirosinase pada prosesmelanogenesis, salah satu biota laut yang dapat dijadikan sumber kolagen alternatif adalah teripang.Penelitian ini bertujuan menentukan karakteristik kolagen dan aktivitas penghambatan enzim tirosinaseoleh kolagen teripang emas (Stichopus hermanii). Penghilangan protein non kolagen dilakukan dengancara perendaman daging teripang menggunakan NaOH 0,1 M selama 48 jam. Isolasi kolagen dilakukanmenggunakan asam asetat 0.5 M selama 48 jam. Analisis gugus fungsi kolagen dilakukan menggunakanFTIR dan analisis aktivitas tirosinase dilakukan menggunakan spektrofotometer. Kadar protein nonkolagen yang diperoleh yaitu 0,090 mg/mL dan kolagen teripang emas memiliki rendemen 0,66%. Kolagenteripang memiliki nilai pH 6,91, gugus fungsi khas amida A (3379,29 cm-1), amida B (2924,09 cm-1), amidaI (1681,93 cm-1), amida II (1568,13 cm-1), dan amida III (1269,16 cm-1). Aktivitas penghambatan tirosinasemenunjukkan bahwa kolagen teripang emas memiliki nilai IC50 5610 ppm. Kolagen teripang emas belummampu menghambat aktivitas tirosinase.
AKTIVITAS ANTIBAKTERI PROTEIN KAPANG XYLARIA PSIDII KT30 TERHADAP ESCHERICHIA COLI DAN BACILLUS SUBTILIS [ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF PROTEIN FUNGUS XYLARIA PSIDII KT30 ESCHERICHIA COLI AND BACILLUS SUBTILIS] Munandar, Aris; Mustopa, A. Zaenal; Tarman, Kustiariyah; Nurhayati, Tati
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan Vol. 25 No. 2 (2014): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (397.636 KB) | DOI: 10.6066/jtip.2014.25.2.146

Abstract

Previous research shows that extracellular protein of an algicolous fungus Xylaria psidii KT30 inhibited Bacillus pumilus, Listeria sp., Salmonella typhi, Staphylacoccus aureus, and Pseudomonas sp. with an average clear zone diameter of 7 mm. To enhance the potent antibacterial activity of extracellular protein from Xylaria psidii KT30, the present research demonstrated fungal growth optimization and purification of its secreted extracellular protein. The fungal growth optimization was performed following NaCl concentration and harvest day variations. The protein was precipitated using ammonium sulphate at 60%-90% saturation range and was purified through gel chromatography filtrationusing Sephadex G-50, eluted with 30% aq methanol. The active fraction possesing antibacterial activity was then determined resulting supernatant, pellet, and protein fraction.The fungal was optimally obtained after 15 days cultivation using freshwater.The highest protein yield was 1.67%, resulted over 90% saturation. Fractions 11 and 12 were the most active against Escherichia coli dan Bacillus subtiliswith clear zone diameter of 8 mm.Three bands of those fractions were detected through SDS-PAGE analysis, revealing molecular weights of 23.42, 20.09, and 14.33 kDa.  
AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN PADA FORMULA TABLET TERIPANG KELING (HOLOTHURIA ATRA) Lubis, Ahmad Fauzan; Purwaningsih, Sri; Tarman, Kustiariyah
Berkala Perikanan Terubuk Vol 44, No 2 (2016): Juli 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Perikanan dan Kelautan, Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (394.002 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/terubuk.44.2.51 - 69

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This study about activity of antioxidant aimed to determine the chemical characterization of sandfish, sandfish meat and sandfish powder, determine the best formulation in manufacturing Holothuria atra tablet based on DEPKES RI standard and to determine the antioxidant activity and the active compounds that act as antioxidants in the extract of Holothuria atra tablets. The method used in the manufacture of tablets is the direct compression method using 6 formulations to treat the kind of powder substance that is the ingredient of sandfish are intact and substances from the meat of sandfish. Tablet chosen based on the standards of the Ministry of Health that includes the physical characteristics of the test tablet and shelf-life stability. Tablet rivet sandfishtested the antioxidant activity by the method of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH). Tests to determine the active compounds that act as antioxidants with thin layer chromatography (TLC) and bioautography antioxidants and also to determine the functional groups using analysis of Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR). The yield of sandfish powder is considerably low. Yield of sandfish powder are 10.26% and sandfish meat powder are 9,82%. The protein content of sandfish powder are 60,89% lower compared to sandfish meat powders of 63,57%. Formula elected from the sandfish tablet test based on physical characteristics and stability test of the shelf life of the tablet is the formula A2 with the composition of the powder formulation Holothuria atra (25%), Ac-Di-Sol (2%), L-HPC (2%), Aspartame (0.5%), menthol (0.2%), talk (1%), magnesium stearate (1%) and lactose: mannitol (67.8%) and has antioxidant activity with IC50 value of 97.22 ppm. TLC test and Bio-autography showed that the class of antioxidant compounds are steroid, and suspected compounds at FTIR test, that act as antioxidants compound has similarities to the sterol class.
FRAKSINASI PROTEIN KAPANG LAUT XYLARIA PSIDII KT30 DAN SITOTOKSISITASNYA TERHADAP SEL HELA [FRACTIONATION OF PROTEINS OF MARINE FUNGUS XYLARIA PSIDII KT30 AND THEIR CYTOTOXICITY AGAINST HELA CELLS] Inthe, Mita Gebriella; Tarman, Kustiariyah; Safithri, Mega
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan Vol. 25 No. 1 (2014): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (578.397 KB) | DOI: 10.6066/jtip.2014.25.1.39

Abstract

FRAKSINASI PROTEIN KAPANG LAUT Xylaria psidii KT30 DAN SITOTOKSISITASNYA TERHADAP SEL HeLa[Fractionation of Proteins of Marine Fungus Xylaria psidii KT30 and their Cytotoxicity against HeLa Cells]Mita Gebriella Inthe1), Kustiariyah Tarman1)* dan Mega Safithri2)1) Departemen Teknologi Hasil Perairan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor2) Departemen Biokimia, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor Diterima 22 Juli 2013 / Disetujui 03 Maret 2014ABSTRACT Cervical cancer is the most common cause of death for Indonesian women after human breast cancer. One of the efforts of cancer treatment is the utilization of natural compounds. One of the microorganisms having the potential as anticancer agent is endophytic fungi. Endophytic fungi from the marine habitat can be isolated from sea weeds, sea grasses, sponges, and mangroves. Xylaria psidii KT30, a marine fungus used in this study was isolated from red seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii. Xylaria psidii KT30 was cultivated in potato dextrose broth medium for nine days at room temperature 27-29°C in shaking condition. This study aimed to obtain protein fractions from X. psidii KT30 and determine their toxicity againt Chang and HeLa cells. The fractionation process was conducted using DEAE Sephadex A-50 column chromatography and the toxicity was determined by Brine Shrimp Lethality Test (BSLT). The metabolites excreted in the culture broth was extracted using 90% of ammonium sulphate. The extract was then tested for their toxicity against HeLa and Chang cells by Microculture Tetrazolium Technique (MTT) assay.The results revealed that LC50 of the protein extract of X. psidii KT30 was 104.95 ppm and IC50 was 69.9 ppm. Based on the National Cancer Institute (NCI), this value showed moderate cytotoxicity against HeLa cells.
PROFILE OF AMINO ACID, FATTY ACID, AND MINERAL CONTENT OF TAMBELO (BACTRONOPHORUS SP.) FROM KENDARI, SOUTHEAST SULAWESI Riviani, Riviani; Purwaningsih, Sri; Tarman, Kustiariyah
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 19 No. 1 (2016): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (567.295 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v19i1.11696

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Public coastal had trust natural material as medicine became one of the most important things inthe discovery of medicine latest. Papua, Belitung, and Kendari coastal communities believed that tambelo(Bactronophorus sp.) can treat various kinds of diseases like lumbago, rheumatism, cough, flu, malaria, andimprove production of the breast milk, increase appetite, and vitality of man. It was important to know whatcourse content of tambelo. Tambelo could be examined amino acids, fatty acids, and mineral contents. Thehighest essential amino acids in tambelo were leucyne, lysine, and valin of 0.57%, 0.39%, 0.36%. The highestnon essential amino acid was alanin, glutamic acid, and aspartic acid of 1.24%, 1.09%, and 0.78%. Barrierof amino acid was histidine. Fatty acid total of tambelo was 29.52%, whereas the fatty acid compositionsconsist of 10.09% saturated fatty acid (SAFA) was 14.37% monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) was 5.06%polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). Among them, those occuring in the highest proportions were palmaticacid (4.49%), oleic acid (5.73%), palmitoleic acid (4.96%), and Aracidic acid (1.88%). Tambelo had n6/n3ratio of 1.84. Tambelo had mineral contents as Natrium of 1144000 mg/kg, calcium of 17000 mg/kg, Kaliumof 21000 mg/kg, magnesium of 13000 mg/kg, phosphor of 1900 mg/kg, cadmium < 0.24 mg/kg, and lead<1.25 mg/kg.Keyword : amino acids, Bactronophorus sp., fatty acids, mineral contents, tambelo
UTILIZATION OF MARINE FUNGAL NODULISPORIUM SP. KT29 METABOLITES TO IMPROVE THE PRODUCTION PERFORMANCE OF MARINE CULTURE OF WHITE SHRIMP Saputra, Fazril; Wahjuningrum, Dinamella; Tarman, Kustiariyah; Effendi, Irzal
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol. 8 No. 2 (2016): Elektronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jitkt.v8i2.15839

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This study aimed to determine the best dose of administration of marine fungal Nodulisporium sp. KT29 metabolites to improve the production performance of marine culture of white shrimp. The experimental animals used were white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei post larvae 12, which were reared in the sea using floating net cages with a stocking density of 700 post larvae/net. Experimental design used was a completely randomized design consisting of 3 treatments with 3 replications; control without the administration of Nodulisporium sp. KT29 metabolites, dietary of feed containing Nodulisporium sp. KT29 metabolites at doses of 20 mL/kg of feed and 40 mL/kg of feed. The results showed that survival rate, absolute length growth, weight gain, daily growth rate and feed conversion ratio in treatment groups were better than the control (P<0.05). The administration of marine fungal Nodulisporium sp. KT29 metabolites at a dose of 20 mL/kg of feed could improve the production performance of white shrimp cultivated in the sea with survival rate, daily growth rate and feed conversion ratio: 66.61±6.94%, 20.18±0.39 %/day and 3.20±0.22, respectively.
ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF EXTRACELLULAR PROTEASE ISOLATED FROM AN ALGICOLOUS FUNGUS XYLARIA PSIDII KT30 AGAINST GRAM-POSITIVE BACTERIA Indarmawan, Taufik; Mustopa, Apon Zaenal; Budiarto, Bugi Ratno; Tarman, Kustiariyah
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol. 23 No. 2 (2016): April 2016
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1051.929 KB) | DOI: 10.4308/hjb.23.2.73

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Infectious diseases became more serious problem for public health in recent years. Although existing antibacterial drugs have been relatively effective, they do not rule out the emergence of resistance to the drug. Therefore, the intensive exploration of new bioactive compounds from natural, especially peptide compounds began in recent decades in order-handling infection. This study aimed to isolate, purify and test the potential application of Xylaria psidii KT30 extracellular protease as antibacterial agent against Gram-positive bacteria. X. psidii KT30, a marine fungus isolated from red seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii showed antibacterial activity against Bacillus subtilisand Staphylococcus aureus. Antibacterial compounds of this fungus were predicted as a group of proteases. Extracellular protease exhibited an optimum activity when potato dextrose broth was used as cultivation medium. Furthermore, the highest activity of these proteases was found on fungal extract after day 15 of cultivation with value of 2.33 ± 0.19 U/mL. The partial purification of proteases using G-75 column chromatography resulted in 2 groups of fractions and showed protease activity based on zymogram assay. The extracellular proteases obtained from those fractions have 3 patterns of molecular mass based on sodium dodecyl sulfate?polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis which are 56.62, 89.12, 162.18 kDa.
ANTICANCER ACTIVITY OF SPIRULINA CULTIVATED IN WALNE AND ORGANIC MEDIA Sirait, Putriana Sari; Setyaningsih, Iriani; Tarman, Kustiariyah
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 22 No. 1 (2019): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan
Publisher : Masyarakat Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia (MPHPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (365.088 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v22i1.25876

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Spirulina is Cyanobacteria containing active components which is potentially showing anticancer activity. The purposes of this study were to determine anticancer activity and selectivity of crude extractsof Spirulina cultured using Walne and organic media, and to detect the apoptosis. The stages of this study included cultivation and harvesting of Spirulina, active components extraction, anticancer test and apoptosisdetection. Anticancer activity was determined using MTT assay. The crude extracts of Spirulina from Walne and organic cultures contained active components of alkaloids, flavonoids, steroids, and saponins. Theseextracts were not toxic to normal breast cells (MCF-12a), but showed cytotoxic activity in breast cancer cells (MCF-7). The crude extract of Spirulina from Walne culture had IC50 value of 36.23 ppm and selectivity index 30.07, while the IC50 of organic culture was 117.78 ppm and selectivity index 7.17. Detection of apoptosis with Hoechst dye 33342 showed the apoptotic activity of Spirulina crude extract against MCF-7 cells.
Antibacterial activity of Stichopus hermanii and Stichopus variegatus Methanol Extract Susanto, Hendra; Safithri, Mega; Tarman, Kustiariyah
Current Biochemistry Vol 4, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/%p

Abstract

Since 500 years ago sea cucumber has been used as wound healing medicine. Sea cucumbers are thought to function as a cell growth factor and have the potential as an antibacterial agent. This study aims to determine whether the methanol extract of sea cucumber has antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa so that it can be used to help diabetic wound healing of people infected with the same bacteria. The extraction method used was maceration with methanol to dried frozen simplicia. The simplicia was obtained by freeze drying to liquid preparation of heated fresh sea cucumber. The antibacterial activity test was performed using well diffusion method. There were no any antibacterial activity found in the two methanol extracts of sea cucumber.