Articles

Found 12 Documents
Search

MODEL ORIENTASI KEWIRAUSAHAAN DALAM MENDUKUNG PENGENTASAN KEMISKINAN DAN PENGGANGURAN DI PERDESAAN Wardoyo, Munadjat; Tasrif, Muhammad; Bayu, Kartib
Sosiohumaniora Vol 18, No 1 (2016): SOSIOHUMANIORA, MARET 2016
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (378.629 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/sosiohumaniora.v18i1.9362

Abstract

Semakin banyaknya pengangguran dan kemiskinan, maka semakin dirasakan pentingnya dunia wirausaha. Pembangunan akan berjalan dengan baik jika ditunjang oleh wirausahawan karena kemampuan pemerintah sangat terbatas. Oleh karena itu wirausaha merupakan potensi pembangunan, baik dalam jumlah maupun dalam mutu wirausaha itu sendiri. Kenyataan yang dihadapi bahwa jumlah wirausaha Indonesia masih sedikit dan mutunya masih rendah,sehingga pembangunan wirausaha merupakan persoalan yang mendesak bagi suksesnya pembangunan.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memperoleh gambaran mengenai orientasi kewirausahaan yang dimiliki untuk mengurangi angka pengangguran dan kemiskinan. Memperoleh gambaran mengenai kerelasian antara pengusaha dengan pembeli untuk mengurangi angka pengangguran dan kemiskinan. Memperoleh gambaran mengenai kerelasian antara pengusaha dengan pemasok untuk mengurangi angka pengangguran dan kemiskinan. Memperoleh gambaran mengenai kerelasian antara pengusaha dengan produk komplementer untuk mengurangi angka pengangguran dan kemiskinan Memperoleh gambaran mengenai kinerja bisnis yang mampu untuk mengurangi angka pengangguran dan kemiskinan. Mengetahui pengaruh kewitrausahaan terhadap kerelasian dengan pembeli, kerelasian dengan pemasok, dan kerelasian dengan produk komplementer. Mengetahui pengaruh kerelasian dengan pembeli, kerelasian dengan pemasok, dan kerelasian dengan produk komplementer terhadap kineja bisnis untuk mengurangi angka pengangguran dan kemiskinan. Penelitian menggunakan Metode deskriptif (descriptive research), dan verifikatif (verificative research). Unit analisis adalah para pengusaha kecil dan mennegah yang ada di daerah pedesaan Penentuan lokasi sampel dilakukan dengan clusterrandom sampling. Komoditi usaha yang dijadikan sampel di Kabupaten Garut yaitu usaha keajinan kulit, kerajinan tenun, dan usaha dodol. Sedangkan di Kabupaten Sukabumi adalah usaha kerajinan batu mulia, sparpark kendaraan bermotor, pengolahan ikan asin dan usaha kripik. Hasil sementara pelaksanaan penelitian pada tahun pertama dapatdijelaskan sebagai berikut. Orientasi kewirausahaan berpengaruh terhadap kerelasian dengan pembeli, kerelasian dengan pemasok, dan kerelasian dengan produk komplementer Wirausaha di Kabupaten Garut dan Sukabumi. Namun orientasi kewirausahaan memiliki pengaruh yang paling tinggi adalah terhadap kerelasian dengan produk komplementer, yaitu sebesar 0.91 atau dengan kontribusi 82%. Sementara besar pengaruh orientasi kewirausahaan terhadap kerelasianpembeli hanya sebesar 0.87 atau dengan kontribusi 75% dan besar pengaruh orientasi kewirausahaan terhadap terhadap kerelasian dengan pemasok hanya sebesar 0.90 atau dengan kontribusi sebesar 81%. Sehingga semakin meningkat/ baik orientasi kewirausahaan Wirausaha di Kabupaten Garut dan Sukabumi maka akan semakin meningkatkan tingkat kerelasian dengan pembeli, pemasok, dan produk komplementer Wirausaha di Kabupaten Garut dan SukabumiKerelasian dengan pembeli, pemasok, dan produk komplementer secara simultan berpengaruh terhadap kinerja bisnis Wirausaha di Kabupaten Garut dan Sukabumi. Adapun besarnya pengaruh adalah sebesar 81% dengan arah positif. Secara parsial kerelasian dengan produk komplementer dominan mempengaruhi kinerja bisnis Wirausaha di Kabupaten Garut dan Sukabumi, dibandingkan dengan faktor kerelasian dengan pembeli dan kerelasian dengan pemasok. Sehinggadengan melihat dari dominasi pengaruh kerelasian dengan produk komplementer maka semakin baik kerelasian dengan produk komplementer maka akan mengakibatkan meningkatnya kinerja bisnis Wirausaha di Kabupaten Garut dan Sukabumi.
DIMENSI SPIRITUAL KEBUDAYAAN: Di Tengah Relasi yang Timpang Antara Utara dan Selatan Tasrif, Muhammad
El-HARAKAH (TERAKREDITASI) el-Harakah (Vol 12, No 2
Publisher : UIN Maliki Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18860/el.v0i0.449

Abstract

Moslem society as a part of the population of the south world, culturally is in the influence of the hegemony of non-Moslem culture. Mainly, European, American, and Australian as parts of the north world population. Until the mid twentieth century, the hegemony existed in the form of military imperialism. Meanwhile, in post-mid twentieth century, the hegemony changed into cultural imperialism in many areas, such as, social, economic, and art. The countries of the south world have really done some efforts to face the neo-imperialism, but have not succeeded well. Therefore, more serious efforts should be done to face the neo-imperialism, that is, the creativity to make the European and American cultural products as materials that can be creatively rearranged and matched with the local culture. In the creative process, the spiritual dimension of culture should become the basis of cultural production process at present and in the future to create a fair relation. The use of spiritual dimension of culture can create new cultural products. In turn, the cultural products of the south world will exist, and finally they can be exchanged with the products of the north world. This is what China is doing with its developing economic power to balance out the domination of Europe and America. The same hopefully appears from the Islam world although it needs more serious cultural works. According to Faisal Ismail, the awakening of Islam and its culture depends on the Moslems themselves, depends on their cultural works they do.
THE ROLE OF TECHNOLOGY IN THE INDONESIAN ECONOMY: A SYSTEM DYNAMICS MODEL Tasrif, Muhammad
Journal of S&T Policy and R&D Management Vol 12, No 2 (2014): Journal of S&T Policy and R&D Management
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Perkembangan Iptek, LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

It is an accepted view that technological progress is an extremelyimportant, perhaps the most important, determinant in the growth in output per man. Therefore, the governments policies related to the R & D activities to spur the development of the technology in order to enhance economic growth in Indonesia are becoming very important to be analyzed. For this purpose, a process oriented model of technology-economy interactions (Technology-Economy Model) was developed; and through the simulation of the model a clear and distinct understanding of the role of the technology in the Indonesian economy can be obtained. In the model, the capital-labor ratio (KLR) is proposed as an indicator of the technology in an economic system. This implies that the development of technology will be strongly determined by the decisions those related to the development of capital (investment and depreciation) and the growing of labor (hire and fire). The structure of decision making process is naturally consists of the interdependent relationships among some components which constructing causal loops (feedback loops). Based on this thought, the system dynamics methodology is used in this study to develop the Technology-Economy Model. The growth behavior of the technology and the economy is obtained through simulating the model from year 2000 until year 2050 for some scenarios related to the R&D activities and the economic policies. The analysis of the model behavior provides some important policy directions those expected to produce the higher technology and economic growth and also the better performance of the economy, i.e.: policies to manage R&D activities becoming effective, R&D policies should have a linkage with the education and training policies (link and match), have also a linkage with the economic policies (investment, export, and import), and the development of industry (wage policies).
Redesigning the Structure of Republic Indonesian Defense System; An Analysis of Systems Thinking Muhammad, Ade; Tasrif, Muhammad; Hartati, Sri
The Asian Journal of Technology Management (AJTM) Vol 6, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : School of Business and Management Institut Teknologi Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The phenomenon of Shrinking Defense Capabilities is only the tip of the iceberg of Indonesian Defense System’s problem. The root of the problem that lies beneath and outside is keep untouched. This journal is the part of the efforts to reveal the phenomenon’s structure that binding as a system. The present structure is a cause of that phenomenon and the basis of the current organization responsible for Republic Indonesia Defense sector. With the Systems thinking analysis, the research has revealed the structure that become the problem cause and give a holistic solution trough redesigning new structure based on two theories namely the Strategic-Operational Management with Vision Dissemination of Prof. Dr. Jürgen Strohhecker and the Defense System Generic Dr. Ir. Muhammad Tasrif, M.Eng and Ir. Ade Muhammad, M.Han. The logical consequences would also changing of formation of Indonesian Defense Organization. Keywords : Design, Redesigning, Defense System, System, Defense, Holistic
PROGRAM STUDI MAGISTER TEKNOKULTUR DI ITB: MENJADIKAN MANUSIA BERKEADABAN? Tasrif, Muhammad
Jurnal Sosioteknologi Vol 14, No 3 (2015)
Publisher : Kelompok Keahlian Ilmu Kemanusiaan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (516.226 KB) | DOI: 10.5614/sostek.itbj.2015.14.3.1

Abstract

ABSTRAKTeknokultur yang dalam definisinya mengandung konsep saling-hubungan (feedback atau interdependent) antara teknologi dan kebudayaan mengindikasikan bahwa seorang lulusan Program Pendidikan Magister Teknokultur seharusnya memahami benar makna saling-hubungan tersebut. Dengan demikian, materi-materi mata kuliah yang perlu ditawarkan dalam Prodi Magister Teknokultur haruslah dapat mewujudkan pemahaman yang benar itu. Pada gilirannya melalui pemahaman ini, pemaknaan implikasi dari konsep saling-hubungan dalam konteks pola-pola kehidupan sosial dapat diperoleh dengan jelas (clear dan distinct). Suatu fenomena (fenomena teknokultur) menyangkut dua aspek: struktur dan perilaku. Perilaku suatu fenomena ditentukan oleh strukturnya. Ada dua macam struktur, struktur fisik dan struktur pembuatan keputusan. Keputusan-keputusan yang dibuat manusia, pada hakikatnya merupakan salah satu tahap terpenting dalam suatu siklus tertutup proses belajar manusia akan suatu fenomena yang menjadi fokus perhatiannya. Dalam proses belajar yang primitif, keputusan dihasilkan oleh suatu model mental, yang mana budaya memainkan perannya dalam model mental ini. Banyak kekurangan yang dijumpai dalam proses belajar yang hanya mengandalkan model mental. Salah satu kekurangannya adalah ketidakmampuan model mental membangun pemahaman yang lengkap akan keberadaan perilaku kompleksitas dinamis (dynamic complexity) suatu fenomena teknokultur.  Agar proses belajarnya efektif, proses belajar yang berdasarkan model mental itu perlu dilengkapi dengan suatu model ekplisit. Model eksplisit yang diperlukan adalah suatu model yang dapat mengakomodasi konsep saling-hubungan dalam suatu fenomena teknokultur serta implikasinya terhadap pola-pola kehidupan sosial. Paradigma berpikir sistem (systems thinking) dan metodologi system dynamics (dinamika sistem) dapat dipertimbangkan sebagai mata kuliah wajib yang diberikan di Prodi Magister Teknokultur ITB.Kata kunci: struktur, perilaku, model mental, systems thinking, system dynamics
STUDY ON RICE PRODUCTION ENHANCEMENT IN BANDUNG DISTRICT Arumsari, Nuraeni; Tasrif, Muhammad
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan Vol 17, No 1 (2019): JURNAL EKONOMI PEMBANGUNAN
Publisher : Pusat Pengkajian Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Publik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (188.961 KB) | DOI: 10.22219/jep.v17i1.7495

Abstract

Agricultural enterprises have a very high dependence on land. If the availability of agricultural land is threatened, the agricultural products are threatened. The development of a region also requires land, but sometimes due to land constraints, there is a lot of conversion of agricultural land, including rice fields that ultimately impact on rice production. Bandung Regency is one of the areas that cannot be separated from the problem of development and conversion of agricultural land, meanwhile Bandung Regency is one of the contributors to the availability of food crops, one of them is rice. The government's target to be self-sufficient in food and make Indonesia as the world's food granary in 100 years of Indonesia's independence makes Bandung Regency must join efforts to increase rice production in the midst of widespread land use. This research was conducted to model the dynamics of rice production in Bandung regency. The approach used is system dynamics methodology that can contribute in understanding a problem built through dynamic hypothesis. Through the system dynamics method, a model developed illustrating the increase in rice production by identifying the various related elements and patterns of interrelationships between them. With the help of the model, several policy scenarios can be designed to increase rice production. The results showed that rice production if not intervened by policy, the rate of growth will decrease, especially if the over of fixed land functions still occur. The policy of using new varieties, namely INPARI 42 with a delay time of 3 years implementation, coupled with pest prevention policies, availibility and affordability fertilizers, and irrigation improvement can encourage the growth rate of rice production in Bandung Regency.
DAMPAK PENERAPAN MANAJEMEN RANTAI PASOKAN TERHADAP KINERJA PELAKU INDUSTRI TEH Perdana, Tomy; -Sa’id, E. Gumbira; Ma’arif, Syamsul; Tasrif, Muhammad
Indonesian Journal of Socio Economics Juni, Jurnal Sosio Ekonomika
Publisher : Lampung University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The tea industry participants have to deliver their products with a good quality, quantity, continuity, right time,and the lower price. The efficiency is not only applied to individual business entity, but also applied to all participants in the tea industry supply chain. Recently, business decisions in the tea industry supply chain network still have individually and uncoordinated. This condition is different from the ideal supply chain management concept. Each business participants coordinates directly and transparently in the collaborative decisions making which aims to satisfy consumers in high efficiency level. The aim of this research are (1) identify and modelling  the recent tea industry supply chain system; (2) analyze and simulate of the of supply chain management implementation  in the tea industry; and (3) recommend the supply chain management strategy which can improve the performance of all the participants involved in tea industry. The research is using the “System Dynamics”  which used as a system approach using computers to analize and solving the problem and focused to analize and policy design.  The application of the supply chain management in the tea industry has a high ability to keep the level of inventory in optimum condition, then stockout was nothing happened. Inline with those condition, the application oh the supply chain management also avoids overstock which can cause high cost production. At the end, the supply chain management can improve the profitability of the involved participants on the tea industry supply chain.  In the effort to improve the tea industry supply chain need a cooperative development on the smallholders plantation level.
DAMPAK PENERAPAN MANAJEMEN RANTAI PASOKAN TERHADAP KINERJA PELAKU INDUSTRI TEH Perdana, Tomy; -Sa’id, E. Gumbira; Ma’arif, Syamsul; Tasrif, Muhammad
Indonesian Journal of Socio Economics Juni, Jurnal Sosio Ekonomika
Publisher : Lampung University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The tea industry participants have to deliver their products with a good quality, quantity, continuity, right time,and the lower price. The efficiency is not only applied to individual business entity, but also applied to all participants in the tea industry supply chain. Recently, business decisions in the tea industry supply chain network still have individually and uncoordinated. This condition is different from the ideal supply chain management concept. Each business participants coordinates directly and transparently in the collaborative decisions making which aims to satisfy consumers in high efficiency level. The aim of this research are (1) identify and modelling  the recent tea industry supply chain system; (2) analyze and simulate of the of supply chain management implementation  in the tea industry; and (3) recommend the supply chain management strategy which can improve the performance of all the participants involved in tea industry. The research is using the “System Dynamics”  which used as a system approach using computers to analize and solving the problem and focused to analize and policy design.  The application of the supply chain management in the tea industry has a high ability to keep the level of inventory in optimum condition, then stockout was nothing happened. Inline with those condition, the application oh the supply chain management also avoids overstock which can cause high cost production. At the end, the supply chain management can improve the profitability of the involved participants on the tea industry supply chain.  In the effort to improve the tea industry supply chain need a cooperative development on the smallholders plantation level.
Peran Teknologi dalam Perekonomian Indonesia : suatu Model System Dynamics Tasrif, Muhammad
STI Policy and Management Journal Vol 12, No 2 (2014): Warta KIML (Journal of S&T Policy and R&D Management)
Publisher : Center for Science and Technology Development Studies, Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1111.7 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/STIPM.2014.25

Abstract

It is an accepted view that technological progress is an extremelyimportant, perhaps the most important, determinant in the growth in output per man. Therefore, the government's policies related to the R & D activities to spur the development of the technology in order to enhance economic growth in Indonesia are becoming very important to be analyzed. For this purpose, a process oriented model of technology-economy interactions (Technology-Economy Model) was developed; and through the simulation of the model a clear and distinct understanding of the role of the technology in the Indonesian economy can be obtained. In the model, the capital-labor ratio (KLR) is proposed as an indicator of the technology in an economic system. This implies that the development of technology will be strongly determined by the decisions those related to the development of capital (investment and depreciation) and the growing of labor (hire and fire). The structure of decision making process is naturally consists of the interdependent relationships among some components which constructing causal loops (feedback loops). Based on this thought, the system dynamics methodology is used in this study to develop the Technology-Economy Model. The growth behavior of the technology and the economy is obtained through simulating the model from year 2000 until year 2050 for some scenarios related to the R&D activities and the economic policies. The analysis of the model behavior provides some important policy directions those expected to produce the higher technology and economic growth and also the better performance of the economy, i.e.: policies to manage R&D activities becoming effective, R&D policies should have a linkage with the education and training policies (link and match), have also a linkage with the economic policies (investment, export, and import), and the development of industry (wage policies).
NURCHOLISH MADJID’S QURAN-BASED CONCEPT OF CRITICAL PLURALISM Tasrif, Muhammad
Journal of Islam and Science Vol 3, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (LP2M) UIN Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (539.122 KB) | DOI: 10.24252/jis.v3i1.4375

Abstract

Pluralism is one theme of Islamic thought of Nurcholish widely debated by Indonesian Muslims. Nurcholish built his thought by referring to verses of the Quran. Nurcholish?s thought had sparked sharp controversy. In one hand, Nurcholish is regarded as a public figure who can provide the basics of the remedies for Indonesian nation which is religiously and culturally plural. On other hand, Nurcholish is a prominent denier and destroyer of Islamic theology. Based on the background, this article explores the socio-historical background of Nurcholish?s support on the concept of pluralism, its fundamental structures, its Quranic bases, and its distinctiveness compared to  ideas of other thinkers. Pluralism according to Nurcholish is understood as a value system which looks positively at plural realities and acts also positively on the basis of the realities. Pluralism in Nurcholish?s explanation includes notion of pluralism in many fields of studies: cosmological-ontological, social, cultural, political, and religious. Pluralism of Nurcholish rests on beliefs about God and human. Two basic beliefs that become foundations of Nurcholish?s concept of pluralism have implications to uniqueness of his concept of religious pluralism.