Bau Toknok
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KELEMBAGAAN KELOMPOK TANI HUTAN PROGRAM PENDAMPINGAN SCBFWM DISEKITAR SUB DAERAH ALIRAN SUNGAI MIU (KASUS DESA PAKULI KECAMATAN GUMBASA KABUPATEN SIGI) Sari, Novita; Golar, Golar; Toknok, Bau
Warta Rimba Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Warta Rimba

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Abstract

This research aimed to know form of the farmers group organization in Pakuli village and determine the problems that faced by them in Pakuli village, Gumbasa district, Sigi regency, Central Sulawesi. Data was collected by using questionnair and in-depth interviews on respondents. The total number of respondents were twenty five. Theres pondents were selected by using purposive sampling method with qualitative descriptive analysis. The results showed that form of the farmer group organization in Pakuli village was a formal organization and it is exist before SCBFWM programs were introduced and implemented in this area. Hence, organization problems that causes farmers group go out from SCBFWM supervising were imbalance of actions, leadership and social gaps. Keywords: Organization form, farmers group, SCBFMW
POPULASI FUNGI DAN BAKTERI TANAH PADA LAHAN AGROFORESTRI DAN KEBUN CAMPURAN DI NGATA KATUVUA DONGI-DONGI KECAMATAN PALOLO KABUPATEN SIGI SULAWESI TENGAH Mukrin, Mukrin; Yusran, Yusran; Toknok, Bau
ForestSains Vol 16, No 2 (2019): Juni
Publisher : Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

Soil microorganism populations are also affected by land use forms, such as agroforestry and mixed farms. The population of soil microorganisms also form an inseparable system of life from minerals and organic matter in the soil. This study aims to determine the population of fungi and soil bacteria in agroforestry and mixed garden. This research was conducted in December 2017 until January 2018. This research started from field survey, determination of soil sampling point. Soil sampling was done on plot with size 20 m × 100 m with a soil depth of 0-10 cm and composite soil sampling ie each soil sample is represented by one same land bed. This research uses descriptive analysis method, that is by interpretation of soil biology condition data obtained from the laboratory as facts describing soil conditions in the field. The results showed that the population of soil fungi and bacteria differ between agroforestry and mixed garden. The highest number of land fungi population at the mixed garden site (811 x 103 CFU g-1), whereas the lowest fungi population at the Agroforestry Land location (20.1 x 103 CFU g-1), the highest population of soil bacteria at the Mixed Garden location (10,38 x 106 CFU g-1) whereas in Agroforestry Land has the lowest total population (33.1 x 106 CFU g-1).
SIFAT KIMIA TANAH DI BAWAH VEGETASI MANGROVE DI DESA LEBITI KECAMATAN TOGEAN KABUPATEN TOJO UNA-UNA Arsad, Wirsam M; Toknok, Bau; Korja, I Nengah
ForestSains Vol 15, No 1 (2017): Desember
Publisher : Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

Similar to the soils in other ecosystems, mangrove soil has natural characteristics as benchmark to identify its potential and productivity.The aim of this study was to investigate the chemical properties of soil below mangrove vegetation in Lebiti Village, Togean District, Tojo Una-Una Regency, which was detemined as the study area. This study was conducted in November 2015 to January 2016. Samples were selected by purposive sampling method in which both of soil and water were obtained from each type of mangrove vegetation in the study area. Soil sampling was done twice on each type of mangrove vegetation and collected by using PVC pipe of 2.5 inches with a length of 60 cm, while water was taken and stored in mineral water bottle. The entire samples were analyzed at the Soil Science Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Tadulako. Based on the field study, there were three types of mangrove vegetation, namely Sonneratia caseolaris, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, and Rhizophora apiculata. The analysis on chemical properties demonstrated the pH was acidic to acidic (5.18 to 6.37), Nitrogen (total N) was moderate to very high (0.38% to 0.89%), phosphorus (available-P) was very low to high (1.78 to 16.69 ppm), potassium (available-K) was low to high (0.12 to 0.82 (cmol(+)kg-1)), Carbon (organic-C) was very high (2.08 to 9.30%), cation exchange capacity (CEC) was very (23.76 to 47.68 (cmol(+)kg-1)), and the levels of salinity was high (3.2 to 3.3 ppt).
TINGKAT KERUSAKAN HUTAN MANGROVE PANTAI DI DESA MALAKOSA KECAMATAN BALINGGI KABUPATEN PARIGI MOUTONG Anugra, Fuad; Umar, Husain; Toknok, Bau
Warta Rimba Vol 2, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Warta Rimba

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Abstract

The main cause of mangrove destruction was due to land convertion to housing, aquaculture, illegal loging. Those uncontroled activities was neglect to consider the environmental preservation. Malakosa is one of the village which has mangrove forest, however most of the forest was declining in number, it is therefore important research on the extent of damage to be done in orderto manage the mangrove forest. This phenomenon had motivated this research to investigate the extend and the caused of mangrove forest destruction in Malakosa village, Balinggi district, Parigi Moutong Regency. This research employ Nested Sampling Method. Data was collected from three path. These includes path 1 at second floodgate, path 2 at first floodgate, and path 3 at third floodgate. Physic and water chemical parameter observations was also conducted at these three different floodgates. The result shows that the extend of mangrove forest destruction at malakosa village is between good to severe range continum, with density rate of 6700 btg/ha (low destruction), 1300 btg/ha (modest destruction), and 100 btg/ha (high destruction). Although the physic and water chemical effects on observation stations was still in good conditions, the salinity parameter and iron (Fe) parameters was found to be above the accepted standard.Keyword: Destruction, Forest, Mangrove
KEANEKARAGAMAN JENIS TUMBUHAN OBAT PADA KAWASAN HUTAN LINDUNG DI DESA TINDOLI KECAMATAN PAMONA TENGGARA KABUPATEN POSO Tudjuka, Kurniawan; Ningsih, Sri; Toknok, Bau
Warta Rimba Vol 2, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Warta Rimba

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Abstract

Indonesia is a tropical that has vast forest regions. The existence of the forest region is national asset must be managed continuously and developed to the better way so that they can be sustainable utilized. Herbal plant is a kind of forest product non wood which useful for ecology, social-cultural, or economic that must be managed as long as the utilization rationally to nowadays generation needs and the fature. The objective of the research was to find out the difersity of herbal plants located in preserved forest utilised by Tindoli people at Tindoli village of South East Pamona Sub District Poso Regency. The vegetation analysis method in the field was multi plots method which purposively done. The vegetation specimen taking was done by emloying 20 plots specimen located in spread. The size of the observation plots was 20m x 20m made as 20 plots that the whole wide of observation plots was 0.8 ha. The research result done in preserved forest at Tindoli Village of South East Pamona Sub District Poso Regency found that there were 25 kinds of herbal plants including 21 familes. For each of tree vegetation level, it was obtained the kind of diversity index 1.87, pople vegetation level 1.96, stake vegetation level 1.76, seedling vegetation level and plants 2.43. based on the index calculation of herbal plants diversity at the preserved forest in Tindoli Village from herbal plants of seedling level and underground plants, stake level, pople level, they were generally categorized low. Keywords: The Diversity of Plants Kind, Preserved Forest
SIFAT FISIK TANAH DI BAWAH TEGAKAN MANGROVE DI DESA TUMPAPA KECAMATAN BALINGGI KABUPATEN PARIGI MOUTONG Mahmud, Mahmud; Wardah, Wardah; Toknok, Bau
Warta Rimba Vol 2, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Warta Rimba

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Abstract

Mangrove forest grows on transition of land and sea area which plants community grow on salty tolerance. Naturally properties of mangrove soil can be a standard on asessing its potency and productivity. The aim of this research was to investigate the physical properties of mangrove forest soil.The usage of  this research are to enrich knowledge about physical properties of mangrove forest soil and may be as an input on mangrove forest development. This research was conducted in mangrove forest of Tumpapa Village Balinggi District, Parigi Moutong Regency, as long as three months (September up to December 2013) by using descriptive method. Descriptive research is research that intends to create a description of situations or events in the field. The placement of sampling plots purposive sampling methode with one plot in each of mangrove forest zonation. Collected soil samples were analyzed of soil textures, colours, and permeabilities. This research results shown that the soil of zone that anytime flooded has dusty-clayey clay texture, upper layer has gray colour, bottom layer has black colour, and slow permeability; the soil of zone with moderate tide flooded has dusty clay texture, upper layer has black colour, bottom layer has brown colour, and moderate permeability; the soil of zone with high tide flooded has dusty clay texture, upper layer has brown colour, and moderate permeability; and soil of transition area has clay texture, upper layer has brown colour, sub layer has black colour, bottom layer has gray colour,and slow permeability. Keywords : Mangrove forest, physical soil properties, zonation
KEARIFAN MASYARAKAT LOKAL DALAM PENGELOLAAN HUTAN DI DESA RANO KECAMATAN BALAESANG TANJUNG KABUPATEN DONGGALA Ariyanto, Ariyanto; Rachman, Imran; Toknok, Bau
Warta Rimba Vol 2, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Warta Rimba

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Abstract

The local wisdom is a knowledge obtained in hereditary that becomes a custom and based on the values and based on the values and norms of society. As the To`Balaesan ethnic or the original ethnic in Rano village inhibiting Tanjung Balaesang cluster lies on viscous culture covering language, religion system, and a little different physics from the other society in the area of Balaesang Tanjung sub district. The method employed was explorative descriptive with a qualitative approach through the exploration of key informants information. Thus it can describe a certain situation or a group of human systematically, factually, and accurately based on the fact in the field. The data were collected through observation and interview with a good structured guidance or free interview. The population was the Rano people. The selection of the informants was by using snow-ball sampling. The result indicates that Rano people still uphold their tradition they know from the past, seen from the land selection process, land opening and the farming process. All of it accumulated in a topomaradia tradition institution which contains a set of rules and inferences as the attitude manager norms and behavior of the ethnic society to`balaesang in Rano village. Key words: Local Wisdom, ethnic of ta`Balaesan, Rano Village
NILAI MANFAAT HUTAN MANGROVE DI DESA SAUSU PEORE KECAMATAN SAUSU KABUPATEN PARIGI MOUTONG Motoku, Abner Widoyo; Umar, Syukur; Toknok, Bau
Warta Rimba Vol 2, No 2 (2014)
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Abstract

Mangrove forest is a typical ecosystem in tropical regions, which have multiple benefits and effects especially on the social, economic and ecological aspects. This study was aimed to know direct and indirect benefits of mangrove forest by analyze and quantify its value to Indonesian currency (IDR). The study was conducted at Sausu Peore village, Sausu sub-district, Parigi Moutong regency, Central Sulawesi, from March through May 2014. The method used in this study was based on the market price. Respondents were selected by purposive sampling method. Identification and quantification of the use natural resources was done by assessment on the market and replacement price. The results showed that direct benefits of the mangrove forests in this area are firewoods, wood as construction materials, fishs, shellfish, crabs, and bats, while indirects benefits of the mangrove forests is as a buffer on coastal aberration. The economic value of direct benefits was IDR. 513,499,753, while the value of indirect benefits was IDR. 499,655,240, so the total value of all benefits was IDR.1,013,164,993. Keywords: Direct Benefit, Indirect Benefit, Mangrove, Economic Value
KEANEKARAGAMAN JENIS ROTAN (Calamus Spp.) DI KAWASAN HUTAN LINDUNG WILAYAH KECAMATAN DAMPELAS SOJOL KABUPATEN DONGGALA Kunut, Agus A.; Sudhartono, Arief; Toknok, Bau
Warta Rimba Vol 2, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Warta Rimba

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Abstract

Rattan is persevering climbing plant and almost can grow in all areas. Rattan is one of forest plant and have commercial price at market. At the public this plant can grow naturally, spread begin from the beach until the mountain and grow fast and relative easy to harvest and transport. Rattan stick can reach for the hundreds meter. Spray water if we slash the stick and can be used for survival at the forest. This research purpose to know many types of rattan at the protection forest area in Dampelas Sojol subdistrict Donggala regency. This research using the box line method with cut contour line. Supervision form with long track 100 m and wide 20 m. furthermore build 20 sub box with format 10 X 10 meter. Number of supervision is 3 track with box placement and intentional directed according “purposive sampling” basic on the area can grow rattan . Research result indicate that kind variety of rattan in Dampelas Sojol subdistrict Donggala regency main kind variety of rattan cacing (Calamus melanoloma Mart) lambang (Calamus ornatus), tohiti (Calamus inops), batang (Calamus zollingeri Becc) and noko (Calamus koordersianus Becc),. The kind of rattan was so dominate is worm rattan with INP 76,67 %. Index kind variety of rattan at the protection forest area in Dampelas Sojol subdistrict Donggala regency include very low with H’ number 0,52 %. Key word: rattan, protection forest, Donggala.
SIFAT FISIK TANAH DI BAWAH TEGAKAN EBONI ( Diospyros celebica Bakh ) PADA KAWASAN CAGAR ALAM PANGI BINANGGA KABUPATEN PARIGI MOUTONG Evarnaz, Novita; Toknok, Bau; Ramlah, Sitti
Warta Rimba Vol 2, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Warta Rimba

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Abstract

The function of soil is a medium for growth and root development in supporting plants to grow and supply the need of water and nutrients to the planst roots. The issue raised in this study is how the physical properties of soil, including the texture, structure, porosity, bulk density and permeability of soil under the stand of ebony at the Natural Reserve of Pangi Binangga. Ebony is one of the endemic tree species in Sulawesi Island including Central Sulawesi. The purpose of this study was to determine the physical properties of soil under the stands of ebony at the Natural Reserve of Pangi Binangga, Parigi Moutong Regency. This study was conducted for 3 months (May-July 2013) at the Natural Reserve of Panggi Binangga, Sakina Jaya Village, Parigi Moutong Regency, Central Sulawesi Province. This study used survey and analysis in the laboratory. Soil samples were collected by using purposive sampling technique, that is, deliberately having particular consideration: the level of slope 0-8%, 8-15%, 15-25%, and 25-40%. The number of soil samples was 16 soil samples taken from the four slopes in two depths (0-30 cm and 30-60 cm). The study shows that the soil under the stands of ebony has a sandy loam soil texture class and loamy sand, structure soil crusts and granular, slight porous and porous (37.84 to 58.07%), rapid and very fast permeability (13,27 to 36,10 cm/h) and has a high and very high of bulk density of the medium (1.11 to 1.65 g/cm3). Keywords: Diospyros celebica, natural reserve, Pangi Binangga, soil physical property