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Gaya Pengelolaan dan Dinamika Trah Jawa Triratnawati, Atik
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 21, No 3 (2009)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3165.336 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.1332

Abstract

the aims of the article are to know the management of trah to solve the problem in relation to the maintenance of the dynamics of its members. The Javanese trah is important in any level of social class. Even though the old generation is dominant trah member but some adaptation has been will introduce by trah committee in order to attract the attention of young generation to participate in syawalan meeting. Recreation, scholarship, free medication, lottery, door prize, quiz, musical performance syawalan are the ways to create the happiness of the Javanese trah members, to enhance equality and decrease the gap among senior and junior members.
Menjaga Tradisi: Tingginya Animo Suku Banjar Bersalin kepada Bidan Kampung Serilaila, .; Triratnawati, Atik
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 22, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2845.438 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.991

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This article is an attempt to explain why the bidan kampung exists among the Banjarese, despite the existence of midwives. The data for the research were obtained from interviews with selected mothers, bidan kampung, midwives and religious leaders from the Binuang district, South Kalimantan. The results indicate that nominal or symbolic economic factors for their services and such psychological aspects as patience and peacefulness were determinant in the choice of bidan kampung. Social relationship among bidan kampung and the clients in rural society contribute to their existence.
Masuk Angin dalam Konteks Kosmologi Jawa Triratnawati, Atik
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 23, No 3 (2011)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (6617.642 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.1033

Abstract

This study examines the meaning of masuk angin among the Javanese society, by the ethnographic approach. In this context, the meaning of masuk angin cannot be separated fromJavanese cosmological doctrine, especially in relation to health and human body. In Javanese cosmology, being healthy or ill is perceived as the result of condition of equilibrium. Thus, the therapy for illness or masuk angin should be conducted by restoring the equilibrium.
PENGOBATAN TRADISIONAL, UPAYA MEMINIMALKAN BIAYA KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT DESA DI JAWA Triratnawati, Atik
Jurnal Manajemen Pelayanan Kesehatan Vol 13, No 02 (2010)
Publisher : Jurnal Manajemen Pelayanan Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (231.415 KB)

Abstract

Background: Traditional medicine is frequently perceived asnegative and even though many people still practice. It the useof traditional medicine is mainly due cause to tradition. Thevillager tends to use traditional medicine as primary healing.This article tried to identify frequent diseases among Javaneseand economic capability to afford health cost.Methods: Ethnography study using observation and in-depthinterviewamong 48 informants and 6 key informant of peasantcommunity in Sleman, DIY and fisherman in Rembang, CentralJava, during 2007-2008. Phenomenology approach used duringdata collection and analysis.Result: Masuk angin (wind illness) is a disease whichfrequently occur among the villager. Traditional medicine wasapplied because it is inexpensive, easy, effective and suitablewith the cognitive related to the harmony (equilibrium). Theprinciple of coining was binary opposition such as: hot x cold;loose x tight; angin masuk x angin keluar; better x awful andthe equilibrium is the basic rational of traditional medicine.Recommendation: Traditional medicine must be recognizedby the government and should be in equal position to modernmedicine in order to reduce negative opinion, so the rational ofit is recognized by others.Keywords: holistic, traditional, masuk angin, effective, cheap
Aspek Simbolisme Telepon Genggam Triratnawati, Atik
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 15, No 1 (2003)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (74.099 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.778

Abstract

Perkembangan ilmu pengetahuan di Indonesia jauh tertinggal dibandingkan negara maju. Terlebih lagi dalam hal kemajuan teknologi. Era informasi yang berkembang sekarang ini telah mendorong negara maju dan negara berkembang terusmenerus melakukan penemuan-penemuan baru di bidang teknologi, termasuk teknologi komunikasi informasi. Kemajuan teknologi komunikasi informasi di negara India dan Cina yang luar biasa terjadi karena sumber daya manusia yang mampu mengembangkan dan mengendalikan teknologi tersebut (Komputer Aktif, 2002:76). Dibandingkan kedua negara tersebut, Indonesia tertinggal jauh, baik pada perangkat lunak, keras, juga akibat terbatasnya sumber daya manusia yang mampu mengembangkan teknologi. Di Indonesia tradisi pendidikan, pengembangan, termasuk penelitian di bidang ilmu pengetahuan belum begitu mendarah daging sehingga tradisitradisi penemuan-penemuan baru di segala bidang kurang berkembang. Permasalahan utama penelitian ini adalah bagaimana pemakai telepon genggam memfungsikan benda tersebut. Apakah lebih ditekankan pada fungsi utamanya atau pada gengsi yang melekat di dalamnya? Di samping itu, penelitian ini juga meneliti aspek simbolisme yang muncul dari pemakaian benda ini, termasuk etika pemakaiannya. Adapun tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui fungsi dan manfaat telepon genggam, mengetahui aspek simbolisme, mengidentifikasi norma dan etika yang berlaku, serta mengidentifikasi aspek positif dan negatif pemakaian alat ini bagi masyarakat.
KONSEP DADI WONG MENURUT PANDANGAN WANITA JAWA Triratnawati, Atik
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 17, No 3 (2005)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (74.437 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.855

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A successful person is always related with wealth and life satisfaction. Meanwhile the term successful person in different ethnic groups has different meaning and interpretation. The concept about dadi wong (being successful person) exists in Javanese culture which is always mentioned to describe the success of person in his or her life. The article will discuss this .The research was conducted in Yogyakarta on 1995 using a qualitative research method with in-depth interview. The research was held among selected (20) Javanese women aged 17-68 years, which had different education and socio economic status. Dadi wong requires economic, religious, moral, psychological and physical aspects. Other aspects includes gender ideology and culture. According to the Javanese concept dadi wong means merely economic aspect. The ideal concept of Dadi wong should be combined with economic (economic independence, income), culture (socio-status, marriage, family life, education, good in social relation, meaningful to other), morality/religion (religiosity, good moral) and psychology (independence, happiness).
Family Intervention in The Problem of Maternal Death: A Case Study of Pregnant Women in Mbojo, Bima, West Nusa Tenggara Triratnawati, Atik; Izdiha, Anis
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 30, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (413.95 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.36682

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In 2015, the maternal mortality rate in Bima was recorded as 3 cases per 1,000 births, equivalent to 300 maternal deaths per 100,000 births. Although this number is low, it is much higher than the zero mortality rate set by the Sustainable Development Goals. This study discusses the family and community aspects of the maternal health framework, reading the gendered symbolic violence that affect maternal health in Jatibaru Village, Asakota, Bima, West Nusa Tenggara. Data was collected using an ethnographic approach, with techniques including Focus Group Discussions, participatory observation, interviews, and document study. The existence of gender inequities in the family can cause problems when women attempt to access healthcare. Furthermore, families and communities exert control over pregnant women, directing their behavior and attempts to access healthcare according to local customs and traditions. As such attitudes and behaviors are part of the digestive process of knowledge and experience, women often accept and do what is recommended by their families and communities. This social reality of maternal health thus becomes part of gender inequality in society. 
Merasa aman karena dianggap normal, kemudahan dan kepasrahan sebagai alasan ibu-ibu memilih persalinan rumah di desa: Studi Kualitatif di Kalimantan Tengah Aderi, Aderi; Prabandari, Yayi Suryo; Triratnawati, Atik
Berita Kedokteran Masyarakat (BKM) Vol 32, No 6 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (258.902 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/bkm.6646

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Feeling safe due to normal antenatal care, easier to going to health facility, and compliance to God decision as reasons for home delivery choice among village mothers: a qualitative study in Central KalimantanPurposeThe purpose of this paper was to explore mothers’ perceptions of delivery at home in Kartika Bhakti Village, Province of Central Kalimantan. MethodsA case study was conducted involving observations, in-depth interviews and focus group discussion with 7 maternity women, 1 maternity women’s husbands, 1 village midwife, 1 community leader and 1 midwife of the village health post in Kartika Bhakti village, Province of Central Kalimantan.ResultsThe study found six reasons why mothers tended to choose to do delivery at home: barriers to delivery at health facilities; attitudes and preparedness of the midwife to deliver home deliveries; delivery at home benefits; based on the results of the pregnancy examination; not afraid of the risks of delivery; and ready to accept the dangers and risks of delivery.ConclusionThe reasons will be used as a consideration for choosing the birthplace. When the results of a pregnancy examination is good, mothers will tend to choose a home delivery. Furthermore, obstacles in health facilities such as barriers in health centers, geographical, hospital barriers, no postpartum services, and economic abilities are also some of the main reasons to choose to deliver at home. Health education and approaches related to delivery safety need to be improved to change mothers’ perceptions.
The Effort to Decrease Maternal and Child Mortality Rates through Cultural Transformation Triratnawati, Atik; Ditya Kristianti, Rani; Putra, Aldo Pandega; Bagas Setyaji, Pandu
International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS) Vol 5, No 1: March 2016
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (501.151 KB) | DOI: 10.11591/ijphs.v5i1.4768

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Maternal and infant mortality in Ende is still high, but research related a social science is rare. The cultural aspect and medical factors such as the lack of primary health care services are also play a role. This study aims are to identifying and formulate the local cultural transformation as a way to solve maternal and infant mortality. This ethnographic research was conducted in 2013. The study carried not only interviews, but also observation towards reproductive-age women, heads of family, traditional birth attendants, doctors, midwives, local leaders, adat leaders, pastors and sisters, local government officials, and head of health district at Ende. Data is analysed phenomenologically. The strong belief to adat and local tradition has implication to people’s attitude towards traditional birth attendants. Traditional birth attendants hold superior position in the community. They also have strong influence due to their ability to massage, correctly guess infant’s sex, reposition infant in the womb, and stop bleeding during labor. Maternal and/or infant mortality has nothing to do with traditional birth attendants because local people believe that such case happens as a result of hex or black magic called ru’u. Anemia, bleeding, food taboo, and incorrect diet pattern worsen the overall condition of pregnant women. Cultural transformation is done by alternating TBAs practices in massaging pregnant women. TBAs are encouraged to massage pregnant women’s back instead of stomach since pregnant women often have to deal with low back pain during pregnancy.
Acculturation in Javanese Traditional Medicine Practice in Yogyakarta Triratnawati, ATIK
KOMUNITAS: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN SOCIETY AND CULTURE Vol 8, No 1 (2016): Komunitas, March 2016
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v8i1.4960

Abstract

The rampant practice of traditional medicine in the big cities in Java can not be separated from the influence of globalization. The practice of traditional medicine advertised through flyers, pamphlets, signage, television and internet. In medical practice, it can not be separated from the mixture of elements of the local culture, external/ foreign as well as modern medical later adopted in order to enhance public interest in their treatment. The purpose of this article is to analyze the practice of acculturation in traditional medicine both related to methods, tools, how to advertise and meaning behind the ways the adoption of other culture into the traditional practice.An intergrative ethnographic study was conducted in Bantul and Sleman, Yogyakarta, on traditional healers such as gurah, bekham, metaphysical/ spiritual, herbal, traditional massage therapy, as well as traditional healers specifically hemorrhoids. Other information was obtained from interviews with their patients.Medical pluralism by wrapping traditional therapy combined with health culture from the outside to attract consumers with a dogmatic way in order to improve the clients made by Javanese traditional healers. They advertise with testimony on local television screen with the aim of introducing methods, tools, disease cure rates, fees, in order made populair so the number of patients increases. Acculturation appears that more and more people believe in business practices and its treatment.