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TEKNOLOGI PENGENDALIAN HAYATI HAMA PENGHISAP PUCUK DAN BUNGA PADA JAMBU METE ., Samsudin; Trisawa, Iwa Mara
Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar Vol 2, No 2 (2011): Buletin Riset Tanaman Rempah Dan Aneka Tanaman Industri
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Technology in controlling of sucking pest of shoot and flowers on cashew. The major pests of cashew plant (Anacardium occidentale L.) are Helopeltis spp.  and Sanurus spp. A number of cashew trees damaged be  attacked by the pest are increasing from year to year. Some research found on effectiveness technologies, environmentally friendly and easily adopted by farmers have been done. One kind of controlling technologies that provides great expectations to be developed by farmers was biological control by utilizing parasitoids, predators and pathogens. Development of rangrang ants (Oecophylla smaragdina) and the fungus Beauveria bassiana as biological agent of Helopeltis spp. on a large scale will suppress the population of the insects. Meanwhile, the egg parasitoid Aphanomerus sp., moth parasitoids Epieurybrachys nsp. and the fungus Synnematium sp. are potentially developed as a biological control agents for Sanurus spp. in the field. The results of these studies should be integrated as a technology package on which the farmers should be involved in implementation of the technology.
PENGELOLAAN SERANGGA-SERANGGA YANG BERASOSIASI DENGAN TANAMAN JAMBU METE Soesanthy, Funny; Trisawa, Iwa Mara
Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar Vol 2, No 2 (2011): Buletin Riset Tanaman Rempah Dan Aneka Tanaman Industri
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Management of insects associated with cashew plant. Several kinds of insects associated with cashew plant. These insects are grouped intophytophagous insects, natural enemies (parasitoids and predators) and pollinators. Phytophagous Insects such as Helopeltis s pp., Sanurus indecora,Placoderus ferrugineus, Anastrepha fraterculus, and Cricula trifenestrata were reported become a constraint on the production of cashew in Indonesiaand several other countries. The natural enemies are egg parasitoid like Mesocomis orientalis, Trichogramma sp. and Aphanomerus sp, pupaeparasitoid like Brachymeria sp. and Tetrastichus sp. and adult parasitoids from family Epipyropidae, while predators like ants, Chilomenes lunataSphodromantis lineola, Tarachodes afzelii, and Amorphoscelis sp. In addition to natural enemies, the presence of insect pollinators such as Apismellifera and Centris tarsata are very important considering cashew require insect assistances for the formation of fruit. Knowledge of the complexassociations between insects and cashews need to know to their management strategies in the fields. Phytophagous insect management are directed toefforts at suppression their population by maximizing the role of natural enemies. Cashew ecosystem manipulation techniques s uch as management ofwild vegetation, pruning, and intercropping can be developed to encourage the role of natural enemies better. The technique is als o expected to attractpollinating insects visiting the cashew crop. In addition, actions that could disrupt the natural life such as the use of insecticides should be reduced.Insecticides are used only if the role of natural enemies was less successful and populations of phytophagous insects are at the level of adverse. Periodicmonitoring of insects associated with cashew nuts to be an important key to making subsequent decisions.
Tingkat kerusakan dan serangan hama buah lada, Dasynus piperis china pada pertanaman lada di bangka Laba, I Wayan; Kilin, D.; Trisawa, Iwa Mara
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2004): September
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (861.895 KB) | DOI: 10.5994/jei.1.1.34

Abstract

Berry sucker insect pest, Dasynus piperis china (coreidae; Hemiptera) is one of the major insect pest on pepper. D. piperis to attack fruit of pepper with suck of fruit liquid and the final effect is empty to fruit and damaged. To find out of the level of damage and destruction caused by D. piperis have been done at 6 districts of Bangka Island namely Mendo Barat, Sungai Selan, Sungai Liat, Belinyu, Koba and Toboali since January to December 2002. For each district were observed 5 farmers field of estate crops. Every farmer field were observed tens plant of pepper in connection with fluctuation population and level of fruit damage. The observation have been done on the flower season of pepper, after flower season and after harvest. The result showed that fluctuation population and infested level of D. piperis at each observation almost the same, while among district were variated. The highest infestation was found in Sungai Selan, followed by Belinyu, and Mendo Barat namely 36.82;32.03 and 29.48 % respectively. The infestation level on Sungai Liat, Toboali and Koba were low namely 14;79.58 and 20.98 % respectively. The level of damage in Mendo Barat was highest than an other location namely 8.66; 8.07; 6.67; 5.71;4.89 and 3.09 % in Mendo Barat, Sungai Selan, Belinyu, Koba, Toboali and Sungai Liat respectively.
PENGELOLAAN SERANGGA-SERANGGA YANG BERASOSIASI DENGAN TANAMAN JAMBU METE Soesanthy, Funny; Trisawa, Iwa Mara
Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar Vol 2, No 2 (2011): Buletin Riset Tanaman Rempah Dan Aneka Tanaman Industri
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Management of insects associated with cashew plant. Several kinds of insects associated with cashew plant. These insects are grouped intophytophagous insects, natural enemies (parasitoids and predators) and pollinators. Phytophagous Insects such as Helopeltis s pp., Sanurus indecora,Placoderus ferrugineus, Anastrepha fraterculus, and Cricula trifenestrata were reported become a constraint on the production of cashew in Indonesiaand several other countries. The natural enemies are egg parasitoid like Mesocomis orientalis, Trichogramma sp. and Aphanomerus sp, pupaeparasitoid like Brachymeria sp. and Tetrastichus sp. and adult parasitoids from family Epipyropidae, while predators like ants, Chilomenes lunataSphodromantis lineola, Tarachodes afzelii, and Amorphoscelis sp. In addition to natural enemies, the presence of insect pollinators such as Apismellifera and Centris tarsata are very important considering cashew require insect assistances for the formation of fruit. Knowledge of the complexassociations between insects and cashews need to know to their management strategies in the fields. Phytophagous insect management are directed toefforts at suppression their population by maximizing the role of natural enemies. Cashew ecosystem manipulation techniques s uch as management ofwild vegetation, pruning, and intercropping can be developed to encourage the role of natural enemies better. The technique is als o expected to attractpollinating insects visiting the cashew crop. In addition, actions that could disrupt the natural life such as the use of insecticides should be reduced.Insecticides are used only if the role of natural enemies was less successful and populations of phytophagous insects are at the level of adverse. Periodicmonitoring of insects associated with cashew nuts to be an important key to making subsequent decisions.
TEKNOLOGI PENGENDALIAN HAYATI HAMA PENGHISAP PUCUK DAN BUNGA PADA JAMBU METE ., Samsudin; Trisawa, Iwa Mara
Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar Vol 2, No 2 (2011): Buletin Riset Tanaman Rempah Dan Aneka Tanaman Industri
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Technology in controlling of sucking pest of shoot and flowers on cashew. The major pests of cashew plant (Anacardium occidentale L.) are Helopeltis spp.  and Sanurus spp. A number of cashew trees damaged be  attacked by the pest are increasing from year to year. Some research found on effectiveness technologies, environmentally friendly and easily adopted by farmers have been done. One kind of controlling technologies that provides great expectations to be developed by farmers was biological control by utilizing parasitoids, predators and pathogens. Development of rangrang ants (Oecophylla smaragdina) and the fungus Beauveria bassiana as biological agent of Helopeltis spp. on a large scale will suppress the population of the insects. Meanwhile, the egg parasitoid Aphanomerus sp., moth parasitoids Epieurybrachys nsp. and the fungus Synnematium sp. are potentially developed as a biological control agents for Sanurus spp. in the field. The results of these studies should be integrated as a technology package on which the farmers should be involved in implementation of the technology.
Artropoda yang berasosiasi pada ekosistem tanaman lada Trisawa, Iwa Mara; Laba, I Wayan; Atmadja, Warsi Rahmat
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2005): April
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1415.04 KB) | DOI: 10.5994/jei.2.1.10

Abstract

Association of Arthropod on Pepper Plant Ecosystem. Ecosystem management of pepper between cover crops, Arachis pintoii, cropping system with corn, soybean and limited weeding. The objectives of this research was to find out biodiversity of arthropod on the paper ecosystem. This experiment was conducted in Lampung since May to September 2002. They are divided 5 treatments they are paper with A. pintoii, pepper with corn, pepper with soybean, pepper with limited weeding and control. The randomize blok design was used 44 kind of arthropods. The status of arthropod are: fitofag (47.73%), omnivorus (6.82%), natural enemies (34.09%) and pollination (11.36%). Distribution of each species was various at each treatment, between 26-34 species. The lowest population was found on pepper with corn, while on the highest population were occurred on the pepper with A. pintoii and control. The insect population of Acrididae, Tetrigidae, Grylidae (Orthroptera), Blattidae, Drosophillidae and Farmicidae always higher than an other insect. In this research were found 10 ordo of arthropod. Hymenoptera (Formicidae) and Araneida are dominant of arthropod and distributed at all treatment. Arthropod at pepper plant was the most abundant at pepper plan with A. pintoii. In the pepper standing plant it were only found three other, they are Hymenoptera, Araneida and Hemiptera. Beside at pepper plant and pepper standing plant, some of arthropod was found associated with A. pintoii, corn, soybean weed. Other of Orthoptera mainly grasshopper was dominating at all of plant.
Pengelolaan Ekosistem Untuk Pengendalian Hama Lada LABA, I WAYAN; TRISAWA, IWA MARA
Perspektif Vol 5, No 2 (2006): Desember 2006
Publisher : Puslitbang Perkebunan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/p.v5n2.2006.%p

Abstract

ABSTRAKHama merupakan salah satu kendala produksi lada di Indonesia.  Serangan hama terjadi sejak tanaman masih di pembibitan hingga produktif di lapangan.  Hama menyerang   berbagai   bagian   tanaman   antara   lain bunga, buah, pucuk, cabang, dan batang. Di Indonesia dikenal tiga hama yang menyerang pertanaman lada yaitu  penggerek batang (Lophobaris piperis Marsh.), pengisap buah (Dasynus piperis China) dan pengisap bunga (Diconocoris hewetti (Dist.)).  Populasi penggerek batang selalu ada di lapangan pada berbagai stadia (telur, larva, pupa, dan dewasa), sedangkan pengisap bunga dan buah populasinya  ditemukan pada musim bunga  dan  buah.  Pengendalian  hama  lada  pada umumnya petani menggunakan insektisida sintetik. Alternatif   lain   yang   dapat   digunakan   untuk mengendalikan   hama   lada   adalah   pengelolaan ekosistem, sehingga dapat meningkatkan pemanfaatan musuh alami antara lain parasitoid. Untuk meningkatkan  populasi  parasitoid  dapat  dilakukan konservasi   musuh   alami   melalui   tanaman   sela, tanaman  penutup  tanah  atau  penyiangan  terbatas. Tanaman  sela  yang  dapat  digunakan  antara  lain Arachis sp.,  Orthosiphon sp. Ocimum sp. dan  Coffea sp.Kata kunci: Lada, Piper nigrum, hama, bioekologi, pengendalian, ekosistem ABSTRACTEcosystem Management for Controlling Black Pepper PestPest is one of the obstacles of black pepper production in Indonesia.  The pest attacks all parts of the plant such as inflorescens, fruits, shoots, branches and stems at nursery as well as in the field. In Indonesia black pepper was infested by 3 species of pests, namely stem borer,  Lophobaris  piperis  Marsh,  pepper  berry  bug, Dasynus piperis China and lace bug, Diconocoris hewetti (Dist.).  The population of stem borers always presents in the field with different stages (egg, larvae, pupa and adult), while lace bug and pepper berry bug are found in the field during flowering and fruit stages. Control of black pepper pests by farmers is usually using syntetic pesticide. Other alternative to manage black pepper  pest  namely  ecosystem  management  and natural enemy such as parasitoid.  To increase the natural enemy population can be done by natural enemie   conservation   through   cover   crops,   mix cropping and limited weeding. Arachis sp., Orthosiphon sp., Ocimum sp. and Coffea sp. plants can be used in cropping system with black pepper.Key Words: Black pepper, Piper nigrum, pest, bioecology, management, ecosystem
Tingkat Serangan Hama Utama Lada Di Beberapa Kecamatan Di Kabupaten Sambas, Kalimantan Barat Trisawa, Iwa Mara; Soetopo, Deciyanto; Sumarko, NFN; Sihwiyono, NFN
Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat Vol 7, No 2 (1992): Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/bullittro.v7n2.1992.6-10

Abstract

Pengamatan keberadaan hama utama lada telah di lakukan pada beberapa kecamatan di kabupaten Sambas,Kalimantan Barat dari bulan Desember 1990 sampai Januari 1991. Pegamatan ini bertujuan untuk mengetahuitingkat serangan dan populasi hama utama lada di empat kecamatan . pada setiap kecamatan dipilih dua desa dan dari tiap desa dipilih tiga kebun lada. Hasil pengamatan menujukan bahwa hama yang dominan adalah berturut-turut  hama bunga (Diconocoris hewetti), hama buah (Dasynus piperis) dan hama penggerek batang (Lophobaris piperis). Derah yang mendapat serangan serius hama bunga adalah kecamatan Sungai Raya, dengan rata-rata tingkat serangan 38.64%. sedangkan hama buah lebih banyak menyerang pada kebun lada di kecamatan  Semalantan. (18.68%). Penggerek  batang masih pada tingkat serangan yang rendah di semua kecamatan antara 4.41% hingga7.27%. Upaya pengendalian yang di laukan petan masih tetap mengandalkan pemakaian pestisida.Saat ini gairah petani dalam mengelola kebunnya termasuk pengendalian hama dan penyakit sangat menurun mengingat biaya yang di perlukan cukup besar sementara harga lada di pasaran sangat rendah.
PENGELOLAAN EKOSISTEM UNTUK PENGENDALIAN HAMA LADA LABA, I WAYAN; TRISAWA, IWA MARA
Perspektif Vol 5, No 2 (2006): Desember 2006
Publisher : Puslitbang Perkebunan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/p.v5n2.2006.%p

Abstract

ABSTRAKHama merupakan salah satu kendala produksi lada di Indonesia.  Serangan hama terjadi sejak tanaman masih di pembibitan hingga produktif di lapangan.  Hama menyerang   berbagai   bagian   tanaman   antara   lain bunga, buah, pucuk, cabang, dan batang. Di Indonesia dikenal tiga hama yang menyerang pertanaman lada yaitu  penggerek batang (Lophobaris piperis Marsh.), pengisap buah (Dasynus piperis China) dan pengisap bunga (Diconocoris hewetti (Dist.)).  Populasi penggerek batang selalu ada di lapangan pada berbagai stadia (telur, larva, pupa, dan dewasa), sedangkan pengisap bunga dan buah populasinya  ditemukan pada musim bunga  dan  buah.  Pengendalian  hama  lada  pada umumnya petani menggunakan insektisida sintetik. Alternatif   lain   yang   dapat   digunakan   untuk mengendalikan   hama   lada   adalah   pengelolaan ekosistem, sehingga dapat meningkatkan pemanfaatan musuh alami antara lain parasitoid. Untuk meningkatkan  populasi  parasitoid  dapat  dilakukan konservasi   musuh   alami   melalui   tanaman   sela, tanaman  penutup  tanah  atau  penyiangan  terbatas. Tanaman  sela  yang  dapat  digunakan  antara  lain Arachis sp.,  Orthosiphon sp. Ocimum sp. dan  Coffea sp.Kata kunci: Lada, Piper nigrum, hama, bioekologi, pengendalian, ekosistem ABSTRACTEcosystem Management for Controlling Black Pepper PestPest is one of the obstacles of black pepper production in Indonesia.  The pest attacks all parts of the plant such as inflorescens, fruits, shoots, branches and stems at nursery as well as in the field. In Indonesia black pepper was infested by 3 species of pests, namely stem borer,  Lophobaris  piperis  Marsh,  pepper  berry  bug, Dasynus piperis China and lace bug, Diconocoris hewetti (Dist.).  The population of stem borers always presents in the field with different stages (egg, larvae, pupa and adult), while lace bug and pepper berry bug are found in the field during flowering and fruit stages. Control of black pepper pests by farmers is usually using syntetic pesticide. Other alternative to manage black pepper  pest  namely  ecosystem  management  and natural enemy such as parasitoid.  To increase the natural enemy population can be done by natural enemie   conservation   through   cover   crops,   mix cropping and limited weeding. Arachis sp., Orthosiphon sp., Ocimum sp. and Coffea sp. plants can be used in cropping system with black pepper.Key Words: Black pepper, Piper nigrum, pest, bioecology, management, ecosystem