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Journal : Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering

Production of Hydrocarbon (C7-C20) from Hydrocracking of Fatty Acid Methyl Esters on Pd/Al-MCM-41 Catalyst Juwono, Hendro; Triyono, Triyono; Sutarno, Sutarno; Wahyuni, Endang Tri; Harmami, Harmami; Ulfin, Ita; Kurniawan, Fredy
Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis 2017: BCREC Volume 12 Issue 3 Year 2017 (SCOPUS and Web of Science Indexed, December 2017)
Publisher : Department of Chemical Engineering - Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (107.684 KB) | DOI: 10.9767/bcrec.12.3.811.337-342

Abstract

The production of hydrocarbon (C7-C20) and alcohol (C11-C19)  from fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) compound are produced from the transesterification of the seed oil of the Nyamplung that has been conducted by the catalytic hydrocracking using Al-MCM-41 and Pd2+-impregnated-Al-MCM-41 catalysts. The performance of catalysts were compared by various analysis including the acidity that was determined by pyridine and FTIR, the crystal structure observed by XRD, the surface area and pore volume analyzed by BET/BJH, the surface morphology observed by TEM, the metal on the surface of catalyst observed by XPS and the product of the hydrocracking analyzed by GC-MS. Hexagonal structure of the MCM-41(100) was shown in the 2? = 3o-5o of the diffractogram. The presence of impregnated Al and Pd observed at the 2? = 20o and 34o, respectively. The Pd/Al-MCM-41 catalyst was more acidic than Al-MCM-41 catalyst. The surface area and pore volume of the catalyst decreased after the impregnation process. The tendency of catalytic hydrocracking of hydrocarbon produced was indicated that more amount of Palladium have more hydrocarbons aliphatic than alcohol. Copyright © 2017 BCREC Group. All rights reservedReceived: 21st November 2016; Revised: 24th May 2017; Accepted: 25th May 2017; Available online: 27th October 2017; Published regularly: December 2017How to Cite: Juwono, H., Triyono, T., Sutarno, S., Wahyuni, E.T., Harmami, H., Ulfin, I., Kurniawan, F. (2017). Production of Hydrocarbon (C7-C20) from Hydrocracking of Fatty Acid Methyl Esters on Pd/Al-MCM-41 Catalyst. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 12 (3): 337-342 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.12.3.811.337-342) 
SELECTIVE PRODUCTION OF GREEN HYDROCARBONS FROM THE HYDROTREATMENT OF WASTE COCONUT OIL OVER NI- AND NIMO-SUPPORTED AMINE-FUNCTIONALIZED MESOPOROUS SILICA Trisunaryanti, Wega; Larasati, Savitri; Triyono, Triyono; Paramesti, Cahyarani; Santoso, Nugroho Raka
Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis 2020: BCREC Volume 15 Issue 2 Year 2020 (In Progress Issue)
Publisher : Department of Chemical Engineering - Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.9767/bcrec.15.2.7136.415-431

Abstract

In order to overcome the depletion of energy resources, the production of fuel from a renewable source (green fuel) has aroused attention. The present study focuses on the performance of mono- and bimetallic amine-functionalized mesoporous silica (NH2-MS) as hydrotreating catalysts to convert waste coconut oil into fuel that contains high level of hydrocarbon. In the early step of hydrotreatment at 450 °C, all compounds in waste oil break down into various Free Fatty Acid (FFA) that can be captured by the amine functional group added in the catalyst. Two types of variations were prepared and evaluated: monometallic Ni/NH2-MS and bimetallic NiMo/NH2-MS. Each catalysts synthesized were characterized by using XRD, SAA, TEM, SEM, and FTIR. In this work, monometallic catalyst (Ni/NH2-MS) was found to facilitate higher efficiency of amine-functionalization with its low metal dispersion, and therefore was found to produce higher liquid product with over 77.9% conversion comprising 68.8% hydrocarbons compared to bimetallic NiMo/NH2-MS (76.3% conversion with 65.6% hydrocarbon). However, despite the lower conversion, the use of bimetallic system in NiMo/NH2-MS was speculated to increase the strength of feed sequestration, and thus produce the best selectivity towards gasoline production (43% gasoline, 13% kerosene).
Co-Authors Abdullah Abdullah Abdulloh Abdulloh Adhim, Nur Adi Atmoko, Adi Aditya Aditya Afrizal Sano Agung Basuki Prasetyo, Agung Basuki Agus Hadi Hariyanto Agus Supriyanto Ahmad Mardalis, Ahmad Ahmad Suseno Aji, Daisman P.B. Aji, Gutomo Bayu Akhmad Syoufian Al-Ghozaly, Syakirin Al-Ghozaly, Syakirin Alfriano, Naina Alwiyah Alwiyah Ambar Lukitaningsih Ana Silviana Anas Ismail, Anas Anas Subarnas Anas, M. Sjahrul Andi Mappiare AT, Andi Mappiare Andi Mappiare, Andi Andriyani, Fitri Anis Mafiroh, Anis Anjani, Fidha Merry Anjany, Devy Tantry ANTORO, Sunu Dwi Arfiansyah, Mufti Arief Ari Yusnani Ariantje J.A. Sundah, Ariantje J.A. Asiati, Devi Astriyani, Astriyani Bambang Budi Wiyono Bambang Setiaji Bambang Setiarso Bangun, Morina Blasius Boli Lasan, Blasius Boli Budi Hastuti Cahyasiwi, Dwi Astuti Cahyasiwi, Dwi Astuti Carolina Ligya Radjah, Carolina Ligya Catur Atmaji Chairil Anwar Chusna, Asmaul Chuzaimah Chuzaimah, Chuzaimah D. Setyawan PH, D. Setyawan PH D.W., Tutik Dany Moenindyah Handarini, Dany Moenindyah Dany Munindyah Handarini, Dany Munindyah Darma Santi Daryono Soebagyo Denty Fibirna A Dewi Larasati, Dewi Dewi Susanti Dewi, Fitri Aryadini Dian Maruto Widjonarko Dian Prasasti Didik Prasetyoko Didit Purnomo, Didit Djoko Marsono Dody Prayitno Donatus Setyawan Purwo Handoko Dwi Kartika Dwi Oktavia Dwi Putra Wijaya Dwi Siswanta Dwiretnani Sudjoko Eddy Heraldy Edy Cahyono Eko Sri Kunarti Eko Sugiharto Elia Flurentin, Elia Elian Iwi Afifah, Elian Iwi Elvira Elvira Emilia Roza, Emilia Endang Susilowati Endang Tri Wahyuni Erick Febriyanto, Erick Eva, Murtiari Fahmi Arifan Farantika, Dessy Farihati, Lulu Fatchan Achyani Fathan Achyani, Fathan Fatiatun, Fatiatun Fatmasari Sukesti Fayakun, Kun Fayakun, Kun Febriani, Rahmi Dwi FIRDHAUS, RYANDI Fitria Kasih fredy kurniawan Ginting, Resi Vita Gunawan, Taufik Haikal Haikal Hambali, Imam Handarini, Dany M. Handarini, Dany M. Handirini, Dany M. Handirofa Handirofa Hardika Hardika, Hardika Hariwibowo, M. Ardy Harmami Harmami Harno Dwi Pranowo Harumi, Mellia Hastuti, Lathifah Puji Hendro Juwono Hery Irwan, Hery Hidayah, Nur Hidayati, Richma Himawan Hadi Sutrisno, Himawan Hadi I F Nurcahyo, I F I Made Sadiana, I Made I Nyoman Sudana Degeng, I Nyoman Sudana ID.K. Anom Iip Izul Falah Iis Manuningsih, Iis Ilamsyah Ilamsyah, Ilamsyah Imam Suyanto Imaningtyas, Intan Imanti, Vera Imanti, Vera Imanuel Hitipeuw, Imanuel Imawan, Arif Cahyo Immaniar, Dewi Imron Rosyadi Indriana Kartini Insih Wilujeng Iqmal Tahir Iroth, Delia Amanda Ita Ulfin J. Sekewael, Serly jawahir, Jawahir Johana Endang Prawitasari Joharman Joharman Jumadi Jumadi Jumina Jumina Jusman Jusman Karna Wijaya Khoirina Dwi Nugrahaningtyas Koharto, Kelvin Kumala Dewi Kurniawan, Enggar Kurniawan, Fuat Edi Kurniawan, Yehezkiel Steven Kusumastuti, Anindita Larasati, Savitri Lina Mahardiani Linda Suyati Lohmay, Foctanian Lukman, Muhammad Fernadi Luthfi Pratama M. Amin M. Muchalal M. Ramli Mahardika, Ida Bagus Putra Manik, Resmin Maria Ulfa Marsuki, Muhammad Fajar Marsuki, Muhammad Fajar Marthen Pali, Marthen Martono Martono Mathius Karengke Maudi, Nurhayani Meytij Jeanne Rampe Miftahus Surur, Miftahus Minarsih, Diah Moch Setyadji Mori Dianto, Mori Muchalal Muchalal Mudasir Mudasir Muhammad Wahyuddin, Muhammad Mujalis, Yusep Mulyani Mulyani Musdalifah Musdalifah Muslih, Ersan Y. Mustakim Mustakim Mutiara, Irma Lia Nandar Cundara, Nandar Naniek Utami Handayani Nanik Siti Aminah Nanik Supriani Nanik Wijayati Narsito Narsito Ngadi Ngadi, Ngadi Ngatman, Ngatman Ningrum, Vanda Nisak, Khumayrotun Niswah, Ulfatun Nonoh Siti Aminah Noor Eddy, Noor Norman Luther Aruan, Norman Luther Nur Achmad, Nur Nur Hidayah Nur, Arsida Nurahman, Muhamad Junian Nurbaiti, Resti Nuroniah, Pepi Nurul Muhayat Nuryono Nuryono Oktaviano, Yoska Oktora, Raynoldy Palupi, Indarti Diah Paramesti, Cahyarani Prasetyo, Hendro Adi Prasiwi, Andaru Dena Probowati, Devy Purba, Yanti Astrelina Purnomo Purnomo Purwanto, Sigit Edy Purwo Handoko, Donatus Setyawan Puspitasari, Anita Putra, Bian Pramana Radjah, Carolina L. Rafika, Ageng Setiani Rahayu, Baiq Lina Astini Rahayu, Nina Rahmawati, Novi Rosita Ramadona, Tomi Ramli, M. Ratmawati, Nur Ria Armunanto Rianti Dewi Sulamet-Ariobimo, Rianti Dewi Rimadani, Rimadani Ristiana, Desinta Dwi Riza Wirawan, Riza Rodiansono Rodiansono Ruliatima Ruliatima, Ruliatima Sa'diyah, Awalus Sadali, Sadali Saepudin Saepudin Safitri, Rosiana Sajima, Sajima Salahuddin, Kemal Santoso, Nugroho Raka Sari Lestari Sari, Permata Sari, Puji Novita Senam Senam Septiani, Roesmita Anggis Setiawan, Hendi Setiawan, Richi Setiawati, Diana Setiyowati, Arbin Janu Setyo Atmojo Shaleh, Faisal Siagian, Andreas David Silvianingsih, Silvianingsih SISWATI, Kus Anjar S SITI MARYAM Siti Nurchasanah,, Siti Siti Zuhriyah Sitorus, Frisca Deviyanti Soewartoyo Soewartoyo Sri Juari Santosa Sri Kadarwati Sri Sudiono Sri Wahyuni Sriyadi Sriyadi, Sriyadi Suhartanto, Adit SUKARSIH, Yeti Sukirno Sukirno SULISTIYARINI, AMBAR Sulistyaningrum, Hariddha Yuni Sulthoni Sulthoni, Sulthoni Sunarto Sunarto Suparmi Suparmi Suparyadi Suparyadi, Suparyadi Suryadi Suryadi Suryo Purwono Sutarno Sutarno Sutoyo Sutoyo Suyanta Suyanta Suyatmini Suyatmini Suyono Suyono Suzanna Ratih Sari Takumansang, Regina Christine Tania Clara Dewanti, Tania Clara Tono Sukarnoto, Tono Tri Saptuti Susiani, Tri Saptuti Tukidal Yunianto Tutik Dwi Wahyuningsih Uke, Ora Gorez Untung Rahardja, Untung Uswatun Hasanah Utubira, Yeslia Wagimin Wagimin, Wagimin Wahyu Hidayat Wahyu Lestari Wahyu Mushollaeni Wahyu Wahyu Wahyudi Wahyudi Wega Trisunaryanti Widada Widada, Widada Widya Multisari, Widya Winarto Haryadi Winnarti, Desy Wirawan Wirawan Yoeswono Yoeswono Yohana Chaerunisaa, Anis Yohana Chaerunisaa, Anis Yoharto, Yoharto Yuanita L, Dewi Yuli Tri Cahyono, Yuli Tri Yuliana, Khozin Yuliati Hotifah, Yuliati Yulius Yulius Yuniarti, Mustika Yustiasih Purwaningrum Zuama, Archie Minervo