Articles

PENGETAHUAN IBU BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN STUNTING PADA BALITA DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS KARANGAYU KOTA SEMARANG Ningtyas, Yuni Prihatin; Udiyono, Ari; Kusariana, Nissa
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 8, No 1 (2020): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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According to toddler weigh operations in the city of Semarang, Karangayu is one of the health center with the highest number of stunting cases in Cemarang City, which is 16,7% in 2017. Stunted toddlers are at risk for growth failure, lowering children's IQ and worse, increasing the risk of infants suffering from non-communicable diseases. The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors associated with stunting in children under five years old in the working area of Karangayu Health Center, Semarang City. This study was an observational analytic study using a cross-sectional study design. The study was conducted in the working area of Karangayu Health Center in Semarang City from July - August 2019. The sample of the study was 115 mothers who have children under five years old in the working area of Karangayu Health Center. Statistical tests was using chi square with the results of factors related to stunting were history of chronic energy deficiency and level of nutritional knowledge. Meanwhile, unrelated factors are gender. Therefore, it can be concluded that the factors related to stunting in children under five years old in the working area of Karangayu Health Center in Semarang City were history of chronic energy and level of nutrition knowledge.
GAMBARAN PENGGUNAAN KONTRASEPSI HORMONAL PADA KEJADIAN HIPERTENSI (STUDI PADA WANITA PASANGAN USIA SUBUR DI KELURAHAN TEMBALANG) Fatmasari, Yuli; Saraswati, Lintang Dian; Adi, Mateus Sakundarno; Udiyono, Ari
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Hypertension or high blood pressure disease is a condition where a person experiences an increase in blood pressure above normal. A person is said to have hypertension if his blood pressure is always readable above 140/90 mmHg, whether with symptoms or not, the health effects caused by hypertension continue.The purpose of this study was to describe the accurrence factors of hypertension in women of fertile age couples . This research is descriptive research with cross sectional approach conducted in Tembalang. The population in this research is a woman of fertile age couples in Tembalang then taken samples as many as 100 peoples. Sampling technique with simple random sampling. Measurements of blood pressure and filling questionnaire. From 100 respondents of the study found 47% of respondents who are hypertention. The highest proportion of hypertension on the respondents who have duration of hormonal contraceptive use >5 years (62.8%), types of contrasepsi hormonal used types of pil (62.5%), knowledge of good hormonal contraceptive side effects (48.1%). Required checks of blood presure on a regular basis, maintaining a healthy lifestyle and more wise in using hormonal contraception.
ANALISIS ANALISIS HUBUNGAN ANTARA SEDENTARY LIFESTYLE DENGAN KEJADIAN OBESITAS PADA USIA SEKOLAH DASAR KELAS 4-6 (STUDI DI KOTA SALATIGA) Sandi Saputra, Yemema Victory; Setyawan, Henry; Wuryanto, M. Arie; Udiyono, Ari
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 1 (2019): JANUARI
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Background: Obesity is the form of abnormality or the accumulation of fat that can impact on health. For children and adolescent aged 5-18 years old, said to be obese if BMI (Body Mass Index) according to age more than 2 according to Z score. Obesity occurs if the intake of energy is greater than energy used. In Indonesia, the prevalence of obesity chilren aged 5-12 years old was 8,8%, 7,9% for Central Java, and 5,1% for Salatiga. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the risk factors that associated to obesity children in elementary school grade 4-6. Method: The method was quantitative method and the type of the research was observational analytical with  a cross sectional approach. The population of this study was the students of elementary school grade 4-6 in Salatiga. The reached population was the students of Marsudirini 77 Elementary School grade 4-6 then the sample was taken as many as 60 resopondents using random sampling system. Result: The result indicated that as many as 22 (36,7%) respondents suffered from obesity with 13 (59,1%) respondents were male and 9 (40,9%) respondents were female. Conclusion: For bivariate analytical used Chi-square correlation test showed a correlation between familial (p=0,038; POR=3,6) dan sedentary lifestyle (p=0,022; POR=4,6) with obesity children in elementary school grade 4-6 and there was no correlation between physical activity (p=0,543) and energy intake (p=0,436) with obesity children in elementary school grade 4-6.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN ANDROPAUSE PADA PRIA USIA 30-50 TAHUN (STUDI DI KECAMATAN PEDURUNGAN KOTA SEMARANG) Hidayatullah, Syarifah; Udiyono, Ari; Saraswati, Lintang Dian; Ginandjar, Praba
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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 Andropause is a state of diminished or absent sperm production and testosterone hormone by the testes of male due to the aging process. The difference in onset of andropause is caused by various factors. In addition to being affected by age that can not be changed. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors associated with the incidence of andropause in men aged 30-50 years. This study uses analytic observational research tye with cross-sectional study design. A total of 106 male respondents  aged 30-50 years who meet the criteria of entry as research subjects. The sample is selected using purposive sampling. Based on the results of bivariate analysis with chi square test proved the correlation between age (p<0,001; POR=18,0; 95% CI 6,650-48,721), smoking (p=0,045; POR=2,609; 95% CI 1,107-6,150), blood pressure (p=0,002; POR=1,863; 95% CI 1,545-2,245), and work stress (p=0,009; POR=3,238; 95% CI 1,411-7,432). Meanwhile, between Body Mass Index (BMI), alcohol consumption, physical activity, and fasting blood sugar level is not related to the incidence of andropause. From this research, it can be concluded that the factors that influence of andropause are age, smoking, blood pressure, and work stress.
GAMBARAN USIA MENARCHE DINI DI PADA ANAK SEKOLAH DASAR DI DAERAH URBAN Sari, Ratna Puspita; Udiyono, Ari; Saraswati, Lintang Dian; Ginandjar, Praba
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 4 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Menarche is the first mentrual period by a woman. There a decline in the secular trend of age of menarche in girls The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of early in private elementary schools students in urban areas. The population of this study were all students in grade IV, V, and VI of elementary schools in Semarang Selatan. 100 samples were chosen by using simple random sampling method. The results showed that the prevalence of early menarche was 20%. Early menarche was mostly found on children with obesity, overweight, and good nutrial status. Early menarche was also mostly found on children with high socioeconomic, had been exposed by audio visual media, less physical activity and high body fat percentage. Parents suggested to watch the uses of the mass media and gadgets in their children.
GAMBARAN PERKEMBANGAN PUBERTAS DAN PERBEDAAN USIA AWAL PUBERTAS PADA SISWA - SISWI SEKOLAH DASAR (STUDI DI KECAMATAN SEMARANG TENGAH KOTA SEMARANG) Hardy, Milka Noviananda; Saraswati, Lintang Dian; Udiyono, Ari
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Puberty is a development process from childhood to adulthood with physical and physiological changesleading to sexual maturity and reproductive capacity. Improving nutrition is assumed to be responsible for secular trend to earlier onset of puberty and sexual maturity in develop and development countries. Early onset of puberty are known as the risk factor for breast cancer, prostate cancer, obesity and mental disorder. The aim of this research was to describe the difference of pubertal timing between boys and girls in elementary students in Central Semarang and to describe some factor associated with early onset of puberty and early sexual maturity. This research was a comparative study that use cross sectional design with descriptive survey. The population of this study were all boys in grade IV,V,VI and girls grade III,IV,V,VI. 126 boys and 166 girls were choosen by using proportionate statified random sampling method. The result showed that prepubertal stage was mostly found in boys (55,6%) than in girls (45,2%).Mean age of pubertal onset in boys is ±10,9 year and in girls in ±10 years. The onset of puberty in boys and girls were found earlier than current standard, but girls begin their puberty faster than boys. Parents should pay more attention to children?s dietary and education about puberty. Children also need to get more education about puberty in school.
HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN DAN DUKUNGAN SOSIAL TERHADAP SKOR KEPATUHAN MINUM OBAT KELASI BESI PADA PASIEN THALASSEMIA (STUDI DI RSUD TIDAR KOTA MAGEIANG) Adiratna, Widia; Udiyono, Ari; Saraswati, Lintang Dian
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 8, No 1 (2020): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Adherence to treatment is a big challenge for thalassemia patients. Iron chelation is one of treatment that must be carried out by thalassemia patients for preventing complications due to iron accumulation in the body's organs. Most of the deaths in thalassemia patients are caused by complications due to accumulation of iron from blood transfusions. Adherence to iron chelation treatment is a protective factor for thalassemia mortality. The objective of the study is to analyze the reIationship between knowledge and social support with adherence score to iron cheIation treatment in thaIassemia patients. This study uses a quantitative method with a cross-sectionalI approach, the data obtained were 84 respondents. Primary data was collected by interview using a questionnaire. The statistical test used was Pearson correlation. The resuIts of bivariate anaIysis show that age knowledge about thalassemia (p=0,000;r=0,491-0,554), knowIedge about  iron cheIation (p=0,000;r=0,554), famiIy support (p=0,000;r=0,570), and health workers support (p=0,000; r=0,468). It can be concluded that knowledge about thaIassemia, knowIedge about iron cheIation, famiIy support, heaIth workers support, have a significant relationship with adherence score to taking iron chelation in thaIassemia patient. Keywords: adherence, iron chelation, thalassemia
HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN, DUKUNGAN KELUARGA SERTA PERILAKU PENDERITA DIABETES MELITUS TIPE 2 TERHADAP KEJADIAN ULKUS KAKI DIABETES (STUDI DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS NGESREP SEMARANG) Amilia, Yunita; Saraswati, Lintang Dian; Muniroh, Muflihatul; Udiyono, Ari
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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The occurence of type 2 diabetes mellitus is one type of disease that continues to increase the number of sufferers. One of the most feared DM complications is diabetic foot ulcers. Diabetic foot ulcers are more common in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Diabetic foot ulcers can affect mental and physical health, but it also affects the quality of life. The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation between knowledge, family support and the behavior of diabetic mellitus patients type 2 diabetes against occurence of diabetic foot ulcers. This research uses tye analytic observation research type with cross-sectional study design with qualitative data analysis using Chi-Square test and simple random sampling method. The number of male and female respondents are 80 with aged 38-81 years who meet the entry criteria as research subjects. . Based on the result of bivariate analysis with chi-square test proved the relation between BMI (body mass index) (p = 0,02, POR = 0,235; 95% CI 0,074-0,741), behavior (p = 0,002; POR = 6,943; 95% CI 2,099-22,964), family support (p = 0.012; POR = 4,592; 95% CI 1,451-14,529); and knowledge (p = 0,004; POR = 6,111; 95% CI 1,828-20,434) with diabetic foot ulcers. While between age, sex, type of work, education level, family DM history, long suffering from DM, and smoking status is not related with the occurrence of diabetic foot ulcers. From this research can be concluded that the factors that influence the occurrence of diabetic foot ulcers are BMI (body mass index), behavior, family support and knowledge.
HUBUNGAN SANITASI RUMAH SAKIT DENGAN JUMLAH KUMAN UDARA DI RUANG RAWAT INAP RUMAH SAKIT NASIONAL DIPONEGORO SEMARANG Apriliana, Indah; Martini, Martini; Kusariana, Nissa; Udiyono, Ari
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 4 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Air pollution in a room is 1000 times more dangerous than pollution of air outside the room because it can have a negative impact on human health. The treatment room have a risk for patients, medical / non-medical workers, and visitors to be infected. This statement is based on the results of the initial laboratory examinations of researchers in certain treatment rooms that found microbes in the RSND treatment room. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between hospital sanitation (temperature, humidity, lighting, occupancy density) and the number of air germs in the RSND. This research is observational research with the cross-sectional approach. The sample of the reseach is 40 treatment rooms. The test results showed that there was no significant relationship between hospital sanitation (temperature, humidity, lighting and occupancy density) and the number of air germs (p = 0.542, p = 0.218, p = 0.082, p = 0.317).
BEBERAPA FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN HIPERTIROID PADA WANITA USIA SUBUR DI KABUPATEN MAGELANG “STUDI KASUS DI KLINIK LITBANG BP2GAKI MAGELANG” Sari, Erent Ersantika; Susanto, Henry Setyawan; Udiyono, Ari; Suwandono, Agus
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Hyperthyroidism is the condition that occurs due to excessive production of thyroid hormone by thyroid gland which increased the levels of fT4, T4, fT3, and decreased TSH. The results of RISKESDAS showed that the proportion of household iodine suplementation increased to 5% in 2013. This can eventually leads to hyperthyroidism. Last screening by Magelang District Health Department showed that there is 16,67 % cases of Hyperthyroidism in 2013. The purpose of this research is to analyze some risk factors of hyperthyroidism in fertile age women in Magelang District. This research use analytical observation with cross sectional comparative design with 100 sample in endemic area and 54 in non endemic area of GAKI (Iodine deficiency disorders). Logistic Regression was used to analyze data with significance level of 5 %. The results of multivariate analysis showed in endemic GAKI areas, the consumption of iodine capsule (pOR=10,6 p=0,001), stress level (pOR = 8,4 p=0,001), high iodine food (pOR=5,8 p=0,007), iodine salt > 30 ppm (pOR=6,9 p=0,002) and smoke exposure (pOR=4,1 p=0,030) were risk factors of hyperthyroidism. Despite, hormonal contraception (pOR=8,0 p=0,007) was not a risk factor of hyperthyroidism. The results of multivariate analysis showed in non endemic GAKI areas, stress level ( pOR = 11.2 p = 0.002 ) and high iodine food  (pOR = 8.0 , p = 0.007 ) were risk factors of hyperthyroidism. Despite, iodine salt > 30 ppm , hormonal contraception , the consumption of iodine capsule, and smoke exposure have P value ? 0.05 so it was not a risk factors of hyperthyroidism in Magelang District. The results of multivariate analysis showed in Magelang Distric, stress level ( pOR = 41,1  p ? 0,0001 ), high iodine food  (pOR = 11,2 p ? 0.0001), smoke exposure (pOR=3,5 p=0,037) and  the consumption of iodine capsule(pOR =4,97 p=0,016) were risk factors of hyperthyroidism. Despite, iodine salt > 30 ppm and hormonal contraception have P value ? 0.05 so it was not a risk factors of hyperthyroidism in Magelang District.
Co-Authors Adiratna, Widia Aditya, Astri Afina Karimatu Zahidah, Afina Karimatu Agus Suwandono Agustiansyah Agustiansyah Ajeng Sri Pujasari, Ajeng Sri Amilia, Yunita Antonius Raga Wida Dirgantara, Antonius Raga Wida Apriliana, Indah Apriliasari, Rusliana Arman Arman Chasanah, Mazroatul Damayanti, Vika Agustin Dela Rosa, Satya Kirana Dewi Ekowati Diah Ajeng Pratiwi, Diah Ajeng Diajeng Sri Andriani Permatasari, Diajeng Sri Andriani Dwi Utari Nugroho, Dwi Utari Erent Ersantika Sari, Erent Ersantika Ernianti, Dika Fajar Istiqomah, Fajar Fatmasari, Yuli Firman Apul Aritonang, Firman Apul Fitrianur Laili, Fitrianur Frima Rifqi Azzahroh, Frima Rifqi Ghea Yanna Aulia, Ghea Yanna Harbandinah Pietojo Hartanto, Teguh Dwi Haryuti, Haryuti Helmi, Tri Amelia Rahmitha Henry Setyawan Santoso, Henry Setyawan Henry Setyawan Susanto, Henry Setyawan Henry Setyawan, Henry Hidayah, Elma Nur Hidayatullah, Syarifah Ida Mahfiroh, Ida Ihwatun, Siti Isnaeni, Laela Isnina Adi Indrarini, Isnina Adi Istiyawanti, Hari Jannah, Fina Khiliyatus Kairul Kairul, Kairul Khairunnisa Khairunnisa Kusariana, Nissa Lestari, Deni Lintang Dian Saraswati M. Arie Wuryanto M. Sakundarno Adi Manzilah, Asfi Marisa Gita Putri, Marisa Gita Martini Martini Mateus Sakundarno Adi, Mateus Sakundarno Mazroatul Khasanah, Mazroatul Milka Noviananda Hardy, Milka Noviananda Moch Ardyan Pratama Putra, Moch Ardyan Pratama Mubarokah, Esti Muh Fauzi, Muh Muniroh, Muflihatul Muyassaroh Muyassaroh Ningtyas, Yuni Prihatin Nur Fitriah, Nur Nurhanani, Realita Praba Ginandjar Pudyasari, Raras Sekti Puspasari, Miranti Putra, Yusnik Adi Rahmani, Nabila Yasminuljannah Ratna Puspita Sari, Ratna Puspita Reswari K., Maharani Retno Hestiningsih Saaraswati, Lintang Dian Sakundarno Adi, Sakundarno Sandi Saputra, Yemema Victory Selvy Soejono, Selvy Septiyani, Dina Dwi Setyawan S, Henry Sirait, Merry Putri R. Siti Zuraidah, Siti Sri Yuliawati Sudiharto, Miko Sutrisni, Dian Tanjung, Insani Kamilia Tunjung Trisna, Ferina Hana Tyas, Kinanti Fajar Cahyaning Ulinnuha, Rofida Umi Ardiningsih, Umi Via Diarisma Anggarika, Via Diarisma Wagiran Wagiran Wahyu Estining Tyas, Wahyu Estining Weildsrie Ewildsycraev R., Weildsrie Winda Apriani