Ihyaul Ulum
Program Studi Akuntansi, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, Indonesia Jalan Raya Tlogomas No. 246 Malang Jawa Timur 65145

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TAX AVOIDANCE, CORPORATE GOVERNANCE AND FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE OF COMPANIES REGISTERED IN THE JAKARTA ISLAMIC INDEX Jati, Ahmad Waluya; Ulum, Ihyaul; Utomo, Cahyo
Jurnal Reviu Akuntansi dan Keuangan Vol 9, No 2: Jurnal Reviu Akuntansi Dan Keuangan
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (966.164 KB) | DOI: 10.22219/jrak.v9i2.8916

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ax aTax avoidance is a tax savings actions that are still in the realm of tax law (lawful fashion). Financial performance and corporate governance are used as independent variables were estimated impact on tax avoidance as the dependent variable. Financial performance indicators are ROA, DAR, and DPR. Corporate governance is proxied with the percentage of attendance of the board of directors, board of commissioners and audit committee, the proportion of independent commissioners, and managerial ownership. Tax avoidance as a dependent variable is measured by effective tax rate (ETR). This research was conducted on companies incorporated in the Jakarta?s Islamic Index 2016. The samples in this study used nonprobability sampling method with purposive sampling technique in order to get a sample size of 26 companies. Data in this study were analyzed with SEM-PLS. The results of this study indicate that the financial performance and corporate governance has an effect on tax avoidance. 
KUALITAS AUDIT: SEBUAH META ANALISIS Arianiestasya, Rifzita Vinda; Ulum, Ihyaul; Anwar, A. Syaiful Hidayat
Jurnal Reviu Akuntansi dan Keuangan Vol 5, No 2: Jurnal Reviu Akuntansi dan Keuangan
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (383.569 KB) | DOI: 10.22219/jrak.v5i2.5149

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This study aims to describe state of the art and measurement the audit quality from 1981 to2014. The research method used is meta-analysis and audit quality as the unit analysis in thisstudy. Data collection techniques with engineering documentation by gathers previous studiesabout audit quality.The result of this research shows that the study of audit quality began since 1981 and has beencontinued untill 2014. Meanwhile, indicator of audit quality measurement began with using thenumber of clients on research conducted by DeAngelo (1981). The initial period of the 1990?s byCopley (1991) using the measure indicators size of firm and fee audit. Subsequent developments carried out by Christiawan (2002) using measurement indicator of competence and independence. For measurement indicators most widely used is the size of KAP.Keywords: Audit Quality, Measurement Indicators, Meta Analysis, State of The Art
PENGARUH BOOK TAX DIFFERENCES DAN STRUKTUR KEPEMILIKAN SAHAM TERHADAP PERSISTENSI LABA Mu'arofah, Endah Lailatul; Ulum, Ihyaul; Harventy, Gina
Jurnal Reviu Akuntansi dan Keuangan Vol 5, No 1: Jurnal Reviu Akuntansi dan Keuangan
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (753.342 KB) | DOI: 10.22219/jrak.v5i1.4985

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The aim of this study is to get empirical evidence about the influence of book tax differences (BTD) and managerial ownership to earnings persistence. BTD is separated into normal BTD and abnormal BTD, and classified into positive BTD and negative BTD. There are four components that are tested in BTD, namely large positive abnormal BTD (LPABTD), large negative abnormal BTD (LNABTD), large positive normal BTD (LPNBTD), and large negative normal BTD (LNNBTD). The ownership structure that tested is managerial ownership. This research uses multiple linear regression analysis with population of manufacturing companies in Indonesia Stock Exchange. The result shows that companies with LPABTD, LNABTD, and LPNBTD have higher earnings persistence than companies without the components. Conversely, companies with LNNBTD have lower earnings persistence than companies without the components. The structure of managerial stock ownership increases the earnings persistence unless the companies have large negative normal BTD. Key words: book tax differences, earnings persistence, managerial ownership, tax planning
ISLAMIC BANK AND SHARIA BUSINESS UNIT IN INDONESIA: A COMPARISON ON INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL DISCLOSURE PRATICES Ulum, Ihyaul; Amdini, Ismi? Nor; Setyawan, Setu; Mohamed, Nafsiah
Jurnal Reviu Akuntansi dan Keuangan Vol 8, No 1: Jurnal Reviu Akuntansi dan Keuangan
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (129.249 KB) | DOI: 10.22219/jrak.v8i1.22

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This study aims to compare the intellectual capital disclosures (ICD) in annual reports between Islamic Banks and Sharia Business Unit in 2015. Intellectual capital (ICD) is divided into three main components namely; Human capital, Structural capital and relational capital.  The components used in this study is the ICD-In framework written by Ulum (2015) which consists of 36 items of intellectual capital. This study uses purposive sampling to determine the sample of Islamic bank and Sharia business units registered in Bank Indonesia in 2015, with a sample of 34 banks. The results indicate that there was a difference practices on intellectual capital disclosures of Islamic banks and Sharia business unit. Islamic banks disclosed on IC higher than Sharia business unit.
ENTERPRISE RISK MANAGEMENT AND INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL DISCLOSURE : INVESTOR PERSPECTIVE Yolanda, Yolanda; Ulum, Ihyaul; Setyawan, Setu
Jurnal Reviu Akuntansi dan Keuangan Vol 8, No 2: Jurnal Reviu Akuntansi dan Keuangan
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (559.697 KB) | DOI: 10.22219/jrak.v8i2.38

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This paper aims to examine the effect of corporate value on investor reactions with enterprise risk management (ERM) and intellectual capital disclosure (ICD) as a mediation variable on Indonesian companies listed in the Jakarta Islamic Index in 2016. The sample of this study consists of 25 companies with purposive sampling technique. Five ways numerical coding system and Partial Least Square (PLS) are used as a tool to perform data analysis. The results show that firm value has a significant influence on investor reaction. Unlike the ERM capable of mediating the relationship between corporate value and investor reactions, ICD is unable to mediate.
ISLAMIC SOCIAL REPORTING INDEX SEBAGAI MODEL PENGUKURAN KINERJA SOSIAL PERBANKAN SYARIAH (STUDI KOMPARASI INDONESIA DAN MALAYSIA) Sofyani, Hafiez; Ulum, Ihyaul; Syam, Daniel; L., Sri Wahjuni
Jurnal Dinamika Akuntansi Vol 4, No 1 (2012): March 2012
Publisher : Jurnal Dinamika Akuntansi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jda.v4i1.1958

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Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk membandingkan kinerja sosial perbankan Islam di Indonesia  dan Malaysia dengan menggunakan model Islamic Social Reporting Index (ISR Index). Objek penelitian ini adalah tiga bank Islam baik di Indonesia dan Malaysia. Content analysis digunakan untuk menganalisis data. Hasil yang diharapkan dari penelitian ini adalah memberi kontribusi kepada praktek bisnis perbankan Islam yang terkait dengan tanggung jawab sosial yang mereka jalankan, dan berkontribusi  pada input pengetahuan baik sebagai bahan komparasi dan replikasi untuk melakukan studi lebih lanjut terkait dengan Model Indeks ISR dalam menilai kinerja sosial perbankan Islam. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa secara keseluruhan kinerja sosial train-average perbankan Islam di Malaysia lebih tinggi daripada di Indonesia. Kinerja sosial perbankan Islam di Indonesia pada 2010 mengalami peningkatan yang signifikan, sekitar 10% dari tahun sebelumnya (2009). Sementara  kinerja sosial pada perbankan Islam di Malaysia adalah stabil karena tidak meningkat ataupun menurun. Namun, dari semua bank-bank Islam, baik Indonesia dan Malaysia, tidak ada satupun yang mencapai tingkat kinerja sangat bagus. The aim of this study is to compare the social performance of Islamic banking in Indonesia and in Malaysia by using a model of Islamic Social Reporting Index (ISR Index). The objects of study are three Islamic banks both in Indonesia and Malaysia. Content analysis is used to analyze the data. The expected results of study are they can give contribution to the business practice of Islamic banking which relates to their social responsibility activities, to further study in terms of providing inputs of knowledge as a comparison and replication materials to conduct further study relates to the model ISR Index in assessing the social performance of  Islamic banking. The results of this study indicate that the train-average overall social performance of Islamic banking in Malaysia is higher than that of in Indonesia. The social performance of Islamic banking in Indonesia in 2010 experiences a significant increase. It is about 10% from the previous year(2009). While the level of social performance of Islamic banking in Malaysia is stable because it does not increase or decrease. However, all Islamic banks both Indonesia and Malaysi have not reached the level of excellent performance yet.
KONSTRUKSI MODEL PENGUKURAN KINERJA DAN KERANGKA KERJA PENGUNGKAPAN MODAL INTELEKTUAL Ulum, Ihyaul; Ghozali, Imam; Purwanto, Agus
Jurnal Akuntansi Multiparadigma Vol 5, No 3 (2014): Jurnal Akuntansi Multiparadigma
Publisher : Jurusan Akuntansi Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1487.341 KB)

Abstract

Abstrak: Konstruksi Model Pengukuran Kinerja dan Kerangka Kerja Pengungkapan Modal Intelektual. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengkonstruksi model pengukuran kinerja dan kerangka kerja pengungkapan modal intelektual (Intellectual Capital Disclosure/ICD). Penelitian juga menginvestigasi peran ICD dalam hubungan antara kinerja modal intelektual yang diukur dengan Modified VAIC (MVAIC) dengan kapitalisasi pasar (MCAP). Data diperoleh dari perusahaan sektor perbankan yang terdaftar di BEI untuk tahun 2006, 2009, dan 2012. WarpPLS 3.0 digunakan sebagai alat analisis. Hasil penelitian mengindikasikan bahwa ICD tidak memediasi hubungan antara MVAIC dan MCAP. Semakin tinggi kinerja IC, semakin sedikit informasi tentang IC.Namun demikian, ICD berpengaruh positif terhadap MCAP. Dalam perspektif teori pensinyalan, ICD adalah sinyal yang baik bagi pasar.Abstract: Evaluation Measurement and Intellectual Capital Disclosure Framework Model Construction. The purpose of this study is to construct performance measurement model and Intellectual Capital Disclosure (ICD) framework. This study also investigates the role of ICD in the relationship between Modified VAIC (MVAIC) and Market Capitalization (MCAP). Data was drawn from Indonesian banking sectors listed in BEI for 2006, 2009, and 2012. WarpPLS 3.0 was used as analytical tool. The findings indicated that ICD did not mediate the relationship between MVAIC and MCAP. The higher the performance of IC, the lower is the information on IC disclosure. In the perspective of signaling theory, ICD is a good signal to the market.
PENGARUH MEKANISME CORPORATE GOVERNANCE TERHADAP LUAS PENGUNGKAPAN MODAL INTELEKTUAL: STUDI PADA PERUSAHAAN SEKTOR PERBANKAN Hardiani, Afifah Novita; Ulum, Ihyaul; Zubaidah, Siti
Jurnal Reviu Akuntansi dan Keuangan Vol 6, No 1: Jurnal Reviu Akuntansi dan Keuangan
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (325.26 KB) | DOI: 10.22219/jrak.v6i1.5078

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The aim of this research is to examine the affect of corporate governance mechanism on disclosure of intellectual capital on the banking sector companies. 27 companies were taken as sampleson this research. The objective of this research is to prove the affect of corporate governancemechanism on disclosure of intellectual capital on the banking sector companies. The analyticalmethods used in this research are Partial Least Square (PLS) and test directly (direct effect).Results indicated that the variable of corporate governance was positively affect the disclosureof intellectual capital on the banking sector companies which means all information in companies were disclosed.Keywords: mekanisme corporate governance, intellectual capital disclosure
INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL DISCLOSURE: STUDI KOMPARASI ANTARA UNIVERSITAS DI INDONESIA DAN MALAYSIA Ulum, Ihyaul; Tenrisumpala, Andi; Wahyuni, Endang Dwi
Akuntabilitas Vol 9, No 1: April 2016
Publisher : Department of Accounting-Faculty of Economic and Business (FEB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (232.623 KB) | DOI: 10.15408/akt.v9i1.3582

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The aim of this study is to identify the intellectual capital disclosure practices of Indonesia and Malaysian universities. 5 best universities from Indonesia and Malaysia based on webometrics 2015 survey was used as the object of study. Intellectual capital component used in this study is a framework developed by Ulum (2011) which consist of 46 items: 8 items human capital, 23 items structural capital, and 15 items relational capital. Mann-Whitney test with SPSS 21 was used to analyze the data. The results showed that there were no differences between universities in Indonesia and Malaysia in disclosing information about the IC through their website. Based on the amount of information disclosed, both universities in Indonesia and Malaysia were more likely to disclose information in a narrative format.DOI: 10.15408/akt.v9i1.3582
BATIK DAN KONTRIBUSINYA TERHADAP PEREKONOMIAN NASIONAL Ulum, Ihyaul
Jurnal Bestari No 42 (2009)
Publisher : Jurnal Bestari

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (76.288 KB)

Abstract

Batik is typical cultural heritage of Indonesia. The history of its existence and growth cannot be argued. Batik has existed since Majapahit empire era and then expanding right at the period of Mataran empire, Solo, and Yogyakarta. Not only in Java, batik has also grown and expanded in Sumatra Island. Moreover, the confession of UNESCO on October, 2nd 2009 that batik is genuine and intangible cultural heritage of Indonesia has revoked Malaysia?s claim as batik heir and owner. More than simply cultural heritage, batik has also transformed into industry with high contribution to national economy. Furthermore, the number of labours in this group of industry (TPT) is 1.62 million people indeed. The value of batik export even reached US$ 32.28 million in 2008, and US$ 10.86 million in the first three months of 2009.