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THE SHADOW OF ISLAMIC ORTODOXY AND SYNCRETISM IN CONTEMPORARY INDONESIAN POLITICS Umam, Ahmad Khoirul; Junaidi, Akhmad Arif
Al-Ulum Vol 11, No 2 (2011): Al-Ulum
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo

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Abstract

Pemetaan a filiasi politik masyarakat adalah penting untuk memahami arah dan karakter kekuasaan di masa mendatang. Orientasi politik massa di Indonesia secara general tidak jauh berbeda dengan apa yang digariskan oleh Clifford Geertz dalam karya master piece-nya bertajuk The Religion of Java. Konsep trikotomi yang terdiri atas Santri, Abangan dan Priyayi itu, selama lima dekade terakhir ini telah menjadi karena pembantaian tesis Geertz. Beragam titik lemah dan kekeliruan konseptual karya ini menjadi pintu masuk untuk kembali merekonstruksikan konsep orientasi politik masyarakat Indonesia. Kendati demikian, karya Geertz ini patut diapresiasi sebagai pendekatan awal yang brilian dalam memahami perilaku politik bangsa Indonesia. Dengan pendekatan kritis, napak tilas inteletual Geertz ini akan kembalidimanfaatkan untuk memetakan arah afiliasi politik masyarakat Indonesia kontemporer.---------------------The mapping of political affiliation is important to capture the power direction and its characteristics in the future. Generally, the mass political orientation in Indonesia is not much different than what was outlined by Clifford Geertz in his master piece entitled The Religion of Java. The concept of trikotomi consisting of the Santri, Abangan, and Priyayi, which over the past five decades has been the fundamentally critiqued by various parties. Numerous weak points and fallacy of conceptual framwork then become the entrance to reconceptualize the Indonesian people political orientation. However, the work of Geertzs initial approach should be appreciated as a brilliant in understanding the Indonesian political behavior. With the critical approaches, the Geertzs approaches will again be utilized to map the direction of community in the contemporary Indonesian political orientation.
LEMAHNYA KOMITMEN ANTIKORUPSI PRESIDEN DI TENGAH EKSPEKTASI PEMBANGUNAN EKONOMI DAN TEKANAN OLIGARKI Umam, Ahmad Khoirul
Integritas : Jurnal Antikorupsi Vol 5 No 2 (2019): INTEGRITAS Volume 05 Nomor 2 Tahun 2019
Publisher : KOMISI PEMBERANTASAN KORUPSI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32697/integritas.v5i2.477

Abstract

Komitmen politik dari pemimpin politik tertinggi dalam suatu negara merupakan kunci kesuksesan sekaligus kegagalan dari lembaga antikorupsi. Di era pertama kepemimpinan Presiden Joko Widodo, KPK menghadapi roller coaster agenda pemberantasan korupsi. Berbagai ancaman yang menghadirkan ketidakpastian masa depan KPK, telah dilakukan oleh kekuatan eksternal maupun internal KPK. Hal itu berdampak signifikan pada efektivitas mesin antikorupsi KPK. Artikel ini mencoba menjelaskan dan mengevaluasi kualitas dukungan pemerintahan periode pertama Presiden Joko Widodo (2014-2019) terhadap KPK dan bagaimana dampaknya terhadap kelangsungan agenda antikorupsi di Indonesia. Artikel ini menyimpulkan, target pembangunan ekonomi yang mensyaratkan adanya stabilitas sosial-politik, membuat kerja-kerja antikorupsi kurang diperhatikan secara memadai. Akibatnya, KPK digempur oleh serangan balik dari berbagai kelompok kepentingan politik-bisnis. Merespon situasi itu, Presiden Joko Widodo memilih bermain aman dan tidak menunjukkan keberpihakan yang jelas kepada KPK. Di periode ini pula, belum tampak kerja sama kolektif yang mengakar dan menjadikan pemberantasan dan pencegahan korupsi sebagai agenda utama yang sistematis dan berkelanjutan.
The Two Edge Knife of Decentralization Umam, Ahmad Khoirul
Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol 15, No 1 (2011): Kebijakan Sosial di Aras Lokal
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

A centralistic government model has become a trend in a number of developing countries, in which the ideosycretic aspect becomes pivotal key in the policy making. The situation constitutes authoritarianism, cronyism, and corruption. To break the impasse, the decentralized system is proposed to make people closer to the public policy making. Decentralization is also convinced to be the solution to create a good governance. But a number of facts in the developing countries demonstrates that decentralization indeed has ignite emerges backfires such as decentralized corruption, parochialism, horizontal conflict, local political instability and others. This article elaborates the theoretical framework on decentralizations ouput as the a double-edge knife. In a simple words, the concept of decentralization does not have a permanent relationship with the creation of good governance and development. Without substantive democracy, decentralization is indeed potential to be a destructive political instrument threating the states future.
ISLAM, KORUPSI DAN GOOD GOVERNANCE DI NEGARA-NEGARA ISLAM Umam, Ahmad Khoirul
AL-AHKAM Volume 24, Nomor 2, Oktober 2014
Publisher : AL-AHKAM

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Abstract

Revitalisasi fungsi agama dianggap oleh sejumlah kalangan sebagai instrumen efektif untuk melawan kanker korupsi, selain pelaksanaan demokratisasi dan liberalisasi pasar. Sistem nilai, ajaran moral, dan dalamnya spiritualitas dalam agama dianggap menjadi antitesa bagi watak korup yang berkembang di tengah masyarakat kontemporer. Semakin tinggi tingkat religiusitas suatu masyarakat, level korupsi diharapkan semakin rendah. Mengaca kepada data Corruption Perception Index (CPI/IPK) kita justru akan menemukan kecenderungan feno­mena yang berbeda. Dalam konteks negara-negara Islam misalnya, tingginya pengaruh kepercayaan umat Muslim terhadap agama yang diimani­nya ternyata tidak berbanding lurus dengan komitmen pemberantasan korupsi. Fenomena ini patut dijadikan refleksi bersama untuk menemukan jawaban atas per­tanyaan klasik; mengapa praktik korupsi cenderung banal alias lumrah dalam tradisi masyarakat Muslim yang dianggap memegang teguh prinsip moral dan integritas dalam kehidupan bermasyarakat dan bernegara? Artikel ini akan mendiskusikan secara general tentang relasi agama dan korupsi, serta mengulasnya dengan meng­konteks­tualisasikan ke dalam pengalaman negara-negara Islam.***The revitalization of religion function—that some people think—is an effective instrument to fight the cancer of corruption and also the implementation of democratization and liberalization of the market. Value systems, moral teachings and spirituality in religion are considered to be opposite of the corruption characters growing in the contemporary society. The more religiosity of a society leads to the expectation for the lower corruption. However, according to the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) data, we will exactly find a tendency of paradoxical phenomena. For example, in the context of Islamic countries, the high of influence for the Muslims belief to their religion is not directly proportional to the commitment of the corruption eradication in the Muslim populized countries mostly. This phenomenon deserves to be shared reflection, to find the answers of classic questions; why does corruption tend becoming habit of Muslim community who are uphold moral principles and integrity in social life and state? It causes this article to discuss the relationship between religion and corruption in general, and also to elaborate it by dealing with the experience of Islamic countries.***Keywords: Islam, korupsi, good governance, demokratisasi
ISLAM, KORUPSI DAN GOOD GOVERNANCE DI NEGARA-NEGARA ISLAM Umam, Ahmad Khoirul
Al-Ahkam Volume 24, Nomor 2, Oktober 2014
Publisher : faculty of Shariah and Law, State Islamic University (UIN) Walisongo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21580/ahkam.2014.24.2.146

Abstract

The revitalization of religion function —that some people think— is an effective instrument to fight the cancer of corruption and also the implementation of democratization and liberalization of the market. Value systems, moral teachings and spirituality in religion are considered to be opposite of the corruption characters growing in the contemporary society. The more religiosity of a society leads to the expectation for the lower corruption. However, according to the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) data, we will exactly find a tendency of paradoxical phenomena. For example, in the context of Islamic countries, the high of influence for the Muslims belief to their religion is not directly proportional to the commitment of the corruption eradication in the Muslim populized countries mostly. This phenomenon deserves to be shared reflection, to find the answers of classic questions; why does corruption tend becoming habit of Muslim community who are uphold moral principles and integrity in social life and state? It causes this article to discuss the relationship between religion and corruption in general, and also to elaborate it by dealing with the experience of Islamic countries
Political Islam: The shrinking trend and the future trajectory of Islamic political parties in Indonesia Umam, Ahmad Khoirul; Junaidi, Akhmad Arif
Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik Vol 30, No 1 (2017): Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik
Publisher : FISIP Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/mkp.V30I12017.1-12

Abstract

The trend of religious conservatism in Indonesian public sector is increasing nowadays. But the trend is not followed by the rise of political Islam‟s popularity. The Islamic political parties are precisely abandoned by their sympathizers because of some reasons. This paper tries to elaborate the reasons causing the erosion of Islamic parties‟ political legitimacy. Some fundamental problems such as inability to transform ideology into political platform, internal-factionalism, as well as the crisis of identity will be explained further. The experience from 2009 election can be used to revitalize their power and capacity for the better electability in the next 2014 election. But they seem to be unable to deal with the previous problems making the electability erosion in 2014 more potential and inevitable. Various strategies must be conducted by the parties such as consolidation, revitalizing their political communication strategy, widening political networks across various ideological and religious streams, and others. Without that, their existence would be subordinated by the secular parties to become the second class political players in this biggest Moslem country in the world.
The Two Edge Knife of Decentralization Umam, Ahmad Khoirul
Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol 15, No 1 (2011): JULI (Kebijakan Sosial di Aras Lokal)
Publisher : Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (195.166 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jsp.10927

Abstract

A centralistic government model has become a trend in a number of developing countries, in which the ideosycretic aspect becomes pivotal key in the policy making. The situation constitutes authoritarianism, cronyism, and corruption. To break the impasse, the decentralized system is proposed to make people closer to the public policy making. Decentralization is also convinced to be the solution to create a good governance. But a number of facts in the developing countries demonstrates that decentralization indeed has ignite emerges backfires such as decentralized corruption, parochialism, horizontal conflict, local political instability and others. This article elaborates the theoretical framework on decentralizations ouput as the a double-edge knife. In a simple words, the concept of decentralization does not have a permanent relationship with the creation of good governance and development. Without substantive democracy, decentralization is indeed potential to be a destructive political instrument threating the states future.
The Capability of Canna edulis Ker Starch as Carboxymethyl Cellulose Replacement on Yogurt Drink During Cold Storage Umam, Ahmad Khoirul; Lin, Mei Jen; Radiati, Lilik Eka; Peng, Shao Yu
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 20, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.jap.2018.20.2.643

Abstract

The decreasing of yogurt drink quality will occur during storage. Stabilizer that usually used for maintaining the yogurt quality is a chemical compound namely carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC). Canna (Canna edulis Ker) potentially used as a natural stabilizer, which is a local Indonesian tuber with high starch content and antioxidative properties. The purpose of this study is to investigate the capability of Canna starch to replace the used of CMC based on the physicochemical and antioxidant activity of yogurt drink during cold storage. The complete randomized factorial design will be used with two factor. The first factor was Canna starch/CMC levels divided into 5 groups, T0 (0.2%CMC) as a control, T1 (0.15% CMC + 0.025% canna), T2 (0.1% CMC + 0.05% canna), T3 (0.05% CMC + 0.075% canna), and T4 (0.1% Canna), respectively. The second factor was the storage time of yogurt drink divided into four groups, 1, 7, 14 and 21 days, to determine the quality change during stored in the refrigerator at 4°C. Data obtained from the results of subsequent studies analyzed by GLM (General Linear Model) and followed by Duncan's multiple range test (DMRT). This study resulted that Canna starch has the capability as a natural stabilizer for producing functional yogurt drink with potential health benefits related to the high antioxidant activity. The combination of 0.1% CMC and 0.05% Canna starch addition on yogurt drink manufacture showed the best physicochemical quality
Peningkatan Keterampilan Guru SDLB Melalui Pelatihan Media Pembelajaran Matematika Manipulatif Hasyim, Maylita; Umam, Ahmad Khoirul; Zainab, Siti; Wukandari, Desty
J-ADIMAS (Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat) Vol 7, No 1 (2019): In Press
Publisher : (STKIP) PGRI Tulungagung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29100/j-adimas.v7i1.1157

Abstract

ABSTRAKKedudukan media pembelajaran manipulatif atau yang disebut alat peraga merupakan bagian dari sarana yang wajib dimiliki oleh setiap satuan pendidikan. Sedangkan kedudukan alat peraga terkait dengan komponen metode mengajar merupakan salah satu upaya untuk meningkatkan proses interaksi guru dengan peserta didik (atau siswa) di lingkungan belajarnya. Hal ini dikarenakan obyek dalam pembelajaran matematika yang berupa fakta, konsep, prinsip dan skill/keterampilan merupakan benda pikiran yang sifatnya abstrak dan tidak dapat diamati dengan panca indera. Untuk mengatasi masalah tersebut, maka dalam mempelajari suatu obyek dalam pembelajaran matematika diperlukan pengalaman melalui benda-benda nyata (konkrit) yaitu alat peraga. Dalam usulan program pengabdian ini, alat peraga yang dikembangkan berbasis edutainment (pendidikan yang terintegrasi dalam hiburan) yaitu berupa permainan (games). Konsep ini digunakan dengan tujuan memudahkan anak untuk memahami konsep matematika dengan cara menyenangkan, terutama bagi anak berkebutuhan khusus. Keterampilan guru dalam membuat dan mendemonstrasikan (mengenalkan) alat peraga kepada siswa berkebutuhan khusus menjadi kunci utama keberhasilan siswa dalam memahami konsep matematika menjadi lebih mudah. Oleh karena itu, pelakanaan program pengabdian ini memfokuskan pada memberikan keterampilan pada guru SDLB dalam membuat hingga mendemonstrasikan alat peraga kepada siswanya, sehingga siswa SDLB mampu mengenal media pembelajaran manilpulatif matematika dengan baik. Dalam program pengabdian ini, media pembelajaran yang dibuat dalam pelatihan adalah media tower angka, dimana media ini dapat digunakan untuk anak tuna grahita dan tuna rungu. Pelatihan ini terdiri dari tiga sesi materi, yaitu materi pembuatan media pembelajaran matematika, materi penggunaan/ pengoperasian media pembelajaran matematika dan materi pendemonstrasian dalam pembelajaran.                                                                                                                 Kata Kunci: media pembelajaran matematika, manipulatif, anak berkebutuhan khusus, keterampilan, guru