Nafiatul Umami
Lab. Hijauan Makanan Ternak dan Pastura, Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jl. Fauna No 3 Kampus Bulaksumur UGM, Yogyakarta

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POTENSI BEBERAPA ASESI KACANG PANJANG (VIGNA UNGUICULATA SSP. SESQUIPEDALIS) SEBAGAI PAKAN DI INDONESIA Umami, Nafiatul; Puspa Dewi, Meita; Andru, Andru; Astuti, Dian; Sayekti, Rahmi Tri; Taryono, Taryono
Pastura : Jurnal Ilmu Tumbuhan Pakan Ternak Vol 9 No 1 (2019): Pastura Vol. 9 No. 1 Tahun 2019
Publisher : Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/Pastura.2019.v09.i01.p05

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menyeleksi asesi tanaman kacang panjang (Vigna unguiculata ssp. Sesquipedalis) dan menginovasi teknologi pembenihan baru kacang panjang untuk kemandirian pakan ternak. Penelitian dilakukan di rumah kaca Pusat Inovasi Agroteknologi, Universitas Gadjah Mada pada bulan April sampai Oktober 2019. Penelitian menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap pola searah (one way anova) dengan perlakuan 40 asesi kacang panjang milik PIAT UGM. Variabel yang diamati yaitu pertumbuhan tanaman (tinggi dan panjang tanaman), produksi segar, kandungan nutrient (bahan kering (BK), bahan organik (BO), serat kasar (SK) dan lemak kasar (LK)). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 5 nomer aksesi terbaik dari 40 asesi berdasarkan produksi segar diantaranya asesi kacang panjang nomer 225, 158, 141, 360 dan 153 dengan produksi segar paling tinggi dengan produksi segar 24,84 ton/ha dengan nomer asesi 225. Nomor asesi 225 memiliki kandungan bahan kering dan lemak kasar tertinggi dengan serat kasar yang rendah. Berdasarkan penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa nomor asesi 225 memiliki kandungan nutrient dan produksi yang terbaik. Kata kunci: kacang panjang, kandungan nutrien, pertumbuhan, produksi
BACTERIOCIN ACTIVITY OF LACTIC ACID BACTERIA ISOLATED FROM RUMEN FLUID OF THIN TAIL SHEEP Widayati, Okti; Bachruddin, Zaenal; Hanim, Chusnul; Yusiati, Lies Mira; Umami, Nafiatul
Buletin Peternakan Vol 43, No 3 (2019): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 43 (3) AUGUST 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (283.219 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v43i3.36837

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the activity and the stability of bacteriocin from lactic acid bacteria (BAL) isolated from rumen fluid of thin-tail sheep under the temperature (80, 100, and 121°C), pH (3, 7, and 10), and the length of storage (for 2 weeks under the temperature -8, 11, and 29°C). Lactic acid bacteria obtained by isolation, selection, and identification of thin-tailed sheep rumen fluid were used for bacteriocin production. The crude bacteriocin was partially purified using 70% ammonium sulfate, then was dialysis for 12 hours. The obtained bacteriocin then tested its inhibitory activity against E.coli (representing Gram-negative) and S. aureus (representing Gram-positive) under temperature (80, 100, and 121°C), pH (3, 7, and 10), and the length of storage (for 2 weeks under the temperature -8, 11, and 29°C). The data of bacteriocin activity based on pH, temperature, and the length of storage were analyzed with factorial, then when there was a significant difference of variable because treatment was continued with Duncan's Multiple Range Test (DMRT) test. The results showed that the bacteriocin activity of the three types of BAL against S.aureus is greater than E.coli. The highest activity was shown in pH 3, while the lowest activity was shown at pH 10 (P<0.01). The highest activity was shown at a heating temperature of 100°C, while the lowest activity was shown at a heating temperature of 80°C (P<0.01). The activity of bacteriocin produced by BAL 0 A, BAL 1 A, and BAL 4 C tended to be stable to the heating temperature of 80, 100, and 121°C but decreased with increasing pH value (pH 3, 7, and 10). The best of bacteriocin activity was found at pH 3 (acid), heating at 100°C, and stored at -8°C for 14 days.
EFFECT OF PHOSPHATE FERTILIZER AND ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL FUNGI ON THE NUTRIENT, PHOSPHATEUPTAKE AND IN VITRO DIGESTIBILITY OF ALFALFA Suwignyo, Bambang; Putra, Bela; Umami, Nafiatul; Wulandari, Cahyo; Utomo, Ristianto
Buletin Peternakan Vol 40, No 3 (2016): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 40 (3) OKTOBER 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (652.231 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v40i3.12401

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and phosphate (P) fertilizer on the nutrient content, phosphate uptake and in vitro digestibility of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.).The research was conducted at green house of Forage and Pastures Science Laboratory, Faculty of Animal Science Universitas Gadjah Mada. The experiment was arranged in Completely Randomized Design using 3x4 factorial patterns with four replications. The first factor was dosage of phosphate fertilizer SP 36 (0, 60, and 120 kg/ha). Second factor was the dosage of AMF (0, 0.8, 1.6, and 2.4kg/ha). The variable measured was nutrient contents (crude protein, dry matter, and organic matter), total P uptake and dry matter and organic matter in vitro digestibility. The results showed that the interaction of AMF and P fertilizer had no significant effect on crude protein and total P uptake, but highly significant effect on the parameters of dry matter, organic matter and dry matter and organic matter in vitro digestibility. 
Penggunaan Fermentasi Pakan Komplet Berbasis Hijauan Pakan dan Jerami Untuk Pakan Ruminansia Suwignyo, Bambang; Agus, Ali; Utomo, Ristianto; Umami, Nafiatul; Suhartanto, Bambang; Wulandari, Cahyo
Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement) Vol 1, No 2 (2016): Maret
Publisher : Direktorat Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jpkm.10611

Abstract

Fermented complete feed (CF) based forage-fodder and agricultural by product as feed for ruminants can be implemented in the household and industrial purpose. Complete feed technology is one of alternative to solve the problems of stock and quality of feed. The nutritional value can be set by determine the number and type of mixture, livestock will not has an opportunity to choose so that it can minimize residual feed, practical, and can be stored for long periods. Fermented complete feed very much match to be implemented in the dry season or in the emergency situation. During Merapi Volcano eruption in 2010 was one of moment which is need CF technology. Rice straw can used for CF that can be socked during dry season, also the quality might improve (from 3—4% of crude protein content became 7—8%) with addition of rice brand or other ingredients. Fermented complete feed based on rice straw, forage-fodder or agricultural by product has a multifungtion in the emergency situation, reduce disaster risk, and feed security conservation.
Productivity of Forages in Grassland Merapi Post-Eruption Area, Sleman, Yogyakarta, Indonesia Umami, Nafiatul; Suhartanto, Bambang; Suwignyo, Bambang; Suseno, Nilo; Fenila, Sarah Adrian; Fajarwati, Ruslina
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 17, No 2 (2015): May
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.anprod.2015.17.2.521

Abstract

This research aimed to investigate the productivity and quality of forages (including dry matter, organic matter, crude fiber, crude protein, and extract ether) in the area of Kali Kuning and Krasak River. This area was affected by Mount Merapi Eruption on 2010. The data were taken from the area around the river due to the area was found to be firstly revegetated after the eruption. The Forage classified as grass, legume and forbs. The method applied in the research was Line Intercept method which was done by seeing the botanical composition there and was performed at several observation points. The forage was taken as the sample and then calculated its production and proximately analyzed to determine its chemical composition. The results showed that around the river, the widest cover area in 2013 and 2014 was Brachiariabrizantha grasses. The largest dry matter production in 2013 was Pennisetumpurpuphoides as much as 165.57 g m–2, while in 2014 the largest production of DM was Brachiariabrizantha as much as 190.37 g m–2. Frobs with another type of weed also spread in this area. The Quality of forages around Krasak River increased in 2014 due to the addition of organic matter contained in the soil and the minerals weathering from year to year.
Study on Callus Induction System of 4 Genotype of Napiergrass (Pennisetum purpureum ) Umami, Nafiatul; Akashi, Ryo; Gondo, Takahiro; Ishigaki, Genki; Tanaka, Hidenori
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 18, No 3 (2016): September 2016
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.anprod.2016.18.3.528

Abstract

The aim of this study was to produce callus induction potential of 4 napiergrass (Pennisetum purpureum) genotypes (Dwarf Late, Hybrid, Merkeron and Wrukwona). Callus was induced from shoot apices of shoot tillers  on MS media containing 2,4-D and BAP. On the MS medium containing 2 mg L–1 2,4-D and 0.5 mg L–1 BAP all genotypes could produce embryogenic calli, with different rate of growth. The best genotype for producing embryogenic calli was dwarf napiergrass in 60 day culture. These genotypes would be usefull for tissue cultured based research and for napiergrass improvement program, particularly in genetic transformation. Culturing shoot apices on MS medium containing 2 mgL–1 2,4-D and 0.5 mgL–1 BAP was more suitable than on MS medium containing 0.5 mgL–1 2,4-D.  In the subculture with similar medium composition, proliferation occured poorly on dwarf napiergrass, whereas none happened on the three other genotypes. On the hormon-free medium, all genotypes germinated in different rates. This research pointed out that dwarf napiergrass gave the best response toward induction medium. However, its proliferation and regeneration needed to be optimized in order to obtain more obvious data. This genotype would be usefull for tissue culture based research and for napiergrass improvement program, particularly in genetic transformation.
Penggunaan Fermentasi Pakan Komplet Berbasis Hijauan Pakan dan Jerami Untuk Pakan Ruminansia Suwignyo, Bambang; Agus, Ali; Utomo, Ristianto; Umami, Nafiatul; Suhartanto, Bambang; Wulandari, Cahyo
Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement) Vol 1, No 2 (2016): Maret
Publisher : Direktorat Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (208.047 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpkm.10611

Abstract

Fermented complete feed (CF) based forage-fodder and agricultural by product as feed for ruminants can be implemented in the household and industrial purpose. Complete feed technology is one of alternative to solve the problems of stock and quality of feed. The nutritional value can be set by determine the number and type of mixture, livestock will not has an opportunity to choose so that it can minimize residual feed, practical, and can be stored for long periods. Fermented complete feed very much match to be implemented in the dry season or in the emergency situation. During Merapi Volcano eruption in 2010 was one of moment which is need CF technology. Rice straw can used for CF that can be socked during dry season, also the quality might improve (from 3—4% of crude protein content became 7—8%) with addition of rice brand or other ingredients. Fermented complete feed based on rice straw, forage-fodder or agricultural by product has a multifungtion in the emergency situation, reduce disaster risk, and feed security conservation.
PENAMBAHAN INOKULUM DALAM MENINGKATKAN KUALITAS JERAMI KEDELAI EDAMAME (GLYCINE MAX VAR RYOKHOHO) SEBAGAI PAKAN TERNAK Umami, Nafiatul; Marlina Wijayanti, Heny; Miftah Nurdani, Dyah Afryana; Utomo, Ristianto; Soetrisno, R. Djoko; Suhartanto, Bambang; Suwignyo, Bambang; Wulandari, Cahyo
Pastura : Jurnal Ilmu Tumbuhan Pakan Ternak Vol 2 No 1
Publisher : Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/Pastura.2012.v02.i01.p06

Abstract

This research was conducted to investigated the effect of rhizobium inoculation and harvesting time on the productivity of edamame and the chemical composition in the straw edamame. This study was planted edamame soy bean seed. This experiment was carried out in green house used regosol soil in polybag, 2x2 factorial experiment with five replication was arranged in completely randomized design, continued by Duncan?s multiple range test (DMRT) for the significant result. The first factor was harvesting time (U) consisting of harvested at 65 days (U1) and harvested at 75 days (U2); the second factor was inoculant (I) consisting of with inoculation (I1) and without inoculant (I0). The result of the study showed, that underground dry weight (DW) mass yield and DM and OM straw productions, crude protein (CP), nitrogen free extract (NFE) of UP1 were higher (P&lt;0.01) and ash of straw were higher(P&lt;0.05) than UP2. DM and OM pod productions of UP1 was also superior (P&lt;0.05) than UP2. UP2 resulted better fiber crude (FC) (P&lt;0.01) than UP1. Inoculation (L1) resulted better DM and OM straw productions and CP of straw (P&lt;0.01), and underground DW mass yield, FC, NFE of straw were affected (P&lt;0.05) by interaction between treatments. Underground DW mass yield, FC, NFE, DM and OM of straw, and pods productions were not affected by interaction. And all the treatments were also not affected ether extract (EE) of straw.The results of experiment shown that legin factor not signification of in vitro digestibility. The harvest time (U1) was higher (P&lt;0.05) than harvested at 75 days. Interaction among two factors not significant on in vitro organic matter digestibility.
LAND CAPABILITY FOR CATTLE-FARMING IN THE MERAPI VOLCANIC SLOPE OF SLEMAN REGENCY YOGYAKARTA Widiati, Rini; Umami, Nafiatul; Gunawan, Totok
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 49, No 1 (2017): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4381.433 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.17299

Abstract

This research carried out to study the cattle farming development based on the land capability in rural areas of the Merapi Volcanic slope of Sleman Regency Yogyakarta after eruption 2010. Samples taken were Glagaharjo village (Cangkringan Sub-District) as impacted area and Wonokerto village (Turi Sub-District) as unimpacted area. Survey method used were to land evaluation analysis supported by Geographic Information System (GIS) software. Materials used were Indonesian topographical basemap (RBI) in 1:25000 scale, IKONOS image [2015], land use map, landform map, and slope map as supple- ments. Potential analysis of land capability for cattle forage using the production unit in kg of TDN per AU. The result showed that based on the land capability class map, both villages had potential of carrying capacity for forage feed that could still be increased as much as 1,661.32 AU in Glagaharjo and 1,948.13 AU in Wo n o k e r t o
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN BIOMASSA Tithonia diversifolia DAN BAKTERI ASAM LAKTAT TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN JAGUNG, KETERSEDIAAN FOSFOR DAN ALUMUNIUM PADA TANAH ULTISOL Rahayu, Rahayu; Sumani, Sumani; Supriyadi, Supriyadi; Umami, Nafiatul
Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 27, No 2 (2012): October
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/carakatani.v27i2.14252

Abstract

One of the potential soil to increase food production in Indonesia is Ultisols but having problems in abiotic stresses especially high exchangeable Aluminum (Aldd) and low pH. This study aimed to determine the effect of Tithonia diversifolia biomass and lactic acid bacteria to increase soil phosphor, reduce aluminum toxicity and promote maize plant growth in Ultisol. Experimental design was completely ramdomized design with 3 factors such as the addition of lactic acid bacteria in the carrier, compost biomass of Tithonia diversifolia and phosphor fertilizer. Application of Lactic Acid Bacteria and Tithonia and P fertilizers simultaneously increasing maize plant growth and reduce Aldd especially on a month after application.