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KAJIAN KECEPATAN KAPAL PURSE SEINER TERHADAP HASIL TANGKAPAN IKAN DI PERAIRAN PROBOLINGGO Muntaha, Ali; Soemarno, S; Muhammad, Sahri; Wahyudi, Slamet
Jurnal Kelautan Vol 6, No 1: April (2013)
Publisher : Department of Marine Sciences, Trunojoyo University of Madura, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21107/jk.v6i1.830

Abstract

Salah satu faktor penentu keberhasilan operasi purse seine adalah kecepatan kapal yang dapat mengimbangi kecepatan renang ikan. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh kecepatan kapal purse seine terhadap hasil tangkapan yang maksimal. Penelitian menggunakan metode eksperimen, uji kecepatan kapal dilakukan diperairan Probolinggo. Data yang diperoleh analisis statistik selanjutnya ditampilkan dalam bentuk Tabel dan Gambar. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kecepatan operasional kapal purse seine di Probolinggo (4 knot) yang memperoleh hasil maksimal hingga 180 kg/ setting, sehingga dapat dikatakan bahwa hasil tangkapan ikan menggunakanpurse seine di perairan Probolinggo relatif rendah.  Kata Kunci : kecepatan kapal, purse seine
Optimasi Parameter Pemotongan Mesin Bubut CNC Terhadap Kekasaran Permukaan dengan Geometri Pahat yang Dilengkapi Chip Breaker Wibolo, Achmad; Wahyudi, Slamet; Sugiarto, Sugiarto
Rekayasa Mesin Vol 2, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

In machining operation, the quality of surface finish is an important requirement for many turned workpieces. Thus, the choice of optimized cutting parameters is very important for controlling the requied surface quality The focus of present experimental study is to optimize for cutting speed, feed rate, and radius chip breaker using two performance measures, metal removal rate and surface roughness. Response Surface Methodology (RSM). has been applied for developing models in the form of multiple regression equations correlating dependent parameters with cutting parameters and radius chip breaker, in a turning process. The central composite rotatable design was used to plan the experiment, and analysis of variance were employed to study the performance characteristics for three variable independent in turning operation. A second-order model which can describe the relation then to find combination between cutting parameters and radius chip breaker which resulting the maximum metal removal rate and minimum surface roughness. The experimental results reveal that the most significant cutting parameters for surface roughness is cutting speed, followed by feed rate and radius chip breaker. Based on the optimization results, recommended cutting speed, feed rate, and radius chip breaker is 35 m/mt, 0,2819 mm/rev, and 0,85 mm. By implementing this parameters, the surface roughness and metal removal rate is 2,18 ?m and 6230,80 mm3/mt.Keywords : Surface Roughness, Metal removal rate, response surface methodology, turning
Analisis Perpindahan Panas pada Saluran Berliku Berpenampang Segi Empat dengan Variasi Clearance Belokan Wahyudi, Slamet; Kurniawan, Aris; Hamidi, Nurkholis
Rekayasa Mesin Vol 1, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

Heat transfer characteristics in rectangular with a sharp 180o turn have been examined experimentally using the naphthalene sublimation method. The sharp 180° turn was obtained by dividing a rectangular passage into two channels using a divider wall with a rounded tip at the location where the flow negotiates the turn. The channel cross-section (WxH) is 50×25 m, and three turn clearances of 30, 50, and 70 mm have been tested in this study. Local mass transferrates on all walls of the channel have been measured to clarify the heat transfer characteristics in the channel. The result indicated that the highest coefficient of heat transfer was achieved in the channel with turn clearances of 30 mm.Keywords: Heat Transfer Characteristics in Rectangular,Turn Clearances, Mass Transfers
Pengaruh Diameter Inner-Helical Fin Terhadap Characteristic of Performance Counter Flow Heat Exchanger Bula, Muhamad; Wahyudi, Slamet; Hamidi, Nurkholis
Rekayasa Mesin Vol 1, No 3 (2010)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

The study of energy conservation using the head exchanger with different fin shapes havebeen carried out, including research on the counter flow heat exchanger using a helical spiral shaped fin is placed on the inner pipe. The problem lies in the acquisition of the influence of the diameter of the helical fin to the characteristic of performance counter flow heat exchanger. The diameter of the helical fin which the test is 8 mm, 12 mm and 16 mm. The objective is achieved, the effect of the diameter of the helical fin characteristic of performance counter flow heat exchanger in the increase of hot water discharge 400 liters / hour, 500 liters / hour, 600 liters /hour, 700 liters / hour, 800 liters / hr and 900 liters / hour. Method of design of experiments with laboratory-scale experiments using a set-up equipment double tube heat exchanger is the method used. The results obtained, the highest effectiveness for all types of helical fins foundon discharge 400 liters / h with the order from highest to lower the effectiveness of internal diameter of 12 mm reached 17.66%, diameter of 8 mm effectiveness reaches 15:56% and the internal diameter of 16 mm effectiveness of achieving 14.29%. For the plain tube efektiftasobtained 11:48%.Keywords : heat exchanger, the diameter of the helical fin, hot water discharge, effectiveness
Pra Studi Kelayakan Potensi PLTM/PLTA Di Area PT. PJB Unit Pembangkit Brantas Budiono, Budiono; Wahyudi, Slamet; Sutikno, Djoko
Rekayasa Mesin Vol 2, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

In accordance with government policy to further optimize the utilization of renewable energy sources, and the policy of PT. PLN (Persero) to reduce the consumption of primary energy derived from fuel, then the PT Pembangkit Jawa-Bali (PT. PJB) plans to optimize the utilization of water resources in the Area PT. PJB Unit Pembangkitan Brantas that have the potential to be developed into minihyro power plants / hydro power plant with a capacity of under 10.0 MW. One purpose of this study is to anticipate the demand for electricity is increasing every year as well as to reduce dependence on primary energy derived from fossil tend thinning, as well as the concern of PT. PJB to environmental sustainability and clean development.Keywords : Pre-Feasibility Study, Potential of Minihydro Power Plants / Hydro Power Pant.
Pengaruh Ketebalan Inner-Helical Fin Terhadap Charcteristic of Performance pada Head Exchanger Usman, Ishak; Wahyudi, Slamet; Argo, Bambang Dwi
Rekayasa Mesin Vol 1, No 3 (2010)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

Effect of inner-helical fin on the rate of heat transfer and flow friction factor in a double pipe heat exchanger (double tube heat exchanger) to make a split and disrupt the flow pattern of a streamlined flow of the fluid flowing in the pipe section in the (inner tube) that cause turbulence (molecule-molecule level of randomness good fluid) that can increase the heat transfer rate in the the pipe . Inner-helical fin has a varied thickness of 1 mm, 22 mm and 3 mm are mounted on the pipe where the inside diameter of the inner-helical fin attached to the wall in the inner pipe. Hot water discharge on the inner pipe ditelitil ranging from 400 to 900 liters / h with interval increase in 100 liter / hour and the volumetric flow rate of cold water on the outer tube (outertube) is kept constant 900 liters / hour. The test results of each inner-helical fin thickness compared with the test results without the inner-helical fin (plain tube) and obtained the overall heat transfer rate has increased 60 to 65% of the plain tube, heat exchanger effectiveness of58.56 to 63, 64% and friction factor of 63.13 to 63.51 of the plain tube.Keywords : Inner-helical fin, Heat exchanger, rate of heat transfer, friction factor
Pengaruh Alkalisasi Komposit Serat Kelapa-Poliester Terhadap Kekuatan Tarik Maryanti, Budha; Sonief, Ahmad As'ad; Wahyudi, Slamet
Rekayasa Mesin Vol 2, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

The purpose of this research is to analyze the effect of alkalization on the tensile strength and strain of coconut fiber composites with polyester matrix by varying the concentration of NaOH as follow 0%, 2%, 5% and 8%. Alkalization is one of modifications natural fibers to improve fiber-matrix compatibility.The method of this research used a hands lay-up method. As follow the 1st coconut fiber treated without alkalization or 0% alkalization and the 2nd coconut fiber immersed in alkaline solution (2%, 5% and 8% NaOH) for 1 hour. Then, each treatment specimen molded to composite according to standard tensile test ASTM D638 ?I. Coconut fiber volume fraction 30% and 70% polyester, and arranged coconut fiber straightly. And used the matrix polyester resin type 157 BTQN with hardener MEKPO 1%.The results of this research showed that coconut fiber reinforced composites with NaOH concentrations of 0%, 2%, 5% and 8% respectively has a tensile strength that is 90,144 MPa, 93.75 MPa, 97,356 MPa and 94,151 MPa. The optimum concentration limit of 5% NaOH produced the highest tensile strength 97,356 MPa, while the composite of coconut fiber without alkalization has the lowest tensile strength 90,144 MPa. Keywords: coconut fiber-polyester composites, alkalization, tensile strength
Komposit Hibrid Polyester Berpenguat Serbuk Batang dan Serat Sabut Kelapa Lumintang, Romels C. A.; Soenoko, Rudy; Wahyudi, Slamet
Rekayasa Mesin Vol 2, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

Sawdust coconut trunks of palm trees and fiber coconut coir are two waste materials from the processing of coconuts and coconut tree trunks sawmill waste are plentiful materials can be utilized for producing composites using polyester resins. Both each properties materials as follow polyester resin: liquid in the open air conditions, sawdust coconut and coconut coir fiber properties is lightweight and fragile nature of the polyester adhesive used as a binder (binder) between fiber coconut coir and sawdust coconut palm tree trunks as a filler. The variation volume fraction between the sawdust and coconut trunks of fiber coconut coir in polyester resin influence mechanical properties for each composition of this composite. By comparizing the volume fraction of either polyester, sawdust coconut palm tree trunks and fiber coconut coir (Coir coconut) using tensile test standard ASTM D638-I, and the ASTM D6110 for impact testing. The result of tensile and impact test, obtained that the optimum percentage 30:10 per cent, mean tensile strength on 95.953 N/mm2 , mean elasticity 0,125 % , mean elasticity modulus 768.702 N/mm2, mean absorbed energy 2,679 J and mean impact value 0,068 J/mm2. Keywords: Polyester, Sawdust coconut, coconut coir fiber, mechanical properties
Pengaruh Variasi Tebal Sudu Terhadap Kinerja Kincir Air Tipe Sudu Datar Wahyudi, Slamet; Cahyadi, Dhimas Nur; Purnami, Purnami
Rekayasa Mesin Vol 3, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

Waterwheel is a means to change the water energy into mechanical energy in the form of torque on the wheel shaft. Working waterwheel by the large flow and high utilization of water falls. Today the water wheel still has a small efficiency when compared to water turbines that exist at the moment. Therefore, it still needs further research to improve the efficiency of the water wheel. The purpose of the study is to determine the performance of the blade thickness variation waterwheel flat blade type. In this study, using a kind of overshot waterwheel with a thickness variation of different blades of 0.3; 0.6; 0.9; and 1.2 cm and a water capacity of 10-20 m3/hr. Furthermore be obtained shaft power and efficiency of the water wheel. By using statistical analysis showed that the shaft power and efficiency is influenced by variations in thick blade. In this test shaft power and highest efficiency artifacts on blade 0.3 cm thick.Keywords: windmill water, the thickness of the blade, the performance
Penerapan Overall Equipment Effectiveness (Oee) Dalam Implementasi Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) (Studi Kasus di Pabrik Gula PT. “Y”.) Rahmad, Rahmad; Pratikto, Pratikto; Wahyudi, Slamet
Rekayasa Mesin Vol 3, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

In agro-industrial sector especially in sugar factory called PT. “Y”, improvement of manufacturing system is one of an improvement effort that intensively conducted so that later it could responds rapidly to market changes. The company always attempt to improve productivity, one of the way that has been done is implement preventive and corrective maintenance. But in fact, the outcome hasn’t reached the expectation yet. This research found that allocated time to do breakdown maintenance is the main problem, so that most of the corrective action focused in this problem. This research used OEE measurement, Six Big Losses calculation analysis, and also cause-effect diagram to look for existing problem and to give proposed improvement for the problem. As the result, the biggest factors affecting the low effectiveness of machine is reduced speed and breakdown loss so that the proposed improvement action is implementing TPM.Keywords: Preventive Maintenance, Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE), Autonomous Maintenance, Total Productive Maintenance (TPM).