Articles

Analisis Potensi Bahaya dan Upaya Pengendalian Risiko Bahaya Pada Pekerja Pemecah Batu Setyaningsih, Yuliani; Wahyuni, Ida; Jayanti, Siswi
MEDIA KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Vol 9, No 1 (2010): MKMI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (154.903 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/mkmi.9.1.27-32

Abstract

Risk Assessment is an activity that analyze a risk by determining the likelihood/ probability and severity ofconsequence / Consequences of a risk. This study is aimed to describe and assess the risk level in terms ofworker characteristics, equipment, materials, work processes and working environment of stone breakersworkers and making recommendations on hazard control efforts of workers.This was a descriptive qualitative research by conducting interviews on the workers and make observations onthe environment and work processes, and measuring the work environment. The study population was allworkers in the village of stone breaker Rowosari, Tembalang, Semarang with a sample of 41 people taken bysimple random sampling. Qualitative data analysis with content analysis using the form Hazard Identificationand Risk Assessment (HIRA).Results from this study is the level of risk of accidents at stone-breaking workers of each variable: thecharacteristics of workers with medium category, such as basket work tools, hammers, ganco and chairs with themedium category, with categories of stone material from the medium, such as the work process collecting,splitting, collecting and collating the stone with the medium category, and work environment with the mediumcategory. Workers are expected to wear the working tools such as carts and wearing personal protectiveequipment such as masks and gloves in order to reduce the risk of hazards during work.Keywords: risk assessment , stone breaking employees. Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (HIRA)http://ejournal.undip.ac.id/index.php/mkmi/article/view/2906 
ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PERILAKU TIDAK AMAN PADA PEKERJA DI DEPARTEMEN PRODUKSI PT. X Mutia, Ajeng Ayuning; Ekawati, Ekawati; Wahyuni, Ida
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 5 (2017): SEPTEMBER
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Occupational accident is 88% caused by unsafe behavior, 10% by unsafe condition and 2% by other causes. The number of unsafe behavior cases found in PT. X from 2014 to 2016, in a series are 20, 12 and 8 cases.The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between safety leadership, work fatigue, safety climate and job satisfaction with unsafe behavior in the Production Departement PT. X. The research type was a quantitative with cross sectional approach. The population in this research were all workers in Production Department of PT. X. The number of samples were 63 selected by stratified sampling method with proportional approach. Data collected by questionnaire. Data analysis was performed by using chi-square test. The result of statistical test showed that there were no correlation between safety leadership (p = 0,159) and work fatigue (p = 0,094) with unsafe behavior. Furthermore, there were correlation between safety climate (p = 0,000) and job satisfaction (p = 0,006) with unsafe behavior. PT. X should conduct training of safety behavior, applying reward system, assembling safety talk and safety walk, as well as assembling safety report box.
Keandalan Manusia (Human Reliabilily Assesmenl) Pada Masinis PT. KAI Daop IV Kota Semarang Mustika Hati, Arlina; Widjasena, Baju; Wahyuni, Ida
MEDIA KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Vol 11, No 1 (2012): MKMI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (133.361 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/mkmi.11.1.1-7

Abstract

Tuntutan tugas masinis terhadap keselamatan penumpang serta pengguna jalan menuntut masinis untuk memiliki keandalan tinggi dalam pengoperasian KA. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis keandalan masinis dengan mengidentifikasi kesalahan yang mungkin teriadi. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kualitatif yang bersifat deskriptif dengan menggunakan metode HEART dalam perhitungan keandalan masinis dan NASA TLX sebagai pengukuran beban kerja mental secara subjektif. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa dari perhitungan NASA TLX, pekerjaan masinis termasuk dalam beban kerja berat dimana 81,41% informan mengalami beban kerja mental tinggi. Nilai R total yang dihitung dengan metode HEART diperoleh 0,66 dengan urutan nilai keandalan terbesar hingga terkecil adalah perjalanan KA di jalan bebas (0,99), persiapan dinas (0,99), persiapan keberangkatan (0,99), pemberangkatan masinis (0,99) dan penggunaan radio loko (0,70). Kata kunci : keandalan manusia, HEART, NASA TLX, masinis Human Reliahility Assesment of Train Engineer of PT. KAI DAOP IV Semarang City; Therefore, assessment of reliability and the factors that affect the operator error PT. KAI DAOP IV is significant for analysis. The purpose of this study is to analyze the reliability engineer to identify probability error. This study is a descriptive qualitative research method with the calculation of reliability HEART and NASA TLx to measuring subjective mental workload machinist. The result sof this research from NASA TLx that machinist jobs included in the heavy mental workload in which 81.41% of informants. The Reliability total value by HEART method obtained is 0.66 with the order of largest to smallest value is the train trip on the railway (0.99), preparation of service (0.99), preparation for departure(0.99), departure machinist (0.99) and the use of radio cab (0.70). Keyword : human reliability, HEART, NASA TLX, train engineer  
HUBUNGAN GERAKAN BERULANG, POSTUR PERGELANGAN TANGAN, MASA KERJA DAN USIA TERHADAP KEJADIAN CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME PADA TUKANG BESI (Studi Kasus Pada Pekerja Pembentukan Tulangan Kolom, Proyek Pembangunan Apartemen Oleh PT X) Mariana, Hanna Vergia; Wijayanti, Siswi; Wahyuni, Ida
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 5 (2018): SEPTEMBER
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) is the most common neurological disorder of the hands due to the suppression or "squeezing" of the peripheral nerves through this tunnel with typical symptoms of pain, numbness and tingling in the wrist, thumb, index finger, middle finger and half of ring finger. Any use of the wrist causing narrowing of the carpal tunnel or increasing pressure within this confined space may result in CTS. In the construction sector, iron workers are daily workers who are tasked working on various ironing activities such as making columns. These workers are at risk of having CTS in their hands as a result of their job. The purpose of this research is to analyze the association between repetitive movement, wrist posture, work period and age with CTS incident on iron workers at apartment development by PT X. The type of this research is observational analytic research with cross sectional study approach. This research uses RULA to measure wrist posture, Phalen’s Test and BCTQ Questionnaires to find out and describe incidence of CTS. The population and sample in this study were 36 workers. Based on statistical test using Chi-Square, there was an association between repetitive motion with CTS (p value = 0,018), there was an association between wrist posture and CTS (p value = 0,006), there was no association between work period with CTS (p value = 0,688) and also there was no association between age and CTS (p value = 0,729) on ironworker who made columns. Some recommendation for company are to be able to educate workers working with a good posture and stretch their wrist after working. For workers, always keep the wrist in a neutral position more often, loosen the hand grip and reduce energy used when twisting wire and also stretching after work.
HUBUNGAN ANTARA BEBAN KERJA MENTAL DAN SHIFT KERJA TERHADAP STRES KERJA PADA PEKERJA CENTRAL CONTROL ROOM (Studi Kasus Pada PT. PJB Unit Pembangkit Paiton Probolinggo) Hasan, Amirul; Wahyuni, Ida; Kurniawan, Bina
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 4 (2018): JULI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Job stress is a form of self adaptation that influenced by individual characteristic and psychological process as the response of environment changes. Factors that influenced job stress are workload, work environment, work responsibility, or as a result of failed-adaptation with the work-mates or the work-tasks. The aim of this research is to analyze the corrrelation of workload mentality and shift of work towarads job stress in PT.PJB. UP Paiton. The research method used was analytical descriptive with cross-sectional design. Dependent variable of this research is job stress and independent variables are workload mentality and shift of work. Population of this study was all 32 CCR workers and this research used all population as research subject. Data were collected by filled the research instruments which was GHQ-12 and NASA-TLX. Data analysis used chi-square and mann-whitney test. The result showed there was a correlation between workload mentality (p = 0,029) and shift of work (p = 0,022) towards job stress of workers. In order to decrease work stress, the company should provide education about job stress, the causes of stress and how to control it, and company should allow workers to do stretching between work hours.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI STRES KERJA DAN PENGENDALIAN STRES KERJA PADA TENAGA KERJA DI BAGIAN CARGO PT. ANGKASA PURA LOGISTIK BANDAR UDARA INTERNASIONAL AHMAD YANI SEMARANG Utami, Putri; Wahyuni, Ida; Ekawati, Ekawati
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 5 (2017): SEPTEMBER
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Abstract

Work stress is a feeling of pressure or distress experienced by employees in the face of job. In carrying out activities in each group, humans can encounter a stress. The same condition also occurs to a workers in cargo section in doing his task. This research used mix method approach (quantitative – qualitative). The subject of the research is the workers in cargo section PT Angkasa Pura logistik Semarang. The data were collected by spreading the questionnaire of work stress symptoms on 47 respondent, 54,1% experienced severe labor stress, 45,9% experienced mild stress and 0% did not experience work stress. Based on eight job stress factors studied, the intrinsic factors of the job (job demands and work environment) and external job demands all the elements related to work stress a workers in cargo section PT Angkasa Pura logistik Semarang (subjectively).How to control work stress on the workers in the cargo section that does not experience work stress in controlling the saturation is by joking with co-workers play mobile phones and always try to stay focused. If there is a problem at work or with colleagues, they discuss with the Leader and colleagues to find the best solution. To relieve fatigue during work is by drinking body movements and cool the body in the customer service.
Pengaruh Kepemimpinan Keselamatan Pada Kepala Proyek Terhadap Angka Kecelakaan Kerja PT. X Dan PT. Y Di Kota Solo Jawa Tengah Kartikawati, Marina; Widjasena, Baju; Wahyuni, Ida
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 2, No 5 (2014): SEPTEMBER
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Abstract

Pada tahun 2003 terdapat 60.000 (enam puluh ribu) orang yang mengalami kecelakaan di lokasi kerja di sektor konstruksi. Satu per sepuluh (1/10) diantaranya mengalami kecelakaan berat yang mengakibatkan kematian atau kecacatan. Keselamatan kerja sangat erat kaitannya dengan kecelakaan kerja. Middle manager adalah orang yang memiliki kekuasaan penuh dalam keberlangsungan pelaksanaan suatu proyek konstruksi. Keputusan yang diambil merupakan hasil pemikiran dengan mempertimbangkan situasi problematis. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis tipe kepemimpinan dan pengaruhnya terhadap angka kecelakaan di PT. X dan PT. Y. Desain penelitian kualitatif dibuat agar dapat mendeskripsikan tipe kepemimpinan dan angka kecelakaan yang dihitung dengan menggunakan rumus. Subyek utama penelitian adalah pimpinan proyek yang terlibat dan terjun langsung ke lapangan yaitu Kepala Proyek,sedangkan untuk subyek triangulasi adalah staf K3 dan pekerja di proyek. Setelah dilakukan penelitian, didapatkan data bahwa kepemimpinan yang buruk memiliki pengaruh buruk terhadap tingginya angka kecelakaan di suatu lokasi kerja
ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI MOTIVASI KERJA PADA SATPAM UNIVERSITAS DIPONEGORO KAMPUS TEMBALANG Khairani, Nabilah Rizky; Wahyuni, Ida; Jayanti, Siswi
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 3 (2016): MEI
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Abstract

The Management  who directing through motivation will create good working condition. Motivation will make their workers doing their job harder by their superior toward sucessfullly. The beginning survey result of Security Guards at the Tembalang Campuss of Diponegoro University telling that Salary is not equal to their work load then will impact to their performance.This research is developed in order  to analize influencing factors of working motivation of the Security Guards from intrinsict factors upto extrinsict factors.This research is qualitative and descriptive. The subject of this research are  47 persons with details aas follows : 6 persons are the Main Sources of information and 2 persons are the Triangularition informan.Observation using questioners are resulting 18 feedbacks from the subject (38,3%),  16 respondents (34,0%) having high working motivation and 13 respondents (27,7%) having poor working motivation. From Deep Interview Results, motivation factors (Intrinsict) which influencing working motivation is Recognition and the work itself. Meanwhile, Maintenance factors (Extrinsict) which influencing working motivation is Salary. The researcher also recommend to give Award and Recognition to the Security Guards, giving salary details and doing side activity to kill bordom at their workplace.
ASSESMENT BEBAN KERJA TERHADAP TINGKAT STRES PADA PEKERJA FABRIKASI, BEKISTING DAN PENGECORAN DI PT X Wijayanti, Rizky Endah; Denny, Hanifa Maher; Wahyuni, Ida
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 4 (2016): JULI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Stress is a response through both physically and mentally from somebody, to something that is perceived as annoying and resulted in his being threatened in the neighborhood. One factor that causes stress is the workload. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of the workload and stress levels in workers fabrication, formwork and casting in PT X. This type of research is explanatory research using cross sectional approach. Total population 35 people. The sample used in this study using total sampling, because 5 people are no longer working, then sample this study amounted to 30 people. Data analysis using univariate analysis using frequency distribution and bivariate analysis using Chi-square test. These results indicate that workers with heavy work loads more levels of stress in the category of normal and mild stress compared with workers in the category of moderate stress and severe stress, which amounted to 66.7%. Most workers who experience stress on a relatively mild level of stress category. Results of bivariate analysis showed there was no relationship between workload stress levels (ρ-value 0.712). The conclusion of this study is the workload is not associated with the level of stress in workers fabrication, formwork and casting in PT X. The company should provide a resting place for the workers, making shift work at the time of casting and conduct work overtime refreshing program for workers.
ANALISIS TINGKAT STRES KERJA SERTA COPING STRES PADA PEGAWAI REKAM MEDIS DI RSUD K.R.M.T. WONGSONEGORO KOTA SEMARANG Aza P.P, Rizqika; Wahyuni, Ida; Ekawati, Ekawati
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 5 (2017): SEPTEMBER
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

The hospital is a health services that is absolutely required by all levels of society in an effort to improve the health status of both individuals and society as a whole. To fulfill these needs, the hospital is required to provide adequate and satisfactory service.Therefore, the hospital must be able to improve the quality of its services, including improving the quality of documenting medical records. The purpose of this study was to analyze the level of work stress and coping stress used by medical record employment section coding. In addition, this study was to determine of physical and mental workload and fatigue of employees of coding. The type of this research was qualitative descriptive research. The population of this study was the employee medical record of the coding section amounted to 11 people with total sampling method. The data were collected using an in-depth interview questionnaire about stress coping and measurement of physical, mental, fatigue, and work stresswith Pulsemeter, NASA-TLXquestionnaire, Deary-Liewald Reaction Time Task Application, and HARS questionnaire. Data analysis had done descriptively to understand the phenomenon about what is experienced by research subject. The conclusion of this research is employees who have moderate work stress level using problem-focused coping strategy whereas employees with high work stress level use emotional-focused coping strategy to deal with stressors.
Co-Authors 'Afianiyah, Dwi Arita - Ekawati A Farid Hemon Adhanudin, Yayan Afifah Listiarina, Afifah Ahda, Fadhli Almu'iini Akrimna Fiddaraini, Akrimna Alfidyani, Kirana Smartya Amalia, Beki Rizki Amalia, Nurrina Riska Amir, Johan Amirul Hasan Amrulloh, Fikri Fahmi Andika S. Manik, Andika S. Andini, Dwita Citra Anggriani, Selvi Anifatul Hanim Apladika Apladika, Apladika Aprilia Listiarini, Aprilia Ardini Fahmiprimanti, Ardini Ardiyanti, Nofia Arlina Mustika Hati Arlisa Bayu Pratamaningtyas, Arlisa Bayu asih puji utami Astuti, Fitri Wiji Asyrofa Rahmi, Asyrofa Atikah Atikah Aulia, Salsabila Nur Avendika Bagoes Paasetya, Avendika Bagoes Aza P.P, Rizqika Bagoes Widjanarko Bahtiar, Rizal Baju Widjasena Bayani, Faizul Benedicta Sonya Ajeng Lestari, Benedicta Sonya Ajeng Bina Kurnaiwan, Bina Bina Kurniawan Cindy Amalia Syabilah, Cindy Amalia Daru Lestantyo Daru Lestantyo Lestantyo, Daru Lestantyo Debi, Mutia Delvi Nur Oktaviani, Delvi Nur Deo Demonta Panggabean, Deo Demonta Desri S Sipaga, Desri S Desriani, Putri Destari, Nurhuda Dewi, Sri Anggraini kusuma Deyulmar, Birthda Amini Dinda Rizki Permana Dwi Sutriono, Dwi Dwina Anggraini, Dwina Efelin, Yohana Ekawati Ekawati Fara, R. Achmad Zaindy Ferri Kristiyanto Fifi Rahmawati, Fifi Findi Purbonani Fitriani, Zahra Nurdina Fuada, Nadia Gati, Majida Wikaning Ghoniyyah, Dhia Hafsari, Aprilia Rosa Hakim, Riefsy Arien Majidah Rahmawati Halimah, Aulia Dewi Nuur Handayani, Vini Nur Puri Handi Gupita Bayuwega, Handi Gupita Hanifa Maher Denny, Hanifa Maher Hariri, Fahri Ramdan Hutabarat, Saut Ima Apriliya, Ima Imam Subha Ari Pamungkas, Imam Subha Ari Intan Dwi Cahyani, Intan Dwi Iqbal, Muhammad Fuad Jaidi, Aiman Muhammad Januar Atiqoh Jejen Jamaludin Jurubahasa Sinuraya Khairil Irfan Lubis, Khairil Irfan Khaqiiqudin, Muhammad Ghulam Kisman -, Kisman Kristian, R. Ananda Kurniawan, Wahid Kusuma Damayanti Santoso, Kusuma Damayanti Kusuma Handayani, Kusuma Kusumaningtyas Windi Astuti, Kusumaningtyas Windi Larasati, Sindi Lestari, Reni Asmaya Maghfiroh, Intan Manik, Wenta Chris Omega Mariana, Hanna Vergia Marina Kartikawati Maysarah, Siti Mega Ayu Ratnaputri, Mega Ayu Muhammad Reza Rusman, Muhammad Reza Muhammad Taufik Hidayat Muthia Ayuningtyas, Muthia Mutia, Ajeng Ayuning Nabilah Mayasifa, Nabilah Nabilah Rizky Khairani, Nabilah Rizky Napitu, Ribka Friday Hasian Narpati, Jalu Risang Novita, Sri Nugroho, Kalit Hidayat Budi Nur Salas Feriana Nurani, Promisetyaningrum Fitria Nurcahyo Adinugroho Nurul Oktavia Puspita Sari, Nurul Oktavia Oktaviani, Siti Padang Purwosusilo, Padang Permata Sari, Anita Dian Philip Faster Eka Adipraja, Philip Faster Eka Pradina, Ari Purnama, Kartika Wahyuning Putra, Kurnia Dwi Yuda Putri Utami, Putri Putri, Farah Avianti Putri, Maygha Yosianti Raden Adhi Warsyah Saputra Rahmah, Eka Rahman raudatul jannah RD, Ivana Rhevi Dayana Sari, Rhevi Dayana Ridwan, Vega Auliasari Risma Arum Lintar Indira, Risma Arum Rizky Endah Wijayanti, Rizky Endah Rogo Sukmo, Rogo Rossyana Fatimah, Rossyana Sadya, Ariska Vinanti Said Djamaluddin, Said Saifulloh, Kholid Saputra, Chilvy Sarah Retno Astrini, Sarah Retno Sehat Simatupang Senjaya, Mahdia Noer Adiba Setyowati, Anis Simanullang, Novena Claudya Sinaga, Listritika Siswi Jayanti Situmorang, Chriselyns Kinski SUDARYANTO - Sulistyawati, Santini Sekar Candra Sulistyo, Danang Arbian Suroto Suroto Tri Puji Astuti Triana Primadewi Triana, Estu Tristiawan, Novi Ulum, Muchammad Bachrul Utami, Gasita Putri Sari Utamy, Ryzki Tri Wayan Firdaus Mahmudy Widya Saraswati, Widya Wijayanti, Siswi Wijayanto, Nurul Widia William, Andrew Windi Dwi Hapsari, Windi Dwi Wiwik Widiyanti, Wiwik Wulandari, Amalia Yanty Geulora Munthe, Yanty Geulora Youlan Septiani, Youlan Yuannisa Yuannisa, Yuannisa Yudha Alif Auliya, Yudha Alif Yuliani Setyaningsih Zahroh Shaluhiyah