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THE ADDITION OF PROBIOTIC STARBIO IN DODOL MULTINUTRITION ON PERFORMANCE AND INCOME OVER FEED COST BALI CATTLE Wahyuni, Tri Hesti; Harahap, Mhd. Syafril; Sutanto, Edy; Trisna, Ade
Proceedings of The Annual International Conference, Syiah Kuala University - Life Sciences & Engineering Chapter Vol 2, No 1 (2012): Life Sciences
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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The objectives of this Research would like to know the effect of probiotic starbio in dodol multinutrition (DM) on the performance of male bali cattle. This research was done in four treatment and periods usind 4 x 4 latinsquared design (LSD). All animals were fed native grass ad libitum as a basal diet. The treatment were P0 (DM without the addition of probiotic starbio), P1 (DM with the addition of 2% probiotic starbio), P2 (DM with the additionof 4% probiotic starbio), P3 (DM with the addition of 6% probiotic starbo), with average initial body weight 157,25 + 10,7kg. The result of this research indicated that the averages of feed consumption in dry matter (kg/head/day)sach as: (3,50; 3,69; 3,83 and 3,88 respectively); average daily gain (ADG) (kg/head/day) such as: (0,52; 0,56; 0,60 and 0,63, respectively); Average of feed convertion ration such as: (6,711; 6,640; 6,369; and 6,198,respectively) and IOFC (Rp) such as : (182,132; 204,071; 234,798 and 251,004, respectively). The addition of probiotic starbio in the DM has a very significantly different (P 0,01) on feed intake and body weight gain of male bali cattle, however significant different (P 0,05) with feed conversion ration male bali cattle. It could be concluded that probiotic starbio could be used to increase feed consumption, body weight gain, feed efficiency in feed and IOFC.
THE CHANGES OF NUTRIENT CONTENT OF CASSAVA PEEL (MANIHOT ESCULENTA CRANTZ) THAT FERMENTED BY INDIGENOUS MICROORGANISMS (IMO) AS ANIMAL FEED Siburian, Indra Satria; Mirwandhono, Edhy; ., Yunilas; Wahyuni, Tri Hesti; ., Hamdan
Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 7, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Sumatera Utara

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Cassava peel was the waste of processing cassava which is promising enough to be used as alternative animal feed. However, cassava peel has a fairly low nutrient content. Fermentation was one of the way to increase the quality of cassava peel. Fermentation used in this research utilized Indigenous Microorganisms (IMO) with the main substance was the cassava peel itself. This research lasted for 3 months started from December 2018 to February 2019 at the Laboratory of Microbiology and Laboratory of Feed Processing Science and Technology Department of Animal Science Faculty of Agriculture University of Sumatera Utara and Laboratory of Agrichemists and Natural Resources at the Industrial Research and Standardization Office of Medan. This research was designed using Completely Randomized Design (CRD) factorial pattern of 3 x 3 with 3 replications, as factor I was the dose of Indigenous Microorganisms (IMO) and factor II was the duration of fermentation. The parameters measured were water content/dry matter, crude fat, crude protein, crude fibre, ash, and Non Nitrogen Free Extract (NNFE) using proximate analysis. The results showed that fermentation of cassava peel using Indigenous Microorganisms (IMO) with the variation of Indigenous Microorganisms (IMO) dose and duration of fermentation give effects, that were increased water content, crude protein, and Non Nitrogen Free Extract (NNFE) and decreased dry ingredient, crude fat, crude fibre, and ash content.
THE USE OF FERMENTED COCOA POD IN FEED ON PERFORMANCE AND INCOME OVER FEED COST (IOFC) OF MALE LOCAL SHEEP Kharisma, Ardina; ., Hasnudi; Daulay, Armyn Hakim; Wahyuni, Tri Hesti; Ginting, Nurzainah
Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 7, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Sumatera Utara

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Cocoa pod is one of the cocoa processing wastes which can be used as animal feed.The study aims to find the use of cocoa pod which fermented by bioactivator (MOIYL) in feedon performance and IOFC of male local sheep. The research was conducted at Pak Didit's farmJl. Bunga Rinte, Simpang Selayang, Medan, in October - December 2018 using completelyrandomized design (CRD) with 5 treatments and 4 replications. The experiment used 20 ofmale local sheep weaning with initial body weight of 12.65 ± 1 kg. The treatment such as P0(80% field grass + 20% concentrate), P1 (60% field grass + 20% fermented cocoa pod + 20%concentrate), P2 (40% field grass + 40% fermented cocoa pod + 20% concentrate), P3 (20%field grass + 60% fermented cocoa pod + 20% concentrate), P4 (80% fermented cocoa pod +concentrate 20%). The observed of are feeds consumption, average daily gain, feed conversionratio (FCR), and income over feed cost (IOFC).The results of this research indicated that utilization of fermented cocoa pod in feed improvedthe performance of male local sheep with the average consumption of sheep feed (g/head/day):421.62; 422.60; 524.43; 452.83 and 368.56, average daily gain (g/head/day): 59.95; 60.75;84.19; 67.76 and 40.57, and ration conversion: 7.06; 7.17; 6.43; 6.68 and 9.11 and averageIncome Over Feed Cost (IOFC):141.123,8; 142.837,9; 201.301,0; 159.568,4 and 89.273,7. Theconclusion of this study is that the use of cacao pods fermented with 5% MOIYL in ration ofmale local weaning can be given to the level of 40%.
CHEMICAL SCARIFICATION USING KNO3 TO INCREASE SEED GERMINATION AND EARLY GROWTH OF INDIGOFERA ZOLLINGERIANA Simbolon, Erwandi; Wahyuni, Tri Hesti; Hanafi, Nevy Diana; ., Hamdan; Henuk, Yusuf Leonard
Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 7, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Sumatera Utara

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Indigofera zollingeriana as animal feed contain high protein and a goodalternative source of feed for livestok. In North Sumatera Province, now adaysIndigofera has been introduced to livestockers. This study aims to determine theeffect of scarification by soaking KNO3 (potassium nitrate) on seed germination andearly growth of Indigofera zollingeriana. This research was carried out at AnimalProduction Laboratory; Animal Husbandry Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture,University of North Sumatra Jl. A. Sofyan No. 3 Medan, which began from November2018 to January 2019. The design used was a factorial completely randomized design(RAL) with 12 combination factors, each of which contained 3 replications where eachreplication contained 15 seeds of Indigofera zollingeriana. The treatment consisted of2 factors, namely the K factor = KNO3 concentration, K0 = control, K1 = 4 g / l, K2 =8 g / l, K3 = 12 g / l repeatedly, and L factor = soaking time, L1 = 4 hours, L2 = 8hours, L3 = 12 hours .The results showed that the administration of KNO3 and soaking time on Indigoferazollingeriana seeds had a significant effect on the percentage of sprouts, sprout height,and growing power. The conclusion of the use of KNO3 with levels of 4 grams and 8grams has a positive impact on the percentage of germination and height of indigoferazollingeriana and the duration of 12 hours immersion in the seeds of indigoferazollingeriana also gives a positive effect on the percentage of sprouts and sproutheight, and the best percentage of growth is on the use of 8 grams of KNO3 with 8hours of soaking time.
EFFECT OF DURATION OF TIME AND DOSAGE ON FERMENTATION OF CACAO POD BY USING INDIGENOUS MICROORGANISM YL (MOIYL) Wulandari, Eka; Wahyuni, Tri Hesti; ., Hasnudi; Ginting, Nurzainah; Tafsin, Ma'ruf
Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 7, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Sumatera Utara

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The main problem with cocoa pod is the high crude fiber content and lowcrude protein. A treatment needed to change the nutritional content, one of which isfermentation. In this study, fermentation used Indigenous microorganisms which wereYL (MOIYL). This research lasted for 3 months which was carried out from July toSeptember 2018 at the Laboratory of Animal Production and the Laboratory of AnimalNutrition Sciences at the Faculty of Agriculture, University of North Sumatra. Theresearch design used was Factorial 4 x 4 Completely Randomized Design (CRD), with 3replications where factor 1 was the various levels of inoculum of Indigenous YL(MOIYL) and factor 2 was the length of fermentation (incubation) with measuredparameters of crude protein, crude fiber, crude fat, and ash content using proximateanalysis.The results showed that cocoa pod fermentation using Indigenous YL (MOIYL)microorganisms could improve the quality of nutrient content including the highestwater content with a dose of 3% with a 7 day fermentation of 11.75% and the lowestwithout Moiyl with 21 days fermentation time of 10.02%. highest crude protein with 5%dose with 7 days fermentation of 11.89% and the lowest without Moiyl with 28 daysfermentation of 7.18%, highest crude fat at 5% with 7 days fermentation at 1.33% andthe lowest without Moiyl with 28 days fermentation time is 1.22%, while the highestcrude fiber is 5% with 7 days fermentation of 21.3% and the lowest is 5% with 28 daysfermentation of 23.93%, the highest dry matter is 3% with 7 days fermentation timeequal to 88.24% and the lowest without Moiyl with 7 days long 89.95%, highest ashcontent with d osis 1% with a 7 day fermentation time of 9.52% and the lowest ashcontent without Moiyl with a 7 day fermentation time of 11.17%. The results of thisstudy concluded that cocoa pod fermentation using 5% Indigenous YL (MOIYL)microorganisms and 7 days fermentation time could increase water content, crudeprotein, and crude fat, while crude fiber, dry matter, and ash content decreased.
MARKETING ANALYSED OF KAMPUNG CHICKEN ON THE TRADITIONAL MARKET OF BINJAI CITY Sitanggang, Jun Benardo; Daulay, Armyn Hakim; Wahyuni, Tri Hesti; Sembiring, Iskandar; Tafsin, Ma'ruf
Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 7, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Sumatera Utara

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This study aims to identify the characteristics of farmers, agents and retailers ofkampung chicken marketing, and kampung chicken marketing channels, marketing margins,farmer share, profit ratio, and cost of kampung chicken, as well as analysed the marketingefficiency of kampung chicken in Binjai City. This research was conducted in June 2018 -August 2018. The method used in data collection by using the Jenuh sampling (sensus), whilethe sample of breeders and other marketing institutions with search method. Data collection wascarried out using interview questionnaire techniques.Data analysis included marketing costs, marketing margins, farmer share and cost benefit ratioof each marketing channel. The results of this study indicate that there are two marketingchannels. The marketing margin on channel II shows margin Rp. 15.157,-. the farmer?s inchannel I 76.19% and ratio of profit Rp. 2.4 per kg on channel II. The marketing channel forkampung chicken in the Traditional Market of Binjai City is efficient.
ANALYSIS OF RESOURCE POTENTIAL FOR CATTLE DEVELOPING IN SERDANG BEDAGAI REGENCY Iqbal, Muhammad; Mirwandhono, Edhy; Wahyuni, Tri Hesti; Ginting, Nurzainah; Sembiring, Iskandar
Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 7, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Sumatera Utara

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High animal production especially meat is still need to fulfilled as demand is high.This research was conducted to analyze the availability of resources in Serdang BedagaiRegency in the context of cattle developing. The study was conducted from September 2017to January 2018. This study used a survey method, the first stage of stratification (stratifiedsampling) to the sub-districts in Serdang Bedagai Regency, the second stage took purposivesampling in three sub-districts namely Dolok Masihul District, Dolok Merawan and SeiRampah, the third stage was purposively sampling of 10 farmers from each of the subdistricts. The results of this study that livestock resources in Serdang Regency Bedagai stillhave great potential in developing beef cattle business seen from natural resources, humanresources, capital and technology.
NUTRITIONAL QUALITY OF MILK CURD BY ADDING AVOCADO EXTRACT (PERSEA AMERICANA, MILL) USING GOMBONG BAMBOO (GIGANTOCHLOA VERTICILATA) Pandiangan, Putri Theresia; Wahyuni, Tri Hesti; ., Hamdan
Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 7, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Sumatera Utara

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Curd is a traditional fermented buffalo milk from West Sumatra.Fermentation in curd making occurs spontaneously, meaning thatfermentation occurs naturally without the addition of a starter. This studyaims to determine the nutritional content of cow milk curd with the additionof avocado extract (Persea americana, Mill) various levels using Gombongbamboo (Gigantochloa verticilata).This research was conducted at the Analogy and Physiology Laboratory ofthe Faculty of Agriculture, University of North Sumatra in November 2018-December 2018. The design used in this study was a completelyrandomized design (CRD) with 5 treatments and 4 replications. Theparameters analyzed were Protein, Fat, and pH. The results showed thatcow milk curd with the addition of avocado (Persea americana, Mill)extract various levels using Gombong bamboo (Gigantochloa verticilata)significantly had different effects on the nutritional value of protein, fat andpH. From the nutritional value studied, the highest protein: P1 7.57% withthe addition of avocado fruit extract (Persea americana, Mill) 6%, fataverage: P1 7.08% with the addition of avocado fruit extract (Perseaamericana, Mill) 6%, pH: P4 5.30% with the addition of avocado fruitextract (Persea americana, Mill) 24%.
ANALYSIS OF INFLUENCED FACTORS ON CONSUMER BEHAVIOUR: THE DEMAND OF CHICKEN EGG’S IN TEBINGTINGGI CITY Putri, Siti Hanifah; Daulay, Armyn Hakim; ., Hamdan; Mirwandhono, Edhy; Wahyuni, Tri Hesti
Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 6, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sumatera Utara

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The purpose of this study were to identify factors that affect the demand forchicken eggs and to find out the correlation of factors that affect consumer behavior inpurchasing chicken eggs in Tebing Tinggi City. The research used primary data obtainedfrom questionnaires or interviews. The research method was multiple linear regressionmethods, spearman rank correlation and contingency correlation.The results showed that the price of chicken eggs and the income had real effect to thedemand for chicken eggs in the area of research. The result of spearman rank correlation andthe contingency correlation showed that there was a real correlation between the incomewith a consumer behavior in purchasing chicken eggs, while the age, employment, andnumber of consumer dependents, did not show real correlation with consumer behavior inpurchasing chicken eggs.
ANALYSIS OF THE FACTORS AFFECTING PUBLIC BEEF CONSUMPTION IN PANDAN SUB-DISTRICT, CENTRAL TAPANULI DISTRICT Siregar, Ismail Fauzi; Daulay, Armyn Hakim; Wahyuni, Tri Hesti; Tafsin, Ma'ruf; Umar, Sayed
Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 6, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sumatera Utara

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Demands of animal foods from livestock (meat, eggs and milk) over time tends to increase in line with population growth, income, nutrition awareness, and improvement in education levels. But even though it has increased, the level of meat consumption of the Indonesian people is still categorized as very low. This study aims to determine the social and economic characteristics of households and analyze the factors that influence consumption of household beef in Pandan District. The analytical method used is descriptive analysis, namely by observing directly the social and economic conditions of the household, then using a questionnaire to obtain data on the socio-economic conditions of the household. The method of multiple linear regression analysis is used to analyze the factors that influence the consumption pattern of the household beef. The results of the study show that consumers of beef in Pandan Sub-district have different socio-economic characteristics, both in terms of education, age, number of family members and income. The socio-economic characteristics of beef consumers, namely education, age, number of family members and income significantly influence the amount of consumption simultaneously. Age, number of family members and income have a partial effect on the amount of beef consumption, while the education variable does not have a partial effect on the amount of beef consumption.