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Journal : Universa Medicina

5α-Oleandrin reduce Bcl-2 protein and increase Bax protein expression on Hela cervical cancer cell Wahyuningsih, Mae Sri Hartati; Mubarika, Sofia; Ganjar, Ibnu G.; Wahyuono, Subagus; Takeya, Tatsuo
Universa Medicina Vol 36, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Trisakti University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18051/UnivMed.2017.v36.102-109

Abstract

BACKGROUNDThe leaves of Nerium indicum Mill. have been utilized traditionally to cure cancer. By using Bioassay guided extraction and isolation method, three compounds (NiO-1, NiO-2, NiO-3) were isolated from an active fraction of the CHCl3 extract of N. indicum leaves. NiO-2 identified as 5α- oleandrin is the best cytotoxic compound on HeLa cervical cancer cell in vitro among the other two. However mechanism of action of the compound hasn’t been evaluated yet. The aims of this study were to determine the mechanism of action at molecular level.METHODSThe action mechanism of 5α-oleandrin on HeLa cervical cancer cells was analyzed by staining the cells with Hoechst 33342; the agarose gel electrophoresis was aimed to determine the DNA fragmentation and the western blotting was aimed to determine the Bcl-2 and Bax protein expression.RESULTSIncubation of HeLa cervical cancer cell with 5α-oleandrin at the concentration 3,47x10-4 mM (24 hours) followed by staining with Hoechst 33342, a broken up light blue color of nucleus was observed (compared with intensive color of untreated control). By gel electrophoresis (at the same concentration of the tested compound), a smear band at about 200 bp was observed. In addition, cells treated with 5α-oleandrin displayed a decreasing of the Bcl-2 protein expression and increasing of the Bax protein expressionCONCLUSION5α-oleandrin induced HeLa cervical cancer cells DNA fragmentation observed by the presence of a smear band at about 200 bp indicative the apoptotic occurrence. 5α-oleandrin induces apoptosis by reducing the Bcl-2 protein expression but the Bax protein expression increases.
Co-Authors Abdul Karim Zulkarnain Abdul Rohman Aditya Krishar Karim Ag. Yuswanto Agung Endro Nugroho Agustinus Yuswanto, Agustinus Ahmad Hamim Sadewa Ambarwati Ambarwati Ari Sartinah, Ari Ariani Hatmanti Arnida ., Arnida AWM. Boersma, AWM. B.S. Ari Sudarmanto, B.S. Ari Bambang Hariono Citra Prasetyawati, Citra Dinar Sari Djoko Santosa Djoko Santoso Ekowati Chasanah Endang Dwi Wulansari Endang Lukitaningsih Erna Prawita Setyowati Farisya Nurhaeni Fauziati, Vera Galih G, Galih Galih, G. Gemini Alam Hadi, Etik Erna Wati Hari Susanti HERNAYANTI HERNAYANTI Hosea Jaya Edy Ibnu G Gandjar, Ibnu G Ibnu G. Gandjar, Ibnu G. Ibnu G. Ganjar, Ibnu G. Ika Puspita Sari Imono A. Donatus, Imono A. Imono Argo D, Imono Imono Argo Donatus, Imono Argo Indah Purwantini Isnindar Isnindar, Isnindar JAKA WIDADA K. Nooter, K. Kaneko, Takushi Kazutaka maeyama Kumiko Terada KV Rao, KV L. Hartanto Nugroho LANGKAH SEMBIRING Linus Yhani Chrystomo Lukman Hakim Mae S.H. Wahyuningnsih, Mae S.H. Mae S.H. Wahyuningsih Mae Sri Hartati W, Mae Sri Mae Sri Hartati Wahyuningsih, Mae Sri Hartati Mae Sri Hartati, Mae Sri Mahardika, Arfian Bela Marchaban ., Marchaban Marchaban Marchaban, Marchaban Marchaban, . Marchaban, . Mark T Hamann, Mark T Mark T Hamman Mark T. Hamann, Mark T. Mimiek Murrukmihadi Moch. Saiful Bachri Mohd., Datin Maryati mufrod mufrod Muhammad Nursid Murwantoko Murwantoko Mustofa . Nanang Fakhrudin, Nanang Nunung Yuniarti Nur Hidayati Nuringtyas, Tri R. Nurlaila Nurlaila Peni Susilowati Putri, Peni Susilowati Perdana Priya Haresmita, Perdana Priya Pratiwi, Sylvia Puji Astuti Purwantiningsih, Purwantiningsih PUSPITA LISDIYANTI R.L.M. Bolhuis, R.L.M. Rarastoeti Pratiwi Ratna Asmah Susidarti Retno Wahyuningrum Rijai, Hifdzur Rashif Ritmaleni Ritmaleni RR. Endang Lukitaningsih S.M. Widyastuti Sakti, Dika Sotya Samsul Hadi Sebastian Margino Sita Rina Widyarini, Sita Rina Sitarina Widyarini Soesanto Tjokrosonto Sofia Mubarika Sorta Basar Ida Simanjuntak Sri Sudewi, Sri Sri Wahdaningsih, Sri Sudarsono . Sudibyo Martono Sugeng Riyanto Sukarti Moeljopawiro Sutomo Sutomo suwaldi suwaldi Syamsudin . Tamhid, Hady Anshory Tanti Azizah S Tanti Azizah Sujono Tatang Irianti Tatsuo Takeya, Tatsuo Titik Nuryastuti, Titik Tri Lestari Tri R Nuringtyas, Tri R Triana Hertiani Tsutomu Nohno Vairappan, Charles S. Wahyono Wahyono Wahyuningsih, Mae Sri Hartanti Wayan Tunas Artama Widyastuti, S M Widyastuti, SM Widyastuti, SM Widyastuti, SM Yoga Pratama, Yoga Yuli Widiyastuti Yustina Sri Hartini, Yustina Sri Yuswanto Yuswanto Yuwantiningsih, Sri