Articles

Found 1 Documents
Search
Journal : JURNAL PEMULIAAN TANAMAN HUTAN

ISOLASI DAN IDENTIFIKASI SENYAWA ANTIFUNGAL AKAR Acacia mangium DAN AKTIVITASNYA TERHADAP Ganoderma lucidum Hidayati, Nur; Widyastuti, SM; Wahyuono, Subagus
Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan Vol 6, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan
Publisher : Center for Forest Biotechnology and Tree Improvement (CFBTI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20886/jpth.2012.6.1.11-26

Abstract

Acacia mangium has been planted on large scale of industrial forest plantation in Indonesia, especially in Sumatera and Kalimantan islands. It has been reported that huge number of mangium plantations on those areas infected rot root disease caused by Ganoderma lucidum. To date, there was no information of mangium which resist to Ganoderma lucidum Moreover, research to get this information had been carried out with two aims as listed below: (1) isolate and identify a compound with antifungal properties from the roots of healthy mangium, and (2) identify the effect of the antifungal compound from roots of healthy mangium on Ganoderma lucidum The roots of healthy mangium from the first generation of seedling seed orchard in Wonogiri, Central Java, were used as material of this research. Mangium roots which had had their external and internal parts separated were macerated in a solvent of n-hexane and methanol. Methods of the isolation of the antifungal compound were the thinlayer chromatography (TLC), column  chromatography and thin layer preparative chromatography. Antifungal effect test was carried out by using inhibition of germination and of hyphal growth of Fusarium sp. Ultraviolet (UV) spectrometry, Infrared (IR) and Gas Chromatography – Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) were used to identify the antifungal compound. Antifungal effect test on Ganoderma lucidum was done with a modification of the cylinder plate method, performed in vitro.The results revealed that the antifungal compound succeed isolated in its Substance B form from methanol extract from the interior of the root. Substance B showed the highest level of antifungal activity through inhibiting germination and inhibiting of germination tube growth of Fusarium sp. This was shown by the highest percentage inhibiting of germination (66,67%), and the highest percentage inhibiting of germination tube (66,03%). The inhibition zone of hyphal growth of Ganoderma lucidum macroscopically from the antifungal compound was observed at a concentration of 1800 μg/ml. Microscopically, in the area of contact with the antifungal compound, hyphal curling and distorting of tips took place at a concentration of 1500 μg/ml one day after application of the antifungal compound. Based on the analysis of GC-MS spectra, the antifungal was identified as  p-Methoxybenzylidene p aminophenol in the category of phenolic compounds.
Co-Authors Abdul Karim Zulkarnain Abdul Rohman Aditya Krishar Karim Ag. Yuswanto Agung Endro Nugroho Agustinus Yuswanto, Agustinus Ahmad Hamim Sadewa Ambarwati Ambarwati Ari Sartinah, Ari Ariani Hatmanti Arnida ., Arnida AWM. Boersma, AWM. B.S. Ari Sudarmanto, B.S. Ari Bambang Hariono Citra Prasetyawati, Citra Dinar Sari Djoko Santosa Djoko Santoso Ekowati Chasanah Endang Dwi Wulansari Endang Lukitaningsih Erna Prawita Setyowati Farisya Nurhaeni Fauziati, Vera Galih G, Galih Galih, G. Gemini Alam Hadi, Etik Erna Wati Hari Susanti HERNAYANTI HERNAYANTI Hosea Jaya Edy Ibnu G Gandjar, Ibnu G Ibnu G. Gandjar, Ibnu G. Ibnu G. Ganjar, Ibnu G. Ika Puspita Sari Imono A. Donatus, Imono A. Imono Argo D, Imono Imono Argo Donatus, Imono Argo Indah Purwantini Isnindar Isnindar, Isnindar JAKA WIDADA K. Nooter, K. Kaneko, Takushi Kazutaka maeyama Kumiko Terada KV Rao, KV L. Hartanto Nugroho LANGKAH SEMBIRING Linus Yhani Chrystomo Lukman Hakim Mae S.H. Wahyuningnsih, Mae S.H. Mae S.H. Wahyuningsih Mae Sri Hartati W, Mae Sri Mae Sri Hartati Wahyuningsih, Mae Sri Hartati Mae Sri Hartati, Mae Sri Mahardika, Arfian Bela Marchaban ., Marchaban Marchaban Marchaban, Marchaban Marchaban, . Marchaban, . Mark T Hamann, Mark T Mark T Hamman Mark T. Hamann, Mark T. Mimiek Murrukmihadi Moch. Saiful Bachri Mohd., Datin Maryati mufrod mufrod Muhammad Nursid Murwantoko Murwantoko Mustofa . Nanang Fakhrudin, Nanang Nunung Yuniarti Nur Hidayati Nuringtyas, Tri R. Nurlaila Nurlaila Peni Susilowati Putri, Peni Susilowati Perdana Priya Haresmita, Perdana Priya Pratiwi, Sylvia Puji Astuti Purwantiningsih, Purwantiningsih PUSPITA LISDIYANTI R.L.M. Bolhuis, R.L.M. Rarastoeti Pratiwi Ratna Asmah Susidarti Retno Wahyuningrum Rijai, Hifdzur Rashif Ritmaleni Ritmaleni RR. Endang Lukitaningsih S.M. Widyastuti Sakti, Dika Sotya Samsul Hadi Sebastian Margino Sita Rina Widyarini, Sita Rina Sitarina Widyarini Soesanto Tjokrosonto Sofia Mubarika Sorta Basar Ida Simanjuntak Sri Sudewi, Sri Sri Wahdaningsih, Sri Sudarsono . Sudibyo Martono Sugeng Riyanto Sukarti Moeljopawiro Sutomo Sutomo suwaldi suwaldi Syamsudin . Tamhid, Hady Anshory Tanti Azizah S Tanti Azizah Sujono Tatang Irianti Tatsuo Takeya, Tatsuo Titik Nuryastuti, Titik Tri Lestari Tri R Nuringtyas, Tri R Triana Hertiani Tsutomu Nohno Vairappan, Charles S. Wahyono Wahyono Wahyuningsih, Mae Sri Hartanti Wayan Tunas Artama Widyastuti, S M Widyastuti, SM Widyastuti, SM Widyastuti, SM Yoga Pratama, Yoga Yuli Widiyastuti Yustina Sri Hartini, Yustina Sri Yuswanto Yuswanto Yuwantiningsih, Sri