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Journal : INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY

Jaspamide: Structure identification of cytotoxic and fungicide compound isolated from Stylissa flabelliformis sponges Setyowati, Erna Prawita; ., Sudarsono; Wahyuono, Subagus
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 16 No 1, 2005
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (301.597 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm0iss0pp12-19

Abstract

A research on the structure identification of cytotoxic and fungicide compound of Stylissa flabelliformis sponge has been conducted. The structure identification was analysed with spectroscopy ultraviolet, MS, 1HNMR and 13C-NMR methods.Based on the spectroscopic data and comparison with literatures, the compound was identified as jaspamide.Key words: sponge, Stylissa flabelliformis , jaspamide, structure elucidation
Mucous dilution activity of non soluble ethylacetate fraction syrup of hibiscus flowers (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.) at cow intestinein vitro Murrukmihadi, Mimiek; Wahyuono, Subagus; ., Marchaban; Martono, Sudibyo
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 22 No 3, 2011
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (195.07 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm0iss0pp251-256

Abstract

Previous  study  indicated  that  ethylacetate  insoluble  fraction  of  ethanol extract  of  Hibiscus  flowers  (Hibiscus  rosa-sinensis L.)  were  able  to  dilute intestine cattle mucous in vitrothat was often associated with mucolytic activity.In  this  study,  syrup  preparation  of  various  concentrations  of  these  fractions (1.20,  1.60  and  2.00%)  was  tested  for  its  ability  to  dilute  of  mucous.  Each  of syrup  concentrations  was  mixed  with  20%  buffer  Phosphate  (pH,  7)  at  equalproportion (1:1 v/v), the resulting mixtures were tested for their ability to dilute mucous  in  vitro. Mucous  dilution  was  observed  by  flow  time  recorded in  the viscosimeter.  The  study  showed  that  all  syrup  concentrations  (1.20,  1.60, 2.00%) exhibited mucous dilution effect compared tonegative control and syrup concentration  at  2.00%  was  comparable  to  positive  control  acetylsistein  0.1% (p<0.05). Therefore, there was a possibility that thispreparation could be used as mucolytic.Keywords: Hibiscus rosa-sinensisL., viscosity, mucous dilution, mucolytic
ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF ANTIFUNGAL (Candida albicans) COMPOUND FROM THE HULL OF DELIMA FRUITS (Punica granatum L.) Purwantini, Indah; Wahyuono, Subagus
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 14 No 3, 2003
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (887.733 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm0iss0pp150-159

Abstract

The hull of delima fruits (Punica granatum L.) are traditionally used to cure dysmenorhoe. Preliminary study indicated that extract of the hull was able to inhibit the growth of Candida albicans. Therefore this study was aimed to isolate and identify active compounds responsible for the activity from the hull of P. granatum. The study was initiated by extracting the powdered material with petroleum ether followed by methanol. Antifungal activity test (100 mg/ml) indicated that the petroleum ether extract was more active than the methanol extract (inhibition zone: 10.59 vs 6.92 mm). The pet. ether extract was triturated by n-hexane to give n-hexane insoluble and n-hexane soluble fractions. The latter that was active (inh. zone: 9.50 vs 0.00 mm) was fractionated by vacuum liquid colomn chromatography (vlc; SiO2, n-hexane with increasing amount of ethylacetate) to give 7 fractions (F1-F7). Fraction 2 (inh. zone: 9.05 mm) and 3 (11.05 mm) displayed antifungal activity, then F3 was subjected to contact bioautography to give 2 active compounds [Rf. 0.50 (major) and 0.10 (minor)]. Preparative tlc [SiO2 F-254 nm; nhexane: ethylasetate 4-1, developed 2x) of F3 was aimed to separate 2 active compounds. Due to limited amount of the minor compound, the MFC was applied only for the major compound (Rf. 0.50; 200 mg/ml). The structure identification was done by mean of spectroscopic methods (uv, ir, ms and nmr) to be a setrol type of compound having stigmastane skeleton, esterified by a long-chain fatty acid.Keywords: Punica granatum L., Candida albicans, active compound, terpenoid
Antiplasmodial activity of two fractions obtained from n-hexane extract of Garcinia parvifolia Miq stem bark ., Syamsudin; Tjokrosonto, Soesanto; Wahyuono, Subagus; ., Mustofa
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 18 No 4, 2007
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (495.666 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm0iss0pp210-215

Abstract

Antiplasmodial activity of fractions A and B obtained from n-hexane extract of stem bark of Garcinia parvifolia have been evaluated. The in vitro antiplasmodial activity was investigated on two strains of Plasmodium falciparum, FCR-3 a chloroquine resistant and D10, a chloroquine sensitive strains and their antiplasmodial activity was expressed by the concentration inhibiting 50.% of the parasite growth (IC50). The results showed that the fractions A and B were active against P. falciparum with the IC50 values of 2,79 ± 0,10 μg/mL and 12,30 ± 1,21.μg/mL on FCR-3 strain and 1,52 ± 0,24.μg/mL and 4,66 ± 1,24 μg/mL on D10 strain. Identification of active constituents in the both fractions showed the existence of triterpenoide, steroide and flavonoide compounds.Key words: Antiplasmodial activity , Garcinia parvifolia, active constituents.
Isolation of aphrodisiac active fraction from sanrego bark (Lunasia amara Blanco) ., Arnida; Donatus, Imono A.; Wahyuono, Subagus
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 14 No 4, 2003
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (284.251 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm0iss0pp195-200

Abstract

Sanrego (Lunasia amara Blanco) bark is traditionally utilized as an aphrodisiac although scientifically has yet been proven. Therefore, this study is aimed to prove aphrodisiac activity, determine the compounds and the dose of the active fraction. Initially sanrego bark (600 g) was extracted in a Soxhlet apparatus with methanol (MeOH) to give MeOH extract (A, 80 g). The MeOH extract was fractionated by Ethylacetate (EtOAc) to give EtOAC soluble (B, relatively non-polar, 15.23 g) and EtOAc insoluble (C, relatively polar, 50.20 g). The aphrodisiac test was performed in male Wistar rats that were divided into 6 groups (5 rats each) [I, treated with Na-CMC 0.5%, 50 mg/kg BW; II, yohimbine, 5 mg/kg BW; III, distilled water , 2 ml/200 g BW; IV, extract A; V, fraction B; VI, fraction C], and the doses given to groups IV-VI were similar (10, 50, 100, and 200 mg/kg BW). The male’s behaviors to female rats ( introduction, climbing and coitus ) were recorded and analysed at p= 0.5. Determination of the active compounds were performed by thin layer chromatography (TLC) using various detection reagents. The result indicated that the highest aphrodisiac effect was demonstrated by fraction B, followed by extract A and fraction C . Fraction B demonstrated introduction (84.2%), climbing (84.9%) and coitus (85.2%). TLC profile suggested that fraction B contain alkaloids and terpenoids as the main components.Keywords: Sanrego bark, Lunasia amara, Aphrodisiac, Active fraction .
Structure identification of potential compound as selective renal anticancer isolated from Nerium indicum Mill. Leaves Wahyuningsih, Mae S.H.; Mubarika, Sofia; Hamann, Mark T.; Gandjar, Ibnu G.; Wahyuono, Subagus
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 19 No 2, 2008
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (850.839 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm0iss0pp57-64

Abstract

Oleandrin is one of cardenolida compound isolated from an active fraction of Nerium indicum Mill leaves. (fam. Apocynaceae), which have cytotoxic effect on several human cancer cells, and also to normal cells in vitro. Another compound which was potential as renal anticancer has also been isolated from N. indicum. However, its chemical structure has not been discovered. The aim of this study was to identify the potential compound as selective to renal cancer present in the leaves of N. indicum.The potential compound was isolated from the active fraction using Preparative TLC and structure elucidation was done by using spectroscopic methods (UV, IR, MS and NMR).Base on this spectra and by comparison with oleandrin data, it was indicated that the potential compound as Renal anticancer was as 16,17-dehydrodeacetyl-5a-oleandrin.Key word: N.indicum, oleandrin, cytotoxic, renal anticancer, spectroscopic
Cytotoxicity testing of alkaloid compounds isolated from sponge Petrosia sp: its potency for development of anticancer agent Astuti, Puji; Alam, Gemini; Hartati, Mae Sri; Sari, Dinar; Wahyuono, Subagus
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 16 No 1, 2005
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (170.509 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm0iss0pp58-62

Abstract

Cancer is still a major problem and common cause of death around the world. Various therapeutic agents have been developed to fight against cancer, but none of these agents give satisfactory results and without debilitating side effects. A number of researches have been conducted to search anticancer compounds with renewed vigour.Sponges, marine invertebrates, are known as rich sources of compounds which pronounced pharmacological activities. The aims of this study are to determine cytotoxic effect of two toxic compounds isolated from chloroform fraction of Petrosia sp sponges collected from Bunaken on myeloma cells.The two toxic compounds were isolated based on bioassay guidedisolation on brine shrimp larvae. Isolation was conducted using column chromatography followed by preparative TLC. Cytotoxic effect of the two compounds was conducted in 96 well plate using RPMI 1640 as medium. The number of viable cells was determined using MTT assay and LC50 (μg/mL) of the compounds was analysed using probit analysis.The results showed that the two compounds were alkaloid and toxic to larva A. salina with LC50 of 7.23 (compound 1) and 5.69 μg/mL (compound 2). These compounds were also toxic to myeloma cells with LC50 values of 16.95 μg/mL (compound 1) and 18.8 μg/mL (compound 2). The longer the incubation time, the compounds were more toxic as showed by the lower LC50 values .Key words: cytotoxic, Petrosia sp, Artemia salina Leach, myeloma
Sub chronic toxicity asssay of aqueous extract of the leaves of Nerium indicum Mill. on male white mice (Ratus norvegicus) strain wistar Prasetyawati, Citra; Argo D, Imono; Hartati W, Mae Sri; Wahyuono, Subagus
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 15 No 1, 2004
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (236.561 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm0iss0pp13-19

Abstract

Aqueous extract of the leaves of Nerium indicum Mill. is traditionally used to treat cancer. The extract has been consumed for relatively a long time, consequently major organs are often intoxicated. Therefore, this study was aimed to determine sub chronic toxicity of the aqueous extract on male mice. Toxic symptoms, major organs intoxicated and haematological changes due to treatment of aqueous extract of the leaves of N. indicum are determined.Twenty male mice (185-250 g, strain wistar) are divided into 4 groups [I, treated with aquadest (3 ml/200 g BW); II, treated with water extract (5%, 3ml/200 g BB); III, treated with water extract (10%, 3 ml/200 g BB); and IV, treated with water extract (20%, 3 ml/200 g BB)]. Toxic symptoms are observed after 3 hours of treatment; body weight, haematological measurement, food intake, urine chemistry, SGPT, ureum, and histopathological pictures are also observed. The results of the study do not show any toxic symptoms, the body weight and food intake of the mice increase (I-IV). There are no major organs intoxicated; however a slight increase of leukocyte (WBC, white blood cell) count is clearly showed by group IV.It is concluded that consuming aqueous extract (20%, the highest concentration) of N. indicum for 30 days does not elicit toxic effect in mice. Any changes occur are still at the normal range.Keywords: Nerium indicum Mill., water extract, toxicity, sub chronic
MOLECULAR MODELING OF VITEOSIN-A, A TRACHEOSPASMOLYTIC COMPOUND ISOLATED FROM N-HEXANE EXTRACT OF THE LEAVES OF Vitex Trifolia L. Alam, Gemini; Sudarmanto, B.S. Ari; Astuti, Puji; Wahyuono, Subagus
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 13 No 4, 2002
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (179.572 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm0iss0pp180-184

Abstract

Viteosin-A, a tracheospasmolytic compound, was successfully isolated from n-hexane extract of the leaves of Vitex trifolia L. With the concentration of 0.05 and 0.15 mg/ml viteosin-A inhibited a guinea pig tracheal contraction due to histamine (10-7 – 10-3 M) in vitro by 27.1 and 47.9 %, respectively. Confirmation of C-5 and C-6 configuration is necessary to determine the active reaction site of viteosin-A and its receptor for future development. This research was focused on a molecular modeling of viteosin-A using computational method with HyperChem Pro 4.0 for Windows as software. Based on spectroscopic data and molecular modeling, viteosin-A has S configuration at C-5 and C-6, and therefore was confirmed as (5S,10S)-6S-acetoxy-8R-methyl-9-hidroxy-labda-13Z-en-16,15-olide.Keywords: viteosin-A, molecular modeling
Cytotoxicity and antimicrobial test of the bioactive compound isolated from Stylissa flabelliformis sponge Setyowati, Erna Prawita; ., Sudarsono; Wahyuono, Subagus
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 15 No 2, 2004
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (483.499 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm0iss0pp50-56

Abstract

A research of cytotoxicity and antimicrobial test of bioactive compound of Stylissa flabelliformis sponge have been done. Cytotoxicity test were conducted on myeloma cells, while antimicrobial test were conducted against Staphylococus aureus,Eschericia coli and Candida albican. The research was initiated with the isolation of bioactive compound from the active fraction of sponge S. Stylissa monitored by Brine shrimp Lethality tes (BST). The active fraction was chromatograped with silica gel as its immobile phase and the mixture of hexane and ethyl acetate (1:1 ) as the mobile phase to obtain compound 1,2,3 and 4.Compound 3 has the most toxic character because it could kill A. salina equal to 100% at dose 25 mg/ml, and has LC50 of 0,9 mg/ml. Cytotoxicity test with direct staining method using tripan blue on myeloma cell at density of 4,5x10 cell / 100.ul showed that the compound 3 had a high activity against myeloma cell, having LC50 equal to 0,08 mg/ml.The result of antimicrobial effect showed that compound 3 was a fungicide against Candida albicans but having no activity on Staphylococcus aureus and Eschericia coliKey words: sponge, Stylissa flabelliformis , cytotoxicity, fungicide
Co-Authors Abdul Karim Zulkarnain Abdul Rohman Aditya Krishar Karim Ag. Yuswanto Agung Endro Nugroho Agustinus Yuswanto, Agustinus Ahmad Hamim Sadewa Ambarwati Ambarwati Ari Sartinah, Ari Ariani Hatmanti Arnida ., Arnida AWM. Boersma, AWM. B.S. Ari Sudarmanto, B.S. Ari Bambang Hariono Citra Prasetyawati, Citra Dinar Sari Djoko Santosa Djoko Santoso Ekowati Chasanah Endang Dwi Wulansari Endang Lukitaningsih Erna Prawita Setyowati Farisya Nurhaeni Fauziati, Vera Galih G, Galih Galih, G. Gemini Alam Hadi, Etik Erna Wati Hari Susanti HERNAYANTI HERNAYANTI Hosea Jaya Edy Ibnu G Gandjar, Ibnu G Ibnu G. Gandjar, Ibnu G. Ibnu G. Ganjar, Ibnu G. Ika Puspita Sari Imono A. Donatus, Imono A. Imono Argo D, Imono Imono Argo Donatus, Imono Argo Indah Purwantini Isnindar Isnindar, Isnindar JAKA WIDADA K. Nooter, K. Kaneko, Takushi Kazutaka maeyama Kumiko Terada KV Rao, KV L. Hartanto Nugroho LANGKAH SEMBIRING Linus Yhani Chrystomo Lukman Hakim Mae S.H. Wahyuningnsih, Mae S.H. Mae S.H. Wahyuningsih Mae Sri Hartati W, Mae Sri Mae Sri Hartati Wahyuningsih, Mae Sri Hartati Mae Sri Hartati, Mae Sri Mahardika, Arfian Bela Marchaban ., Marchaban Marchaban Marchaban, Marchaban Marchaban, . Marchaban, . Mark T Hamann, Mark T Mark T Hamman Mark T. Hamann, Mark T. Mimiek Murrukmihadi Moch. Saiful Bachri Mohd., Datin Maryati mufrod mufrod Muhammad Nursid Murwantoko Murwantoko Mustofa . Nanang Fakhrudin, Nanang Nunung Yuniarti Nur Hidayati Nuringtyas, Tri R. Nurlaila Nurlaila Peni Susilowati Putri, Peni Susilowati Perdana Priya Haresmita, Perdana Priya Pratiwi, Sylvia Puji Astuti Purwantiningsih, Purwantiningsih PUSPITA LISDIYANTI R.L.M. Bolhuis, R.L.M. Rarastoeti Pratiwi Ratna Asmah Susidarti Retno Wahyuningrum Rijai, Hifdzur Rashif Ritmaleni Ritmaleni RR. Endang Lukitaningsih S.M. Widyastuti Sakti, Dika Sotya Samsul Hadi Sebastian Margino Sita Rina Widyarini, Sita Rina Sitarina Widyarini Soesanto Tjokrosonto Sofia Mubarika Sorta Basar Ida Simanjuntak Sri Sudewi, Sri Sri Wahdaningsih, Sri Sudarsono . Sudibyo Martono Sugeng Riyanto Sukarti Moeljopawiro Sutomo Sutomo suwaldi suwaldi Syamsudin . Tamhid, Hady Anshory Tanti Azizah S Tanti Azizah Sujono Tatang Irianti Tatsuo Takeya, Tatsuo Titik Nuryastuti, Titik Tri Lestari Tri R Nuringtyas, Tri R Triana Hertiani Tsutomu Nohno Vairappan, Charles S. Wahyono Wahyono Wahyuningsih, Mae Sri Hartanti Wayan Tunas Artama Widyastuti, S M Widyastuti, SM Widyastuti, SM Widyastuti, SM Yoga Pratama, Yoga Yuli Widiyastuti Yustina Sri Hartini, Yustina Sri Yuswanto Yuswanto Yuwantiningsih, Sri