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IMPROVING THE ABILITY IN WRITING DESCRIPTIVE TEXT THROUGH GUIDED-QUESTIONS TECHNIQUE Wardani, Imelda
e-Journal of ELTS (English Language Teaching Society) Vol 2, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

The objective of conducting this research was to find out whether the use of guided-questions technique can improve the students? ability in writing descriptive text or not. This research employed a pre-experimental research design that involved one group. The population of this research was the tenth grade students of MAN 2 Model Palu. The sample of this research was selected by using cluster sampling technique. The instruments of data collection were test and non-test instrument. The test instrument covers pre-test and post-test, and non-test instruments is observation. The result of data analysis showed that t-counted (11.97) was greater than the result of t-table (1.729) by applying 0.05 level of significance and degree of freedom (df) 19. It means that the use of guided-questions technique could significantly improve the ability of the tenth grade students of MAN 2 Model Palu in writing descriptive text. In conclusion, guided-questions technique can be used to improve the students?s ability in writing descriptive text.Keywords: Writing; Guided-questions Technique; Descriptive Text.
POTENSI JAMUR INDIGENUS RIAU (PENICILLIUM SP.PN6) DAN NEPTUNIA OLERACEA UNTUK BIOREMEDIASI OIL SLUDGE Lestari, Wahyu; Martina, Atria; Roza, Rodesia Mustika; Wardani, Imelda
Al-Kauniyah: Jurnal Biologi Vol 11, No 1 (2018): Al-Kauniyah Jurnal Biologi
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islami

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (607.863 KB) | DOI: 10.15408/kauniyah.v11i1.6350

Abstract

Abstrak Lumpur minyak bumi (oil sludge) memiliki kandungan kontaminan petroleum hidrokarbon terbesar, karenanya pengolahan limbah oil sludge perlu dilakukan agar tidak mencemari lingkungan. Penelitian yang menguji kemampuan jamur indigenus Riau (Penicillium sp. PN6) dan legum akuatik (Neptunia oleracea) dalam meremediasi senyawa hidrokarbon dengan pengukuran total petroleum hidrokarbon (TPH) pada limbah oil sludge telah dilakukan. Pertumbuhan N. oleracea dilakukan pada media limbah oil sludge dengan konsentrasi 25, 50, 75, dan 100%. Selanjutnya dilakukan pemberian inokulum Penicillium sp. PN6 ke dalam media pertumbuhan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa persentase pertumbuhan N. oleracea adalah 95,58; 85,87; 25,55; dan 0%, berturut-turut pada limbah oil sludge 25, 50, 75, dan 100%. Terjadi penurunan konsentrasi TPH awal pada semua perlakuan di akhir pengamatan. Penicillium sp. PN6 meningkatkan degradasi TPH dari limbah oil sludge dibandingkan dengan kombinasi Penicillium sp. PN6 dengan N. oleracea, tetapi kombinasi Penicillium sp.PN6 dengan N. oleracea meningkatkan persentase penurunan TPH dari limbah oil sludge dibandingkan dengan menggunakan Penicillium sp. PN6 saja. Penicillium sp. PN6 dan kombinasinya dengan N. oleracea sama-sama mampu menurunkan pH limbah oil sludge.Abstract Oil sludge contains the largest contaminant of petroleum hydrocarbon that needs treatment to prevent its pollution into the environment. A study examining the ability of a Riau indigenous fungi (Penicillium sp. PN6) and an aquatic legume (Neptunia oleracea) to remediate hydrocarbon compounds by determining total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) in oil sludge waste has been conducted. The growth of N. oleracea was performed in the oil sludge waste media by concentrations of 25, 50, 75, and 100%. The medium was inoculated with Penicillium sp. PN6. The results showed that the percentage of growth of N. oleracea were 95.58; 85.87; 25.55; and 0%, in the oil sludge waste of 25, 50, 75, and 100%, respectively. There was a decrease in initial TPH concentration at all treatments at the end of the observation. Penicillium sp. PN6 increased more TPH degradation of the oil sludge waste compared to a combination of Penicillium sp. PN6 and N.oleracea, but the combination increased the decrease percentage of TPH compared to those that used Penicillium sp. PN6 only. Penicillium sp. PN6 and its combination with N. oleracea are both able to decrease pH of the oil sludge waste. Permalink/DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15408/kauniyah.v11i1. 6350