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PENGUATAN PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER MELALUI PEMBELAJARAN SEJARAH BERBASIS KITAB KUNTARA RAJA NITI Utami, Andika Dian Ifti; Warto, Warto; Sariyatun, Sariyatun
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Publisher : Universitas Negeri Malang

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This study aims to strengthen the character of the students so that they have a national identity. Strengthening of character in society can be built through the utilization of local history which have moral values. Historical sources such as Kitab Kuntara Raja Niti contains values that are believed to create an attitude of peace, friendship, responsibility, tolerance, the spirit of nationalism, care for the environment, social care, religious, recognize excellence, independence and discipline. The importance of this study is based on the assumption that cultural heritage is an educational component that can foster a sense of belonging and respect their own cultural history. Kitab Kuntara Raja Niti consist of ideas and guidance of mankind's relationship with God, the community and the natural environment that can be a filter to face of global cultural transformation and playa role in strengthening national identity. So that these values are very relevant to be taken in history as character education for students. This study uses a qualitative method, by collecting documents related to the Kitab Kuntara Raja Niti either Indigenous Book, Journal, Manuscripts-Manuscripts or other documents relating to the object, and then analyzed through descriptive approach.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um033v1i12018063
WAYANG BEBER PACITAN: FUNGSI, MAKNA, DAN USAHA REVITALISASI Warto, Warto
Paramita: Historical Studies Journal Vol 22, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Paramita: Historical Studies Journal

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Wayang beber Pacitan is considered as one of the unique traditional heritage because it is not found in other places. The uniqueness of wayang beber Pacitan can be seen from its shape, function, and meaning. Wayang beber is considered sacred by its community, particularly the relatives of the dalang (puppeter) of wayang beber who lives in Dusun Karangtalun, Desa Gedompol, Donorojo. However, in its development the existence of the traditional arts is threathened because of the influence of modern cultural values. The efforts to revitalize wayang beber has been undertaken by the local government and other related stakeholders. However, the effort to revitalize wayang beber is not yet successful because there are still constraints, both internal and external. The former view of wayang beber as well as the pressure of modern culture has constrained the revitalization of wayang beber. Similarly, transforming wayang beber from community art to tourist art is another constraint. Key words: cultural identity, revitalization, tourism, wayang beber.Wayang beber Pacitan termasuk salah satu warisan seni tradisi yang langka dan unik karena tidak ditemukan di tempat lain. Kelangkaan dan keunikan wayang beber Pacitan dapat dilihat dari bentuk, fungsi, dan makna yang terkandung di dalamnya. Kesenian ini sangat disakralkan oleh pendukungnya khususnya keluarga dalang Wayang beber yang tinggal di Dusun Karangtalun, Desa Gedompol, Donorojo.  Namun kesenian tradisi ini terancam punah karena terdesak oleh nilai-nilai budaya modern. Usaha revitalisasi wayang beber telah dilakukan walaupun belum optimal karena beberapa hambatan. Pandangan lama atas wayang beber dan desakan budaya modern menghambat revitalisasi wayang beber. Demikian pula mentransformasikan Wayang beber dari seni sakral (community art) menjadi seni hiburan (tourist art) menjadi hambatan lain yang belum sepenuhnya teratasi. Oleh karena itu, revitalisasi wayang beber harus dimulai dengan kebijakan yang tepat, komitmen pemimpin daerah, dukungan masyarakat dan swasta, serta dilakukan secara sinergis antarpara pihak yang peduli terhadap wayang beber. Kata Kunci: wayang beber, revitalisasi, identitas budaya, pariwisata
Selling Sacredness: Representation of Sedekah Gunung Ritual in Lencoh Village, Boyolali in New Media Rachmawati, Julianne Indah; Warto, Warto; Pitana, Titis Srimuda
MOZAIK HUMANIORA Vol 18, No 2 (2018): Mozaik Humaniora Vol. 18 No.2
Publisher : Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1100.797 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/mozaik.v18i2.10933

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Sedekah Gunung Ritual adalah upacara selametan yang menjadi tradisi masyarakat di Desa Lencoh, Selo, wilayah Boyolali. Ritual ini dilakukan sebagai ungkapan terima kasih dan meminta untuk dijauhkan dari bahaya terutama sejak meletusnya Gunung Merapi. Ritual sakral menjadi daya tarik wisata atau mengalami komodifikasi. Proses ini membutuhkan ruang media sehingga pesan, informasi, dan pengetahuan yang dikonstruksikan dapat diterima oleh audiens. Ada tiga masalah yang dibahas. (1) Bagaimana bentuk representasi ritual Sedekah Gunung? (2) Bagaimana fungsi representasi amal ritual? (3) Apa arti representasi gunung amal ritual? Metode yang digunakanadalah analisis data kualitatif interpretatif dengan metode pengumpulan data observasi dan wawancara. Penelitian menunjukkan bahwa bentuk representasi ritual ritual Sedekah Gunung disajikan dalam berbagai artikel, berita, dan video di ruang media baru. Fungsinya adalah promosi pariwisata alternatif di wilayah Selo khususnya desa Lencoh, mengundang wisatawan, dan meningkatkan pendapatan ekonomi dari sektor pariwisata. Artinya adalahkonstruksi pengetahuan yang disebarluaskan sebagai daya tarik dalam konteks pariwisata alternatif untuk menarik wisatawan lokal dan asing. Pergeseran nilai-nilai ritual dari sakral ke komoditas.
REVITALISASI KESENIAN KETHEK OGLENG UNTUK MENDUKUNG PENGEMBANGAN PARIWISATA DI KABUPATEN WONOGIRI Warto, Warto
Paramita: Historical Studies Journal Vol 24, No 1 (2014): PARAMITA
Publisher : History Department, Semarang State University and Historian Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/paramita.v24i1.2863

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Kethek Ogleng is one of the folk performing arts that has flourished in rural Wonogiri. As the other folk performing arts anonymous in nature, it is difficult to know for certain the time when the performance actually emerged and by whom it was firstly created. Now, there are nine Kethek Ogleng groups in Wonogiri. In the midst of rapid social change, the Kethek Ogleng performing art facing big challenges to survive. The Kethek Ogleng set by the Wonogiri Government to become the cultural and tourist icon of the regency is increasingly losing its social base of support for various reasons.  The traditional agrarian society serving as its supporter is changing rapidly and is turning an eye from it. In this context, the efforts to revitalize the Kethek Ogleng performing art as cultural heritage have to be initiated. One of the viable strategies is by integrating conservation effort into a local culture-based tourism development. Keywords : Kethek Ogleng, revitalization, tourism, Wonogiri Regency. Kesenian Kethek Ogleng merupakan salah satu jenis kesenian rakyat yang berkembang di pedesaan Wonogiri. Seperti kesenian rakyat pada umumnya yang bersifat anonim, kesenian Kethek Ogleng juga tidak diketahui secara pasti kapan pertama kali muncul dan siapa penciptanya. Sekarang tercatat ada sembilan kelompok. Di tengah-tengah perubahan sosial yang cepat, kesenian Kethek Ogleng menghadapi tantangan berat untuk bertahan hidup. Kesenian Kethek Ogleng yang oleh Pemda Wonogiri ditetapkan menjadi ikon budaya dan pariwisata daerah semakin kehilangan basis sosial pendukungnya karena berbagai alasan. Masyarakat agraris tradisional yang menjadi pendukung utama kesenian itu mengalami perubahan cepat sehingga beberapa anasir budaya lama termasuk kesenian tradisional ditinggalkan. Dalam konteks seperti inilah, usaha merevitalisasi kesenian Kethek Ogleng sebagai warisan budaya perlu dilakukan. Salah satu caranya ialah dengan mengintegrasikan usaha pelestarian itu melalui pengembangan pariwisata yang bertumpu pada kekayaan budaya local. Kata-kata kunci: Kethek Ogleng, revitalisasi, pariwisata, Kabupaten Wonogiri.  
WAYANG BEBER PACITAN: FUNGSI, MAKNA, DAN USAHA REVITALISASI Warto, Warto
Paramita: Historical Studies Journal Vol 22, No 1 (2012): PARAMITA
Publisher : History Department, Semarang State University and Historian Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/paramita.v22i1.2914

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Wayang beber Pacitan is considered as one of the unique traditional heritage because it is not found in other places. The uniqueness of wayang beber Pacitan can be seen from its shape, function, and meaning. Wayang beber is considered sacred by its community, particularly the relatives of the dalang (puppeter) of wayang beber who lives in Dusun Karangtalun, Desa Gedompol, Donorojo. However, in its development the existence of the traditional arts is threathened because of the influence of modern cultural values. The efforts to revitalize wayang beber has been undertaken by the local government and other related stakeholders. However, the effort to revitalize wayang beber is not yet successful because there are still constraints, both internal and external. The former view of wayang beber as well as the pressure of modern culture has constrained the revitalization of wayang beber. Similarly, transforming wayang beber from community art to tourist art is another constraint. Key words: cultural identity, revitalization, tourism, wayang beber.Wayang beber Pacitan termasuk salah satu warisan seni tradisi yang langka dan unik karena tidak ditemukan di tempat lain. Kelangkaan dan keunikan wayang beber Pacitan dapat dilihat dari bentuk, fungsi, dan makna yang terkandung di dalamnya. Kesenian ini sangat disakralkan oleh pendukungnya khususnya keluarga dalang Wayang beber yang tinggal di Dusun Karangtalun, Desa Gedompol, Donorojo.  Namun kesenian tradisi ini terancam punah karena terdesak oleh nilai-nilai budaya modern. Usaha revitalisasi wayang beber telah dilakukan walaupun belum optimal karena beberapa hambatan. Pandangan lama atas wayang beber dan desakan budaya modern menghambat revitalisasi wayang beber. Demikian pula mentransformasikan Wayang beber dari seni sakral (community art) menjadi seni hiburan (tourist art) menjadi hambatan lain yang belum sepenuhnya teratasi. Oleh karena itu, revitalisasi wayang beber harus dimulai dengan kebijakan yang tepat, komitmen pemimpin daerah, dukungan masyarakat dan swasta, serta dilakukan secara sinergis antarpara pihak yang peduli terhadap wayang beber. Kata Kunci: wayang beber, revitalisasi, identitas  
THE AUTHENTICITY OF YOGA AS TOURIST SPECIAL INTEREST IN UBUD BALI Wijaya, Putu Urip; Warto, Warto; Wijaya, Mahendra
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Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

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This article focuses on the characteristics of authenticity concept of tourist attraction. The purpose of this research was to identify the concept of authenticity of yoga as one of the main tourist attractions in Ubud, Bali. Data was collected in Kundalini Tantra Yoga straight from Master Ketut Arsana at Om Ham Resort and Retreat. The interview resulted in several different perspectives of an authenticity of tourist attraction for the stakeholders such as the business owner, tourist itself and the surrounding people. Ubud as the yoga?s largest tourist attraction in Indonesia has influenced the raising number of visit to Bali especially to learn yoga. This phenomenon has encouraged people, both locals and foreigners, to be the yoga instructors due to the raising demand. This variety of yoga instructors offers a new concept because of the instructor diversity. Research findings: 1) There?s a resistant from foreign tourist who cannot experience the pure, unique and authentic yoga which covered in the local wisdom of Bali due to the shifting from local to foreign instructor 2) This is an unsolved issue for local yoga instructor demands coming from foreign tourist whilst the locals are still reluctant to fill the gap.
VOLKSRAAD (PEOPLE COUNCIL): RADICALE CONCENTRATIE POLITICAL ARENA AND NATIONAL FRACTION, 1918-1942 Rohmadi, Nazirwan; Warto, Warto
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 31, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3061.443 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.30505

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This paper discusses the legislative institutions callled Volksraad established by the Dutch East Indies, which further used by the nationalist-moderate to achieve the national  independence of Indonesia. Historical method was used in this research. The historical method is distinguished into several stages, namely heuristic, critic, analysis, and historiography. Indonesia?s political figures established Radicale Concentratie to unite in order to achieve independence. Radicale Concentratie put a great pressure on the Dutch East Indies government. Radicale Concentratie no longer operated because of some conflicts that occurred among its members and the arrests done by the Dutch East Indies government. Radicale Concentratie?s struggle was continued by National Fraction which was established on 27 January 1930. The proposition of National Fraction that was fulfilled was the change in the nomenclatur of Indlander to Indonesisch. National Fraction often turned down the budget plan proposed by the Governor-General in preparing for the Second World War. This is because the Dutch East Indies fleet was funded by Indonesian taxes and the taxes were planned to be increased in order to win the war.
The Social Banditry in the Rural Areas of Rembang by the End of the 19th Century and at the Beginning of the 20th Century Warto, Warto
TAWARIKH Vol 3, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : ASPENSI in Bandung, Indonesia

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ABSTRACT: The social banditry is the act of crime committed by the residents of a village or the people in the low economic and social stratum in order to fulfill their basic needs. Such an act is done due to the structural pressure which depresses the people in accessing the natural resources that support their lives. This structural pressure kept increasing in the rural areas of Rembang by the end of the 19th century, particularly after the issuance of the law on forestry in 1865 that enabled the forestry capitalism to be established. The limitation in the people’s access to the state forest as the manifestation of the domain concept and the exploitation of the teak forests done by the private businessmen became the trigger to the increasing acts of crime in the rural areas of Rembang. The scarcity of the local economic resources due to such natural factors as barren land and structural factors as the result of the penetration of the external power became the main trigger to the social banditry to take place in Rembang. There were many kinds of social banditry, such as illegal logging, robbery, “kecu” (burglary), theft of possessions, etc. which were done against the assets owned by both the state and the individuals/groups.KEY WORDS: Social banditry, forest village, Rembang area, economic resources, and colonial exploitation.About the Author: Dr. Warto is a Lecturer at the Faculty of Letter and Fine Art UNS (State University of Surakarta), Jalan Ir. Sutami 36-A Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia. He can be reached at: warto_file@yahoo.com  How to cite this article? Warto. (2011). “The Social Banditry in the Rural Areas of Rembang by the End of the 19th Century and at the Beginning of the 20th Century” in TAWARIKH: International Journal for Historical Studies, Vol.3(1) October, pp.47-64. Bandung, Indonesia: ASPENSI [Asosiasi Sarjana Pendidikan Sejarah Indonesia] and UVRI [Universitas Veteran Republik Indonesia], ISSN 2085-0980. Chronicle of the article: Accepted (August 7, 2011); Revised (September 9, 2011); and Published (October 28, 2011).
Implikasi Diskursus Kristianitas dalam Serat Dharmogandhul dan Pemikiran Kiai Ibrahim Tunggul Wulung terhadap Komunitas Kristen Tegalombo Pati dikawati, reni; Sariyatun, Sariyatun; Warto, Warto
Religió: Jurnal Studi Agama-agama Vol 7 No 2 (2017): September
Publisher : Program Studi Studi Agama-Agama, Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Sunan Ampel Surabaya

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Javanese Christianity construction is not only built on the basis of biblical interpretation. Discourse and knowledge contained in literary texts show the existence of acceptance capacity, communication patterns and adjustments to the cultural context, as well as the important role of the agency. Dharmogandul manuscript is a text that is part of the construction of ideas, values, ideas, about Christianity that is understood by Javanese people. This study aims to examine the dynamics of the Dharmogandul fiber texts and discourses with genealogy approaches, connect and compare with the thoughts of Kiai Ibrahim Tunggul Wulung as a real life context, as well as psychological figures that provide worldview to the Christian community in Tegalombo, Pati. Exploring Dharmogandul fiber genealogy shows that the text originated from the concept of religiosity, in the historical development there was a shift in the meaning of Dharmogandul fiber in syncretic direction, until it became attached and became part of the comparison of formalistic religion. The results of the study showed some contradictions and comparisons in accommodating the discourse of meeting several religions in the Dharmogandul fiber with the real conditions of the Tegalombo Christian community. [Kontruksi Kristen Kejawen tidak hanya dibangun atas dasar penafsiran kitabiah. Wacana dan pengetahuan yang termuat dalam teks sastra menunjukkan adanya kapasitas penerimaan, pola komunikasi, dan penyesuaian konteks kultur, serta peran penting agency. Serat Dharmogandul merupakan salah satu teks yang menjadi bagian dari kontruksi ide, nilai dan gagasan mengenai kekristenan yang dipahami masyarakat Jawa.  Penelitian  ini bertujuan  menelaah dinamika teks dan wacana serat Dharmogandul dengan pendekatan geneologi serta menghubungkan dan membandingkannya dengan pemikiran Kiai Ibrahim Tunggul Wulung sebagai real life context, sekaligus figur psikologis yang memberikan worldview terhadap komunitas Kristen di Tegalombo, Pati. Jelajah geneologi serat Dharmogandul menunjukkan bahwa teks berawal dari konsep religiusitas kemudian bergesr ke arah sinkretis lalu menjadi bagian dari perbandingan agama formal. Hasil penelitian menujukkan pertentangan dan perbandingan dalam mengakomodasi wacana perjumpaan beberapa agama dalam serat Dharmogandul dengan kondisi riil komunitas Kristen Tegalombo.]
Tantangan Penulisan Sejarah Lokal Warto, Warto
Sejarah dan Budaya: Jurnal Sejarah, Budaya dan Pengajarannya Vol 11, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Jurusan Sejarah, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial, Universitas Negeri Malang

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Abstrak: Sejarah lokal selalu menarik diperbincangan karena dua hal. Pertama, batasan “lokal” cukup problematis karena selalu mengalami perubahan cakupan dan maknanya. Istilah lokal seringkali dihadapkan atau dipertentangkan dengan supra-lokal (regional, nasional, global). Makna lokalpun tidak statis dan tunggal tetapi selalu berubah sesuai konteks zaman. Oleh karena itu, penulisan sejarah lokal, seperti penulisan unit sejarah lainnya, dihadapkan bukan hanya persoalan kepastian historis yang menuntut tersedianya sumber yang lengkap dan valid, tetapi juga persoalan penjelasan sejarah yang menuntut pendekatan multidimensional dengan kerangka teoritik dan metodologi yang relevan. Di luar persoalan kepastian dan pemaknaan historis, penulisan sejarah lokal juga dihadapkan pada unsur kewajaran sejarah (fairness) yang bersifat non-akademik. Berbagai kepentingan, orientasi filosofis, prasangka ideologis, seringkali menyelinap dengan sengaja ke dalam proses penulisan sejarah lokal. Dengan mengesampingkan persoalan yang disebutkan terakhir ini, penulisan sejarah lokal ke depan harus tetap bertumpu pada prinsip-prinsip teori dan metodologi sejarah kritis agar dapat memberi kontribusi positif bagi pengembangan penulisan sejarah nasional yang bercorak indonesiasentrisme.Kata Kunci: sejarah, lokal, nasionalAbstract: local history is attracting to be discussed because of two reasons. Firstly, the limitation of local creates some problems. This is caused by the change of scope and meaning. The term of local is also faced with the antonym term of regional, national, or global. The meaning of local is flexible but changes based on the spirit of age. Therefore, the writing of local history faces not only the scarcity of historical sources but also the need of multidimentional approach and relevant theoretical framework and methodology. In addition, the matter of historical fairness contributes to the complexity of historical study. Some interests, philosophical orientation, and ideological prejudice are often to shape the local historiography. Local history writing should be directed into the base of theoretical principles and methodology in order to give positive contribution for develping the writing of national history based on Indonesiacentrism perspective.Keywords: history, local, nationalDOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um020v11i12017p123