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Model Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Bidang Kesehatan, Studi Program Desa Siaga Sulaeman, Endang Sutisna; Karsidi, Ravik; Murti, Bhisma; Kartono, Drajat Tri; Waryana, Waryana; Hartanto, Rifai
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 7 No. 4 November 2012
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (248.24 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v7i4.54

Abstract

Sejak tahun 2006, Departemen Kesehatan meluncurkan kebijakan program Desa Siaga. Tampaknya, kebijakan tersebut tidak mampu memberdayakan masyarakat dalam mengidentifikasi dan memecahkan masalah kesehatan pada level komunitas (desa). Penelitian ini bertujuan merumuskan model pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan pada program Desa Siaga. Sasaran penelitian adalah Forum Kesehatan Desa dan Pos Kesehatan Desa Siaga di 30 desa di Kabupaten Karanganyar, Jawa Tengah. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah survei dan studi kasus. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kemampuan masyarakat dalam mengidentifikasi masalah kesehatan dan kemampuan masyarakat dalam memecahkan masalah kesehatan. Model pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan meliputi kemampuan mengidentifikasi dan memecahkan masalah kesehatan. Faktor-faktor internal dan eksternal komunitas pada level anggota masyarakat, institusi masyarakat, kepemimpinan masyarakat, dan akses informasi kesehatan memiliki peran penting dalam pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan.Kata kunci: Desa siaga, kebijakan, pemberdayaan masyarakatAbstractSince 2006, the Health Department had launched the Village Preparedness program policy. But, this policy apparently not capable of empowering the community in identifying and solving the health problem at community (village) level. The objective of research is to formulate the community empowerment model in health in the Village Preparedness program. The targets of research were the Village Health Forum and Village Health Post in 30 Village Preparedness in Karanganyar Regency, Central Java. The method involving survey and case study. The case study showed factors related to community capability of identifying health problem and community capability of solving the health problems. The community empowerment model in health including the capabilities of identifying and of solving the health problems. The community internal and external factors at members of community level, community institution, community leadership, and information access played important role in community empowerment in health.Keywords: Village preparedness, policy, community empowerment
Peran Kepemimpinan, Modal Sosial, Akses Informasi serta Petugas dan Fasilitator Kesehatan dalam Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Bidang Kesehatan Sulaeman, Endang Sutisna; Murti, Bhisma; Waryana, Waryana
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 9 No. 4 Mei 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (115.618 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v9i4.749

Abstract

AbstrakFaktor internal komunitas yang berperan dalam pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan adalah kepemimpinan dan modal sosial, sedangkan faktor eksternal komunitas yang berperan adalah akses informasi kesehatan, petugas dan fasilitator kesehatan. Tujuan penelitian adalah mengetahui dan menganalisis peran kepemimpinan, modal sosial, akses informasi kesehatan, petugas, dan fasilitator kesehatan dalam pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan. Desain penelitian adalah potong lintang dengan pendekatan penelitian kualitatif melalui metode studi kasus terpancang. Penelitian dilakukan selama tiga bulan di Kabupaten Tulungagung, Jawa Timur dengan mengambil dua desa, yaitu Desa Bulus di Kecamatan Bandung dan Desa Tanggul Kundung di Kecamatan Besuki tahun 2013. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa peran kepemimpinan dalam pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan pada program Desa Siaga adalah menyebarluaskan informasi, memberikan contoh, menyadarkan, memotivasi, membimbing, menggerakkan sasaran dan masyarakat, memfasilitasi dan mengalokasikan sumber daya. Peran modal sosial adalah saling percaya, kekerabatan, pertemanan, pertetanggaan, norma sosial, tolong menolong, kerjasama, dan jaringan masyarakat. Peran akses informasi kesehatan adalah meningkatkan pengetahuan dan keterampilan kesehatan, mengambil keputusan, dan meminta pelayanan kesehatan. Peran petugas kesehatan adalah sosialisasi, memberikan petunjuk, melatih, membina, memfasilitasi, menumbuhkembangkan partisipasi, serta memantau dan mengevaluasi program. Sedangkan peran fasilitator kesehatan adalah sosialisasi, memotivasi, memengaruhi pengambilan keputusan, memediasi masyarakat dan pemerintah, memfasilitasi dan menumbuhkembangkanpartisipasi.AbstractThe internal factors of community contributing to public empowerment inhealth sector were leadership and social capital, meanwhile the external factors included health information access, health duty and facilitator. Thisstudy aimed to determine and analyze the roles of leadership, social capital, information access, and health duty and facilitator within public empowerment in health sector. The study design was cross sectional with qualitative study approach through embeded case study method. The study was conducted in Tulungagung District, East Java by taking two villages namely Bulus Village at Bandung Subdistrict and Tanggul Kundung Village at Besuki Subdistrict in 2013. The result showed the roles of leadership and public empowerment in health sector in Alert Village program were spreading information, giving examples, awakening, motivating, educating, moving targets and the public, facilitating and allocating resources. The roles of social capital were mutual trust, kinship, friendship, neighborhood, social norms, mutual help and public network. The roles of health information access were improving health knowledge and skill, making decision and asking for health services. The roles of health duty were socialization, giving instructions, training, building, facilitating, developing participation as well as monitoring and evaluating the program. Meanwhile, the roles of health facilitators were socialization, motivating, influencing decision making, mediating public and government, facilitating and developing participation.
ELECTION, STORAGE AND IODINE SALT QUALITY IN THE FAMILY LEVEL IN TIMBULHARJO VILLAGE, SEWON DISTRICT, BANTUL REGENCY, YOGYAKARTA laila, nurul; Waryana, Waryana; Mursyid, Abidillah
Kesmas Indonesia Vol 10 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Kesmas Indonesia
Publisher : Jurusan Kesehatan Masyarakat dan Fakultas Ilmu-Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.ki.2018.10.1.625

Abstract

One factor of IDD (Iodine Deficiency Disorders) is the lack consumptionof iodine, eitheriodinecomes from foodorsaltthat has beenfortified withiodine. Behavior ofhousewivesin selectingandstoringsaltshould be appropriatetomaintainthe quality ofsalt. Objective of the research to determine the manner of selection, methods of storage, the quality of iodized salt, and the Differences in the quality of iodized salt by way of elections and salt storage by housewives.Type of research is observational research in the form of analytic survey with cross sectional study design. The sample was selected using proportional random sampling technique. Data were collected in May 2015 in the Mriyan Orchard by conduct home visits, with a total study population of 410 households and the number of samples used as much as 78 households. This research was analyzed using Chi-square test.The results showed differences in the quality of iodized salt by way of elections and salt storage in the Mriyan Orchard with a value of p <0.05. Based on the descriptive results, it is known that the election of salt housewife compliance (89.7%), as well as salt storage means compliance (70.5%), the quality of iodized salt in the Mriyan Orchard reach the target the use of iodized salt for all (92.3%). There is a differences in the quality of iodized salt by way of elections (p = 0.000). Then, there is a differences in the quality of iodized salt by salt storage (p = 0.003)
Peran Kepemimpinan, Modal Sosial, Akses Informasi serta Petugas dan Fasilitator Kesehatan dalam Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Bidang Kesehatan Sulaeman, Endang Sutisna; Murti, Bhisma; Waryana, Waryana
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 9 No. 4 Mei 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (115.618 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v9i4.749

Abstract

AbstrakFaktor internal komunitas yang berperan dalam pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan adalah kepemimpinan dan modal sosial, sedangkan faktor eksternal komunitas yang berperan adalah akses informasi kesehatan, petugas dan fasilitator kesehatan. Tujuan penelitian adalah mengetahui dan menganalisis peran kepemimpinan, modal sosial, akses informasi kesehatan, petugas, dan fasilitator kesehatan dalam pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan. Desain penelitian adalah potong lintang dengan pendekatan penelitian kualitatif melalui metode studi kasus terpancang. Penelitian dilakukan selama tiga bulan di Kabupaten Tulungagung, Jawa Timur dengan mengambil dua desa, yaitu Desa Bulus di Kecamatan Bandung dan Desa Tanggul Kundung di Kecamatan Besuki tahun 2013. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa peran kepemimpinan dalam pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan pada program Desa Siaga adalah menyebarluaskan informasi, memberikan contoh, menyadarkan, memotivasi, membimbing, menggerakkan sasaran dan masyarakat, memfasilitasi dan mengalokasikan sumber daya. Peran modal sosial adalah saling percaya, kekerabatan, pertemanan, pertetanggaan, norma sosial, tolong menolong, kerjasama, dan jaringan masyarakat. Peran akses informasi kesehatan adalah meningkatkan pengetahuan dan keterampilan kesehatan, mengambil keputusan, dan meminta pelayanan kesehatan. Peran petugas kesehatan adalah sosialisasi, memberikan petunjuk, melatih, membina, memfasilitasi, menumbuhkembangkan partisipasi, serta memantau dan mengevaluasi program. Sedangkan peran fasilitator kesehatan adalah sosialisasi, memotivasi, memengaruhi pengambilan keputusan, memediasi masyarakat dan pemerintah, memfasilitasi dan menumbuhkembangkanpartisipasi. AbstractThe internal factors of community contributing to public empowerment in health sector were leadership and social capital, meanwhile the external factors included health information access, health duty and facilitator. This study aimed to determine and analyze the roles of leadership, social capital, information access, and health duty and facilitator within public empowerment in health sector. The study design was cross sectional with qualitative study approach through embeded case study method. The study was conducted in Tulungagung District, East Java by taking two villages namely Bulus Village at Bandung Subdistrict and Tanggul Kundung Village at Besuki Subdistrict in 2013. The result showed the roles of leadership and public empowerment in health sector in Alert Village program were spreading information, giving examples, awakening, motivating, educating, moving targets and the public, facilitating and allocating resources. The roles of social capital were mutual trust, kinship, friendship, neighborhood, social norms, mutual help and public network. The roles of health information access were improving health knowledge and skill, making decision and asking for health services. The roles of health duty were socialization, giving instructions, training, building, facilitating, developing participation as well as monitoring and evaluating the program. Meanwhile, the roles of health facilitators were socialization, motivating, influencing decision making, mediating public and government, facilitating and developing participation.
UTILIZATION OF MULTIMEDIA TO IMPROVE PIT FISSURE SEALANT PRACTICAL SKILL AMONG STUDENTS IN DENTAL NURSING, YOGYAKARTA, INDONESIA Haryani, Wiworo; Christiyawati, Maria Dewi; Kusmiyati, Yuni; Waryana, Waryana
Belitung Nursing Journal Vol 2, No 5 (2016): September-October 2016
Publisher : Belitung Nursing Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (169.318 KB) | DOI: 10.33546/bnj.31

Abstract

Background: With an increasing demand of high quality of health services, challenges are addressed to all health providers to improve their skills in providing services to clients. Given that preventive dentistry clinical practice has not been satisfying, providing media as students’ guidelines is necessary.Objective: The study aims to explain the influence of multimedia use in order to improve Pit Fissure Sealant (PFS) practical skills of dental nursing students.Methods: It was a quasi-experimental study with pretest and post-test control group design. Population of the study was selected from dental nursing students in Yogyakarta. A hundred sample was drawn purposively from the population and distributed equally to two groups. The first group was exposed by PFS practice video whilst the second group as control was exposed only by the guidebook.Results: Initially, students in the control group have better PFS practical score compared to their counterpart in the treatment group. Nevertheless, after the exposure of different media, students in the treatment group demonstrated a better post-test score on their PFS practical skills. The statistical analysis certifies that there was a significant difference in the mean score of PFS practical skills of the students before and after the treatment.Conclusion: Video as a new media is able to improve the students’ motivation in learning than any traditional media such as books. It should be noted however, both printed media (guidebooks) and video only provides one way communication. Therefore, designing an interactive media using video where the user can be the sender not only the receiver, can be considered for further research.  
EMPOWERING WOMEN’S ORGANIZATIONS FOR ANEMIA PREVENTION AND CONTROL IN TRIMURTI VILLAGE, SRANDAKAN SUB-DISTRICT, BANTUL, YOGYAKARTA, INDONESIA Waryana, Waryana; Supadi, Supadi; Haryani, Wiworo
Belitung Nursing Journal Vol 2, No 6 (2016): November-December 2016
Publisher : Belitung Nursing Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (191.376 KB) | DOI: 10.33546/bnj.36

Abstract

Background: Anemia in Indonesia is mostly caused by micronutrient deficiency such as iron. Although much have been done to address anemia in the community, the problem remains. As health is not solely government’s responsibility, community participation should be seen as an alternative effective approach.Objective: The influence of women’s organizations to community participation and their self-sustenance in anemia prevention and control was examined.Methods: It was a quasi-experimental study with pretest and post-test control group design involving 30 women in reproductive-age who were selected through a multi-stage random sampling method; and 20 health providers, of whom were members of Dasa Wisma, posyandu cadres, PKK, and Karang Taruna. At the intervention group, women’s organization in anemia prevention and control was enabled in order to increase community participation. Hemoglobin level was measured as the outcome of the intervention program.Results: By empowering women’s organization, participation level of community members in the intervention group significantly increased, shown by family’s willingness to provide and consume iron-sufficient foods in their daily diets. As an outcome, hemoglobin level of reproductive-aged women at the intervention group slightly raised from its initial level, whilst the level in the control group was relatively stagnant.Conclusion: Involving the community member has been proven as an effective approach in anemia prevention and control. Given that women’s social movement are existed in many settings, therefore, empowering such organization as a manifestation of community participation can be applied in other setting, and also for other health program.
Aplikasi Model PRECEDE-PROCEED Pada Perencanaan Program Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Bidang Kesehatan Berbasis Penilaian Kebutuhan Kesehatan Masyarakat Sutisna Sulaeman, Endang; Murti, Bhisma; Waryana, Waryana
Jurnal Kedokteran YARSI Vol 23, No 3 (2015): SEPTEMBER - DESEMBER 2015
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian Universitas YARSI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33476/jky.v23i3.230

Abstract

Pemberdayaan masyarakat bertujuan untuk meningkatkan partisipasi masyarakat dalam program kesehatan. Model PRECEDE-PROCEED Green danKreuterdigunakansebagai model perencanaan program kesehatan berbasis penilaian kebutuhan masyarakat. Tujuan penelitian adalah mengaplikasikan model PRECEDE-PROCEED pada perencanaan program pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan berbasis penilaian kebutuhan. Sasaran penelitian adalah para pengambil kebijakan serta pelaksana program Desa Siaga di Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten, Puskesmas, dan Desa. Metode penelitianyangdiggunakanadalahmetode kualitatif berupa studi kasus. Lokasi penelitianberadadi Kabupaten Pati Provinsi Jawa Tengah dengan mengambil dua Desa Siaga. Hasil: Prioritas masalah kesehatan adalah Tuberkulosis (TB) dan Demam Berdarah Dengue (DBD). Faktorpredisposisi meliputi tingkat pendidikan, pengetahuan, keyakinan, sertakepercayaan pada takhayul dan dukun. Faktor pendukung meliputi penyuluhan dan pelatihan, ketersediaan sarana kesehatan, jaminan kesehatan, dukungan dana, sumberdaya lokal, dan sumberdaya alam. Faktor penguat meliputi kepemimpinan, dukungan sosial, modal sosial, norma sosial, gotong royong, penghargaan, akses informasi kesehatan dan keteladanan. Kesimpulan: Model perencanaan PRECEDE-PROCEED dapat diaplikasikan pada perencanaan program pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan berbasis penilaian kebutuhan. Penyakit TB dan DBDdiidentifikasi oleh masyarakat sebagai prioritas masalah kesehatan. Pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan diarahkan pada upaya perubahan perilaku dengan mempertimbangkan faktor predisposisi, penguat dan pendukung.
ELECTION, STORAGE AND IODINE SALT QUALITY IN THE FAMILY LEVEL IN TIMBULHARJO VILLAGE, SEWON DISTRICT, BANTUL REGENCY, YOGYAKARTA laila, nurul; Waryana, Waryana; Mursyid, Abidillah
Kesmas Indonesia: Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 10 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Kesmas Indonesia
Publisher : Jurusan Kesehatan Masyarakat dan Fakultas Ilmu-Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.ki.2018.10.1.625

Abstract

One factor of IDD (Iodine Deficiency Disorders) is the lack consumptionof iodine, eitheriodinecomes from foodorsaltthat has beenfortified withiodine. Behavior ofhousewivesin selectingandstoringsaltshould be appropriatetomaintainthe quality ofsalt. Objective of the research to determine the manner of selection, methods of storage, the quality of iodized salt, and the Differences in the quality of iodized salt by way of elections and salt storage by housewives.Type of research is observational research in the form of analytic survey with cross sectional study design. The sample was selected using proportional random sampling technique. Data were collected in May 2015 in the Mriyan Orchard by conduct home visits, with a total study population of 410 households and the number of samples used as much as 78 households. This research was analyzed using Chi-square test.The results showed differences in the quality of iodized salt by way of elections and salt storage in the Mriyan Orchard with a value of p <0.05. Based on the descriptive results, it is known that the election of salt housewife compliance (89.7%), as well as salt storage means compliance (70.5%), the quality of iodized salt in the Mriyan Orchard reach the target the use of iodized salt for all (92.3%). There is a differences in the quality of iodized salt by way of elections (p = 0.000). Then, there is a differences in the quality of iodized salt by salt storage (p = 0.003)
Model Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Bidang Kesehatan, Studi Program Desa Siaga Sulaeman, Endang Sutisna; Karsidi, Ravik; Murti, Bhisma; Kartono, Drajat Tri; Waryana, Waryana; Hartanto, Rifai
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 7 No. 4 November 2012
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (248.24 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v7i4.54

Abstract

Sejak tahun 2006, Departemen Kesehatan meluncurkan kebijakan program Desa Siaga. Tampaknya, kebijakan tersebut tidak mampu memberdayakan masyarakat dalam mengidentifikasi dan memecahkan masalah kesehatan pada level komunitas (desa). Penelitian ini bertujuan merumuskan model pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan pada program Desa Siaga. Sasaran penelitian adalah Forum Kesehatan Desa dan Pos Kesehatan Desa Siaga di 30 desa di Kabupaten Karanganyar, Jawa Tengah. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah survei dan studi kasus. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kemampuan masyarakat dalam mengidentifikasi masalah kesehatan dan kemampuan masyarakat dalam memecahkan masalah kesehatan. Model pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan meliputi kemampuan mengidentifikasi dan memecahkan masalah kesehatan. Faktor-faktor internal dan eksternal komunitas pada level anggota masyarakat, institusi masyarakat, kepemimpinan masyarakat, dan akses informasi kesehatan memiliki peran penting dalam pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan.Kata kunci: Desa siaga, kebijakan, pemberdayaan masyarakatAbstractSince 2006, the Health Department had launched the Village Preparedness program policy. But, this policy apparently not capable of empowering the community in identifying and solving the health problem at community (village) level. The objective of research is to formulate the community empowerment model in health in the Village Preparedness program. The targets of research were the Village Health Forum and Village Health Post in 30 Village Preparedness in Karanganyar Regency, Central Java. The method involving survey and case study. The case study showed factors related to community capability of identifying health problem and community capability of solving the health problems. The community empowerment model in health including the capabilities of identifying and of solving the health problems. The community internal and external factors at members of community level, community institution, community leadership, and information access played important role in community empowerment in health.Keywords: Village preparedness, policy, community empowerment
Hubungan Keadaan Lingkungan Madrasah Terhadap Sikap Keagamaan Anak di Madrasah Diniyah Takmiliyah Awaliyah Nurul Huda Desa Wirakanan Kec. kandanghaur Kab. Indramayu Amrullah, Fiqih; Waryana, Waryana
Syntax Literate Jurnal Ilmiah Indonesia
Publisher : Syntax Corporation

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (221.981 KB)

Abstract

Pada dasarnya faktor yang mempengaruhi perkembangan anak terutama dalam sikap terdiri dari faktor lingkungan keluarga dan lingkungan sekolah (Hamid, 1999). Sudah sewajarnya bahwa keluarga terutama orangtua memelihara dalam mendidik anak-anaknya dengan rasa kasih sayang. Dirumah anak menerima kasih sayang yang besar dari orangtuanya. Anak menggantungkan diri sepenuhnya pada orangtuanya, tempat ía mencurahkan isi hatinya sedangkan sekolah adalah buatan manusia. Sekolah didirikan oleh masyarakat atau negara untuk membantu memenuhi kebutuhan keluarga yang sudah tidak mampu lagi memnberi bekal persiapan hidup hagi anak-anaknya. Untuk mempersiapkan anak agar hidup dengan cukup bekal kepandaian dan kecakapan dalam masyarakat yang moderen, yang telah tinggi kebudayaannya seperti sekarang ini (Ngalim Purwanto, 1995). Dampak dari kebudayaan yang moderen telah banyak merusak terhadap sikap keagamaan anak seperti halnya dari majalah-majalah dan Koran-koran porno yang akan merusak ahlak. Perubahan pakaian islami dengan sedikit memendekan pakaian di kaki dan di tangan bahkan juga dengan ditipiskannya kerudung dengan mengikatkannya kebelakang sehingga kelihatan buah dadanya. Keadaan lingkungan madrasah akan sangat mempengaruhi sikap keagamaan anak meskipun pendidikan agama yang didapatnya cukup berpengalaman. Faktor eksternal pembelajaran anak ada dua macam yakni faktor lingkungan sosial dan faktor Iingkungan non sosial. Lingkungan sosial sekolah seperti para guru para staf administrasi teman-teman sekelas dapat mempengaruhi sikap anak, keluararga dan masyarakat. Sedangkan lingkungan non sosial yakni rumah, sekolah, peralatan dan alam sekitarnya (Syah, 2003). Kata kunci : sikap keagamaan, madrasah diniyah