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PERFORMANSI BIOLOGIS INDUK BANDENG (CHANOS CHANOS FORSKALL) HASIL SELEKSI DALAM MENDUKUNG DOMESTIKASI DAN PENGEMBANGAN BUDIDAYA DI TAMBAK Dharma, Tony Setia; Wibawa, Gigih Setia; Alit, A.A Kt.; Sumiarsa, Gede S.
Biotropika: Journal of Tropical Biology Vol 7, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : University of Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.biotropika.2019.007.02.6

Abstract

Bandeng merupakan ikan yang memiliki rasa daging yang enak, harga relatif terjangkau oleh segala lapisan masyarakat dapat dibudidayakan secara polikultur dengan komoditas lainnya dan banyak petani yang melakukan usaha budidaya. Kendala di masyarakat bahwa pertumbuhan benih bandeng yang dihasilkan oleh pembenih memiliki variasi ukuran yang tinggi, dan pertumbuhan yang lambat di tambak. Tujuan dari penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui teknologi budidaya ikan bandeng, dan memperoleh data biologi induk bandeng G-1. Hewan uji yang digunakan adalah induk bandeng G-1. Penelitian dilakukan secara deskriptif, yaitu melakukan pengamatan secara fenotipik meliputi pertumbuhan setiap dua bulan sekali. Parameter yang diamati adalah beberapa aspek biologi bandeng hasil seleksi antara lain kualitas telur, sintasan, pertumbuhan, pengujian warna, kualitas daging, toleransi terhadap lingkungan, dan ketahanan terhadap penyakit. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa daya tetas telur berkisar 80-90,30%, dan memiliki ketahanan larva (SAI) mencapai 4,0-4,6 hari setelah menetas. Kelangsungan hidup dan pertumbuhan benih G-2 pada pembenihan umur 14-16  hari (SR) mencapai 60-85%, panjang total (TL) 1,68-1,72 cm, Warna induk bandeng dan ukuran konsumsi dengan menggunakan adalah hijau pada nomor TC.4408 dan perak TC.5501. Kualitas daging dari bandeng G-1 memiliki nilai 8. Kadar histamin untuk semua lokasi budidaya ND (non-detections). Toleransi benih terhadap lingkungan, ikan bandeng memiliki ketahanan terhadap salinitas 0-45 ppt, suhu 20-40°C, pH 6-9, dan oksigen lebih dari 2 ppm, kemudian memiliki ketahanan terhadap penyakit.
GROWTH OF PERFORMANCE SILVER POMPANO FISH FRY, TRACHINOTUS BLOCII (LACEPEDE) CULTURED IN THE NET CAGE AT THE POND Setiadharma, Tony; Wibawa, Gigih Setia; Setiadi, Irwan
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol. 6 No. 1 (2014): Electronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jitkt.v6i1.8629

Abstract

Silver pompano fish is a prospective commodity that can be cultured and contains high economic value. Due to its high economic value nationally and internationally, it is important to develop nursery business. The silver pompano fish nursery conducted in a pond become efficient because it can be easily controlled. The purpose of the study was to know the technology and growth of silver pompano fish fry in cages at a pond. Research activities were carried out in the hafa size (3x3x1m3) in ponds. The seeds were taken  from hatchery with size of 5.0-6.0  cm. Stocking density of seeds  were 50 pc/ m³. The nursery were reared  for 90 days till the fry reached their size in between   15.0 and 18.0 cm. The commercial  pellets with protein content of 28-30% with dose of 5-8% of body weight were provided in the morning and afternoon at satiation. Sampling of fry was conducted every 30 days, to measure the survival rate (SR), total length (TL) and body weight (BW). Data were processed with descriptive analysis. The results showed that the survival rate was 90.20 ± 2.60 %, total length was  16.80± 2.70 cm, and body weight was  145.20 ± 2.70 g. The diversity of fry has four size categories i.e., large (L), medium (M), small (S), and super small (SS) with percentage average of 17.50%, 52.70%, 20.70% and 9.10%, respectively. Keywords: net cage, pond, silver pompano fish, growth, survival
PERTUMBUHAN DAN VARIASI GENETIK IKAN BANDENG, Chanos chanos DARI PROVINSI ACEH, BALI, DAN GORONTALO, INDONESIA Sembiring, Sari Budi Moria; Wibawa, Gigih Setia; Setiadharma, Tony; Haryanti, Haryanti
Jurnal Riset Akuakultur Vol 12, No 4 (2017): (Desember 2017)
Publisher : Pusat Riset Perikanan, Badan Riset dan Sumber Daya Manusia Kelautan dan Perikanan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (476.301 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/jra.12.4.2017.307-314

Abstract

Ikan bandeng, Chanos chanos merupakan salah satu ikan ekonomis penting di Asia. Sejak tahun 1995, di Indonesia sebagian besar benih bandeng diproduksi dari hatchery sekitar Dusun Gondol, Bali Utara baik untuk pasar domestik maupun perdagangan internasional. Dalam rangka meningkatkan kualitas benih, perlu dilakukan perbaikan induk secara genetik menggunakan populasi yang unggul. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mendapatkan data laju pertumbuhan dan variasi genetik induk ikan bandeng yang berasal dari lokasi perairan Aceh, Bali, dan Gorontalo. Pertumbuhan ikan bandeng diamati melalui pengukuran panjang dan bobot benih hingga ukuran 500 g (calon induk), serta variasi genetik diamati menggunakan metode RFLP DNA. Benih dan calon induk masing-masing dianalisis sebanyak 15 ekor. Hasil pengamatan pertumbuhan ikan bandeng mulai dari benih hingga menjadi calon induk, menunjukkan bahwa ikan bandeng dari Aceh dan Bali mempunyai pertumbuhan panjang dan bobot yang relatif lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan ikan bandeng dari Gorontalo, walaupun secara statistik tidak berbeda nyata (P<0,05). Hasil analisis variasi genetik terdapat lima komposit haplotipe dari empat enzim restriksi yaitu Mbo I, Hae III, Hha I, dan Nla IV pada sekuens cytochrome-b. Jumlah rata-rata restriction site adalah 1-3 haplotipe. Populasi Aceh dan Bali memiliki nilai keragaman genetik yang lebih rendah (0,080 dan 0,000) dibandingkan dengan calon induk dari benih Gorontalo (0,115).Milkfish, Chanos chanos is one of the economically important fish in Asia. Since 1995, milkfish seed mostly produced in Gondol area, Northern part of Bali, and suppleted both domestic and international markets. In order to improve its seed quality the improvement of milkfish broodstock genetic is required through selection of superior population. The aims of this research were to evaluate the growth performance and genetic variation of milkfish populations from Aceh, Bali, and Gorontalo Province. The length and weight of fry up to 500 g was measured as well as the genetic variation was detected using RFLP DNA method. Fry and young broodstock in the DNA analyses were 15 individuals. The results showed that the growth in length and weight milkfish seed from fry to young broodstock (size up to 500 g) from Aceh and Bali was slightly higher than that of Gorontalo, but no significant differences (P>0.05) were observed among the populations. The genetic analysis showed five haplotypes composite from four restriction enzymes i.e., Mbo I, Hae III, Hha I, and Nla IV at on cytochrome-b sequen. The average number of restriction site was 1-3 haplotypes. Aceh and Bali populations have lower genetic variations (0.080 and 0.000) compared to Gorontalo (0.115).
REPRODUCTION AND LARVAL REARING OF SANDFISH (Holothuria scabra) Sembiring, Sari Budi Moria; Wibawa, Gigih Setia; Giri, I Nyoman Adiasmara; Hutapea, Jhon Harianto; Haryanti, -
Marine Research in Indonesia Vol 43, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Research Center for Oceanography - Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (405.996 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/mri.v43i1.267

Abstract

The natural stock of sea cucumber Holothuria scabra (known as sandfish) has been declining in both population and size, making it difficult to collect broodstock and juvenile sandfishes for aquaculture. This research aims to evaluate the reproduction of domesticated broodstock (F-1) and performance of the juveniles (F-2). Broodstock were reared in two rectangular concrete tanks with a dimension of 190 x 290 x 70 cm3. There were 12 individuals (7 males and 5 females) of broodstock (F-1) with total length and mean body weight of 12.0 ± 1.21 cm and 122.6 ± 32.37 g, respectively. Six broodstock were put in each tank and fed with compressed benthos at 4% biomass daily in the afternoon. During our experiment, domesticated sandfish broodstock successfully spawned twice. The first spawning (occurred in January 2017) had one female spawned that released 1,350,000 eggs with a hatching rate of 57.4%. Another broodstock spawned in April 2017 and produced 3,280,000 eggs with a hatching rate of 78.66%. The growth performance of 170 days-old juveniles (F-2) shows a total length of 5.66 ± 0.90 cm and a mean body weight of 10.08 ± 2.07 g. The survival rates are 5.19% and 8.68% for juveniles spawned in January and April, respectively. We conclude by showing that sandfish could be domesticated to produce seeds for further aquaculture development.
PREVALENSI INFEKSI VIRAL NERVOUS NECROSIS (VNN) DAN IRIDOVIRUS PADA HATCHERI DAN BUDIDAYA IKAN LAUT Sembiring, Sari Budi Moria; Wibawa, Gigih Setia; Mahardika, Ketut; Widiastuti, Zeny; Haryanti, Haryanti
Media Akuakultur Vol 13, No 2 (2018): (December, 2018)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (451.894 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/ma.13.2.2018.83-90

Abstract

Piscine nodavirus sebagai penyebab penyakit VNN (Viral Nervous Necrosis) dan iridovirus merupakan jenis virus yang dikenal menjadi penyebab utama kematian ikan laut yang dibudidayakan. Virus ini mampu menginfeksi ikan dari ukuran benih sampai ukuran konsumsi dan dalam waktu dua minggu, kematian mencapai 80% sampai 100%. Pada pembenihan larva dan benih ikan dalam skala rumah tangga ataupun hatcheri lengkap di sepanjang pantai di wilayah Bali Utara sering mengalami infeksi VNN dan iridovirus Namun, informasi terjadinya infeksi belum didata dengan baik. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk memperoleh data dan informasi mengenai peta infeksi atau serangan virus pada pembudidaya/pembenihan ikan sepanjang tahun 2017 di Bali Utara. Sampling dilakukan pada bulan Februari, Mei, Agustus, dan Oktober. Di samping melakukan sampling, juga dilakukan input data dari hasil analisis sampel di laboratorium bioteknologi yang diperoleh dari pemilik hatcheri/pembudidaya ikan. Analisis VNN menggunakan metode IQPlus sedangkan analisis iridovirus dengan metode PCR konvensional dengan primer spesifik. Parameter yang diamati adalah prevalensi VNN dan iridovirus dari setiap hatcheri dan keramba jaring apung. Sebagai data penunjang pengukuran parameter kualitas air berupa suhu, salinitas, amoniak, dan nitrit yang dilakukan pada saat pengambilan sampel benih. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tingkat infeksi VNN di hatcheri Bali utara terjadi di bulan September sebesar 33,3% dan iridovirus pada bulan Agustus mencapai 18,61%. Sedangkan tingkat prevalensi VNN tertinggi di KJA terjadi pada bulan Oktober mencapai 83,4% dan puncak infeksi iridovirus terjadi di bulan Februari dengan nilai prevalensi sebesar 50,0%.VNN and iridovirus are viral diseases causing the highest mortality in mariculture. These viruses are able to infect eggs, larvae, juveniles and even marketable size fish. They can cause 80% to 100% mortality in just two weeks. Larvae or fingerlings in small or big scale hatcheries in Northern Bali were frequently infected by VNN or Iridovirus. Unfortunately, information about the local disease outbreaks was not well documented. The aim of this research was to collect data and information about the infection of these viruses in hatcheries and floating net cage mariculture in Northern Bali during 2017. Sampling was conducted in February, May, August, and October, 2017. In addition to the primary data from the field activities, disease infection secondary dataset from the fish farmers who analyzed their infected fish in our laboratory were also used. The identification of VNN infection was performed following IQPlus method while Iridovirus was tested using the conventional PCR method with specific primers. The parameters observed were the VNN and Iridovirus prevalence in each hatchery and floating net cage. Water quality parameters were measured in situ such as temperature, salinity, ammonia, and nitrite. The results showed that infection of VNN in hatcheries at Northern Bali, the highest infection was found in September as high as 33.3% and Iridovirus in August at 18.61%. While in Floating Net Cage the highest infection for VNN was found in October with value of 83.4% and Iridovirus was found in February with value of 50.0%.  
REPRODUCTION AND LARVAL REARING OF SANDFISH (Holothuria scabra) Sembiring, Sari Budi Moria; Wibawa, Gigih Setia; Giri, I Nyoman Adiasmara; Hutapea, Jhon Harianto; Haryanti, -
Marine Research in Indonesia Vol 43 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Research Center for Oceanography - Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (405.996 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/mri.v43i1.267

Abstract

The natural stock of sea cucumber Holothuria scabra (known as sandfish) has been declining in both population and size, making it difficult to collect broodstock and juvenile sandfishes for aquaculture. This research aims to evaluate the reproduction of domesticated broodstock (F-1) and performance of the juveniles (F-2). Broodstock were reared in two rectangular concrete tanks with a dimension of 190 x 290 x 70 cm3. There were 12 individuals (7 males and 5 females) of broodstock (F-1) with total length and mean body weight of 12.0 ± 1.21 cm and 122.6 ± 32.37 g, respectively. Six broodstock were put in each tank and fed with compressed benthos at 4% biomass daily in the afternoon. During our experiment, domesticated sandfish broodstock successfully spawned twice. The first spawning (occurred in January 2017) had one female spawned that released 1,350,000 eggs with a hatching rate of 57.4%. Another broodstock spawned in April 2017 and produced 3,280,000 eggs with a hatching rate of 78.66%. The growth performance of 170 days-old juveniles (F-2) shows a total length of 5.66 ± 0.90 cm and a mean body weight of 10.08 ± 2.07 g. The survival rates are 5.19% and 8.68% for juveniles spawned in January and April, respectively. We conclude by showing that sandfish could be domesticated to produce seeds for further aquaculture development.
PENGAMATAN PROFIL PEMIJAHAN INDUK BANDENG, CHANOS CHANOS GENERASI 1 (G1) DENGAN IMPLANTASI HORMON LHRH-A PADA PEMELIHARAAN SECARA TERKONTROL Dharma, Tony Setia; Wibawa, Gigih Setia; Zafran, .
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol. 11 No. 1 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jitkt.v11i1.18638

Abstract

ABSTRAKSetiap tahun permintaan bandeng selalu mengalami peningkatan, baik untuk konsumsi lokal, sebagai umpan hidup bagi usaha penangkapan ikan tuna, untuk keperluan indukan, maupun pemenuhan kebutuhan ekspor. Penelitian dilakukan di BBPPBL, dimana hewan uji yang digunakan adalah induk bandeng hasil seleksi. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui profil pemijahan induk ikan bandeng G1 pada pemeliharaan secara terkontrol. Penelitian dilakukan secara deskriptif dengan menggunakan bak beton sebanyak 2 buah yaitu A dan B yang memiliki volume masing-masing 150 m³, dan setiap bak diisi sebanyak 50 ekor induk dengan panjang total awal rata-rata 78,04±2,80 cm, bobot tubuh 5,80±0,45 kg. Perlakuan dalam kegiatan penelitian ini adalah (A) hormon dan B tanpa hormon. Pada bak A induk bandeng diimplant oleh hormon LHRH-a dengan dosis 50 µg/kg. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa induk bandeng baik yang berada pada bak A (Hormon) maupun bak B (Tanpa Hormon) telah memijah dan memiliki profil pemijahan yang kontinyu dan menghasilkan telur yang baik. Namun pada bak A (hormon) telah menghasilkan jumlah dan kualitas telur yang lebih baik daripada bak B. Pada bak A(hormon) memijah sebanyak 26 kali, dengan jumlah total telur sebanyak 5.911.200 butir, sedangkan pada  bak B memijah sebanyak 14 kali, dengan jumlah total telur sebanyak 2.720.410 butir. Hatching rate (HR) yang dihasilkan pada bak A dan bak B masing-masing sebesar 60,20-85,20% dan 50,0-74,50%. Ketahanan larva (SAI) pada bak A selama 3-5 hari, dan pada bak B selama 2-4 hari. Hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa pemberian hormon pada induk bandeng telah meningkatkan profil pemijahan dan jumlah telur yang dihasilkan. ABSTRACT Milkfish Chanos chanos is an important fisheries commodity with high economic value. Demand on this species increased year by year either as local consumption, bait for tuna catching, candidate of broodstock, or for fulfill of export demand. An experiment to evaluate the the effect of implantation LHRH-a hormone on spawning profile of milkfish generation-1 broodstock was conducted in Institute for Mariculture Research and Fisheries Extension, Gondol, Bali. Fifty fish (with average total length of 78.04±2.80 cm and body weight of 5.80±0.45 kg) were implanted with LHRA-a hormone at dosage of 50 µg/kg fish (Tank A). Another 50 fish with the same size without LHRA-? hormone treatment were used as control (Tank B). The result showed that both of fish groups spawned and produced the eggs. But, the number of eggs produced by fish treated with LHRA-a hormone much higher than control. Quality of eggs produced by fish treated with LHRA-a hormone was also better than control. Fish treated with LHRA-a hormone spawned 26 times with total eggs of 5,911,200. In control group, the fish spawned 14 times with total eggs of 2720,410. Hatching rates of treated fish ranged from 60.20-85.20% compared with 50.0-74.50% in control fish. Survival activity index (SAI) was 3-5 days in treated fish and 2-4 days in control fish. The concluded results of the study of hormones in the milkfish broodstock  has increased the spawning profile and the number of eggs produced.
ORGANIC ENRICHMENT OF SEDIMENTS: A CASE STUDY AT MARICULTURE SITE, PEGAMETAN BAY BALI, INDONESIA Nasukha, Afifah; Septory, Reagan; Wibawa, Gigih Setia; Runte, Karl-Heinz
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 14, No 2 (2019): (December, 2019)
Publisher : Center for Fisheries Research, Agency for Marine and Fisheries Research and Human Resource

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (388.551 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.14.2.2019.%p

Abstract

Mariculture industry has been developed progressively in Indonesia, where its impact on the surrounding aquatic environment is inevitable. The particulate wastes produced such as excess food and feces will be discharged from a marine farm and dispersed into the surrounding areas. This process could lead to organic enrichment of the receiving seabed sediment and gradually degrade water quality and disturb local benthic community as well as the aquatic ecosystem of the area. This study focused on determining the level of organic enrichment of sediment underneath four currently-active farms in Pegametan Bay, North Bali, Indonesia. The results showed that high accumulation of organic matters was evident in all sampling farms indicated by a significantly high particulate organic matter (POM) between 75.20 ± 2.57 and 92.97 ± 0.59%, and low redox values between -217.41 ± 2.74 and -343.57 ± 1.48 mV. A visual-based assessment also determined that the sediment had a silt and muddy texture with deep grey to black colorization with noticeable strong H2S odor. In this case, further investigations and monitoring efforts are needed in the near future to ensure the best management programs for sustainable farming and ecosystem both fish farmers and environmental regulators such as local government.
DAN IDENTIFIKASI PATOGEN POTENSIAL YANG MENGINFEKSI IKAN RAINBOW (Melanotaenia sp.) Sholichah, Lili; Taukhid, Taukhid; Wibawa, Gigih Setia
Jurnal Riset Akuakultur Vol 9, No 1 (2014): (April 2014)
Publisher : Pusat Riset Perikanan, Badan Riset dan Sumber Daya Manusia Kelautan dan Perikanan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (217.327 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/jra.9.1.2014.87-97

Abstract

Pemeliharaan ikan rainbow (Melanotaenia sp.) di Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Budidaya Ikan Hias selalu terjadi kematian secara bertahap mulai calon induk hingga proses pemijahan. Hal ini terjadi berulang kali sehingga ketersediaan induk Melanotaenia sp. sangat terancam. Ikan ini berasal dari Papua yang diperoleh mengandalkan penangkapan di alam. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menginventarisir dan mengidentifikasi berbagai patogen (parasit, jamur, bakteri) potensial yang menginfeksi ikan rainbow yang dipelihara di dalam akuarium berukuran 50 cm x 50 cm x 50 cm dengan sistem aliran air stagnan. Tiga jenis rainbow yang dipelihara yaitu: rainbow Sungai Salawati, asal Sungai Sawiat, dan asal Danau Kurumoi. Setiap ikan masing-masing berjumlah 100 ekor dipelihara di akuarium dengan penambahan batu karang dan tanpa penambahan karang (kontrol) ke dalam akuarium. Ikan diberi pakan sekenyangnya berupa jentik nyamuk dan cacing rambut beku setiap pagi dan sore hari. Sampling dilakukan secara random sebulan sekali dan secara unrandom setiap ada kejadian ikan sakit. Gejala klinis ikan yang sakit sebagai berikut: ikan berenang di permukaan dan menggosok-gosokkan badan di dinding akuarium, nafsu makan berkurang, gerakan berputar-putar, warna memudar menjadi putih, penekanan warna hitam pada sirip punggung dan perut meningkat, pendarahan pada perut, lendir berlebihan dan sangat berbau, serta sisik berdiri/terbuka. Diagnosa dan deteksi penyakit awal berupa pengamatan parasit baik ektoparasit maupun endoparasit, pengamatan dan isolasi jamur pada media selektif jamur, dan isolasi bakteri dilakukan untuk mengetahui jenis-jenis patogen yang menginfeksi ketiga jenis ikan rainbow. Selanjutnya dilakukan uji histologi dan analisa DNA beberapa patogen. Hasil pengamatan diperoleh patogen berupa parasit (Ichthyophthirius sp., Dactylogyrus sp., Gyrodactylus sp., dan Trichodina sp.) dan bakteri (Aeromonas hydrophila, Acinetobacter sp., Lactobacillus sp., Bacillus sp., Arachnia sp., Haemophilus sp., Cardiobacterium sp., dan Enterobacter sp.) sedangkan jamur tidak ditemukan dalam penelitian ini.
PERTUMBUHAN TERIPANG PASIR Holothuria scabra YANG DIPELIHARA DALAM BAK DAN KARAMBA JARING APUNG DI TAMBAK DENGAN APLIKASI BEBERAPA FORMULASI PAKAN BUATAN Giri, I Nyoman Adiasmara; Sembiring, Sari Budi Moria; Wibawa, Gigih Setia; Haryanti, Haryanti
Media Akuakultur Vol 14, No 1 (2019): (Juni, 2019)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (117.616 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/ma.14.1.2019.%p

Abstract

Teripang pasir, Holothuria scabra merupakan salah satu komoditas perikanan yang mempunyai nilai ekonomi tinggi di Asia. Populasinya di alam semakin menurun karena aktivitas penangkapan secara berlebihan. Untuk mengantisipasi menurunnya stok teripang di alam, maka perlu segera dilakukan pengembangannya melalui kegiatan budidaya. Di samping ketersediaan benih, pakan merupakan salah satu faktor yang sangat menentukan keberhasilan budidaya teripang. Penelitian ini bertujuan mendapatkan formulasi pakan buatan yang tepat untuk mendukung pertumbuhan teripang pasir. Empat pakan percobaan dengan formula berbeda, sebagai perlakuan, dibuat dalam bentuk pelet kering. Pakan diformulasi menggunakan tepung Sargassum sp., tepung Ulva sp., tepung Gracilaria sp., yang dikombinasi dengan tepung kedelai dan tepung beras dengan proporsi berbeda. Pada percobaan-1, benih teripang (hasil pembenihan) ukuran 14,4 ± 6,5 g ditebar dalam delapan buah bak berukuran 2 m x 1 m x 0,6 m dengan kepadatan 100 ekor/bak. Teripang diberi pakan percobaan dengan frekuensi satu kali sehari selama lima bulan. Pada percobaan-2, benih teripang ukuran 7,0 ± 1,6 g ditebar dalam delapan buah keramba jaring apung berukuran 1 m x 1 m x 1 m yang diletakkan di tambak dengan kepadatan 50 ekor per jaring. Teripang diberi pakan percobaan dengan frekuensi satu kali sehari selama empat bulan. Hasil percobaan menunjukkan pakan buatan yang diformulasi menggunakan tepung Sargassum sp., tepung Ulva sp., tepung kedelai, dan tepung beras dapat mendukung pertumbuhan dan sintasan teripang pasir, baik yang dipelihara dalam bak maupun dalam jaring apung di tambak. Sintasan teripang tidak dipengaruhi oleh pakan percobaan (P>0,05). Pakan buatan dengan komposisi bahan 30% tepung Sargassum sp., 35% tepung Ulva sp., 4% tepung kedelai, dan 18% tepung beras menghasilkan pertumbuhan terbaik dan dapat diaplikasikan pada pemeliharaan teripang pasir.Sandfish, Holothuria scabra is a highly valued sea cucumber product in Asian markets. Current exploitation has reduced its wild stock to an alarming level. In order to alleviate the over-exploitation to its wild population and provide a reliable supply of market demands, the aquaculture technology of sandfish has to be developed and perfected. Feed is one of the important factors for a successful sea cucumber aquaculture, besides seed supply. The aim of this experiment was to obtain an appropriate feed formulation to support the growth of sandfish. Four experimental diets (dry pellet) were formulated using seaweed meal of Sargassum, Ulva, and Gracilaria, combined with soybean meal and rice flour, each with different proportions. In experiment-1, cultured sandfish juveniles with an initial weight of 14.4 ± 6.5 g were stocked into eight concrete tanks (2 m x 1 m x 0.6 m) with a density of 100 juveniles/tank. In experiment-2, sandfish juveniles with an initial weight of 7.0 ± 1.6 g were stocked into eight floating net cages (1 m x 1 m x 1 m) erected in a pond with a density of 50 juveniles/cage. The sandfish juveniles were fed once daily with the experimental diets for five and four months for experiment-1 and experiment-2, respectively. Results of the experiment showed that diet formulated with Sargassum, Ulva, and soybean meals and rice flour produced good growth and survival of sandfish, both reared in concrete tanks and in floating net cages. The experimental diets did not affect the survival of sandfish (P>0.05). Formulated diet containing 30% Sargassum meal, 35% Ulva meal, 4% soybean meal, 18% rice flour, and 6% ?lap lap? flour gave the best growth and could be applied for grow-out of sandfish.