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IDENTIFIKASI PERILAKU SEKS BEBAS AKIBAT KONSUMSI MINUMAN BERALKOHOL PADA PENGUNJUNG REMAJA KELAB MALAM “X” SEMARANG Putra, Ardhianto Pradhana; Cahyo, Kusyogo; Widagdo, Laksmono
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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At 2010 Indonesian consumption alcohol rate was 7.1 liter per year. Quoting from BKKBN at 2014 half of the urban girl dan 62,7% junior high school girl has give away their virginity. Quoting from the Journal of Addiction the alcohol consumption at spesific rate can lead to a risky sex. The purpose of this study is to identify free sex behavior due to alcohol consumption in nightclub visitors "X" Semarang. TThe qualitative method is used with descriptive approach and the technique for collecting data is in-depth interview. The main research subjects in this study were teenage visitors of nightclub age 17-24 years who have not married and had sex due to the influence of alcohol in the last year. Validating data using source triangulation with subject triangulation of "X" nightclub manager, "X" nightclub manager and a friend of the main research subjects. The result of this research is the identification of factors that influence to the adolescent of nightclub ?X? Semarang in free sex behavior due to alcohol consumption that is the level of adolescent education, youth income, adolescent knowledge about free sex and its impact, attitude toward consuming teenage alcohol, environment adolescent friendship, adolescent family circumstances, teenage boyfriends, affordability of alcoholic beverage prices by adolescents, availability of places to have free sex in Semarang City, and availability of health information at nightclub ?X? Semarang. While the factors that do not support the youth nightclub adolescents in free sex behavior due to alcohol consumption are adolescent knowledge about alcohol and its effects, and adolescent attitudes toward free sex and its effects. Thus free sex under the influence of alcohol to a sufficient level in the blood makes the subject's sex behavior riskier review of the stage of sexual behavior and proved the impact felt by the research subject of unwanted pregnancies and vaginal discharge.
FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEPATUHAN PENDERITA DIABETES MELLITUS DALAM MENJALANI PENGOBATAN DI PUSKESMAS PUDAK PAYUNG KOTA SEMARANG Oktaviani, Bella; Widagdo, Laksmono; Widjanarko, Bagoes
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 5 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Diabetes mellitus is a disease characterized by increased blood glucose levels exceeding normal and metabolic disorders of carbohydrates, proteins and fats are caused due to lack of insulin hormone. The problem of this research is health service at Puskesmas Pudak Payung which good enough but the number of Diabetes Mellitus patient still experience fluctuating number that is in year 2014 case number show 501 patient of Diabetes Mellitus then increase in 2015 840 cases, 2016terdapat 666 cases and in 2017 until month August alone as many as 395. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors associated with adherence of Diabetes Mellitus patients in treatment at Puskesmas Pudak Payung Kota Semarang. This research is a descriptive analytic research with research design used is cross sectional. The sample in this study is the people with Diabetes Mellitus in the work area of Puskesmas Puskesmas that is 76 people. The results of this study indicate the relationship between knowledge (p = 0.001), and tradition (p = 0.001) with adherence of Diabetes Mellitus patients in the treatment at Puskesmas Pudak Payung Kota Semarang and unrelated variables ie attitude (p = 0,539) (p = 1.004), infrastructure facilities (p = 0.115), support of health workers (p = 0.072), and family support (p = 0.578). Can be concluded factor of knowledge and tradition related to compliance of Diabetes Mellitus patient in undergoing treatment at Puskesmas Pudak Payung Semarang City.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PRAKTIK SEKS BERISIKO PENULARAN HIV/AIDS PADA IBU RUMAH TANGGA (STUDI KASUS DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS BANDARHARJO, KECAMATAN SEMARANG UTARA) Rachmawati, Tri Uji; Widagdo, Laksmono; Istiarti, VG Tinuk
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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HIV/AIDS is one of the diseases in the world that has no cure and is always experienced an increase in cases each year. Based on the risk factors for transmission of HIV/AIDS in Semarang, heterosexual transmission ranked first by 79% and according to the type of work in the case of HIV/AIDS, housewife occupies a number of cases occurred in 2015, namely by 19%. Semarang District North ranked first in total cases of HIV / AIDS is the highest in the city of Semarang (2011-2015) amounted to 83 cases. The purpose of this study is to analyze the factors associated with risky sexual practices spread of HIV/AIDS among housewives. Using a quantitative approach with cross sectional the type of study design. The instrument used in this study was a questionnaire. The population in this study were housewife in Bandarharjo Public Health Center amounted to 17.860 people and a sample of 100 people with non-probability sampling technique sampling is accidental sampling. Analysis of the data Chi-square test was used for bivariate analysis with significance level of 95%. Research of results showed that the factors associated with risky sexual practices spread of HIV / AIDS on Housewife is knowledge (p-value = 0,004), attitude (p-value = 0,001), the availability of health care facilities and infrastructure (p-value = 0,004), media access to information on HIV / AIDS (p-value = 0,001), family support (p-value = 0,048). As for age, education level, husband's occupation, history of STIs, and support health workers no association with risky sex practices spread of HIV / AIDS. Suggestions for this study, Bandarharjo Public Heath Center needs to conduct counseling program in order to providing information about VCT HIV/AIDS in health centers, and Semarang City Health Office should conduct education about HIV / AIDS more than 3 times in a year
HUBUNGAN PERSEPSI MEROKOK DENGAN TIPE PERILAKU MEROKOK PADA SISWA SMK “X” DI KOTA SEMARANG Binita, Anisa Maulidea; Istiarti, VG. Tinuk; Widagdo, Laksmono
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 5 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Di Indonesia, perilaku merokok pada usia 15 tahun ke atas cenderung meningkat dari 34,2% (2007) menjadi 36,3% (2013). Pada tahun 2010 jumlah penduduk Jawa Tengah yang merokok terbanyak terjadi pada usia 15-19 tahun (41,6%), dimana usia tersebut merupakan rata-rata usia siswa SMA/SMK/sederajat. Angka perilaku merokok yang tinggi pada remaja awal berasal dari persepsi atau pandangan yang dipercayai mengenai merokok itu sendiri. Di SMK ?X? di Kota Semarang diketahui terdapat banyak siswa perokok yang memiliki persepsi positif terhadap rokok. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menganalisis hubungan persepsi merokok dengan tipe perilaku merokok pada siswa SMK ?X? di Kota Semarang. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif analitik dengan pendekatan kuantitatif. Populasi penelitian terdiri dari siswa kelas 10 dengan karakteristik berstatus perokok aktif minimal selama enam bulan serta bersedia menjadi responden. Sampel sejumlah 85 siswa yang diambil menggunakan teknik total sampling. Seluruh pertanyaan telah diuji validitas dan reliabilitas. Analisis data menggunakan uji analisa statistik Rank Spearman dan Mann-Whitney (?= 0,05). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sebagian besar responden berstatus perokok ringan (85,9%). Variabel yang berhubungan dengan tipe perilaku merokok pada siswa SMK ?X? yaitu usia (pvalue= 0,032), persepsi keseriusan (pvalue= 0,030), persepsi kerentanan (pvalue= 0,035), serta persepsi hambatan (pvalue= 0,045). Sementara variabel yang tidak berhubungan yaitu pekerjaan orang tua (pvalue= 0,344), jumlah perokok di keluarga (pvalue= 0,842), jumlah uang saku (pvalue= 0,387), pengalaman merokok (pvalue= 0,123), dan persepsi manfaat (pvalue= 0,378).
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PERILAKU WANITA PEKERJA SEKS (WPS) UNTUK MELAKUKAN VCT DI LOKALISASI TEGAL PANAS KABUPATEN SEMARANG Wulandari, Septy Indah; Cahyo, Kusyogo; BM, Syamsulhuda; Widagdo, Laksmono
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Voluntary and Counselling Test (VCT) menjadi sangat penting karena membuka pintu masuk ke pelayanan HIV/AIDS yang lebih komperehensif terutama bagi kelompok berisiko. Padahal terjadi peningkatan kasus HIV/AIDS di Kabupaten Semarang bulan September 2013 terdapat 18 kasus AIDS dan 31 kasus HIV kemudian pada bulan Desember menjadi 29 kasus AIDS dan 32 kasus HIV. Kunjungan VCT per bulan Maret 2014 di Lokalisasi Tegal Panas Kabupaten Semarang hanya 43(35,8%) dari 120 WPS. Angka kunjungan ini menurun pada bulan Juni yang hanya sebanyak 37 WPS. Pada bulan Oktober 2014 saja, PKBI menemukan 20 orang positif HIV, 25%-nya adalah WPS. WPS.Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan perilaku Wanita Pekerja Seks (WPS) untuk melakukan VCT di Lokalisasi Tegal Panas Kabupaten Semarang. Metodologi penelitian menggunakan jenis penelitian explanatory research dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Total populasi 120 orang menggunakan tekhnik sampel jenuh dengan total sampel 109 orang, 11 orang dropout. Data dianalisis menggunakan Uji Chi Square. Hasil Penelitian yang didapat responden memiliki karakteristik sebagian besar umur responden berada di kelompok muda (53,2%), berpendidikan dasar (89,9%), lama bekerja(>1 th) (63,3%). Sebagian besar responden berperilaku baik(77,1%), kurangnya tingkat pengetahuan (52,3%), sikap (55%), kelengkapan sarana (68,8%), dukungan konselor(59,8%), dukungan orang sekitar(68,8%), lingkungan sosial(71,6%). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya hubungan antara perilaku VCT dengan lama bekerja sebagai WPS, tingkat pengetahuan, sikap, kelengkapan sarana, dan dukungan konselor. Saran bagi pelaksana program diperlukan adanya penyebaran informasi yang intensif kepada para WPS terkait pencegahan dan penularan HIV/AIDS yang tepat sebagai peningkatan kesadaran diri WPS untuk melakukan VCT, serta dukungan konselor lebih dioptimalkan.
DETEKSI DINI TUMBUH DAN KEMBANG BALITA SESUAI STANDAR PELAYANAN MINIMAL POSYANDU Fitriahadi, Enny; Widagdo, Laksmono
Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia Volume 8, No. 2, Agustus 2013
Publisher : Master Program of Health Promotion Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University

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Most of the morbidity and mortality of children under five in Indonesia reached 44 per 1000  live births in which one is due to malnutrition, malnutrition rate increases that would have an impact on morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study to analyze the factors related to the behavior of the minimum service posyandu child?s weight in posyandu Puskesmas South Cilacap I Cilacap. This type of research using quantitative methods with cross sectional approach. The study population was all posyandu which is in the South Cilacap Health Center I, which totaled 344 Cilacap district posyandu. Study sample totaled 185 posyandu defined by using simple random sampling. Data obtained by interview using a questionnaire and analyzed by univariate, bivariate and multivariate analyzes. The findings indicate that knowledge of cadres, cadres attitude towards the minimum service in posyandu child?s weight is a variable that affects the behavior of the minimum service posyandu child?s weight. Conclusions from this study illustrate that the question before the current knowledge and growth monitoring sessions have a relationship between the behavior of cadres with minimal service child?s weight.
DETERMINAN FAKTOR REMAJA MEROKOK STUDI KASUS DI SMPN 27 SEMARANG Noviana, Arika; Riyanti, Emmy; Widagdo, Laksmono
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Indonesia is the third largest cigarette users in the world, over 70% of children exposed to cigarette smoke and bear the risk of various diseases caused by cigarette smoke. The prevalence of coronary heart disease that doctors diagnosed at the age of over 15 years in Indonesia reached 1.5% and the prevalence of COPD has reached 3.7%. According to Riskesdas Central Java in 2013 the number of smokers aged 10-14 years every day at 0.5% and the number of smokers aged 15-19 years every day of 11.2%. In Semarang, start smoking at the age of 10-14 years amounted to 18.0% and amounted to 53.9% of 15-19 years. The purpose of the research to describe and analyze the determinant factors of smoking adolescents in SMPN 27 Semarang. This research is a quantitative and qualitative information extracting with an interview and cross-sectional approach. The instrument used in this study was a questionnaire and an interview guide. The study sample as many as 57 respondents with saturated sampling technique for quantitative and 3 informants triangulation with purposive sampling for qualitative. Analysis of the data used a chi-square test for the bivariate analysis with a significance level of 95%. At 80.7% of respondents have become moderate smokers, while 19.3% of respondents still be light smokers. Bivariate analysis, there was no correlation between age (p = 0.051), parental education respondents (p = 1.000), allowance (p = 0.183), knowledge (p = 0318), conformity adolescents (p = 0.296), affordability of cigarettes (p = 0.742), extracurricular involvement (p = 0.482) and the regulation of smoking in schools (p = 0.462) with the practice of smoking students, and there is a relationship between attitudes (p = 0.03) with the practice of smoking students. Schools can provide information on a regular basis every 1 semester 2 times the discussion on the practice of smoking and the dangers of smoking.
PERILAKU PASIEN TERHADAP UPAYA PEMBERSIHAN KARANG GIGI DI BALAI PENGOBATAN GIGI PUSKESMAS II DENPASAR TIMUR KOTA DENPASAR Arini, Ni Wayan; Pietojo, Harbandinah; Widagdo, Laksmono
Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia Volume 6, No. 2, Agustus 2011
Publisher : Master Program of Health Promotion Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (72.141 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.6.2.187-197

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Periodontal disease is the second largest illness suffered by the community in Indonesia (73.50%), one of its etiologies is tartar which is found in 46.2% of the population. The impact of periodontal disease on systemic health include cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, premature birth and low birth weight. The aim of this study is to analyze the factors related to patient?s tartar cleaning behavior on BPG Primary Health Center II, East Denpasar City. This study uses quantitative methods with survey design and cross sectional approaches. Sample size is 185 people. Results showed the majority (70.3%) of respondents did the less practice. Factors which connected to cleaning the tartar formation practice is less support of medical worker (68,1%), and (48,6%) of respondent have middle educational level and the most dominant factor which affect to cleaning tartar practice is medical worker. Variables that are not associated with patient practice of tartar cleaning are age, sex, income, experience of toothache, knowledge, attitudes.
ANALISIS PELAKSANAAN KONSELING KONTRASEPSI OLEH BIDAN DI WILAYAH DINAS KESEHATAN KOTA SURAKARTA Widayati, Rina Sri; Widagdo, Laksmono; Purnami, Cahya Tri
GASTER Vol 11, No 1 (2014): FEBRUARI
Publisher : GASTER

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Latar Belakang: Keberhasilan program KB dapat ditempuh dengan strategi perencanaan pola kontrasepsi yang rasional diperlukan kompetensi petugas terhadap pelaksanaan konseling yang merupakan inti dari program KB. Sebagian besar dalam pelaksanaaan konseling kontrasepsi tidak menjelaskan konseling KB sesuai Standar Operating Prosedur (SOP) yaitu dengan langkah SATUTUJU. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis hubungan karakteristik program dengan pelaksanaan konseling kontrasepsi oleh bidan di wilayah Dinas Kesehatan Kota Surakarta. Metode penelitian survey analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Sampel penelitian ini adalah bidan yang memberikan pelayanan konseling kontrasepsi sebanyak 117 diwilayah Dinas Kesehatan Kota Surakarta. Pengumpulan data dilakukan menggunakan angket. Analisa dilakukan secara univariat, bivariat dengan uji Pearson Correlation dan multivariat dengan Regresi Linier. Hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan secara univariat masih ditemukan bidan yang belum memahami klien, memperhatiakan kebutuhan klien , persiapan media bila diperlukan saja sekitar (15,4%) menjelaskan panjang lebar dengan istilah medis, tidak memperhatikan sikap klien, penggunaan ABPK sebesar (17,9) , mengatakan tidak ada waktu untuk istirahat, tidak ada waktu pendokumentasian sebesar (11,1%), pekerjaan yang banyak kadang membuat mereka menghindar dari pekerjaan (16,2%) dan tidak mengidentifikasi pedoman KB, evaluasi pelaksanaan dan evaluasi SOP sebesar (17,1%).Simpulan Secara bivariat variabel yang berhubungan dengan pelaksanaan kompetensi bidan (nilai p=0,044,r= -0,187), motivasi kerja bidan (nilai p=0,0001, r=0,347), supervisi oleh pimpinan (nilai p=0,006, r=0,250), dan secara multivariat yang memiliki pengaruh paling besar adalah motivasi dengan (nilai p = 0,0001). Kata Kunci: Konseling Kontrasepsi, Program KB, Karakteristik Program, Pelayanan Kontrasepsi.
ANALISIS FAKTOR RISIKO STATUS KEMATIAN NEONATAL STUDI KASUS KONTROL DI KECAMATAN LOSARI KABUPATEN BREBES TAHUN 2006 Prabamurti, Priyadi Nugraha; Purnami, Cahya Tri; Widagdo, Laksmono; Setyono, Sigit
Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia Volume 3, No. 1, Januari 2008
Publisher : Master Program of Health Promotion Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University

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Background: The efforts to reach the national target to decreasing infant mortality, what in this time still become governmental priority programs. Nationally, mortality rate in this last decade had decreased excessively, from 50 per a thousand alive births in 2001 becoming 39 per a thousand alive births in 2005. The number revealed if seen at mortality neonatal still high enough.Method: This is an analytical survey research with case-control approach. Research subjects consists of 29 women having infant which die at neonatal age as a case group, and 29 women having alive infant passed a neonatal period, as a control group. Source of data obtained from secondary data to verbal autopsy record, history of pregnant woman and confinement note from public health center (Puskesmas). Data analyzing by univariate and bivariate analysis. Statistical test by Chi Square test that significance rate determined if p -value less than 0.05 and calculation of Odds Ratio (OR>1).Result: Result of analysis indicates that mother age (p = 0.0023 and OR = 7.69), parity (p =0.0006 and OR = 8.25), helper of confinement (p = 0.044 and OR = 6.07), born baby weight (p = 0.016 and OR=6,12) and condition of baby breathing effort (p= 0.001 and OR = 7.85), significantly risked to neonatal status. It is conclude that mother age, parity, helper ofconfinement, born baby weight and condition of baby breathing effort is risked to neonatal status. It is suggested to maturing marriage age and management of birth at healthy reproduction age, increasing of neonatal call so that can decreasing mortality rate.Keywords: neonatal mortality status, risk factors, pregnant woman