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Journal : JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA

DETEKSI DINI TUMBUH DAN KEMBANG BALITA SESUAI STANDAR PELAYANAN MINIMAL POSYANDU Fitriahadi, Enny; Widagdo, Laksmono
Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia Volume 8, No. 2, Agustus 2013
Publisher : Master Program of Health Promotion Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (77.328 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.8.2.169-177

Abstract

Most of the morbidity and mortality of children under five in Indonesia reached 44 per 1000  live births in which one is due to malnutrition, malnutrition rate increases that would have an impact on morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study to analyze the factors related to the behavior of the minimum service posyandu child?s weight in posyandu Puskesmas South Cilacap I Cilacap. This type of research using quantitative methods with cross sectional approach. The study population was all posyandu which is in the South Cilacap Health Center I, which totaled 344 Cilacap district posyandu. Study sample totaled 185 posyandu defined by using simple random sampling. Data obtained by interview using a questionnaire and analyzed by univariate, bivariate and multivariate analyzes. The findings indicate that knowledge of cadres, cadres attitude towards the minimum service in posyandu child?s weight is a variable that affects the behavior of the minimum service posyandu child?s weight. Conclusions from this study illustrate that the question before the current knowledge and growth monitoring sessions have a relationship between the behavior of cadres with minimal service child?s weight.
PERILAKU PASIEN TERHADAP UPAYA PEMBERSIHAN KARANG GIGI DI BALAI PENGOBATAN GIGI PUSKESMAS II DENPASAR TIMUR KOTA DENPASAR Arini, Ni Wayan; Pietojo, Harbandinah; Widagdo, Laksmono
Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia Volume 6, No. 2, Agustus 2011
Publisher : Master Program of Health Promotion Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (72.141 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.6.2.187-197

Abstract

Periodontal disease is the second largest illness suffered by the community in Indonesia (73.50%), one of its etiologies is tartar which is found in 46.2% of the population. The impact of periodontal disease on systemic health include cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, premature birth and low birth weight. The aim of this study is to analyze the factors related to patient?s tartar cleaning behavior on BPG Primary Health Center II, East Denpasar City. This study uses quantitative methods with survey design and cross sectional approaches. Sample size is 185 people. Results showed the majority (70.3%) of respondents did the less practice. Factors which connected to cleaning the tartar formation practice is less support of medical worker (68,1%), and (48,6%) of respondent have middle educational level and the most dominant factor which affect to cleaning tartar practice is medical worker. Variables that are not associated with patient practice of tartar cleaning are age, sex, income, experience of toothache, knowledge, attitudes.
ANALISIS FAKTOR RISIKO STATUS KEMATIAN NEONATAL STUDI KASUS KONTROL DI KECAMATAN LOSARI KABUPATEN BREBES TAHUN 2006 Prabamurti, Priyadi Nugraha; Purnami, Cahya Tri; Widagdo, Laksmono; Setyono, Sigit
Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia Volume 3, No. 1, Januari 2008
Publisher : Master Program of Health Promotion Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (40.745 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.3.1.1-9

Abstract

Background: The efforts to reach the national target to decreasing infant mortality, what in this time still become governmental priority programs. Nationally, mortality rate in this last decade had decreased excessively, from 50 per a thousand alive births in 2001 becoming 39 per a thousand alive births in 2005. The number revealed if seen at mortality neonatal still high enough.Method: This is an analytical survey research with case-control approach. Research subjects consists of 29 women having infant which die at neonatal age as a case group, and 29 women having alive infant passed a neonatal period, as a control group. Source of data obtained from secondary data to verbal autopsy record, history of pregnant woman and confinement note from public health center (Puskesmas). Data analyzing by univariate and bivariate analysis. Statistical test by Chi Square test that significance rate determined if p -value less than 0.05 and calculation of Odds Ratio (OR>1).Result: Result of analysis indicates that mother age (p = 0.0023 and OR = 7.69), parity (p =0.0006 and OR = 8.25), helper of confinement (p = 0.044 and OR = 6.07), born baby weight (p = 0.016 and OR=6,12) and condition of baby breathing effort (p= 0.001 and OR = 7.85), significantly risked to neonatal status. It is conclude that mother age, parity, helper ofconfinement, born baby weight and condition of baby breathing effort is risked to neonatal status. It is suggested to maturing marriage age and management of birth at healthy reproduction age, increasing of neonatal call so that can decreasing mortality rate.Keywords: neonatal mortality status, risk factors, pregnant woman
PRAKTIK PERAWATAN ORGAN GENITALIA EKSTERNAL PADA ANAK USIA 10-11 TAHUN YANG MENGALAMI MENARCHE DINI DI SEKOLAH DASAR KOTA SEMARANG Puspitaningrum, Dewi; Suryoputro, Antono; Widagdo, Laksmono
Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia Volume 8, No. 2, Agustus 2013
Publisher : Master Program of Health Promotion Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (40.535 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.8.2.121-130

Abstract

ABSTRAKPerubahan terlalu cepat sering menimbulkan kecemasan apabila tidak dipahami. Berdasarkan data dari Dinas Kesehatan Semarang bidang P2P pada tahun 2010 ditemukan anak usia d?10 tahun 36 anak (12,7%) dari 284 kasus penyakit candidiasis dan 1 anak (7,6%) dari 13 kasus trichomonas vaginalis. Berdasarkan studi pendahuluan yang dilakukan di 4 tempat SD Negeri di Semarang 5 diantara 8 siswa masih belum paham cara merawat organ genetalia eksternal saat menstruasi. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui apa yang mempengaruhi praktik perawatan organ genetalia eksternal pada anak usia 10-11 tahun yang mengalami menarche dini di SD Kota Semarang. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah kuantitatif, jumlah populasi sebanyak 550 anak, dengan sampel sebanyak 100 orang dengan menggunakan teknik proportional random sampling. Dan yang paling berpengaruh dengan analisis multivariat adalah peran orang tua dengan OR=1,213 artinya responden yang menyatakan pernah mendapatkan informasi dari orang tua tentang cara perawatan organ genitalia eksternal mempunyai kemungkinan 1.2 kali lebih besar untuk melakukan praktik yang baik dalam perawatan organ genitalia eksternal dibandingkan responden yang menyatakan tidak pernah mendapatkan informasi dari orang tuanya tentang cara perawatan organ genitalia eksternal.Kata kunci: Praktik perawatan organ genitalia eksternal,menarche diniABSTRACTNursing Practice Organ External Genitalia in Children Age 10-11 Years Experience Early menarche Primary Schools Semarang; A too fast change often causes anxiety, if not understood. Based on data from P2P of Health Department Semarang in 2010 found 36 children (12.7%) of 284 candidiasis cases and 1 child (7.6%) of 13 trichomonas vaginalis cases on children aged d? 10 years. Based on the survey of preliminary studies conducted in4 state elementary schools in Semarang, after being asked about  menstruation 5 among 8 students still do not understand how to look after the external genetalia organ during menstruation. Research purpose This research aimed to find out the factors that affect external genital organ treatment care in children age 10 ? 11 years (case study at elementary students in Semarang) that experienced earlier menarche. Research method this research uses quantitative. The population number is 550 children with 100 samples using proportional random sampling technique. The most affecting factor, after analyzed with multivariat analysis, is parents role with OR=1,213. It means that respondents representing that ever inform their parents about external genital organ treatment care technique have 1.2 bigger opportunity to do it than the opposite one.Key Words: external genetalia organ treatment care, earlier menarche
PERAN KEPALA DESA “DESA SIAGA” DALAM PENANGGULANGAN HIV/AIDS DI KABUPATEN PEMALANG Kusumawati, Susi; Widagdo, Laksmono; Pietojo, Harbandinah
Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia Volume 6, No. 2, Agustus 2011
Publisher : Master Program of Health Promotion Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (68.625 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.6.2.177-186

Abstract

To get public empowerment need of head village role to make conditional village. The research target is to analize influencing factors to head village role of Desa Siaga in HIV/AIDS overcome at Pemalang district. It?s an analytic discriptive research with cross sectional quantitative and qualitative. Sample research is total population of head village second and third level desa siaga at 51 people. Research result with statistic bivariat test chi square look that relation degree of college, long of work, knowledge of desa siaga, knowledge of HIV/AIDS, attitude of desa siaga, attitude of HIV/AIDS, readiness facility and infrastructure and FKD role with head village role in overcome HIV/AIDS. However multivariate test result with regression logistic have result readiness facility and infrastructure desa siaga have tendency 265,837 times bigger to affect head village desa siaga to role good, and the good role of FKD have tendency 167,320 times bigger to affect head village desa siaga to role good in desa siaga and HIV/AIDS overcome.
PENINGKATAN PENGETAHUAN DAN KETRAMPILAN KADER PEMANTAUAN TUMBUH KEMBANG BALITA DI POSYANDU DENGAN METODE BBM DAN MIND MAPPING (MM) Triyanti, Mimin; Widagdo, Laksmono; BM, Syamsulhuda
Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia Volume 12, No. 2, Agustus 2017
Publisher : Master Program of Health Promotion Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (426.797 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.12.2.265-277

Abstract

Background: Fostering cadres is an important in improving the knowledge and skills of cadres in Posyandu activities. Skills of cadre will greatly assist in implementation of Posyandu. One of the elements that determine the success of increased knowledge and skills of cadres is the use of learning methods. The aim of the research to determine differences in knowledge and skills of cadres after getting training by learning methods based on problems and methods of learning Mind Mapping.Method: This research use quantitative research with quasi experimental methods, the design of non-randomized control group pre-test and post-test design. Samples are 109 health cadres working at Posyandu Madya which are further divided randomly into two treatment groups and one control group.Results: These results indicate that the cadre training with methods of fuel increased 1.28 more knowledge of the MM group. While the improvement of skill in the fuel group of 1.43 more than the MM group.Keywords:  Training of the Cadres, BBM methode, Mind Mapping methode 
PETUGAS LAPANGAN SEBAGAI UJUNG TOMBAK JUMLAH PENGUNJUNG KLINIK VCT Riani, Evicenna Naftuchah; Shaluhiyah, Zahroh; Widagdo, Laksmono
Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia Volume 9, No. 2, Agustus 2014
Publisher : Master Program of Health Promotion Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (52.81 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.9.2.152-161

Abstract

ABSTRAKVCT merupakan pintu masuk menuju terapi dan perawatan ODHA. Jejaring pelaksanaanpenjangkauan merupakan salah satu upaya meningkatkan jumlah kunjungan klinik VCT. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk memahami penyebab masalah proses kegiatan outreach di Kabupaten Pemalang. Jenis penelitian ini adalah deskriptif explanatory dengan metode kualitatif. Pengumpulan data menggunakan wawancara mendalam peneliti dengan petugas lapangan, konselor dan Dokter CST. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pelaksanaan penjangkauan dilakukan oleh petugas lapangan. Pola penjangkauan populasi kunci oleh petugas lapangan sampai kepada populasi kunci mau untuk melakukan pemeriksaan VCT. Strategi penjangkauan masih jemput bola dengan VCT mobile. Capaian target penjangkauan yang dicapai yaitu WPS (152%) dan waria (160%). sedangkan LSL, pelanggan/ HRM dan IDU tidak mencapai target karena populasi belum mau untuk membuka identitasnya. Pada pelayanan VCT mobile tidak dilakukan konseling pascates untuk membuka hasil, sehingga menyebabkan populasi kunci tidak mau untuk melakukan pemeriksaan VCT. Belum ada koodinasi perencanaan penjangkauan antara petugas lapangan, tim VCT, Dinas Kesehatan dan KPAD Kabupaten pemalang. Pelayanan konseling pretes pada pelayanan VCT mobile tidak hanya dilakukan oleh konselor tetapi juga dilakukan oleh dokter magang. Belum adanya SOP dan Protap penjangkauan, VCT dan PITC.Kata kunci : penjangkauan, petugas lapangan, VCTABSTRACTField Officer Spearhead VCT Clinic Number of Visitors; VCT is the entrance to the treatment and care of people living with HIV. Network implementation of outreach is one way to increase the number of VCT clinic visits. The purpose of this study is to understand the causes of the problems in all district outreach activities. This research is descriptive explanatory with qualitative methods. Collecting data using in-depth interviews with field staff of researchers, counselors and doctors CST. The results showed that the implementation of the outreach done by field officers. Pattern lock outreach populations by field officers to the key population willing to do a VCT. Outreach strategy still pick up the ball with the mobile VCT. Achievement targets are achieved, namely outreach seks workers (152%) and transvestites (160 %). whereas MSM, customer / HRM and IDU did not reach the target because the population is not willing to open his identity. In the mobile VCT services not performed post-test counseling to open the results, thus causing the population does not want to do a key inspection VCT. There has been no outreach planning of coordination between field officers, VCT team, Department of Health and AIDS Prevention Commission all district. Pretest counseling services on mobile VCT services is not only done by the counselors but also done by an intern. The absence of SOP and SOP outreach, VCT and PITC.Keywords : outreach , field workers , VCT
ANALISIS MEDIA AUDIO TERHADAP PERUBAHAN PERILAKU PENGGUNAAN ALAT PELINDUNG DIRI (APD) PADA PETUGAS LABORATORIUM KESEHATAN KOTA BANJAR Zulkifli, Zulkifli; Widjanarko, Bagoes; Widagdo, Laksmono
Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia Volume 9, No. 2, Agustus 2014
Publisher : Master Program of Health Promotion Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (32.813 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.9.2.218-225

Abstract

ABSTRAKAngka kecelakaan kerja di Indonesia cenderung naik, pada tahun 2010 terdapat 98.711 kasus dan 2011 terdapat 99.491 kasus kecelakaan kerja. Kecelakaan kerja juga pernah terjadi pada petugas laboratorium klinik RSUD Kota Banjar. Petugas laboratorium klinik merupakan bagian dari petugas pelayanan kesehatan yang kesehariannya selalu berhubungan dengan spesimen pasien yang mempunyai risiko terinfeksi oleh berbagai macam penyakit, khususnya bila tidak disiplin dalam penggunaan alat pelindung diri (APD). Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian kuantitatif analitik dengan desain penelitian eksperimen semu (Quasi experiment design). Jumlah sampel 38 orang petugas laboratorium kesehatan yang berada di Wilayah Kota Banjar. Analisis data meliputi analisis univariat dan analisis bivariat menggunakan paired t-test. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ada perbedaan yang bermakna pada uji independent t-test antara kelompok kontrol dan kelompok eksperimen, pada posttest II untuk variabel pengetahuan, sikap, dan praktek penggunaaan APD. Ada perbedaan yang bermakna pada uji paired t-test variabel pengetahuan, sikap dan praktek kelompok eksperimen, antara pretest dan posttest II. Media audio efektif terhadap perubahan pengetahuan, sikap dan praktek penggunaaan APD pada petugas laboratorium kesehatan kelompok eksperimen.Kata Kunci : media audio, perilaku, APDABSTRACTAudio Media Analysis Of Behavior Change Use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) in Health Laboratory Officer in Banjar; The number of occupational accidents in Indonesia tend to rise, in 2010 there were 98711 cases and 2011 there were 99491 cases of occupational accidents. Workplace accidents also occurred on clinical laboratory worker at Banjar hospital. Clinical laboratory workers is part of health care workers who always associated with specimens of patients who have a risk of getting infected by various diseases, especially when there is no discipline in the use of personal protective equipment (PPE). The type of this research is a quantitative analytical study with quasi-experimental research design (Quasi - experiment design). Number of samples are 38 health laboratory workers in Banjar region. Data analysis includes univariate and bivariate using paired t-test. The results of the study : There are significant differences of posttest II independent t-test between control group and experimental group, in the variables of knowledge, attitude, and practical use of PPE. There are significant differences of paired t-test for experimental group between pretest and posttest II, in the variables of knowledge, attitude, and practical use of PPE.Audio media effectively to changes the behavior of the use of PPE in health laboratory workers in Banjar.Keywords : audio media, behavior, PPE
INTERVENSI CERAMAH VIDEO DAN CERAMAH DISKUSI TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP REMAJA DALAM KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI Panjaitan, Arip Ambulan; Widagdo, Laksmono; Prabamurti, Priyadi Nugraha
Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia Volume 14, No. 1 Januari 2019
Publisher : Master Program of Health Promotion Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1796.485 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.14.1.40-52

Abstract

Background: Adolescents are one of the high risk groups to face the cases of Unwanted Pregnancies, abortion, Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) including HIV and AIDS. Reproductive health education as an effort to prevent risky sexual behavior that is important to be delivered to adolescents. This study aims to determine the effect of reproductive health education models through lectures followed by videos and lectures with case discussions and roleplaying on increasing adolescent knowledge and attitudes in preventing risky sexual behavior.Method: This study is a quasy experiment with a pretest-posttest design with a control group. Data obtained using a structured questionnaire that has been tested for validity and reliability. The research subjects were class X students (ten) of SMAN 2 Sintang and SMAN 4 Sintang who were selected purposively as many as 120 people. The selection of samples using purposive sampling which recruited 40 people for each group, there were two treatment groups and one group for the control. Data were analysed using paired sample t-test and independent t-test.Results: The results of the study showed that there were no differences in the characteristics of the respondents from the two treatment groups and the control group, so that it was beneficial for this study. Likewise the level of knowledge and attitudes of respondent before intervention had no differences / homogeneous condition. Statistical results of paired sample t-test revealed that there were differences in the average score of knowledge and attitudes after intervention with p value 0,001. Intervention with lectures and discussions including role playing has increased the knowledge and attitudes scores of respondents higher than the lecture and video methods. It was concluded that intervention using lectures with case discussions including roleplaying has improved understanding of adolescents about reproductive health and sexuality so that this method was suggested to be used as an alternative for better reproductive health education for adolescents. 
PRAKTIK PERAWATAN ORGAN GENITALIA EKSTERNAL PADA ANAK USIA 10-11 TAHUN YANG MENGALAMI MENARCHE DINI DI SEKOLAH DASAR KOTA SEMARANG Puspitaningrum, Dewi; Suryoputro, Antono; Widagdo, Laksmono
Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia Volume 7, No. 2, Agustus 2012
Publisher : Master Program of Health Promotion Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (39.713 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.7.2.126-135

Abstract

Perubahan terlalu cepat sering menimbulkan kecemasan apabila tidak dipahami. Berdasarkandata dari Dinas Kesehatan Semarang bidang P2P pada tahun 2010 ditemukan anak usia <10tahun 36 anak (12,7%) dari 284 kasus penyakit candidiasis dan 1 anak (7,6%) dari 13 kasustrichomonas vaginalis. Berdasarkan studi pendahuluan yang dilakukan di 4 tempat SD Negeridi Semarang, 5 diantara 8 siswa masih belum paham cara merawat organ genetalia eksternalsaat menstruasi. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui apa yang mempengaruhi praktikperawatan organ genetalia eksternal pada anak usia 10-11 tahun yang mengalami menarchedini di SD Kota Semarang. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah kuantitatif,jumlah populasi sebanyak 550 anak, dengan sampel sebanyak 100 orang dengan menggunakanteknik proportional random sampling. Dan yang paling berpengaruh dengan analisis multivariatadalah peran orang tua dengan OR=1,213 artinya responden yang menyatakan pernahmendapatkan informasi dari orang tua tentang cara perawatan organ genitalia eksternalmempunyai kemungkinan 1.2 kali lebih besar untuk melakukan praktik yang baik dalamperawatan organ genitalia eksternal dibandingkan responden yang menyatakan tidak pernahmendapatkan informasi dari orang tuanya tentang cara perawatan organ genitalia eksternal.Kata kunci: Praktik perawatan organ genitalia eksternal,menarche dini External genital organ treatment care in children age 10 ? 11 years that experiencedearlier menarche at semarang elementary schools studentsBackground: A too fast change often causes anxiety, if not understood. Based on data fromP2P of Health Department Semarang in 2010 found 36 children (12.7%) of 284 candidiasiscases and 1 child (7.6%) of 13 trichomonas vaginalis cases on children aged d? 10 years.Based on the survey of preliminary studies conducted in 4 state elementary schools inSemarang, after being asked about menstruation 5 among 8 students still do not understandhow to look after the external genetalia organ during menstruation. Research purpose Thisresearch aimed to find out the factors that affect external genital organ treatment care inchildren age 10 ? 11 years (case study at elementary students in Semarang) that experiencedearlier menarche. Research method this research uses cuantitatif. The population number is550 children with 100 samples using proportional random sampling technique. The mostaffecting factor, after analyzed with multivariat analysis, is parents role with OR=1,213. Itmeans that respondents representing that ever inform their parents about external genitalorgan treatment care technique have 1.2 bigger opportunity to do it than the opposite one.Key Words : external genetalia organ treatment care, earlier menarche