Ni Made Ary Widiastini
Doctoral Student, Cultural Studies, Universitas Udayana, Bali

Published : 18 Documents
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MEMENJOR TRADITION,THE CONTESTATION AND IMPLICATION TO HINDU’S COMMUNITY IN BALI Widiastini, Ni Made Ary
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 25, No 3 (2013)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (242.662 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.3316

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The objective of this paper is to discuss the development of penjor in the post-modern and postindustrial era of society which tends for the contestation purpose. As a means of Hindu religious ceremony penjor has changed, exhibiting luxurious, extraordina ry, and magnificent conditions. Based on the survey in some areas of Bali (Denpasar regency, Badung regency, and Gianyar regency) it is found that extraordinary penjor is displayed during the Galungan Holiday. Extraordinary penjor is categorized into three types, namely (1) simple penjor, (2) penjor with symbols of mythologic animal, and (3) penjor with symbols of deities (gods and goddesses). Extraordinary penjor fulfills human desires. Following Adlin (2006:169), the capitalist cultural industry is rightful to take opportunity from the phenomenon in which the society appreciate the market religion (Atmadja, 2010: 73-89), i.e., in favor of buying extraordinary penjor as it is to hard to prepare it themselves.
BOOK REVIEW. ORAL TRADITION OF PATU MBOJO Widiastini, Ni Made Ary
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 27, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (406.886 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.22443

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This book explains in details an oral tradition of a society in West Nusa Tenggara. The oral tradition belongs to the culture of Bima ethnic society. This book is a Ph.D. dissertation, which was written by the late Ahmad Badrun from the Faculty of Cultural and Knowledge, Universitas Indonesia. This book is worth reading by academicians (both university students and lecturers), especially for those who are doing their research on oral tradition. This book follows the Ph. D dissertation format and consists of nine chapters as follows: (1) Chapter I is the Introduction, (2) Chapter II is the Theoretical Framework, (3) Chapter III is the Research Method, and (4) Chapters IV, V, VI, VII, and VIII are he result and discussion which are adjusted to the formulated problems or questions and have already been mentioned in Chapter I, (5) Chapter IX is the Conclusion. Therefore, this book can be used as an example for writing and doing any kind of research.
A DEFENSE OF LOCAL PEOPLE WORKING AS SOUVENIR VENDORS AND ITS RELATION WITH THE FEMALE IDENTITY IN KINTAMANI TOURISM AREA, BALI Widiastini, Ni Made Ary; Ardika, I Wayan; Mudana, I Gede
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 30, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (427.679 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.32196

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Souvenir vending is one of the jobs done by poor people in tourist areas such as Batur Tengah Village or better known as Penelokan, Kintamani, Bangli Regency, Bali to make their family survive. However, the souvenir vendors? existence is not only considered by tourism businesses as unacceptable, but it is also regarded as a major factor that hampers the development of tourism in Kintamani. In fact, the Bali Local Regulation No. 2 of 2012 on Cultural Tourism explicitly emphasizes that the development of Bali?s tourism is aimed to encourage an equal distribution of business opportunities and to obtain maximum benefits for the welfare of the community. Therefore, this study was aimed to determine the reasons why the informal sector (souvenir vending) is used as the basis of the family economy, what is the practice of souvenir vending which has become the basis of the family economy, and also what is the struggle for vendor space in the Kintamani tourism area and its relation with the female identity. In this study, several techniques were used such as observations, interviews, and literature study to collect data. Research results show that the people in the Batur Tengah village choose to work as souvenir vendors because of their limited economic capital, education, skills, and time due to other life burdens, especially for those who are already married. In the Kintamani tourism area, souvenir vendors have to interact with various parties which certainly involves a capital struggle because each party has a different interest. As a famous international tourism area which has become a global Geopark, this area is highly contested for its economic, social, cultural, political, and environmental values. Researchers found a new paradigm that shows souvenir vending to be one form of entrepreneurship in a tourism field which is responded to by the people as a multi-purpose industry. The utilization of the informal sector is considered a family economic base by women in the village of Batur Tengah. Married woman are obligated to provide for their families hence they struggle as souvenir vendors in the middle of the tourism competition which has become more strict and less accommodative due to the new government policy. In practice, the community is very obedient to the elite community leaders who are considered as patrons, both by the men and women vendors. Other options to support their families are now very few and becoming less as the tourism areas are becoming more popular.
PENGEMASAN MAKANAN LOKAL SEBAGAI PRODUK WISATA KULINER DI BALI Widiastini, Ni Made Ary; Arini, Risa Panti; Andiani, Nyoman Dini
Jurnal Ilmiah Pariwisata Vol 19 No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Puslitdimas STP Trisakti

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This paper aims to describe the potential and opportunities of the traditional food which is processed from the local material as a cultural product. Field survey, interview and literature review conducted to collect the data, and the results were analyzed by descriptive qualitative. The traditional food is a one of the component of culture in Bali tourism development. Knowing the economic benefits by using the local food as a cultural product, has led to the idea for businesses to develop the traditional food as culinary tourism product. To distinguish Bali culinary to the other culinary, the traditional food packed not only by using the unique of ingredients but also the food is served by Balinese service. A nice attitudes and the friendly behaviors of Balinese people as strength of Bali culinary package. However, to introduce the Balinese culinary to broader scope it is need a proper strategy in marketing . In this case, the practices have to use the right media to promote the Bali culinary to people especially for tourist. The expected through packaging the traditional foods into culinary products, people can get a better life not only in the economic aspect but also in terms of socio - cultural aspects, the people would appreciate its local products.
Model Pengembangan Puri Agung Karangasem Sebagai Daya Tarik Wisata Budaya Bali Andiani, Nyoman Dini; Widiastini, Ni Made Ary; Herawati, Nyoman Trisna
Jurnal Ilmiah Pariwisata Vol 19 No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Puslitdimas STP Trisakti

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (796.139 KB)

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Puri Agung Karangasem Amlapura previously known as Castle or Castle Kangingan. The castle functioned as the residence of the king after king of Karangasem already under the influence of the Netherlands which at the time Anak Agung Gde Jelantik appointed stedehouder Development I. Puri Agung Karangasem unique enough to be studied, considering the castle is a castle building and naming space adapted from European countries. This happens because at the time of construction and development, in collaboration with the Dutch king. However, despite the unique views of aspects of the building and its history, this castle looks less attractive evident from the lack of tourists visiting. Recognizing this, the study of Puri Agung Karangasem was done with the aim of producing a model development Puri Agung Karangasem as a cultural tourist attraction. In this paper the potential and Puri Agung Karangasem development model described in hopes into consideration for the castle in developing himself as one of the cultural attractions in Karangasem regency.
KEBERTAHANAN PEREMPUAN PEDAGANG ACUNG PADA KAWASAN PARIWISATA KINTAMANI, BALI Widiastini, Ni Made Ary
Jurnal Ilmiah Pariwisata Vol 20 No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Puslitdimas STP Trisakti

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (373.414 KB)

Abstract

Kintamani as a tourist destination that has been introduced by a German author named Gregor Krause on 1912 has implications for the emergence of the community who work as vendor. The presence of tourists in Kintamani considered to require something that is memorable, so souvenirs as a product that easy to brought by travelers as a important thing to be sold to tourists. In the development of the community who work as a vendor mostly women. Presence of women in the area of tourism in Kintamani very interesting to observe, their practice in the public sector exceeded the role of men. At this writing, the survival of women as a vendor analyzed by qualitative descriptive to know the motive of their existence, even though their sales declined, but they still survive as a vendor. In findings in the field, in addition to the economic motive to strengthening the economic basis of the family, the social motives to actualize themselves in society also as their reason as vendor.
SOCIAL PRACTICE OF PEDAGANG ACUNG (VENDORS) AT KINTAMANI TOURIST AREA, BANGLI, BALI Widiastini, Ni Made Ary; Ardika, I Wayan; Astawa, Nengah Dasi; Mudana, I Gede
E-Journal of Cultural Studies Vol 9, No 2 (2016): May 2016
Publisher : Cultural Studies Doctorate Program, Postgraduate Program of Udayana University

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This present study is intended to explain the social practice performed by the pedagang acung (vendors) at Kintamani Tourist Area, Bangli Regency, Bali Province. In selling their commodities, the vendors cannot be separated from those who are involved in the development of tourism. In this present study the data were collected through observation, interview and library research. The data were eclectically analyzed using the theory of social practice and some other supporting theories. Such theories were used to identify various forms of the social practice performed by the vendors. The result of the study showed that in practice the vendors interacted with various parties involved in the development of tourism at Kintamani, Bangli. The consequence was that they fought for the capital as they had different interests. Having a limited amount of capital caused them to be marginalized by those who had bigger amounts of capital. The economic, social and cultural capitals they had caused them to be suspected of the sources of the problems in the development of tourism at Kintamani. They should not have been negatively viewed but should also have been positively viewed. In other words, they should have been viewed as those who ran entrepreneurship with limited amounts of capital who could also reduce the rate of unemployment and contribute to the economic development in Bangli Regency in particular and Bali Province in general.
HOW JOBS IN AGRICULTURE AND HANDICRAFT HAVE OPPORTUNITIES IN TOURISM DEVELOPMENT Widiastini, Ni Made Ary; Andiani, Dini; Tri Haryanto, Eddy
Jurnal Internasional Ilmu Pengetahuan Terapan bidang Pariwisata dan Events Vol 1 No 2 (2017): December 2017
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (P3M) Politeknik Negeri Bali

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (342.315 KB) | DOI: 10.31940/ijaste.v1i2.661

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This paper aims to describe a tourism industry which needs a variety of tourism products with an implication on the emergence of various forms of business opportunities with large, medium and small scales. The presence of a variety of tourists’ needs have caused a variety of tourism products too. Agriculture, animal husbandry, and handicraft which are needed by tourists are sectors which need a lot of workers as producers, distributors and sellers. In the study reported in the present paper is shown that the agricultural products of Bali cannot only be used as agro-tourism, but whose products can also be processed to become a variety of handicrafts. Similarly, animal husbandry which Balinese community people have focused on produces products that can be offered in a culinary tourism in which they are processed by using Balinese ingredients and offered in an appropriate wrapping which suits the market needs, while the specificity of Balinese culture has been able to produce a variety of forms of handicrafts the local and foreign tourists love. Through developments in the three sectors above, if the people can focus their attention on them and if the government can accommodate it that will be able to be used as an alternative solution to the national economy.  Although in their actions they can only serve as sellers, as what has been the focus of street vendors, they actually act as safety valve of the government in overcoming unemployment problems and economic problems for themselves and their families. For this reason, it is expected that the government gives them a more conducive condition for the improvement of economy to be made starting from the family level, as part of the state of Indonesia.
JEWELRY IN CELUK: ITS TRENDS, DEVELOPMENT, AND IMPLICATIONS FOR THE VILLAGE ARTISANS Sida Arsa, I Ketut; Widiastini, Ni Made Ary
Jurnal Internasional Ilmu Pengetahuan Terapan bidang Pariwisata dan Events Vol 2 No 1 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (P3M) Politeknik Negeri Bali

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (529.548 KB) | DOI: 10.31940/ijaste.v2i1.904

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This study was aimed at explaining jewelry production, its development and implications of the developing trends. This study was conducted in Celuk Village, Gianyar Regency, a place or arena of production, distribution and at the same time sale of jewelry in Bali, Indonesia, in which Celuk is regarded as the basis for jewelry. This paper explains the development of jewelry at the beginning of the emergence of tourism and the implications, and the introduction of casting machine as the method of production which had an implication in the change of human labor, in which the artisans became machine power regarded as more professional in jewelry production. The data of this ethnographic study were collected through observation, in-depth interview, library research, and internet search. The finding showed that the presence of jewelry that is developing in Celuk Village does not give an optimal positive contribution to the community of the village as artisans, but in stead, it gives profits to the people outside the village who are involved in the development of the jewelry trends. The entrance of tourism with the implication on the high level of jewelry production and sale in Celuk Village started from 1980s gave profits to tour guides who were regarded as the ones who deserve to get fee in a large amount by the artisans. When there was a trend in jewelry in 2010-2014, in which the demand for jewelry like accessories for kebaya cloth for going to the temple and a ring with gemstone drove away the artisans whose position had been replaced by casting machines and workers who came from outside of Celuk Village who were regarded more professional by jewelry business people in producing standard jewelry in a large quantity. In this paper it is understood that artisans in Celuk Village are not able to obtain an optimal use from jewelry trends that develop in their location due to various factors such as the low level of education of the artisans, low level of profesionalism in working, and the low level of ability of the artisans in production management
PENGEMASAN PRODUK WISATA OLEH POKDARWIS SEBAGAI SALAH SATU MODEL PARIWISATA ALTERNATIF Andiani, Nyoman Dini; Widiastini, Ni Made Ary
Jurnal Kewirausahaan dan Bisnis Vol 20, No 11 (2017): Jurnal Kewirausahaan dan Bisnis
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/jkb.v20i11.13984

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A Conscious Tourism Group in Indonesia called Kelompok Sadar Wisata (Pokdarwis) is one of the groups in society that has an important role and contribution in tourism development in a region. The existence of Pokdarwis in the tourist destination should get support and guidance either by the community itself, government, academy and investors. This is so that Pokdarwis can play a more effective role in helping to mobilize the community in realizing the environment and atmosphere that is conducive to the growth and development of tourism activities in tourist destinations. Buleleng District there are 12 Pokdarwis which in practice still needs to get attention from various parties. On this occasion, the Ipteks for Society (IbM) program, which is an annual program implemented by a university, can be a means of providing services to the community regarding issues that arise in the group. Through this IbM program, two Pokdarwis, such as Pokdarwis Tunjung Mekar and Pokdarwis Bhuana Shanti, have just developed physical potential, requiring assistance and training to maximize the potential of their village. In this case the two groups are not well understood for the package tour, so based on the condition, IbMs programme is a means to arrange the community to create package including marketing strategies. Understood the disadvantages of guiding guides that guide travelers who ask them to use a foreign language, then the IbM program is created guidebook in two languages and Indonesian. Through participatory approaches various forms of training and guidance on how to package tourism, holiday techniques and marketing strategies can be done well.