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Developing Beef Cattle Industry at Smallholders to Support Beef Self-Sufficiency Widiati, Rini
Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 24, No 4 (2014)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (237.832 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/wartazoa.v24i4.1090

Abstract

More than 90% of local beef supply derived from smallholder farmers with a relatively slow in growth that could not meet national demand. Price of imported beef was lower than that of the local beef, thus price adjustment in farmers level was not profitable. The purpose of this study is to recommend alternative strategies to develop beef cattle industry under smallholders’ farmers condition. Strategies to develop the beef cattle industry are (1) To provide agricultural markets in order to facilitate farmer’s access easily to get some production inputs; (2) To facilitate technology that can be applied by farmers to increase cattle productions, hence improving farmers’ welfare; (3) To create a profitable market for animal produced by farmers; and (4) To establish subsystem of financing institutions at the village level to finance farmer’s cattle business. The inter-relationship among those strategies is needed to harmonize the implementation, supported by operational government policy. Key words: Industry, beef cattle, beef self-sufficiency
KAJIAN SOSIAL EKONOMI PELAKSANAAN INSEMINASI BUATAN SAPI POTONG DI KABUPATEN KEBUMEN Hastuti, Dewi Hastuti; Nurtini, Sudi; Widiati, Rini
MEDIAGRO Vol 4, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Unwahas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31942/md.v4i2.543

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine  social-economic characteristics of farmers  and  inseminators, to determine the performance of beef cattle reproduction in the implementation artificial insemination (AI) program, institution of AI and to determine of income from  beef cattle farmers was used AI and also factors influencing them. Respondents consist of 60 farmers and 33 Inseminators  were taken  by  using purposive  sampling. This research used primary data and secondary data were taken by using survey method. Observed variables were social-economic characteristic of respondent, performance of beef  cattle reproduction (calf  weaning, postpartum mating,  service per conception (S/C) and calving interval (C.I)), institute of AI and income of  beef cattle farmers. This research use  analysis which consist of t-  test  to compare performance of beef cattle reproduction between AI  program with natural breeding and regression analysis to know the factors affecting of income level. The result of research showed that calf weaning and C.I of AI at  t-  test have significant difference compare to natural breeding, post partum mating and S/C on AI and natural breeding shows insignificant difference.  Analysis result of regression  showed F equal to 9.007 significant (P< 0.01) and coefficient of determinant R2 equal to this 0.505 that mean 50.50% dependent variable can be explained by free variable, while the rest 49.50% explained by other variables outside. The factors that  significantly affected the option of  income are  farm experience (P<0.01), cost of breeding (P<0.10), and dummy variable (P<0.01).  The farm experience and  dummy variable had positive effect while cost of breeding had negative effect. Keyword : Insemination, Beef cattle, Performance of reproduction.
INVESTMENT ANALYSIS FOR SMALL SCALE LAYER CHICKEN BUSINESS (Case Study in Triwidadi Village Pajangan Sub District Bantul Yogyakarta) Widiati, Rini; Nurtini, Sudi; Syahlani, Suci Paramitasari; Ariyadi, Bambang
Buletin Peternakan Vol 41, No 4 (2017): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 41 (4) NOVEMBER 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (871.335 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i4.25965

Abstract

Chicken eggs are the most popular and nutritious food in human dietary.The production activities require investments that should create benefit for the business holder, especially for small-scale entrepreneurs with capital constraint and risks. The purpose of this study was to determine investment feasibility and to set alternatives in dealing with the risks on the small scale layer business. Survey method was implemented using 73 respondents selected purposively of small scale layer chicken business in Triwidadi village of Bantul district, Yogyakarta as the sample. Data were collected by direct interview to respondents using questionnaires that related to the research problem. Analysis of investment financial feasibility criteria’s using Net Present Value, Benefit Cost Ratio and Internal Rate of Return, followed by sensitivity analysis in facing business risk.  The result revealed that the average number of birds raised was 1572 birds. The NPV was IDR 37,377,383 per 5 years of investment, B / C ratio more than 1 and IRR was 20.58%. Based on the existing production management, layer chicken investment by small-scale farmers was profitable, but farmers faced on the risk of losses due to increasing feed prices, decreasing egg prices, and increased mortality. In anticipating the risks, farmers should improve productivity so that the Hen Day Average of egg production at least was 77%, on the increase in feed prices and decrease in egg prices of 5%. Small scale layer businesses could provide employment and welfare for society of lower classes.
Sistem Produksi dan Potensi Ekonomi Peternakan Kambing Lokal Bligon di Desa Girimulo, Kecamatan Panggang, Gunungkidul Widiati, Rini; Kusumastuti, Tri Anggraeni
Sains Peternakan: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Peternakan Vol 15, No 2 (2017): Sains Peternakan
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (537.198 KB) | DOI: 10.20961/sainspet.v15i2.12374

Abstract

This study was aimed to determine the economic potential  and factors that influenced to the income of the  Bligon local goat farming in Girimulyo Village, Panggang sub District of Gunungkidul. Data was collected from 30 Bligon goat farmers in the study area which taken purposively as the respondents. Data were collected by direct in-depth interviews to the respondents using questionnaires. Both quantitative and qualitative data were analysed. Enterprise Budgeting was made to analyze the economic potential of Bligon goat farming in the form of net farm income and return to labor and management on the production system that farmers doing. Furthermore, to determine the factors that influence the income of farmers using multiple regression analysis. The results showed that the Bligon goat farming  with average maintenance of 2 heads of productive females and 1 head fattening male can give net farm income of Rp 936.463, - or in the form of return to labor and management amounting to Rp 2.380.241,-/ farmer/ year. Factors that significantly positive have affect to the  farmer income were  number of goat ownership (P&lt;0,05) and litter size (P&lt;0,01), while mortality have negative effect (P&lt;0,5). The Bligon goat farming was a potential alternative that can developed to generate income for rural communities. However, it is a challenge for scientists to develop technologies that support the improvement of production aspects associated with kidding interval, litter size and mortality. 
OPTIMALISASI ALOKASI SUMBERDAYA RUMAHTANGGA TANI MELALUI INTEGRASI USAHATANI TANAMAN DAN SAPI POTONG DI GUNUNGKIDUL YOGYAKARTA Widiati, Rini; Santosa, Krishna Agung; Widodo, Sri; Masyhuri, Masyhuri
Agro Ekonomi Vol 9, No 2 (2002): DESEMBER 2002
Publisher : Department of Agricultural Socio-Economics Faculty of Agriculture Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (592.888 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/agroekonomi.16797

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The objective of this research is to assess the optimization of cattle farm household resources. The research was carried out by survey on samples of cattle farmers from two villages in Playen regency, Gunung Kidul district. The data collected were analyzed quantitatively using linear programming model and sensitivity analysis using BLPX 88 program. The model validation was carried out using confidence interval. The result of the research shows that most cattle farmers are poor in resources that they always combine their cattle farming activities with other activities specially crop activity to fulfill their daily need. This condition indicates that although the scale of cattle farm is small but it exist and continuous because there are mutual support and dependancy amoung activities. In general, the optimum resource allocation can increase their income over their family consumption.
Production Systems And Income Generation From The Smallholder Beef Cattle Farming In Yogyakarta Province, Indonesia Widiati, Rini; Widi, Tri Satya Mastuti
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 18, No 1 (2016): January
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (568.644 KB) | DOI: 10.20884/1.anprod.2016.18.1.524

Abstract

This study was aimed to determine the production systems of beef cattle which can generate the income of smallholder farmers. The study was conducted in Bantul and Sleman Regencies, Yogyakarta Province, Indonesia. In total of 210 beef cattle farmers were involved in semi structural interview. Data was collected in the dry season (July to September) of 2015.  Descriptive analysis was carried out for the demographic, social, economic characteristic of respondents and beef cattle farm practices. Enterprise budgeting of beef cattle farms was made to analyse farm profit, return to management and family labour that could be used in further planning for better business management. Beef cattle farming founded as an alternative that can be developed in rural communities. In order to generate the incomes in both systems, breeding and fattening, production system in term of feeding practices has to be improved so that the cost can be reduced. Scientific processing of manure has to be done for value addition in the farming system. Calving interval has to be improved in breeding system, that the best condition is 12 months and the existing condition on the respondents was 16 months. For fattening, optimizing the duration for fattening period less than 3.6 months is the best improvement. Government policy is needed to improve beef farm economic condition especially in breeding farm.
Analisis Investasi Usahatani Pembibitan Sapi Peranakan Limousine di Kabupaten Sleman Emawati, Shanti; Widiati, Rini; Budisatria, I Gede Suparta
Sains Peternakan: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Peternakan Vol 6, No 2 (2008): Sains Peternakan
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The research was conducted to determine the feasibility of financial investment on  Limousine cattle farming. Research was done from January to May 2007, located in Sleman District. Survey methods was done to collect primary data at the farm level and secondary data from related institution. Purposive sampling was applied to sellect farmers’ respondent. Criteria used to analyze the feasibility of financial investment were consisted of Benefit Cost Ratio (BCR), Net Present Value (NPV), Internal Rate of Return (IRR) and Payback Period (PPC), based on 7 years investment and 12% annual discount factor. The result showed that based on NPV, IRR, BCR and payback period analysis, the most feasible investment of Limousine cattle breeding farm under farmers’ condition with the value of NPV = Rp 11.900.156,00, IRR = 32,64%, BCR = 1,74 and payback period = 3,25 years.  Keywords : Limousine cattle, Cattle breeding farm, Investment financial analysis
Land Capability for Cattle-Farming in the Merapi Volcanic Slope of Sleman Regency Yogyakarta Widiati, Rini; Umami, Nafiatul; Gunawan, Totok
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 49, No 1 (2017): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4381.433 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.17299

Abstract

This research carried out to study the cattle farming development based on the land capability in rural areas of the Merapi Volcanic slope of Sleman Regency Yogyakarta after eruption 2010. Samples taken were Glagaharjo village (Cangkringan Sub-District) as impacted area and Wonokerto village (Turi Sub-District) as unimpacted area. Survey method used were to land evaluation analysis supported by Geographic Information System (GIS) software. Materials used were Indonesian topographical basemap (RBI) in 1:25000 scale, IKONOS image [2015], land use map, landform map, and slope map as supple- ments. Potential analysis of land capability for cattle forage using the production unit in kg of TDN per AU. The result showed that based on the land capability class map, both villages had potential of carrying capacity for forage feed that could still be increased as much as 1,661.32 AU in Glagaharjo and 1,948.13 AU in Wo n o k e r t o
HOUSEHOLD DECISION ANALYSIS ON ANIMAL PROTEIN FOOD CONSUMPTION: EVIDENCE FROM D.I YOGYAKARTA PROVINCE Muzayyanah, Mujtahidah Anggriani Ummul; Nurtini, Sudi; Widiati, Rini; Syahlani, Suci Paramitasari; Kusumastuti, Tri Anggraeni
Buletin Peternakan Vol 41, No 2 (2017): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 41 (2) MEI 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (714.392 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i2.18062

Abstract

Food consumption pattern in Indonesia has change. Consumption of animal protein food is increasing as income increase. Animal protein foods are come from fish products and livestock products. The aim of this study is to analyze household decision on animal protein food consumption based on socioeconomics determinant of the households. Household expenditure data were used in this study. Discrete choice model is used to measure household decision in consuming these foods. Socioeconomics determinants are measured by Binary Logistic regression to know the influence of these to the household’s decision. Marginal effect value from binary logistic regression analysis showed that households tend to increase consuming animal protein food from livestock products varies from 0.5 to 6.09 times associated to socioeconomic factors of the households. Further research need to analyze nutritional status of the household’s members.
Strategi Penghidupan Peternak Sapi Perah Di Lereng Selatan Gunungapi Merapi Pasca Erupsi 2010 Andarwati, Siti; Rijanta, R; Widiati, Rini; Opatpatanakit, Yanin
Buletin Peternakan Vol 41, No 1 (2017): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 41 (1) FEBRUARI 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (966.263 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i1.12768

Abstract

This study aims to analyzed the strategies of dairy farmers in disaster prone areas (DPA) in the southern slopes of  Merapi  for sustaining livelihood after the eruption of Merapi volcano in 2010. Research conducted by the Survey method. Sampling was done by using the Census methods, consists of 84 dairy farmers in DPA III (Kaliadem hamlet) and 50 dairy farmers in DPA II (Gondang Wetan hamlet). Both hamlets were including Cangkringan district To find out the farmers strategies used descriptive method, that was to gather as much information related to their livelihood, covers three important aspects: assets (livelihood resources), access and activity. Statistical analysis that used for classification of livelihood strategies was Factor Analysis with SPSS 18. The results showed, there were nine  strategy chosen by the dairy farmers for sustaining livelihoods in order to ensure sustainable livelihoods: The combination of financial, physical asset and natural resources utilization, as well as maintained dairy farm; The combination of physical and social capital utilization, social access and business diversification; Utilization of social access; Utilization of social help and mutual access, Utilization of liquid assets and social capital; The combination of psychological factors with utilization of financial & social access; Utilization of financial assets and access with the use of pause time; Utilization of social capital; and Farm diversification. The combination of financial, physical asset and natural resources utilization, as well as maintained dairy farm was the most of dominant strategy chosen by the farmers, with the greatest cumulative value (27.645%). Psychological variable (sense of security) was to be the new finding in the theory of sustainable livelihood strategies. Social capital was the variable that dominated the basic options of sustainable livelihood strategy of dairy farmers after the eruption of Merapi in 2010.