Articles

POTENSI LAHAN UNTUK KOLAM IKAN DI KABUPATEN CIANJUR BERDASARKAN ANALISIS KESESUAIAN LAHAN MULTI KRITERIA Cahyaningrum, Wuri; Widiatmaka, Widiatmaka; Soewardi, Kadarwan
Jurnal Ilmu Tanah dan Lingkungan Vol 16 No 1 (2014): Jurnal Tanah dan Lingkungan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (789.41 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jitl.16.1.24-30

Abstract

Kabupaten Cianjur merupakan salah satu wilayah yang potensial untuk pengembangan budidaya ikan air tawar. Sampai saat ini, proporsi terbesar dari total produksi ikan berasal dari Keramba Jaring Apung (KJA) Waduk Cirata. Waduk Cirata saat ini sudah dan sedang mengalami penurunan kualitas sehingga mengurangi produksi ikan Kabupaten Cianjur. Oleh karena itu, diperlukan alternatif cara pemeliharaan ikan selain KJA. Salah satunya adalah kolam. Informasi mengenai wilayah yang berpotensi untuk lokasi budidaya ikan merupakan faktor penting dalam pengembangan perikanan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memetakan tingkat kesesuaian lahan untuk kolam. Penentuan kesesuaian lahan dilakukan dengan aplikasi Sistem Informasi Geografis (SIG) dan Evaluasi Multi-kriteria (Multi Criteria Evaluation, MCE). Hasil analisis kesesuaian lahan menunjukkan lokasi yang sesuai untuk kolam seluas 86,511 ha (23.9% dari total luas wilayah). Hasil analisis terhadap lahan yang sesuai, lokasi yang tersedia seluas 74,062 ha (20.5%) dan yang tidak tersedia seluas 12,449 ha (3.44%). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pengembangan lahan untuk kolam masih mungkin dilakukan di Kabupaten Cianju
KENAMPAKAN PEDOLOGI TANAH SAWAH YANG BERASAL DARI TOPOSEKUEN BERBAHAN INDUK VOLKANIK DI DAERAH BOGOR – JAKARTA Arabia, Teti; Hardjowigeno, Sarwono; Sudarsono, Sudarsono; Widiatmaka, Widiatmaka; Suharta, Nata
Jurnal Agrista Vol 13, No 1 (2009): Volume 13 Nomor 1 April 2009
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

(The Pedological Features of Paddy Soils from a Toposequence on Volcanic Parent Materials in the Bogor ? Jakarta Area)ABSTRACT. The pedological feature of paddy soils are different from the non paddy cultivated. The aim of the research were: to study the pedofeatures of paddy soils in a toposequence on volcanic materials in the Bogor ? Jakarta area; to study the influence of paddy cultivated intensity of pedofeatures. Twelve pedons of different altitude (90 ? 650 m above see level) and different paddy cultivated intensity (0/year, 1/year, 2/year) were investigated, each horizons were sampled for laboratory analysis to study the pedofeatures. The result of the research showed that on non paddy cultivated, pedofeature observed at B horizon is indicating rock weathering. On 1x paddy, at tillage layer nodules and hypocoating were found. On 2x paddy, at plow plan layer clay infilling dense complete was found.
LAND USE CHANGE PATTERN AND THE BALANCE OF FOOD PRODUCTION IN KARAWANG DISTRICT: POLA PERUBAHAN PENGGUNAAN LAHAN DAN NERACA PANGAN DI KABUPATEN KARAWANG Rafiuddin, Alwan; Widiatmaka, Widiatmaka; Munibah, Khursatul
Jurnal Ilmu Tanah dan Lingkungan Vol 18 No 1 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Tanah dan Lingkungan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (533.841 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jitl.18.1.15-20

Abstract

Karawang Regency is one of the rice production centers in West Java. However, the dynamics of land use and land cover changes in the region are estimated to be high because of its proximity to the nation?s capital. These dynamics have led to changes in rice production. This research was conducted to study the patterns of land use and land cover change over the period of 2000-2013 and its relation to the balance of food production. Changes in land use and land cover were identified by the use of Landsat TM imagery of 2000, 2003, 2007, 2010 and 2013. The production and productivity of rice were obtained from the statistical data of Karawang Regency, 2001-2014. The results showed that in the period between 2000 and 2013, paddy fields identified from imagery were decreased from 116,268 ha in 2000 to become 103,866 ha in 2013. The most extensive changes in land use and land cover were the changes from the rice to the settlements. The most dominant area of the increased settlement comes from the paddy fields and dryland agriculture. The average decrease of paddy fields during 2000-2013 was 0.93% per year. This has resulted in a decrease in the contributions of Karawang to export rice for surrounding regions by 5% during the last 13 years.  Keywords: Balance of food production, paddy fields, the pattern of land-use change
Kajian Finansial Pengembangan Biodiesel Kemiri Sunan (Reutealis Trisperma (Blanco) Airy Shaw) Pada Lahan Tersedia Di Jawa Barat Wulandari, Wening Sri; Darusman, Dudung; Kusmana, Cecep; Widiatmaka, Widiatmaka
Jurnal Penelitian Sosial dan Ekonomi Kehutanan Vol 12, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Ekonomi Kehutanan
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perubahan Iklim dan Kebijakan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Salah satu bahan nabati potensial di Indonesia sebagai sumber biodiesel adalah kemiri sunan (Reutealis trisperma (Blanco) Airy Shaw). Penelitian bertujuan mengkaji: 1) kelayakan finansial penanaman kemiri sunan; 2) kelayakan finansial pengolahan biodiesel kemiri sunan; 3) pengembangan unit usaha pada lahan tersedia. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penanaman kemiri sunan layak diusahakan pada luas 60 ha, umur usaha 50 tahun. Nilai kelayakan dengan dana sendiri: NPV Rp 1.101.007.645; IRR 13,52%; BCR 1,36; PBP 14,68 tahun. Nilai kelayakan dengan dana pinjaman : NPV Rp 160.351.357; IRR 13,52%; BCR 1,08; PBP 22,55 tahun. Pembangunan tanaman kemiri sunan sensitif terhadap penurunan harga jual biji kering dan penurunan produktivitas tanaman ≥ 28%. Pengolahan biodiesel layak diusahakan pada umur usaha 15 tahun, kapasitas produksi 202,75 Kl/tahun. Nilai kelayakan dengan dana sendiri : NPV Rp 512.549.740; IRR 27,27%; BCR 1,04; PBP 4,32 tahun. Nilai kelayakan dengan dana pinjaman: NPV Rp 303.310.940; IRR 27,27%; BCR 1,03; PBP 4,94 tahun. Pengolahan biodiesel kemiri sunan sensitif terhadap kenaikan biaya bahan dan tenaga kerja penurunan harga biodiesel mencapai ≥6%. Jika seluruh lahan tersedia ditanami akan berpeluang menghasilkan 2.365 unit usaha dan biodiesel yang memenuhi 16,68% kebutuhan solar Jawa Barat.
APPRAISAL KEBERLANJUTAN MULTIDIMENSI PENGGUNAAN LAHAN UNTUK SAWAH DI KARAWANG - JAWA BARAT Widiatmaka, Widiatmaka; Munibah, Khursatul; Sitorus, Santun R.P.; Ambarwulan, Wiwin; Firmansyah, Irman
Jurnal Kawistara Vol 5, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Sekolah Pascasarjana UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (798.661 KB)

Abstract

Indonesian national food sovereignty is very dependent on the supply of rice from paddy fields in Java Island. Various factors influence the farmer’s decision to continue using his farm. This study aims to analyze the sustainable use of paddy field, determinant factors and strategies for improving sustainability. The study was conducted in Karawang Regency, one of the centers of rice production in West Java. The methodology used is a multi-dimensional scaling (MDS) using 43 attributes of 5 dimensions (ecological, social, economical, technological and legal and institutional dimension). Against the sensitive attribute analysis resulting from MDS, a prospective analysis was conducted to determine the key factors of sustainability. Priority policies for improving sustainability are developed based on the location of the key factors in the prospective diagram. The research results showed that the land utilization for paddy field in Karawang is actually less sustainable. Increasing the sustainability can be done through intervention and improving performance, preferably on sensitive attributes resulting from leverage analysis, covering 16 attributes. Priority policies is directed in the 5 key factors resulting from prospective analysis. Policies suggested are the tightening of new permits for building, strict implementation of the official spatial land use planning and delineation of agricultural land for sustainable food crops, counseling the community, revitalizing the role of BULOG, provision of subsidies as well as capital assistance to farmers.
PENGEMBANGAN WILAYAH PETERNAKAN SAPI POTONG BERBASIS KESESUAIAN FISIK LINGKUNGAN DAN KESESUAIAN LAHAN UNTUK PAKAN DI KABUPATEN CIANJUR Suhaema, Ema; Widiatmaka, Widiatmaka; Tjahjono, Boedi
Jurnal Ilmu Tanah dan Lingkungan Vol 16 No 2 (2014): Jurnal Tanah dan Lingkungan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (892.86 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jitl.16.2.53-60

Abstract

Kondisi fisik optimal ternak dapat dicapai bila didukung oleh kesesuaian lingkungan fisik tempat ternak tumbuh dan kecukupan hijauan sebagai makanan ternak. Analisis dalam penelitian ini dilakukan menggunakan Sistem Informasi Geografis (SIG) pada berbagai peta digital (peta pengunaan lahan, peta suhu, peta tanah, peta elevasi, dan peta curah hujan) dan data- data tabular untuk menilai kesesuaian fisik lingkungan, kesesuaian hijauan makanan ternak dan daya dukung hijauan makanan ternak. Luas kesesuaian fisik lingkungan untuk ternak sapi potong di Kabupaten Cianjur yang digembalakan adalah 193,282 hektar (ha) (53.45% dari total luas wilayah), sedangkan lahan yang tidak sesuai 3,076 ha (0.85%). Lahan yang sesuai secara fisik lingkungan untuk pengembangan sapi potong yang dikandangkan seluas 112,877 ha (31.21%), lahan yang sesuai dengan pembatas Temperature Humidity Indexs (THI) seluas 60,616 ha (16.76%) dan lahan yang tidak sesuai seluas 22,865 ha (6.32%). Luas kesesuaian hijauan makanan ternak adalah 194,566 ha (53.80%) dan luas lahan yang tidak sesuai adalah 1,792 ha (0.50%). Daya dukung hijauan di Kabupaten Cianjur berada dalam kriteria aman seluas 186,479 ha (51.56%) dan wilayah yang rawan pakan ternak seluas 9,880 ha (2.73%). Wilayah untuk pengembangan peternakan sapi potong yang digembalakan di Kabupaten Cianjur seluas 126,626 ha (35.01%) dan untuk pengembangan peternakan sapi potong yang dikandangkan seluas 78,065 ha (21.59%).
EFFECT OF ZEOLITE ADDITION TO PLANT GROWTH MEDIA ON CANTALOUPE AND WATERMELON PLANTS IN HYDROPONIC SYSTEM Pangestu, M. Bagus; Suwardi, Suwardi; Widiatmaka, Widiatmaka
Jurnal Zeolit Indonesia Vol 3, No 1 (2004)
Publisher : Jurnal Zeolit Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (49.754 KB)

Abstract

The objectives of this research are to evaluate the effect of zeolite addition on watermelon and cantaloupe production and growing. The research carried out in green house of Bogor Agricultural University and the plant growth media (PGM) analysis carried out at Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Bogor Agricultural University. Single factor completely randomize design was used with four treatments and five repetitions. Plant growth media composition treatments effect the physical and chemical properties of PGM. The bulk density of PGM increase from from 0.22 to 0.56 g/cm3 and water holding capacity drop from 326.58 to 85.38 along with zeolite percentages added. The effects of zeolite on chemical characteristic of PGM is decreasing electrical conductivity rate before planting. PGM composition treatment did not positively effects on watermelon and cantaloupe growth, however there is an increasing on main stalk length and leaf quantity on cantaloupe. For watermelon, the increasing of growth parameter happened on 10% zeolite percentage. For fruit quality, PGM treatment positively effects on organoleptic test result 10% of zeolite giving the best result on the increasing of the average value of production and growth parameter.
EVALUASI POLA RUANG BERBASIS KERAWANAN BANJIR DI KABUPATEN PIDIE Yamani, Achmad; Rustiadi, Ernan; Widiatmaka, Widiatmaka
TATALOKA Vol 17, No 3 (2015): Volume 17 Number 3, August 2015
Publisher : Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (699.515 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/tataloka.17.3.130-146

Abstract

Pidie is one of the districts in Aceh Province that has been suffering from flooding. Frequent disasters, especially flooding associated with various causative factors, need mitigation efforts. An appropriate land use planning by considering the risk aspects especially in flood is an important step. Objectives of this study are to determine the factors influencing the flood hazard, to map the areal distribution vulnerable to flood, to analyze the relations of land use in the flood hazard area, and to analyze the relations between the planned spatial pattern and the flood hazard area. ,Multicriteria analysis was used to determine the factors influencing the flood hazard. Spatial analysis was used in mapping the class of flood hazard, the relations of land use in the flood hazard area, and the relations between the planned spatial pattern and the flood hazard area. The results show that the main factors influencing flood vulnerability are land use/cover (0.408), rainfall (0.266), and slope (0.184). Based on the classification of flood vulnerability, the area can be divided into more vulnerable (37.75 %), less vulnerable (30 %), and mildly vulnerable (22.76 %). The vulnerability classes of the land use/cover are: less vulnerable (99.99 %) and more vulnerable (97.57 %) dominated by forest cover; mildly vulnerable (51.07%) and vulnerable (92.65%) dominated by mixed farming; and very vulnerable (97%) dominated by settlement. The flood vulnerability of the planned spatial pattern can be classified as follows: 95.44 % of the conservation area is dominated by less vulnerable and more vulnerable, while 71.20 % of the cultivation area can be categorized into mildly vulnerable, vulnerable and very vulnerable.
MODEL KONSERVASI SUMBERDAYA AIR DANAU TOBA Sihotang, Hotland; Purwanto, M. Yanuar J.; Widiatmaka, Widiatmaka; Basuni, Sambas
Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management) Vol 2, No 2 (2012): Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (JPSL)
Publisher : Graduate School Bogor Agricultural University (SPs IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jpsl.2.2.65

Abstract

This study aims to design and build water resource conservation model with emphasis on technical, socio-economical,and ecological aspects involving extensive changes in land use, population growth, continuity of operation of the hydropower of Asahan and some other aspects of the catchment. Illustration of the water balance was made under the influence of land use and other economic activities. Modelling of water balance was constructed by the method of dynamic modeling systems using Powersim software. The water availability was analyzed using FJ.Mock method with variables derived from the analysis of the ecological condition of the catchment area of Lake Toba. The simulations ofwater balance and water level was performed for the condition without intervention variables and with intervention variables. The intervention variables was performed in pessimistic, moderat and optimistic scenario to provide an overview of conservation policy. The simulation of the water balance and lake water level indicate that either in the year of 2017-2057, the best scenario is between moderate and optimistic scenarios in the condition of the population growth between 0.8% - 1.0% per year, infiltration coefficient values between 0.40 to 0.45, the value of land cover factor between 0.25 to 0.3, while the flow ofwater released into the Asahan River of 91.69 m3/sec in average.Keywords: FJ. Mock, water balance, land cover factor value, Lake Toba
DAYA DUKUNG LINGKUNGAN BERBASIS KEMAMPUAN LAHAN DI TUBAN, JAWA TIMUR Widiatmaka, Widiatmaka; Ambarwulan, Wiwin; Purwanto, Muhamad Yanuar Jarwadi; Setiawan4, Yudi; Effendi, Hefni
Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan (Journal of People and Environment) Vol 22, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Lingkungan Hidup Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1.84 KB)

Abstract

Evaluasi daya dukung lingkungan merupakan bagian dari upaya mewujudkan pembangunan berkelanjutan. Salah satu metoda evaluasi daya dukung lingkungan adalah evaluasi berbasis kemampuan lahan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melakukan evaluasi daya dukung lingkungan berbasis kemampuan lahan di Tuban, Jawa Timur. Evaluasi dilakukan dengan mengkaji kesesuaian antara kemampuan lahan dengan penggunaan lahan aktual dan alokasi Pola Ruang dalam Rencana Tata Ruang Wilayah Kabupaten. Kemampuan lahan dievaluasi pada setiap Satuan Peta Lahan yang diperoleh dari survai lapangan tahun 2014. Penggunaan lahan aktual dianalisis menggunakan citra Landsat 8 OLI tahun peliputan 2013. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa kemampuan lahan di wilayah penelitian berkisar dari kemampuan lahan kelas II sampai kelas VIII. Wilayah dengan kemampuan lahan yang memungkinkan untuk pengusahaan budidaya (kelas II-IV) mencakup 78,6% wilayah studi, sementara wilayah yang tidak memungkinkan untuk budidaya (kelas V-VIII) mencakup 21,4% wilayah studi. Faktor pembatas kemampuan lahan terdiri dari tekstur tanah, kedalaman efektif, drainase, lereng dan genangan/banjir. Saat ini, 32% wilayah di Kabupaten Tuban penggunaan lahannya sesuai dengan kemampuan lahannya, 66,4% wilayah digunakan melebihi kemampuan lahannya. Dalam hal alokasi lahan pada pola ruang, 67,3% wilayah dialokasikan penggunaan lahannya sesuai dengan kemampuan lahannya, sedangkan 31% dialokasikan melebihi kemampuan lahannya. Temuan ini dapat digunakan untuk mengontrol penggunaan lahan di Kabupaten Tuban dan menjadi bahan revisi Rencana Tata Ruang Wilayah Kabupaten agar penggunaan lahan dialokasikan sesuai dengan kemampuan lahannya.
Co-Authors A. M. Fuah, A. M. Abdillah, Andi Massoeang Achmad Yamani, Achmad Asdar Iswati, Asdar Asep Sapei Asnath Maria Fuah, Asnath Maria Astiana Sastiono Atang Sutandi Baba Barus Bambang Pramudya Benar Darius Ginting Soeka, Benar Darius Ginting Boedi Tjahjono, Boedi Budi Hadi Narendra Budi Mulyanto Budianto, Bambang Setio CECEP KUSMANA Chairunnisa, Chaida Dudung Darusman Dwi Putro Tejo Baskoro Ema Suhaema, Ema Endang Suhendang Ernan Rustiadi Fatmawaty Fatmawaty, Fatmawaty Firyadi, Firyadi Hefni Effendi Herwirawan, Fransiscus Xaferius Hotland Sihotang, Hotland I WAYAN RUSASTRA Irman Firmansyah Jarwadi Purwanto, Muhammad Yanuar Johan, Erni Juwarin Pancawati, Juwarin K MURTILAKSONO Kadarwan Soewardi Keratorop, Marianus Keratorop, Marianus Komanik Khursatul Munibah Komarsa Gandasasmita Kukuh Murtilaksono Kusmaryandi, Nandi Lilik Budi Prasetyo Lina Karlinasari M Ardiansyah, M M Yanuar J Purwanto M Yanuar J. Purwanto, M Yanuar M. Bagus Pangestu, M. Bagus M. Yanuar J. Purwanto Machfud Machfud Marenda Ishak S Marwan Hendrisman, Marwan Matsue, Naoto Muhamad Yanuar Jarwadi Purwanto, Muhamad Yanuar Jarwadi Muhamad, Ardiansyah Muhammad Ardiansyah Munibah, Kursatul Nata Suharta Nia Rachmawati Nugraha, Asep Anwar Nurdin, Sandi Nurwadjedi Nurwadjedi, Nurwadjedi Paulus B.K. Santoso Prima Jiwa Osly Purnama, Hendri Rachman, Noer F Rafiuddin, Alwan Ramadhan, Risky Ridwan Adi Surya, Ridwan Adi Rudi P Tambunan, Rudi P S H Sutjahjo S Sabiham Saida, Saida Sambas Basuni Santoso, Paulus Basuki Kuwat Santoso, Paulus Basuki Kuwat SANTUN R.P SITORUS Santun R.P. Sitorus Sarwono Hardjowigeno Setiawati, Astriana Rahmi Setyardi Pratika Mulya, Setyardi Pratika Sigit Santosa Siti Nurisjah Sitorus, Santun R. P. Sitorus, Santun Risma Pandepotan Solihin, Muhammad Amir Solihin, Muhammad Amir Sri Lestari Munajati, Sri Lestari SUDARSONO SUDARSONO SUDIRMAN YAHYA Supiandi Sabiham Supiham, Supiandi Suprajaka Suprajaka Suwardi Suwardi Suwarno Suwarno Taryono Taryono Tejaningrum, Miranti Anisa Teti Arabia Triantomo, Varian Umar, Iswandi Untung Sudadi, Untung Wahyudi, Muji Esti Wening Sri Wulandari, Wening Sri Wiwin Ambarwulan Wiwin Ambarwulan Ambarwulan Wuri Cahyaningrum, Wuri Yudi Setiawan Yudi Setiawan4, Yudi Yuniar, P. S. Yusanto A Nugroho, Yusanto A Zaenal Abidin